Charting the aftermath of child abuse.Charting the aftermath of child abuse
Children experiencing physical abuse at home show an excess of aggressive and violent behavior by the time they enter kindergarten, regardless of whether they come from well-off or poor families, live in two- or one-parent homes or regularly observe cooperative or physically violent behavior among adults, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a report in the Dec. 21 SCIENCE.
Many abused children display remarkable emotional resilience, says psychologist Kenneth A. Dodge of Vanderbilt University Vanderbilt University, at Nashville, Tenn.; coeducational; chartered 1872 as Central Univ. of Methodist Episcopal Church, founded and renamed 1873, opened 1875 through a gift from Cornelius Vanderbilt. Until 1914 it operated under the auspices of the Methodist Church. in Nashville, who conducted the study with John E. Bates Bates , Katherine Lee 1859-1929.
American educator and writer best known for her poem "America the Beautiful," written in 1893 and revised in 1904 and 1911. of Indiana University Indiana University, main campus at Bloomington; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1820 as a seminary, opened 1824. It became a college in 1828 and a university in 1838. The medical center (run jointly with Purdue Univ. in Bloomington and Gregory S. Pettit of Auburn (Ala.) University. But at school, about one-third of these kids continually express anger and provoke conflict. Abused children often misinterpret mis·in·ter·pret
tr.v. mis·in·ter·pret·ed, mis·in·ter·pret·ing, mis·in·ter·prets
1. To interpret inaccurately.
2. To explain inaccurately. frustrating frus·trate
tr.v. frus·trat·ed, frus·trat·ing, frus·trates
a. To prevent from accomplishing a purpose or fulfilling a desire; thwart: social encounters, unfailingly attribute hostile intentions to others, and view aggression as the only solution to problems with teachers or classmates Classmates can refer to either:
The researcher studied 309 kindergarten, all 4 years old when the study began. Physical examinations and interviews with mothers identified 46 children subjected to consistent physical abuse at home. A nearly equal number of boys and girls boys and girls
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Aggressive behavior was calculated through teacher and classmate ratings, as well as experimenter observations. Children also viewed videotape depictions of negative events, such as having one's building blocks knocked over by a peer, and described how they would handle the situation.
More than one in three abused children displayed unusually high levels of aggression and deficient social skills, compared with about one in eight of the other youngsters. The findings strongly support the notion that physical abuse leads to a cycle of violence, particularly among boys, Dodge contends.
Abused children also showed more signs of emotional withdrawal and social isolation than their peers, he says.
The researchers hope to follow the entire sample into adkpewgance to see if the abused children develop high rates of delinquency, drug abuse, depression and anxiety.
In a separate, multi-university study, Dodge and others will chart the effectiveness of social-skills training for highly aggressive (but not necessarily abused) first graders, combined with behavior-management training for their parents.