Causes of Tick Bite and Symptoms of Tick Bite
A tick is a small brown bug that attaches to the skin and sucks blood for 3 to 6 days. The bite is usually painless and doesn''t itch. The wood tick, which carries Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Colorado tick fever, is up to 1/2 inch in size. The deer tick, which spreads Lyme disease, is the size of a pinhead. After feeding, both of these ticks will be swollen and easy to see.A tick is a small brown bug that attaches to the skin and sucks blood for 3 to 6 days. The bite is usually painless and doesn''t itch. The wood tick, which carries Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Colorado tick fever, is up to 1/2 inch in size. The deer tick, which spreads Lyme disease, is the size of a pinhead. After feeding, both of these ticks will be swollen and easy to see.
Some ticks transmit bacteria that cause illnesses such as Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Your risk of contracting one of these diseases depends on what part of the United States you live in, how much time you spend in wooded areas and how well you protect yourself.
Ticks are small spiderlike insects (arachnids) that bite to fasten themselves onto the skin and feed on blood. Ticks live in the fur and feathers of many birds and animals. Tick bites occur most often during early spring to late summer and in areas where there are many wild animals and birds.
Symptoms of Tick Bite
While most ticks do not carry diseases, some ticks can cause Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Colorado tick fever, and tularemia. Watch for the symptoms of these diseases in the weeks following a tick bite -- muscle or joint aches, stiff neck, headache, weakness, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and other flu-like symptoms. Watch for a red spot or rash starting at the location of the bite.
The bite is painless and doesn''t itch; so ticks may go unnoticed for a few days.
eventually fall off on their own after sucking blood for 3 to 6 days.
Causes of Tick Bites
The cause of Rocky Mountain spotted fever is the organism Rickettsia rickettsii. This bacterium most often is spread to humans by tick bites. Ticks can attach themselves to your skin and feed on your blood. They can lodge anywhere on your body, but often are found in your hair, around your ankles and in your genital area. Once embedded in your skin, ticks can cause a small, hard, itchy lump surrounded by a red ring or halo.
Prevention Of Tick Bites
Although the prospect of contracting Lyme disease or other tick-borne diseases is a concern to us all, there is no need to avoid the woods or outdoors. You can still enjoy a healthy outdoor lifestyle as long as you know how to properly take preventative measures against these diseases.
Wear long pants and long sleeves when walking through heavy brush, tall grass, and densely wooded areas. Pull your socks over the outside of your pants to prevent ticks from crawling up inside. Keep your shirt tucked into your pants. Wear light-colored clothes so that ticks can be spotted easily. Spray your clothes with insect repellant. Check your clothes and skin frequently while in the woods.
Treatments of Tick Bites
Avoid tick habitats: Whenever possible, avoid entering areas that are likely to be infested with ticks, particularly in spring and summer when nymphal ticks feed. Ticks favor a moist, shaded environment, especially areas with leaf litter and low-lying vegetation in wooded, brushy or overgrown grassy habitat. Both deer and rodent hosts must be abundant to maintain the enzootic cycle of B. burgdorferi.
Use fine-tipped tweezers to remove a tick. If you don''t have tweezers, put on gloves or cover your hands with tissue paper, then use your fingers. Do not handle the tick with bare hands.
Seek medical care if you notice a large skin rash or swelling around the sting site, or if swelling or pain persists for more than 3 days, which could indicate an infection.
The best thing to do is to prevent Lyme disease. You can prevent Lyme disease by preventing tick bites. Ticks are out in full force in the U.S. in May, June, and July so pay special attention when going outdoors during these months. To prevent tick bites use insect repellants with 20%-30% DEET on adults and 10% DEET on children, wear long pants, sleeves, and socks.