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Change sweeps through many a city hall.

Rudolph Giuliani's victory in New York City's mayoral election last week climaxed an extraordinary year of transition in city government. Departures from office by incumbents, whether at their own choice, by term limits or by voters, brought changes reaching from New York to Los Angeles, Miami to Minneapolis.

Giuliani, the first Republican to win in New York since John Lindsay in 1965, defeated Mayor David Dinkins by a margin of 51-49 percent in a reversal of their closely contested campaign four years ago.

Although specific local issues consistently determine the outcomes in municipal elections, virtually all of this year's campaigns were strongly influenced by voter anxiety over crime and violence.

More than any other issue it propelled Giuliani, who built his reputation as a tough federal prosecutor. It was the only tax issue to win voter, support in cash-strapped California, and it fueled a get-tough prison sentencing law in the state of Washington.

A California ballot question to impose a half-cent sales tax for police protection won voter approval by a margin of 58-42 percent, overcoming the barrier of property tax limitations set 15 years ago by Proposition 13. Washington voters, by a 3-to-1 margin, approved mandatory life sentences, with no parole, for anyone receiving a third felony conviction.

Elsewhere around the country, Council President Sharon Sayles Belton became the first woman and first black to win the office of mayor in Minneapolis, where NLC President Don Fraser chose not to run again this year. Belton piled up 57 percent of the vote in a decisive victory over John Derus, a county commissioner.

Detroit's new mayor will be Dennis Archer, a former judge of the state supreme court, who captured 56 percent of the vote in defeating Sharon McPhail, a Wayne County prosecutor. It was the first time in 20 years t,hat Coleman Young's name was not on the ballot, a result of his decision not to seek a sixth term.

Tom Menino, a NLC board member and acting mayor of Boston since Ray Flynn's departure for a diplomatic post at the Vatican, scored an impressive 64-36 percent victory over James Brett, a state representative. Menino becomes the first Italian-American to serve as Boston's mayor and win begin a full four-year term this week.

Two other major cities - Atlanta and Miami - were left in doubt about who their new mayor will be, since none of the candidates amassed the absolute majority required for a victory.

In Miami, voters will choose in a runoff this week between former mayor Steve Clark and Miriam Alonzo, a member of the city council. Atlanta's runoff on November 23 will be a contest between Councilmember Bill Campbell and Michael Lomax, former chairman of the Fulton County Commission.

NLC Second Vice President Carolyn Long Banks and Advisory Council members Barbara Asher and Mary Davis all won re-election to their seats on the Atlanta City Council.

Along with Giuliani's victory in New York City, new mayors also were selected to fill vacancies in most of the state's other major cities, including Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse and Albany.

State Sen. Anthony Masiello won in Buffalo to succeed Jimmy Griffin, William Johnson Jr. won in Rochester to succeed Tom Ryan, and Councilmember Geraid Jennings won in M" to succeed Tom Whelan, all by lopsided margins after winning the all- important Democratic nomination. Johnson, a longtime leader of the local Urban League, will be Rochester's first black mayor.

In Syracuse, Republican City Auditor Roy Bernardi won to succeed Ron Young, who was ineligible because of a new term limitation. In White Plains, Councilmember Sy Schulman became the first Democrat elected to a fun term as mayor in a three way contest. Mayor Al DelVecchio, who lost the Republican primary after serving 18 years as mayor, came in second running as an independent.

Mayor Richard Clay Dixon of Dayton was defeated by Mike Turner, chairman of the zoning board, in one of two Ohio elections that were decided by just fewer than 1,000 votes. In Toledo, two councilmemebers competed to become the city's first strong mayor under a new city charter, and Carty Finkbeiner defeated Mike Ferner in another down-to-the-wire finish. In Cincinnati, Councilmember Roxanne Qualls will become mayor after leading the field of candidates in the city's councilmanic races.

Across the river from Minneapolis, St. Paul voters gave a 55 percent majority to Norm Coleman, an assistant state attorney general, in the contest to succeed Jim Schiebel, a member of the NLC Advisory Council, who chose not to run this year.

Also in the Twin Cities area, Karen Anderson, a member of the Transportation and Communications Steering Committee, was elected mayor of Minnetonka. In Golden Valley, however, Mayor Larry Bakken, chair of the NLC International Municipal Consortium, was defeated by fewer than 100 votes.

In Connecticut, John DeStefano was elected mayor of New Haven, succeeding John Daniel, who did not run. In Hartford, Mayor Carrie Saxon Perry was defeated in her bid for a fourth two-year term by Mike Peters, a city firefighter.

Pittsburgh voters conf=ed the expected victory of Democrat Tom Murphy, a state representative, to succeed Mayor Sophie Masloff, one of several mayors choosing to leave office in Pennsylvania this year. In Allentown, Bill Heydt, an insurance broker and city planner, was elected to succeed Joe Daddona, a member of the NLC Advisory Council who is leaving office after serving 20 years as mayor. And in York, where Mayor William Althaus is leaving office, community activist Charles Robertson defeated Anne Berry, an Althaus aide.

Mayor Richard Vinroot of Charlotte repeated the celebration of winning a professional football team by winning reelection by a 2-to-1 margin. In Raleigh, NLC Advisory Council member Avery Upchurch was another mayor choosing not to run this year, and Tom Fetzer, leader of a local taxpayers group, won am contest.

The widespread turnover and departure of mayors from office may have overshadowed some of landslide victories by incumbents, but that did not diminish the margins by which they won.

In Houston, Mayor Bob Lanier took 91 percent of the vote in his bid for a second term. Mayor Mike White of Cleveland captured 84 percent, Mayor Norm Rice of Seattle piled up a 2-to-1 majority, and Mayor Jerry Abramson of Louisville coasted with 81 percent.

Three mayors who filled vacancies earlier this year also won full terms in their own right by wide margins. Pam Miller, who moved from a council seat, to serve as mayor of Lexington-Fayette County, Ky., captured 75 percent of the vote in her bid for a full term. Brent Coles, who became mayor of Boise following Dirk Kempthome's election to the U.S. Senate, also won handily. And in a neighboring state capital, Mayor Bob Jacobs of Olympia, Wash., who took office in February, piled up a 69 percent victory margin.

In Washington's other mayoral contests, incumbents fared less well. Former councilmember Jack Geraghty won the run-off in Spokane, where Mayor Shari Barnard failed to make it past the primary, and Mayor Karen Vialle was defeated in Tacoma by Jack Hyde, also a former councilmember.

In California's lone mayoral race last week, Councilmember Hal Conklin, who currently chairs the NLC Advisory Council, topped the field to succeed Mayor Sheila Lodge, who was unable to run again because of a local term limit.

In the borough president elections in New York, Ruth Messinger, a member of the NLC Advisory Council, easily won reelection in Manhattan with 76 percent of the vote, the other four borough presidents also were winning by similar margins.

Other cities around the country electing new mayors last week included David Hollister in Lansing, Charles Harrison and Richard Notte in Sterling Heights, Mich.; Terry Duggan in Dubuque, Iowa; Ray Mariano in Worcester, James Rurak in Haverhill, and Dennis DiZoglio in Methuen, Mass.; Linda Blogolawski in New Britain, Conn.; James Grimes in Frederick, Md.; Linda Weaver in Johnstown, Pa.; George Stewart in Provo, Merrill Clark in Logan and Daniel McArthur in St. George, Utah, and Eugene Knotts in Parkersburg, W.Va.
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Title Annotation:November 1993 elections
Author:Arndt, Randy
Publication:Nation's Cities Weekly
Date:Nov 8, 1993
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