CDC grant program supports environmental health services delivery.Editor's note Editor's Note (foaled in 1993 in Kentucky) is an American thoroughbred Stallion racehorse. He was sired by 1992 U.S. Champion 2 YO Colt Forty Niner, who in turn was a son of Champion sire Mr. Prospector and out of the mare, Beware Of The Cat.
Trained by D. : NEHA NEHA National Environmental Health Association
NEHA National Executive Housekeepers Association
NEHA Northern Estates Homeowners Association (Indianapolis, Indiana) strives to provide up-to-date and relevant information on environmental health and to build partnerships in the profession. In pursuit of these goals, we will feature a column from the Environmental Health Services health services Managed care The benefits covered under a health contract Branch (EHSB) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. (CDC See Control Data, century date change and Back Orifice.
CDC - Control Data Corporation ) in every issue of the Journal.
EHSB's objective is to strengthen the role of state, local, and national environmental health programs and professionals to anticipate, identify, and respond to adverse environmental exposures and the consequences of these exposures for human health. The services being developed through EHSB include access to topical, relevant, and scientific information; consultation; and assistance to environmental health specialists, sanitarians, and environmental health professionals and practitioners.
EHSB appreciates NEHA's invitation to provide monthly columns for the Journal. EHSB staff will highlight a variety of concerns, opportunities, challenges, and successes that we all share in environmental public health.
Basic environmental health services are often overlooked and taken for granted Adj. 1. taken for granted - evident without proof or argument; "an axiomatic truth"; "we hold these truths to be self-evident"
obvious - easily perceived by the senses or grasped by the mind; "obvious errors" , thus jeopardizing the health and safety of the nation. Funding available for environmental programs is most often associated with a particular disease or issue, and the scope and activities are predetermined pre·de·ter·mine
v. pre·de·ter·mined, pre·de·ter·min·ing, pre·de·ter·mines
1. To determine, decide, or establish in advance: by the funding agency Rarely do funds target the need to build infrastructure and system capacity To address that need, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sought to institute a grant program that would give the recipient flexibility to determine how, what, and where to build environmental health capacity.
Since 2001, CDC has funded the Environmental Health Capacity Building Cooperative Building co-operatives are co-operative housing corporations where individuals or families work together to directly construct their own homes in a cooperative fashion. Agreement program through the Environmental Health Services Branch (EHSB) at the National Center for Environmental Health. This program supports state and local efforts to better deliver basic environmental health services at the community level. Products and activities developed from this program vary and reflect the individual needs of each grantee An individual to whom a transfer or conveyance of property is made.
In a case involving the sale of land, the buyer is commonly known as the grantee.
grantee n. . The products and activities are also sustainable and transferable, serving as models for environmental health programs in other communities.
The cooperative agreement funds in three-year cycles, referred to as rounds. The program is currently in the third year of the second round. Response to the funding announcements indicates a substantial demand for such resources. More than 150 environmental health programs submitted proposals for just 25 awards during the two rounds. Proposals came from state, local, tribal, and territorial programs that clearly demonstrated their need to address pressing environmental health issues in their communities.
Round I funding (2001-2004) supported 11 projects: five state and local programs and six academic-institution programs (CDC 2006a) (Figure 1). The grantees' goal was to build environmental health capacity at the local level by using the 10 Essential Public Health Services outlined in CDC's A National Strategy to Revitalize Environmental Public Health Services (CDC 2003). The state and local grantees focused on building capacity through assessing needs, training staff, enhancing services, and incorporating the 10 essential services into their management structures. The university grantees worked to support local environmental health efforts by providing technical resources not commonly found in state and local environmental health programs. They have, for example, developed training curriculums and performed technical analyses of environmental contaminants, environmental health needs assessments, and program evaluations. The 11 projects demonstrated that the essential services are important to building strong and effective environmental health programs, and are key components to revitalizing environmental health efforts.
Round II (2004-2007) built upon lessons learned from Round I by requiring grantees to focus on known environmental health program deficiencies. State and local applicants for Round 11 were required to identify environmental health concerns in one or more of the five basic service areas: food, water, air, waste management, and vector control Vector control is any method to limit or eradicate the vectors of vector born diseases, for which the pathogen (e.g. virusor parasite) is transmitted by a vector which can be mammals, birds or arthropods, especially insects, and more specifically mosquitoes. . Interventions were proposed to address concerns. For academic partners, the program funds five regional academic centers (Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, Northwest, and Southwest) that serve the 50 states and territories. The 14 programs funded in Round II-nine state and local environmental health programs, and five regional academic centers-are developing programs and models for all five of the basic environmental health services (CDC 2006b, 2006c) (Figure 2). Interim evaluation criteria from the funded programs suggest that activities and goals will demonstrate their ability to build capacity and to improve health outcomes.
[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]
Interventions funded during Round II range from a Rodent rodent, member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents. Control Academy, which teaches the principles of integrated pest management Integrated Pest Management (IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides. in New York City New York City: see New York, city.
New York City
City (pop., 2000: 8,008,278), southeastern New York, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The largest city in the U.S. , to implementation of recommendations from a community environmental health assessment in Island County, Washington Island County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. In 2000, its population was 71,558. Its county seat is Coupeville, while its largest city is Oak Harbor. . Academic partners such as Johns Hopkins Noun 1. Johns Hopkins - United States financier and philanthropist who left money to found the university and hospital that bear his name in Baltimore (1795-1873)
2. and Loma Linda University Founded in 1905, Loma Linda University (LLU) is a private, Christian, coeducational, health sciences university located in Southern California 60 miles east of Los Angeles close to San Bernardino and near beaches, mountains, and the desert. have published state profiles (Johns Hopkins Center for Excellence in Community Environmental Health Practice, 2005; Case & Dyjack, 2006) that document gaps in environmental resources. Other academic partners have developed innovative tools to meet the training needs of environmental health practitioners. Those tools include a CD-based training module developed by the University of Washington (Osaki, 2004) and the GeoLibrary of the University of Illinois University of Illinois may refer to:
[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]
This cooperative-agreement program is unique in giving grantees a rare opportunity to use federal funding to support projects that improve the delivery of basic environmental health services. It also allows them to share their products and experiences so that others may implement similar programs with minimal resources.
For more information on this program, please visit www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/Capacity-Building/default.htm.
Corresponding Author: Daneen Farrow farrow
see farrowing. Collier, Environmental Health Services Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, MS F-28, Atlanta, GA 30341. E-mail: email@example.com.
Case, P.A., & Dyjack, D.T. (2006). California's county and city environmental health services delivery system. Loma Linda University School of Public Health Office of Public Health Practice and Workforce Development. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.llu.edu/llu/sph/ophp/documents/eh_report2006.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2003). A national strategy to revitalize environmental public health services. Retrieved August 16,2006, from http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/Docs/nalionalstrategy2003.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2006a). Environmental Health Services Branch cooperative agreement, capacity building 2001-2004. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/CapacityBuilding/default.htm.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2006b). Environmental Health Services Branch cooperative agreement, capacity building 2004-2007: Information on environmental health programs. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/CapacityBuilding/ephprograms.htm.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2006c). Environmental Health Services Branch cooperative agreement, capacity building 2004-2007: Information on regional academic centers. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/CapacityBuilding/regacadcenters.htm.
Johns Hopkins Center for Excellence in Community Environmental Health Practice. (2005). Profile of Maryland environmental public health practice. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.jhsph.edu/ecehp/Profile%20Report%20Page.html.
Osaki, C. (2004). Essential services of public health [CD-ROM CD-ROM: see compact disc.
in full compact disc read-only memory
Type of computer storage medium that is read optically (e.g., by a laser). ]. Northwest Center for Public Health Practice at the University of Washington. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.nwcphp.org/training/courses-exercises/courses/esscntial-services-of-environmental-health. Retrieved August 16, 2006.
University of Illinois at Chicago This article is about the University of Illinois at Chicago. For other uses, see University of Illinois at Chicago (disambiguation).
UIC participates in NCAA Division I Horizon League competition as the UIC Flames in several sports, most notably Basketball. . (2005). GeoLibrary.org. School of Public Health Great Lakes Great Lakes, group of five freshwater lakes, central North America, creating a natural border between the United States and Canada and forming the largest body of freshwater in the world, with a combined surface area of c.95,000 sq mi (246,050 sq km). Center of Excellence in Environmental Health. Retrieved August 16, 2006, from http://www.geolibrary.org/on August 16,2006.
Daneen Farrow Collier, M.S.P.H.