Cash and the city: city workers give thousands their bosses, alderman and ward organizations. Some say it's just part of the job.When Jamie Jamie is a given name, derived as a pet form of James. However, it has been used as an independent given name in English speaking countries for several generations. Though Jamie was originally exclusively male, since the 1950s it has also been used as a female given name, Andrade
Originally, the name Andrade (sometimes Andrada Jr. paid off some the 929,555.82 in personal loans he'd received since 1999, the money didn't go to a bank. Nor did it end up a credit union. The money was turned to the political campaign funds of Citizens for Mell and the 33rd Ward Regular Democratic Organization. 33rd Ward Alderman ALDERMAN. An officer, generally appointed or elected in towns corporate, or cities, possessing various powers in different places.
2. The aldermen of the cities of Pennsylvania, possess all the powers and jurisdictions civil and criminal of justices of the Richard F. Mell is Andrade's lender--and his boss.
Andrade wouldn't say what the loans were for, except that he's since repaid the debt in campaign contributions. From January 1999 to March 2006, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. state campaign finance records, Andrade made six contributions to Citizens for Mell and five contributions to the 33rd Ward Regular Democratic Organization for a combined total of 921,605.82. The records show that five of those contributions--for a total of $18,055.82--were designated as loan repayments from Andrade.
"They borrowed me the money. Then I gave it back," said Andrade, who works in Mell's office as a legislative aide and earns $77,772 a year. He was first hired by the city in 1998.
Not including the aldermen themselves, Andrade is just one of 1,874 city workers who spent nearly 92.2 million during a seven-year period padding Bits or characters that fill up unused portions of a data structure, such as a field, packet or frame. Typically, padding is done at the end of the structure to fill it up with data, with the padding usually consisting of 1 bits, blank characters or null characters. See null and bit stuffing. the campaign coffers of Chicago aldermen and ward organizations, including ones controlled by their own bosses.
The most any one worker gave was $37,049.68--from Emma J. Robinson, chief of staff for 28th Ward Alderman Ed H. Smith. All but $600 of that money went to Smith as interest-free personal loans, Robinson said. Smith has repaid $28,016.43, according to state records.
The second-highest amount came from legislative aide Nadine Zapolsky. According to state disclosure documents, she gave $26,207.52 over 26 months to the 12th Ward Democratic Organization. "Nothing came out of my pocket. Never," Zapolsky said before hanging up the phone. In all but one of her 14 contributions, Zapolsky was listed as a "special events coordinator" employed by "Yellow Roses," according to state records. Zapolsky has worked for the city since 1994.
It's not illegal--by the state's or the city's campaign laws--for employees to give, even to their bosses. It's allowed for all employees except for those working in the city's ethics ethics, in philosophy, the study and evaluation of human conduct in the light of moral principles. Moral principles may be viewed either as the standard of conduct that individuals have constructed for themselves or as the body of obligations and duties that a department. But experts say there should be limits. Allowing workers to contribute large amounts of money fuels an environment of corruption where people feel they have to give in order to get promoted or to keep their jobs.
Political watchdogs say the city and state must have stronger rules, setting limits on who can give and how much. Otherwise, millions of dollars will continue to flow into the hands of aldermen and other lawmakers from the pockets of the people they employ.
The Chicago Reporter analyzed an·a·lyze
tr.v. an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing, an·a·lyz·es
1. To examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations.
2. Chemistry To make a chemical analysis of.
3. records of campaign contributions to Chicago aldermen and ward organizations from January 1999 to March 2006 and a database of more than 60,000 current and former city workers, and found:
* City workers, not including aldermen elected or defeated in the 2003 municipal elections, gave 92.2 million to aldermen and ward organizations.
* Aldermen themselves gave another 9466,000.
* Department of Streets and Sanitation workers sanitation worker
A person employed, as by a municipality or private company, to collect and dispose of garbage. gave the most of any city department, contributing 9479,657.26.
* About one of every five city council staffers, the highest rate of any department, contributed a total of $30l,894.92.
"I'm really surprised to hear those numbers" said 6th Ward Alderman Freddrenna Lyle Freddrenna Lyle is alderman of the 6th ward, in Chicago. She was appointed to the office by Mayor Daley in 1999. Early History
Lyle has lived in the Park Manor neighborhood for more than 45 years. She attended Park Manor Elementary School and South Shore High School. . "I remember I had an uncle who was a truck driver a long time ago. It was just a regular thing that, when it was election time, they would be going to a fundraiser for whichever candidates were in office at that time," Lyle said. The statistics go to show: "You still have the remnants of the machine," she said.
Bobby Burleson, a former legislative aide, was first hired by the city in 1982. From September 1999 to November 2005, he contributed a total of 925,150--roughly 9335 a month--among several campaign committees. Burleson said he wasn't pressured to give, adding that, since he made more money than most city workers, it was not unusual that he gave more.
"I am in a higher [income] bracket In programming, brackets (the [ and ] characters) are used to enclose numbers and subscripts. For example, in the C statement int menustart  = ; the  indicates the number of elements in the array, and the contents are enclosed in curly braces. . I think it's a good percentage to give," said Burleson, who is listed as a restaurant and tavern tavern: see inn. owner in campaign finance records. "It's hard to be a public official. You have to have contributions,"
Gerald Brown Gerald Brown (born July 28, 1975 in Los Angeles, California) is a retired American basketball player.
He played collegiately for the Pepperdine University.
He played for the Phoenix Suns (1998-99) in the NBA for 33 games. , a foreman of motor truck drivers in Streets and Sanitation sanitation: see plumbing; sanitary science. , and Norman J. Madrigali, a construction laborer in the Department of Water Management, both gave more than $10,000. Madrigali gave 28 contributions, all to either the 45th Ward Regular Democratic Organization or 45th Ward Alderman Patrick Levar Patrick Levar is alderman of the 45th ward in Chicago. He sits on the Chicago City Council. . Both Brown and Madrigali declined to comment. "No, I don't want to answer any questions," said Brown, who made nine contributions to either the 34th Ward Regular Democratic Organization or to 34th Ward Alderman Carrie M. Austin.
Robinson said the $37,000 in loans she provided Smith came from her bank account. She said the alderman doesn't raise enough money on his own. "We only do two fundraisers a year. And you might come up short," Robinson said.
Some say aldermen in predominantly pre·dom·i·nant
1. Having greatest ascendancy, importance, influence, authority, or force. See Synonyms at dominant.
2. black wards often lack campaign cash. "Most [predominantly black wards] don't have a lot of business. So you just get donations from people who work jobs. And that limits your money," Robinson said.
Robinson added she doesn't think most city workers are in a position to loan money to their bosses. "I just happen to be able," she said.
At least one employee in 43 of the 51 city departments analyzed made contributions to Chicago aldermen and ward organizations. There were no contributions made from workers in eight city departments, including Ethics and the Inspector General. It's prohibited pro·hib·it
tr.v. pro·hib·it·ed, pro·hib·it·ing, pro·hib·its
1. To forbid by authority: Smoking is prohibited in most theaters. See Synonyms at forbid.
2. by ordinance A law, statute, or regulation enacted by a Municipal Corporation.
An ordinance is a law passed by a municipal government. A municipality, such as a city, town, village, or borough, is a political subdivision of a state within which a municipal corporation has been for Ethics department employees to be involved in politics, said legal counsel Richard Superfine superfine
a class of merino sheep with wool finer than that of fine-wool. Usual limit is wool of 18.5 microns or less fiber diameter. . "From the standpoint The Standpoint is a newspaper published in the British Virgin Islands. It was originally published under the name Pennysaver, largely as a shopping-coupon promotional newspaper, but since emerged as one of the most influential sources of journalism in the of using common sense, they want this agency to be as pristine pris·tine
a. Remaining in a pure state; uncorrupted by civilization.
b. Remaining free from dirt or decay; clean: pristine mountain snow.
2. as possible" he said.
As a department, Streets and Sanitation contributed the most money to aldermen and ward organizations. Spokesman Matt Smith would not say why workers from the department contributed so much. "You're asking for something completely unrelated to any kind of departmental operations. If someone wants to [contribute] on their own time, that's OK," Smith said. "As long as our people are obeying the law, that's not our concern."
From January 1999 through June 2006, more than 5,500 people worked for the department. Of that total, 434 contributed. However, with just 717 employees during that span, it was city council employees with the greatest level of participation among city departments. Those employees included assistants to the aldermen, legislative aides and committee secretaries. Motor truck drivers, as an occupation, contributed the most among city employees. Truck drivers gave nearly $250,000 to Chicago aldermen and ward organizations.
According to the Washington, D.C.-based Institute for Politics, Democracy and the Internet, the Internet, the, international computer network linking together thousands of individual networks at military and government agencies, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, industrial and financial corporations of all sizes, and commercial enterprises average American gives less than $200 in campaign contributions during any given election cycle. City workers gave far more to Chicago aldermen and ward organizations. Dozens of employees gave more than 10 times and averaged more than $200 per contribution during the seven years analyzed--less than two election cycles.
Political consultant Don Rose said some employees are pawns Pawn(s) may refer to:
Having existed or persisted for a long time: a longtime friend; a longtime resident of Detroit.
Adjective Chicago political observer.
There's a different dynamic for city council workers. Since aldermen are allowed to pick their own staff, many city council department workers become expendable when new aldermen are elected. The workers know that, if their bosses aren't re-elected, they're likely out of a job. "You have great respect for your boss. And you want to keep your job," Rose said.
Lyle said she doesn't solicit campaign money from her three -member staff but said those staff members understand the importance of her staying in office. "This is their job, and it's tied to whoever the person is in office," she said. "It's in their best interest to help, volunteer. They tell their friends to vote."
Lyle said staff members should not be prohibited from giving, but that it might be good to have limitations. "I think when you start getting $5,000, $6,000, $7,000 in contributions, then it might raise some appearance of impropriety Appearance of impropriety is a term often used in reference to a situation whose ethics is deemed questionable. It means that any layperson, without knowledge of the facts, would assume that something he/she saw or heard was inappropriate or a violation of a rule/regulation. ," she said.
Andrade, a legislative aide, said he gave to political campaigns before Mell hired him. If people aren't allowed to give contributions to their candidates, then only wealthy candidates would win, Andrade said. "You are going to have a government that's made up of millionaires. I believe that doesn't represent the regular person."
Mell, Andrade's boss, has taken up millions himself. He is one of 13 aldermen who collected more than $1 million in contributions from January 1999 through March 2006. And one month before Mell's 2003 race against Deb Gordils, the alderman had $319,388.59 on hand. Gordils had more than $2,000 in expenses and an outstanding $20,000 loan, according to state campaign finance records.
23rd Ward Alderman Michael Zalewski
As a member of the Chicago City Council, Zalewski serves on five committees: Aviation; Budget and Government Operations; Committees, had the second-highest amount in contributions from city workers, accepting $125,875.
Zalewski said he sends fundraiser invitations to his staff of three but doesn't pressure them to give. "It's smart if you're going to have a fundraiser to let people know it's strictly voluntary," Zalewski said. "They're not going to be promoted or penalized pe·nal·ize
tr.v. pe·nal·ized, pe·nal·iz·ing, pe·nal·iz·es
1. To subject to a penalty, especially for infringement of a law or official regulation. See Synonyms at punish.
2. for it in any way."
When asked whether he would support a law to prohibit pro·hib·it
tr.v. pro·hib·it·ed, pro·hib·it·ing, pro·hib·its
1. To forbid by authority: Smoking is prohibited in most theaters. See Synonyms at forbid.
2. employees from giving to their bosses or other political candidates, Zalewski said, "No ... as long as there's not a quid pro quo [Latin, What for what or Something for something.] The mutual consideration that passes between two parties to a contractual agreement, thereby rendering the agreement valid and binding. or threats."
In all, Zalewski got 337 contributions from city workers, including 139 from Streets and Sanitation workers.
Former 25th Ward Alderman Ambrosio Medrano, convicted in 1996 in the "Silver Shovel" corruption probe for accepting bribes from an FBI agent, is now running against incumbent Danny Solis Solis Diazepam, see there , whom Mayor Richard M. Daley Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is a United States politician, member of the national and local Democratic Party and current mayor of Chicago, Illinois. He was elected mayor in 1989 and reelected in 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007. appointed to replace him. Medrano said that while he was in office, he didn't force staff to raise money for him. But he thinks other aldermen do. He doesn't see the harm in changing the rules. "I wouldn't see why we couldn't [have limits] so it doesn't seem like something funny is going on, especially in today's climate" Medrano said.
The U.S. Attorney's CERTIFICATE, ATTORNEY'S, Practice, English law. By statute 37 Geo. III., c. 90, s. 26, 28, attorneys are required to deliver to the commissioners of stamp duties, a paper or note in writing, containing the name and usual place of residence of such person, and thereupon, on paying certain Office for the Northern District of Illinois Illinois, river, United States
Illinois, river, 273 mi (439 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Des Plaines and Kankakee rivers, NE Ill., and flowing SW to the Mississippi at Grafton, Ill. It is an important commercial and recreational waterway. would not say if it's looking at campaign contributions as part of its probe into the patronage Patronage
See also Philanthropy.
fairy godfather to Italian Cinderella. [Ital. Opera: Rossini, Cinderella, Westerman, 120–121]
supports Bias in return for political favors. [Fr. Lit. hiring scheme revealed by the Hired Truck scandal, which broke in 2004. "We would not comment on any subject of an investigation," said spokesman Randall Samborn.
In an attempt to help restore public confidence, some officials have capped themselves. Recently appointed City Clerk In the United States, a City Clerk is an elected or appointed official who is responsible as the official keeper of the municipal records. In some places, the Clerk may be known as the "Village Clerk" or "Town Clerk". Miguel del Valle Miguel del Valle is the current City Clerk of Chicago and the former Illinois State Senator for the 2nd district of Chicago, which he had served since 1987. Early life self-imposed a ban against contributions from anyone contracted by the clerk's office or the city.
The city polices itself when it comes to campaign finance. In 1986, the late Mayor Harold Washington Harold Lee Washington (April 15 1922 – November 25 1987) was an American lawyer and politician who became the first African American Mayor of Chicago, serving from 1983 until his death. created the city's Board of Ethics to curb corruption. Since then the city has adopted a campaign finance ordinance and a government ethics ordinance. The latter prevents Board of Ethics staff from participating in politics. The campaign finance law caps contributions at $1,500 for lobbyists registered with the city, businesses with city contracts and firms seeking to do business with the city.
Political watchdogs say the city needs to put caps for other donors and limits on contributions from city workers. "You can be reasonable and have a campaign limit," Rose said. "It might not be bad getting $150 from employees. It's not enough to make a good bribe BRIBE, crim. law. The gift or promise, which is accepted, of some advantage, as the inducement for some illegal act or omission; or of some illegal emolument, as a consideration, for preferring one person to another, in the performance of a legal act. ."
For years, City of Chicago workers have helped the city's aldermen stay in office. The Chicago Reporter analyzed more than seven years worth of campaign contributions to show how much and found that:
* City workers gave millions to aldermen and the wards they govern.
* Among city departments, Department of Streets and Sanitation workers gave the most.
* City Council staff, as a department, were the most likely to give.
* When considering giving by job title, truck drivers gave the most.
* Black aldermen averaged far fewer in receiving contributions than their white and Latino counterparts.
For more information about the people and organizations we write about, go to www.chicagoreporter.com
n. Abbr. Ald.
1. A member of the municipal legislative body in a town or city in many jurisdictions.
SHOW ME THE MONEY
Longtime 13th Ward Alderman Frank J. Olivo is operating without a political campaign fund, which is required by candidates receiving or spending more than $3,000 annually. The Illinois State Board of Elections has records of two political committees operating in support of Olivo. One was closed in 1995, the other in 1999. In addition to their own campaign committees, many aldermen are supported by their ward organizations. But Illinois Speaker of the House Michael J. Madigan is the only candidate supported by the 13th Ward Regular Democratic Organization, which took in nearly $1.3 million from January 1999 to March 2006, according to state records. Olivo did not return phone calls.
SHORT ON CASH
In 1997, Mayor Richard M. Daley appointed James A. Balcer as alderman of the 11th Ward, the mayor's longtime political base. State records show that the Citizens for Balcer committee accepted just four donations totaling $4,902. The 11th Ward Democratic Party Campaign Committee took in nearly $987,000. But Cook County Commissioner John R Daley, the mayor's brother, is the only candidate supported by that committee, according to state records. Balcer did not return calls.
LOANS FROM THE BOSS
Citizens for Mell and the 33rd Ward Regular Democratic Organization issued a combined total of 34 personal loans for $113,961.22 from January 1999 to March 2006. Nearly 40 percent of the loan money went to city workers, including some who worked in Mell's office.
PENNY PINCHERS penny pincher
A very stingy person.
Noun 1. penny pincher - someone who is excessively careful with money (who pinches every penny before letting go of it)
The City of Chicago's Board of Ethics was one of eight departments where workers made no political contributions to aldermen or ward organizations. By ordinance, Board of Ethics employees can't engage in political activity.
DATA: The Chicago Reporter purchased an electronic database from the Illinois State Board of Elections of 1,124,632 campaign contributions that had been given to Illinois candidates between July 1, 1994, and May 17, 2006.
The Reporter also obtained an electronic database of all individuals who were employed by the City of Chicago at any point between Jan. 1, 1999, and July 19, 2006. The employees are identified by name, title, department, salary and the ZIP code zip code
System of postal-zone codes (zip stands for “zone improvement plan”) introduced in the U.S. in 1963 to improve mail delivery and exploit electronic reading and sorting capabilities. of their residence.
ANALYSIS: The Reporter analyzed more than 103,000 campaign contributions--totaling $57.4 million--given to the 127 political committees representing Chicago aldermen and ward organizations between January 1999 and March 2006.
The Reporter compared the names and ZIP codes of the contributors to those of city employees. The Reporter considered a match between the two lists when the first name, last name and ZIP codes were identical. The Reporter used middle initials, titles and occupations, when listed, to identify false matches.
Contributing: Hannah Ferdinand, Natalie Y. Moore Moore, city (1990 pop. 40,761), Cleveland co., central Okla., a suburb of Oklahoma City; inc. 1887. Its manufactures include lightning- and surge-protection equipment, packaging for foods, and auto parts. and Melanie Wong
Workers that keep on giving Streets and Sanitation, Water Management and City Council workers accounted for more than half of the $2.2 million that city workers contributed to Chicago aldermen and ward organizations between January 1999 and March 2006. Streets & Sanitation 22% Water Management 16% City Council 14% Other Departments 48% Note: Table made from bar graph. Sources: Illinois State Board of Elections, City of Chicago; analyzed by The Chicago Report. It's better to receive Some Chicago aldermen and ward organizations receive far more in campaign contributions from city workers than others. The following received the most money from city workers between January 1999 and March 2006. ALDERMAN TOTAL CONTRIB. FROM CITY WORKERS Patrick J. O'Connor $989,763 $131,215 13% Michael R. Zalewski $1,331,009 $125,875 10% Edward M. Burke $6,519,295 $107,000 2% Theodore A. Matlak $1,703,896 $72,340 4% Isaac S. Carothers $750,235 $71,908 10% ORGANIZATION TOTAL CONTRIB. FROM CITY WORKERS 13th Ward DO $1,273,098 $238,850 19% 11th Ward DPCC $986,894 $163,600 17% 33rd Ward RDO $1,496,196 $138,093 9% 19th Ward DO $910,648 $114,855 13% 8th Ward RDO $1,351,959 $53,502 4% Note: DO stands for Democratic Organization; DPCC stands for Democratic Party Campaign Committee; RDO stands for Regular Democratic Organization. Sources: Illinois State Board of Elections, City of Chicago; analyzed by The Chicago Reporter. Disposable income At $2.2 million, campaign contributions from city employees account for less than 4 percent of the $57.4 million received by Chicago aldermen and ward organizations from January 1999 to March 2006. However, city workers contributed more than the combined total from individuals living in Chicago's richest five ZIP codes, which include the Loop, the Gold Coast and Lincoln Park. DONOR # RESIDENTS AMOUNT PER RESIDENT City Workers 61,381 $2,227,704 $36 Richest ZIPS--TOTAL 99,647 $1,884,411 $19 60611 26,522 $665,989 $25 60614 65,474 $599,329 $9 60601 5,591 $296,090 $53 60606 1,682 $210,505 $125 60603 378 $112,498 $298 Sources: Illinois State Board of Elections, U.S. Census Bureau, City of Chicago; analyzed by The Chicago Reporter.