Calcium citrate malate and protein intake. (Raw Material Research).Raw Material: Calcium citrate malate Calcium citrate malate is a water-soluble calcium supplement. It is the calcium salt of citric acid and malic acid. It is purported to be highly bioavailable.
Calcium citrate malate's bioavailability stems from its water-solubility and its method of dissolution. and protein intake
Indication: Bone mineral density bone mineral density
See bone density.
bone mineral density A measurement of bone mass, expressed as the amount of mineral–in grams divided by the area scanned in cm2. See Bone densitometry. (BMD BMD
In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the Bermudian Dollar.
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. )
Source: Am J Clin Nutr 2002;75:609610:773-779
Research: During a three-year study, 342 elderly men and women were assigned to take calcium citrate malate and vitamin D supplements. Protein intake was assessed at the midpoint mid·point
1. Mathematics The point of a line segment or curvilinear arc that divides it into two parts of the same length.
2. A position midway between two extremes. of the study with the use of a food-frequency questionnaire and BMD was assessed every 6 months by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry,
n diagnostic test used to determine bone density and to diagnose and monitor osteoporosis. .
Results: Researchers found that BMD increased in most people whose diets contained the most protein. Whether the protein came from mainly animal or plant sources did not affect the increase in bone density. Dietary protein was linked to increased bone density only in people who were taking supplements. Protein intake did not have a noticeable effect on bones in study participants who were assigned an inactive placebo pill. Investigators concluded that additional research is needed to see whether protein improves bone density in older people who get all of their calcium and vitamin D from dietary sources, not supplements.