Changing faces: a snapshot of how HIV continues to have a powerful impact on individuals in the United States.[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
RACIAL MINORITIES BEAR THE BRUNT brunt
1. The main impact or force, as of an attack.
2. The main burden: bore the brunt of the household chores.
Black Americans and other racial and ethnic minorities are being hit disproportionately dis·pro·por·tion·ate
Out of proportion, as in size, shape, or amount.
dispro·por by HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. , together accounting for more than two thirds of new infections occurring in 2005.
PROPORTION OF PROPORTION OF U.S. POPULATION NEW HIV CASES African-American 13% 49% White 68% 31% Hispanic 14% 18% Asian/Pacific Islander 4% 1% American Indian/Alaska Native 1% <1% SOURCE: CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
THE RISE OF THE WOMAN
Although the majority of new HIV cases and AIDS diagnoses continue to be among men after a quarter century into the pandemic pandemic /pan·dem·ic/ (pan-dem´ik)
1. a widespread epidemic of a disease.
2. widely epidemic.
Epidemic over a wide geographic area.
n. , women (13 and older) have made a sharp increase as a percentage of new AIDS diagnoses.
1985 8% 1990 13% 1995 20% 2000 27% 2005 27% SOURCE: KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT OF CDC DATA
WHAT'S GOING ON What's Going On is a record by American soul singer Marvin Gaye. Released on May 21, 1971 (see 1971 in music), What's Going On reflected the beginning of a new trend in soul music.
Sexual contact now accounts for more than three fifths of new cases of HIV transmission, although it used to be just over two thirds. The gap between man-to-man and man-to-woman contact as a mode of transmission continues to narrow.
Now Then Man-Man Sexual Contact 49% 67% Heterosexual Contact 32% 3% Injection-Drug Use 14.2% 17% Man-Man & IDU 3.6% 7% Other 1.2% 6%