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CVWR-20 firepower in reserve.

Today, our nation is engaged in Third World conflicts, and our military forces are stretched thin as we are busier than ever abroad. Couple the operational tempo with the 1990's downsizing, and the end result is long days and hard work for Naval Aviation personnel. Reserve aviation forces, such as Reserve Carrier Air Wing (CVWR) 20, stand ready to help meet the challenges.

CVWR-20 is headquartered at NAS (1) See network access server.

(2) (Network Attached Storage) A specialized file server that connects to the network. A NAS device contains a slimmed-down operating system and a file system and processes only I/O requests by supporting the popular
 Atlanta, Ga., and commanded by Captain Stan O'Connor and deputy commander Capt. Clay Fearnow. The air wing reports to Commander Naval Air Force Reserve, New Orleans, La. CVWR-20 units include Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ VAQ Electronic Attack Squadron (US Navy)
VAQ Tactical Electronics Warfare Squadron (US Navy aviation unit designation used in from 1968 to present)
VAQ Visiting Airman's Quarters
) 209, NAF NAF National Arbitration Forum
NAF National Academy Foundation
NAF National Abortion Federation
NaF sodium fluoride
NAF Naval Air Facility
NAF National Ataxia Foundation
NAF New America Foundation (think tank) 
 Washington, D.C.; Carrier Airborne Early Warning The detection of enemy air or surface units by radar or other equipment carried in an airborne vehicle, and the transmitting of a warning to friendly units. Also called AEW.  Squadron (VAW) 77, NAS Atlanta, Ga.; VAW-78, Norfolk, Va.; Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA VFA

volatile fatty acids.
) 201, NAS JRB JRB Joint Reserve Base
JRB Joint Review Board
JRB Joint Requirements Board
JRB Java Relational Binding (Sun)
JRB Jeweler's Resource Bureau
JRB Joint Reconnaissance Board
JRB Joint Requirements Oversight Council
 Fort Worth, Texas Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas, 18th-largest city in the United States[1], and voted one of "America’s Most Livable Communities. ; VFA-203, NAS Atlanta; VFA-204, NAS JRB New Orleans; Fighter Squadron Composite (VFC VFC Vaccines for Children (program)
VFC VESA (Video Electronics Standards Association) Feature Connector
VFC Voltage to Frequency Converter
VFC Vice Flotilla Commander
VFC Flotilla Vice Commander
) 12, NAS Oceana, Va.; and VFC-13, NAS Fallon, Nev. Should the air wing be mobilized, Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 142 at Atlanta and Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron (HS) 75, NAS Jacksonville, Fla., become components of CVWR-20.

The VAQ-209 Star Warriors operate the EA-6B Prowler and often deploy in support of expeditionary forces. The VAW-77 Night Wolves fly specially modified Group 0 E-2C E-2C Hawkeye; Navy Airborne Warning and Control System Aircraft  Hawkeyes in the counternarcotics role in the Caribbean, while the VAW-78 Fighting Escargots use the aircraft type in the traditional carrier-based role.

The VFA-201 Hunters F/A-18A Hornets wear a camouflage paint scheme for the adversary role. Both the VFA-203 Blue Dolphins and VFA-204 River Rattlers fly the F/A-18A-plus variant with advanced medium-range air-to-air missile (AMRAAM AMRAAM Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile ) and J-weapons capability.

The VFC-12 Fighting Omars VFC-12 is a US Navy Reserve fighter squadron based at NAS Oceana, providing adversary training to East Coast air wings.

The Fighting Omars of VC-12 flew the A-4 Skyhawk upon re-commissioning at NAF Detroit, Mount Clemens, Michigan in 1973 under the command of Commander
 operate F/A-18As while the VFC-13 Saints fly the F-5E/F E/F Educator/Facilitator  Tiger II. In their primary role as adversaries, the VFC aircraft are painted to resemble SU and MiG fighters.

The air wing commander has over 5,000 hours in 10 different aircraft types, and has over 900 carrier landings. As a former commanding officer of Fighter Squadron 21, Atsugi, Japan, Capt. O'Connor has accumulated numerous hours in the F-14 Tomcat. He was a Top Gun instructor, flew the EA-6B, and is currently qualified in both the F-5E and F/A-18A.

Commenting on the air wing's September 2002 detachment to NAF-EI Centro, Calif., he said, "The goal at EI Centro is to increase the overall combat readiness of the squadrons and aircrew. I feel we are at a critical juncture for the nation, and we ensure that we are able to provide our military leadership with aircrews, airframe and maintenance personnel who can perform combat operations if needed. We are focusing on the mission of mobilization and strike during the two weeks here. We take our job very seriously and we are an extremely capable air wing. There is the potential for a widened conflict and we, may need every man and woman in a uniform someday, whether they are active duty or reserve."

Capt. O'Connor described the dedication of the air wing's hand-picked personnel: "We only have a limited number of slots in each unit, which means we get the cream of the crop. Many personnel have served over 10 years in a reserve squadron, while the fleet average is about two to three years. We have no nuggets; every squadron member is a seasoned individual." The aircrews average 2,200 hours each in the type of aircraft they fly and 70 percent have combat experience.

VAW-78 skipper Commander Jay Adelmann has flown E-2s his entire career, including tours in VAWs 117, 110, 88 and 77. When asked about the El Centro det, he said, "The Naval Air Reserve is no longer a one-weekend-a-month, two-weeks-a-year flying club. As a product of the drawdowns and with the increase in commitments, we are called upon to perform a lot of fleet support. This is in addition to our normal air wing mobilization training, which we are doing here in El Centro.

"Every year we do 30 days of counternarcotics work, provide search-and-rescue [SAR (Segmentation And Reassembly) The protocol that converts data to cells for transmission over an ATM network. It is the lower part of the ATM Adaption Layer (AAL), which is responsible for the entire operation. See AAL.

SAR - segmentation and reassembly
] support for space shuttle launches, and after 9-11 we boarded Nimitz [CVN (Card Verification Number) See CSC.  68] with other units to provide force protection for the carrier when it went from Norfolk, Va., around the tip of South America to its new home at North Island, Calif.," Adelmann continued. "It was unprecedented for reservists to be that long at sea, 54 days, without being mobilized.

"E-2s used to primarily perform the airborne early warning mission, but now we are more involved with combat air patrol An aircraft patrol provided over an objective area, the force protected, the critical area of a combat zone, or in an air defense area, for the purpose of intercepting and destroying hostile aircraft before they reach their targets. Also called CAP. , strike and SAR support. We put the fighters on the bogeys and direct the jets to targets performing command and control." In October 2003, the squadron begins transitioning from its Group 0 E-2Cs to Group 2 Hawkeyes, which have a navigation upgrade with integrated global positioning system Global Positioning System: see navigation satellite.
Global Positioning System (GPS)

Precise satellite-based navigation and location system originally developed for U.S. military use.
 (GPS) and updated T56-GE-427 5,100-horsepower engines. Cdr. Adelmann explained that "this will give us the same capability and features that most fleet Hawkeyes have today. Our aging Hawkeyes are still a viable support asset to the Navy. If called upon, this squadron is ready to go, and we would succeed."

The CO of VFA-204 is Cdr. Tom Egbert, a selected reservist who has 3,500 hours in military aircraft, mostly in F/A-18s, and he flew F-15C Eagles as an exchange pilot with the Air Force. He commented, "We have 13 F/A-18A-plus Lot VIII Hornets on hand, and with the 'plus' upgrade, the mission computer capability was enhanced. This allows us to employ weapons such as the joint direct attack munition Noun 1. Joint Direct Attack Munition - a pinpoint bomb guidance device that can be strapped to a gravity bomb thus converting dumb bombs into smart bombs
, joint stand-off weapon and AMRAAM, and it gave us a GPS that aids the inertial navigation system Noun 1. inertial navigation system - a system to control a plane or spacecraft; uses inertial forces
inertial guidance system

robot pilot, automatic pilot, autopilot - a navigational device that automatically keeps ships or planes or spacecraft on a steady

"We have two missions, mobilization and fleet support flying as adversaries," the VFA-204 skipper explained. "At El Centro, we've taken off our adversary hats and are practicing as any fleet air wing in preparation for mobilization. We have a great opportunity to drop live ordnance plus integrate with the other air wing assets."

Cdr. Egbert concluded, "I enjoy working with the troops. We have an awesome maintenance department and a great admin department, but it is really a team effort and we do our best when we go on the road. We step up to the plate and our people work very hard. It is fulfilling to be associated with each squadron member, whether they are pilots, maintainers, staff or hold other positions. Here at El Centro we are operating as a cohesive unit and it is all about teamwork."

The Naval Air Reserve is not just an adjunct to the naval structure, but a vital part of it. CVWR-20 provides a viable, visible and dynamic complement to regular units. The reserve air wing's contributions are essential to the success of Naval Aviation's mission.
CVWR-20 Mobilization Units

Code  Modex  Type           Unit     Nickname

AF    1XX    F/A-18A        VFA-201  Hunters
AF    3XX    F/A-18A        VFA-203  Blue Dolphins
AF    4XX    F/A-18A        VFA-204  River Rattlers
AF    60X    E-2C           VAW-78   Fighting Escargots
NW    61X    SH-60F/HH-60H  HS-75    Emerald Knights
AF    62X    EA-6B          VAQ-209  Star Warriors

Land-based CVWR-20 Units

Code  Modex  Type           Unit     Nickname

AF    XX     F/A-18A/B      VFC-12   Fighting Omars
AF    XX     F-5E/F         VFC-13   Saints
AF    0X     E-2C           VAW-77   Night Wolves

Ted Carlson is a professional aviation photographer. He extends special thanks to Rear Admiral Dan Kloeppel; Capts. Stan O'Connor and Clay Fearnow; Cdrs. Jay Adelmann, Joe Breedlove, Kevin Dye, Tom Egbert, Peter Hayes, Chuck Mingonet and Mike Wellington; Lieutenant Commanders Oscar Evans, Scott Hana, Trey Higgins, Scott Laedlein, David Lowe, Rob McGregor, Bill Rieke and Rob Turner; Senior Chief Guy Carlton; and the many others who helped.
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Title Annotation:profile of Reserve Carrier Air Wing 20
Author:Carlson, Ted
Publication:Naval Aviation News
Geographic Code:1U5GA
Date:Jan 1, 2003
Previous Article:The evolution of Naval Aviation and Naval Special Warfare.
Next Article:VAW-120 Greyhawks: training aircrews for the fleet.

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