Charter boats and halibut.
Many visitors and residents fish for halibut halibut: see flatfish.
Any of various flatfishes, especially the Atlantic and Pacific halibuts (genus Hippoglossus, family Pleuronectidae), both of which have eyes and colour on the right side. via charter boats. But regulations may soon change the way halibut is harvested on such boats.
There are four kinds of Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut Noun 1. Pacific halibut - a righteye flounder found in the Pacific
righteye flounder, righteyed flounder - flounders with both eyes on the right side of the head ) fisheries fisheries. From earliest times and in practically all countries, fisheries have been of industrial and commercial importance. In the large N Atlantic fishing grounds off Newfoundland and Labrador, for example, European and North American fishing fleets have long in Alaska commercial, guided, non-guided and subsistence. They are all governed by the International Pacific Halibut Commission, which grants the general regulatory and management authority to the North Pacific Fishery Management Council The Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) is an advisory body; it is charged with regulating most fisheries in U.S. federal waters off Washington, Oregon, and California. , which, in turn, works co-jointly with the Alaska Board of Fish and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to implement those regulations and management measures. It is a long gauntlet gauntlet /gaunt·let/ (gawnt´let) a bandage covering the hand and fingers like a glove. and varies widely according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the type of fishing.
For those who sport fish, there are two basic options: (a) use your own boat, (b) charter a boat. In 1998, the charter boat industry in Alaska, as tallied by a new mandatory logbook system, caught 50 percent of the estimated 7.36 million pounds of sports-caught halibut. This means that about half of us prefer a charter boat to help us catch our halibut. (Unless we buy halibut, which is also a good option since our commercial harvest fleet caught 58 million pounds in 1998.)
Why are these figures important? Because they are the center of a controversy that has been plaguing the council since 1993. The council is wrestling with the concept of halibut charter boats as commercial enterprises and whether or not they have an "unmanaged growth" that is conflicting with the commercial IFQ IFQ Individual Fishing Quota
IFQ Institut für Forschungsinformation und Qualitätssicherung (Institute for Research Information and Quality Assurance; Bonn, Germany)
IFQ Invitation For Bids (individual fishing quota Individual fishing quotas (popularly abbreviated to IFQ) are a means by which many governments have tried to regulate fishing. Due to the widely recognized decimation of wild fish populations, governments set a species-by-species limit of total allowable catches (TAC). ) system and with wise use of the resource.
Is the halibut charter boat industry a commercial enterprise?
Yes and no. Charter boats, boats for hire, allow residents and visitors to more easily and safely fish. But it is the client who has the fishing license and the client who makes the harvest. And not all charter situations are alike. In fact, they vary so much that this has created a problem for potential management. The vast majority are in the fleet that operates within Southcentral Alaska-primarily Cook Inlet Cook Inlet
Inlet, Gulf of Alaska in the northern Pacific Ocean. Bounded by the Kenai Peninsula on the east, it extends northeast for 220 mi (350 km), narrowing from 80 to 9 mi (129 to 14 km). Anchorage is situated near its head. , Kachemak Bay and Valdez. The rest of the boats are scattered Scattered
Used for listed equity securities. Unconcentrated buy or sell interest. from Kodiak to Dutch Harbor Dutch Harbor: see Aleutian Islands. to Ketchikan, either as independent day-charter combo boats (combination of halibut and salmon) or as charters tied to a lodge operation. Some boats fish exclusively for halibut, others fish halibut as part of a packaged deal.
Some boats make daily trips 4-5 months a year, others maybe only a few days each season. Even if charter boats are in something of a jurisdictional quasi-land and the actual sports catch total harvest has not varied much since 1994, the potential for resource conflict in less abundant years and the concern over near-shore depletion drive the council's current actions.
Anecdotally, the near-shore halibut caught in high-density fishing areas seem to be smaller and less abundant on average. Charter boats are going farther out farther out
Of or relating to an option contract with a later expiration date than a contract that is currently owned or being considered. For example, a contract with a May expiration date is farther out than a contract with a February expiration date of to find more lucrative fishing. In other places, the fishing remains stable and abundant.
This situational near-shore depletion was first noted in Sitka Sound Sitka Sound is a large body of water near Sitka, Alaska. It is bordered by Baranof Island to the South and the Northeast, by Kruzof Island to the Northwest and by the Pacific Ocean to the Southeast. , which subsequently developed a local area management plan to submit to the council. This was a plan worked out over a four-year period among all resource users. It is currently being used as a model for other area management plans, which are being implemented through the Board of Fish. This is a new arena for everyone that requires attention to protocols, timelines and jurisdictions.
Halibut jurisdictional areas are determined by the IPHC IPHC International Pacific Halibut Commission
IPHC International Pentecostal Holiness Church
IPHC Internet Protocol Header Compression
IPHC Intermediate Point Headway Control (subway signaling) and are more broadly managed than other federal or state commercial or sports fisheries. IPHC areas 3A and 2C-most of the north Gulf and Southeast-are the areas of most concern to the council and the areas currently subject to potential limited entry and guideline harvest limits. We are not in any kind of critical mass-halibut stocks are considered to be quite healthy-the issue is to keep it that way.
This must be balanced with maintaining the viability and stability of the charter boat industry and providing for economic growth opportunities in under-developed areas.
There are many in the industry who feel this is a non-issue. Others want moratoriums placed on the high-density areas while people on the other end are struggling to build remote tourism opportunities in low-pressure areas.
What does any of these really mean to the average Alaskan halibut fisher? Implementations of any of the proposed regulations are bound to have some profound impacts but no one knows exactly how yet. There are too many possible options; this whole discussion has raised more questions than it has resolved. Despite the thousands of hours already spent on review, many of the sub-issues require a lot more data than is currently available. In late April, the council approved a long list of items for analysis to be presented at the October council meeting in Seattle.
If you are a halibut angler angler, common name for a member of the family Ceratiidae, European and American bottom-dwelling predacious fishes. The angler lies on the bottom and lures its prey with a long, wormlike appendage that extends forward and dangles over its mouth. , a charter boat operator, a potential charter boat operator, a lodge owner, a potential lodge owner, connected to the tourism industry, a commercial fisherman, a subsistence user, a vendor who supplies charter boats, concerned about local economic development, or just interested in the conservation of halibut, you probably want to pay attention to this issue. The best way to do this is get information from the council and the Alaska Board of Fish and to inquire about a local area management plan that might be developing in your area.
Where to find a halibut charter boat
Sports fishing for halibut is available in almost all coastal waters of Alaska. If you have a specific area that you would like to fish, contact the local Chamber of Commerce or the Visitors and Convention Bureau for that area.
Contact information may be found on the Internet at many different locations. Here are a few suggested sites:
* Alaska Fishing Online: www.alaskafishing.com
* Alaska Outdoor Adventures: www.alaskaoutdoors.com
* Kodiak Travel Directory: www.web com.com/kodiak/dirctry.html
The names of charter vessels, owners and locations are also available on the Internet through the Alaska Department of Fish and Game's Commercial Fisheries Entry Commission Web site at http://www.cfec.state. ak.us:80/SPOLIST/YR1999/AREAOP/A0041.HTM HTM HyperText Markup (file extension)
HTM Hand To Mouth
HTM High Tide Mark
HTM Hazlo tú mismo (Spanish: do it yourself)
HTM Hierarchical Temporal Memory . Charter vessels in this listing are not identified by species that are fished.
Where to find information:
If you would like to find out more information on halibut charter boat issues, contact the following agencies. Ask for schedules for either the North Pacific Fishery Management Council or for the Alaska Board of Fish (or for associated papers) or ask the Alaska Department of Fish and Game for information about developing local area management plans. Specific information on this issue is not currently available on the Internet.
North Pacific Fishery Management Council
605 W. 4th Ave.
Anchorage Anchorage (ăng`kərĭj), city (1990 pop. 226,338), Anchorage census div., S central Alaska, a port at the head of Cook Inlet; inc. 1920. , Alaska 99501
Attn: Jane diCosimo
Alaska Department of Fish & Game Sports Fish Division
333 Raspberry raspberry, name for several thorny shrubs of the genus Rubus of the family Rosaceae (rose family) and for their fruit (see bramble).
Any of many species of fruit-bearing bushes of the genus Rubus in the rose family. Road
Anchorage, Alaska 99518-1579
Attn: Kevin Delany, director