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CABLE INDUSTRY ON THE BRINK OF BANKRUPTCY.



Introduction

The country's cable industry operated only at 50%-60% of their capacity even before the crisis. The condition was much worse when the crisis began to hit the country. A number of producers have been forced to stop operation and some operate much below their capacity.

It is not easy for the domestic market oriented o·ri·ent  
n.
1. Orient The countries of Asia, especially of eastern Asia.

2.
a. The luster characteristic of a pearl of high quality.

b. A pearl having exceptional luster.

3.
 producers to turn to exports market. They need to improve quality first.

The fate of most cable producers depend largely on demand from the electricity and telecommunications Communicating information, including data, text, pictures, voice and video over long distance. See communications.  projects of the government. Many large telecommunications and electricity projects have been shelved although construction of some of them have been resumed. The state electric utility PLN PLN

In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the Polish Zloty.

Notes:
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion.
 is still renegotiating with independent power producers on what to do with their power purchasing agreement they have signed and the projects some of which have been half finished.

A number of cable producers closed down

According to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

3.
 the Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago.  association of cable producers (Apkabel), there are 45 cable factories officially registered in the country, but during the crisis that drags on until this year 12 of the producers have been closed down. Among the 12 producers are PT Jayako Murni Abadi, PT Pulung Copper Works, PT Nasio Dutamitra Electric and PT Putera Ometraco Electric. See the following table.

Table - 1 Cable brands and status, 2000
Company                             Brandname

01. PT Kabelindo Murni Tbk.         Kabelindo
02. PT GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk.      Kabelmetal
03. PT Sucaco Tbk.                  Supreme
04. PT Terang Kita                  Tranka
05. PT Indotrijaya Industries       General
06. PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk.         Sumiindo
07. PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk.     Jembo
08. PT Cahaya Angkasa Abadi         Focus, Kyoda
09. PT Sinar Merbabu                Yamanaka
10. PT Voksel Electric Tbk.         Voksel
11. PT Ewindo                       Ewindo, Sinar
12. PT Phenolic Prima Indonesia     Prima, Gold Eterna
13. PT Pudji Tjahaya                Golden leave
14. PT Furin Jaya                   Mitsuba, Super
15. PT Federal Mardhika Corp.       Federal, Oyama
16. PT Karya Kabel Taliarta         Karyakabel
17. PT Star Impactama Indah         Prince cable
18. PT Sinar Plastik                Kyoto
19. PT Indoka Jaya                  Prabu, Utama
20. PT Aries Trijaya Karya          Panda, Aries, Samudera
21. PT Citra Mahasurya Industries   Citra
22. PT Welsin Lippo Industries      Welsin
23. PT Magnakabel Nusantara         Magnakabel
24. PT Olex Cables Indonesia        Olex
25. PT Anekakabel Ciptaguna         Supermax
26. PT Primamujur Perkasa           PMP
27. PT Pirelli Cable Indonesia      Pirelli
28. PT Starindo Agung Pratama       Starco, Erro
29. PT Angka Wijaya Sakti           Star, Daichi
30. PT Sinar Intan Putera           Union
31. PT Sukses Setia                 Sutaba
32. PT Inti Metal Eka Perkasa       Inti metal, Golden fish
33. PT Niki Gunawan Kabel           Toyoda

Company                             Status

01. PT Kabelindo Murni Tbk.         Domestic investment
02. PT GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk.      Foreign investment
03. PT Sucaco Tbk.                  Domestic investment
04. PT Terang Kita                  Domestic investment
05. PT Indotrijaya Industries       Domestic investment
06. PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk.         Foreign investment
07. PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk.     Domestic investment
08. PT Cahaya Angkasa Abadi         Domestic investment
09. PT Sinar Merbabu                Domestic investment
10. PT Voksel Electric Tbk.         Foreign investment
11. PT Ewindo                       Foreign investment
12. PT Phenolic Prima Indonesia     Domestic investment
13. PT Pudji Tjahaya                Domestic investment
14. PT Furin Jaya                   Domestic investment
15. PT Federal Mardhika Corp.       Domestic investment
16. PT Karya Kabel Taliarta         Domestic investment
17. PT Star Impactama Indah         Domestic investment
18. PT Sinar Plastik                Domestic investment
19. PT Indoka Jaya                  Domestic investment
20. PT Aries Trijaya Karya          Domestic investment
21. PT Citra Mahasurya Industries   Domestic investment
22. PT Welsin Lippo Industries      Foreign investment
23. PT Magnakabel Nusantara         Domestic investment
24. PT Olex Cables Indonesia        Foreign investment
25. PT Anekakabel Ciptaguna         Domestic investment
26. PT Primamujur Perkasa           Domestic investment
27. PT Pirelli Cable Indonesia      Foreign investment
28. PT Starindo Agung Pratama       Domestic investment
29. PT Angka Wijaya Sakti           Domestic investment
30. PT Sinar Intan Putera           Domestic investment
31. PT Sukses Setia                 Domestic investment
32. PT Inti Metal Eka Perkasa       Domestic investment
33. PT Niki Gunawan Kabel           Domestic investment



Source: Apkabel/Data Consult/Department of Industry and Trade

Table - 2 Cable producers and capacity, 2000
                                      Production capacity/year

Producers                             Power (tons)   Telecom (Sckm)

01. PT Kabelindo Murni Tbk.              30,000        1,300,000
02. PT GT Kabel Indonesia Tbk.           17,500        1,000,000
03. PT Sucaco Tbk.                       29,000        3,600,000
04. PT Terang Kita                       30,000        4,000,000
05. PT Indotrijaya Industries             6,600               --
06. PT Sumi Indo Kabel Tbk.               3,730        1,000,000
07. PT Jembo Cable Company Tbk.          27,814        2,914,000
08. PT Cahaya Angkasa Abadi               1,000          500 ton
09. PT Sinar Merbabu                         --            2,400
10. PT Voksel Electric Tbk.              25,800        1,980,000
11. PT Ewindo                             1,440               --
12. PT Phenolic Prima Indonesia             900               --
13. PT Pudji Tjahaya                      1,000               --
14. PT Furin Jaya                         1,250               --
15. PT Federal Mardhika Corporation         750               --
16. PT Karya Kabel Taliarta                 120               --
17. PT Star Impactama Indah               1,400       1,000 tons
18. PT Citra Mahasurya Industries         7,800         600 tons
19. PT Walsin Lippo Industries            4,000            4,000
20. PT Olex Cables Indonesia              3,500       4,000 tons
21. PT Anekakabel Ciptaguna              20,000               --
22. PT Pirelli Cable Indonesia           15,200       1,600 tons



Source: Apkabel/survey/Data Consult

According to Apkabel, the country's production capacity now is 300,000 tons (Transparent Optical Networking Services) A marketing term for providing dark fiber to a customer. The customer is responsible for generating the transmission signal and interpreting it at the other end. See dark fiber.  a year, and 8 large producers account for 90% of the capacity.

Production down

The shelving shelv·ing  
n.
1. Shelves considered as a group.

2. Material for shelves.

3. An incline; a slope.


shelving
Noun

1. material for shelves

2.
 of a number of large electricity and telecommunications projects resulted in a decline in demand for cable in the past two years - down from 191,300 tons in 1996 to 137,600 tons in 1007 and to 61,900 tons in 1098. In 1999, the production rose slightly to 63,000 tons. The decline in demand on the domestic market was also caused by the fact that PLN had large stock. In addition PLN started reducing unnecessary spending. Electrical cable dominates 80% of cable production.

Table - 3 Cable production by types, 1995-1999
       Electrical    Telephone
          cable        cable        Total      Growth
Year   (000' tons)    (tons)     (000' tons)    (%)

1995      118.9        48.5         167.3         --
1996      124.4        67.0         191.3       14.4
1997       97.7        39.9         137.6      -28.1
1998       49.5        12.4          61.9      -55.0
1999       50.5        12.6          63.0        0.2



Source: procesed from various sources by Data Consult

7 Companies dominate industry

Seven large producers manage to survive the crisis. But they have to suffer operational losses, therefore, if the condition continue they are feared to collapse. Six of the 7 companies are publicly listed on the Jakarta Stock exchange Jakarta Stock Exchange

Established in 1977, the largest securities exchange in Indonesia.
. Some of them are in serious financial condition saddled sad·dle  
n.
1.
a. A leather seat for a rider, secured on an animal's back by a girth. Also called regionally rig.

b. Similar tack used for attaching a pack to an animal.

c.
 with large debts.

PT Sucaco reported a sharp fall in production of electrical cable from 24,950 tons in 1996 to 5,800 tons in 1998. In 1999, its production began to rise to 8,700 tons. See the following table.

Table - 4 Cable production by companies, 1995 - 1999
                             Production of cable ('000 tons)

Producers                         1995        1996        1997

1. Electrical cable (tons)
01. Pt Sucaco                   18.750      24.950       6.500
02. PT GT Kabel                 13.000      14.000      15.000
03. PT Voksel                   15.725      18.310      10.320
04. PT Terang Kita              17.500      23.700       6.750
05. PT Jembo Kabel              15.893      19.191      12.963
06. PT Kabelindo                11.258      10.274       9.361
07. PT Sumi Indo Kabel           5.800       3.200       4.900
08. Others                      20.974      10.775      31.906
Total                          118.900     124.400      97.700

2. Telephone cable (ScKm)
01. PT Sucaco                1,440,000   1,800,000     900,000
02. PT GT Kabel              1,200,000   2,400,000   1,000,000
03. PT Voksel                  712,800     891,000     316,000
04. PT Terang Kita             840,000   1,200,000     180,000
05. PT Jembo Kabel             874,200   1,165,000     291,400
06. PT Kabelindo               926,010   1,466,630     899,260

                               Production of
                             cable ('000 tons)

Producers                       1998      1999

1. Electrical cable (tons)
01. Pt Sucaco                  5.800     8.700
02. PT GT Kabel                4.000     5.000
03. PT Voksel                  7.220     7.705
04. PT Terang Kita             4.500     6.000
05. PT Jembo Kabel             4.207     3.944
06. PT Kabelindo               3.813     1.820
07. PT Sumi Indo Kabel         4.130     2.500
08. Others                    15.930    14.831
Total                         49.500    50.500

2. Telephone cable (ScKm)
01. PT Sucaco                360,000   540,000
02. PT GT Kabel              270,000   229,500
03. PT Voksel                198,000   277,200
04. PT Terang Kita            40,000    40,000
05. PT Jembo Kabel           145,700   145,700
06. PT Kabelindo              13,013    64,947



Source: Data Consult (Survey)

Exports Up

To make up for a decline in sales on the domestic market, a number of producers have sought to increase exports amid tight competition from major producers in the world. Only producers having contacts abroad could manage to penetrate export market. PT Sumi SUMI Software Usability Measurement Inventory (measures software quality from the user's point of view)  Indo Kabel Kabel may refer to:
  • Kabel (Haarlemmermeer), a hamlet in the Netherlands
  • Kabel (Heerhugowaard), a hamlet in the Netherlands
  • Kabel (typeface)
, for example, could rely on its partner Sumitomo for access to export market. Its exports have even exceeded sales on the domestic market. Similarly PT Voksel succeeded in earning Rp 12 billion from exports in 1999.

Exports have increased considerably from only 6,000 tons in 1996 to 20,560 tons in 1998 and to 30,680 tons valued at US$ 193.75 million in 1999.

Table - 5 Exports of cable, 1995 1999
                             Volume               Values

                                  Increase                Increase
                     (000 tons)      (%)     (000 US.$)     (%)
Year
1995                    4.06           --       48.22          --
1996                    6.01        48.03      105.88      119.58
1997                   14.33       138.44      146.6        38.46
1098                   20.56        43.48      189.66       29.37
1999                   30.68        49.22      193.75        2.16
Average growth (%)                  69.79                   47.39



Source: CBS (Cell Broadcast Service) See cell broadcast.  

By types, exports are dominated dom·i·nate  
v. dom·i·nat·ed, dom·i·nat·ing, dom·i·nates

v.tr.
1. To control, govern, or rule by superior authority or power:
 by coaxial co·ax·i·al  
adj.
Having or mounted on a common axis.


coaxial
Adjective

1. Electronics (of a cable) transmitting by means of two concentric conductors separated by an insulator

 cable as shown in the following table.

Table - 6 Exports of cable by types
                                                    000' Ton
                                                million' US$

HS Number     Description                               1995

8544.11.110   Rectangular winding wire of copper          --
                                                          --

8544.11.190   Winding wire of copper in oth form          58
                                                         831

8544.11.300   Winding wire of copper insulated with        9
              PVC
                                                          55

8544.11.910   Rectangular winding wire of other,          --
              cover with paper                            --

8544.11.990   Other winding wire                           5
                                                          92

8544.19.100   Wind wire lacquer/enamel not fitted          5
              with connector of other than copper         96

8544.19.200   Winding wire insulated with PVC of         227
              other than copper
                                                       3,361

8544.19.300   Manganise resistance wire                   --
                                                          --

8544.19.900   Winding wire of other than copper of       129
              other type
                                                       2,195

8544.20.100   Co-axial cable fitted with connectors
                                                       1,810
                                                      34,023

8544.20.210   Co-axial cable not fitted with
              connectors                                  57
              insulated with PVC                          85

8544.19.290   Other co-axial cable not fitted with         4
              connectors                                   2

8544.41.000   Elect. Conductor for a voltage < 80 V
              fitted with connector                        0
                                                           7
8544.49.110   Elect. Conductor for a voltage < 80 V
              insulated with PVC                          63
                                                       1,911

8544.49.190   Other cable for electrical conductor       205
              for a voltage < 80 V
                                                         442
8544.49.910   Other elect. Conductor for voltage
              80 V                                        13
              insulated with PVC                         167

8544.49.990   Other electric conductor < 80 V
              insulated                                   83
              with other materials
                                                         604

8544.51.000   Elect. Conductor of 80 V < Volt <
              1000 V                                      47
              with fitted connectors
                                                         678

8544.59.110   Elect. Conductor of 80 V < Volt <
              1000 V                                      24
              insulated with PVC
                                                         107

8544.59.190   Other cable for electric conductor of        3
              80 V < Volt < 1000 V
                                                          22

8544.59.910   Other electric conductor of                  4
              80 V < Volt < 1000 V insulated with         54
              PVC

8544.59.990   Other elect. Conductor 80 V < Volt <
              1000 V                                      57
                                                         194

8544.60.000   Other electric conductors, for a
              voltage                                    760
              exceeding 1000 V
                                                       2,578

8544.70.000   Optical Fibre Cables                       498
                                                         717

TOTAL                                                  4,061
                                                      48,221
                                           000' Ton
                                       million' US$

HS Number        1996      1997      1998      1999

8544.11.110         0       261        11        85
                    0       466        53       393

8544.11.190        79       390         4       190
                 1160      1699        81       783

8544.11.300        70       141        35       786
                 1506      1345       231      3571

8544.11.910         0         0         0         7
                    0         0        31        16

8544.11.990         0        55      1774      2260
                    0       264      3759      4022

8544.19.100         0         0         1         0
                    0         0         0         0

8544.19.200         0         0         0         0
                    0         0         0         0

8544.19.300        13         0        16         6
                  291        15       204        34

8544.19.900        95       816      3531      1304
                 2356      2092      4738      2161

8544.20.100     4,212     4,520     7,286     7,118
               79,917    75,393   128,715    85,886

8544.20.210        --        99        90       604
                    4       833    13,194    30,509

8544.19.290         6        33        68        12
                  213       253       130        39

8544.41.000         1        --         8       230
                   14        --       194     3,598

8544.49.110       206        19       783     3,753
                2,426       203     4,228    19,735

8544.49.190       238       270       302     1,641
                1,481    14,504     1,148     6,068

8544.49.910         4         7         8        18
                  193        38       131       219

8544.49.990       207       430       763       262
                3,173     3,340     4,605     2,207

8544.51.000        14        25         9        12
                  281       404        42       259

8544.59.110       116       154       483       284
               10,453     1,721     1,263       586

8544.59.190        55       787     1,061     3,771
                  262     2,573     2,411     7,996

8544.59.910        --         4                 --
                   --     1,424        54        36

8544.59.990        42       430       472       467
                   69    28,620    17,348     6,906

8544.60.000       158     5,264     3,853     6,128
                  239     9,629     7,020     9,262

8544.70.000       496       623         7     1,741
                1,839     1,484        84     9,460

TOTAL           6,012    14,328    20,564    30,679
              105,877   146,300   189,664   193,746



Source: CBS

Large exporters include PT Sumi Indo Kable, which exported Rp 214 billion worth of cable in 1999; PT GT Kabel with export valued at Rp44 billion and PT Voksel Rp 123 billion.

Imports down

The financial crisis in 1999 put a brake on import of cable into the country. Imports continued to decline in the past three years from 50,000 tons in 1997 to 17,400 tons in 1999. Previously cables were imported for foreign financed projects. Several types of cables like high voltage The term high voltage characterizes electrical circuits, in which the voltage used is the cause of particular safety concerns and insulation requirements. High voltage is used in electrical power distribution, in cathode ray tubes, to generate X-rays and particle beams, to  transmission cable are not yet produced domestically. Imports, therefore, are needed. Imports from China and Taiwan Taiwan (tī`wän`), Portuguese Formosa, officially Republic of China, island nation (2005 est. pop. 22,894,000), 13,885 sq mi (35,961 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, separated from the mainland of S China by the 100-mi-wide (161-km) Taiwan  are mainly because of cheaper prices.

Table - 7 Imports of cable, 1995-1999
       Volume   Growth      Value     Growth
Year   (ton)       %      (000 US$)     (%)

1995   33.17        --     196.73         --
1996   49.77     50.05     267.93      36.19
1997   35.09    (29.50)    304.77      13.75
1998   22.02    (37.25)    138.31     (54.62)
1999   17.42    (20.89)     79.9      (42.23)
                 (9.40)               (11.73)




Source: CBS

The largest supplier of cable for Indonesia is the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area.  , followed by Japan, South Korea Korea (kôrē`ə, kə–), Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. , Singapore Singapore (sĭng`gəpôr, sĭng`ə–, sĭng'gəpôr`), officially Republic of Singapore, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,426,000), 240 sq mi (625 sq km). , France and China. The following table shows that the prices of cables imported from China, Taiwan and Malaysia Malaysia (məlā`zhə), independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.  are cheaper. The quality and types of cable imported from the countries are not the same.

Table - 8 Imports of cable by countries of origin, 1995 - 1999
                                                  (ton/US$'000)

                    1995      1996      1997      1998     1999

Japan              2,619     3,910     2,045     4,510    1,834
                  26,113    39,633    48,170    35,568   11,057

Korea              9,961     6,560     3,831     1,278    1,923
                  42,093    35,614    27,714     8,691   11,215

Taiwan             2,288     6,335     1,449       850      629
                  10,395    17,038     3,269     2,200    1,046

China              1,324     2,417     1,675     1,334    2,510
                   2,318     6,344     2,500     3,028    1,921

Thailand             800     1,719       225       168      179
                   3,248     8,735     3,458       403      894

Singapore            538     1,330     2,577       711    2,293
                   6,463     7,266    17,021     3,698   12,301

Malaysia           1,756    11,439     2,133     4,296      835
                   6,178    31,381     7,315    12,016    1,958

Australia          2,309     3,008     2,166       955      304
                  13,799    19,623    19,827     4,758    1,637

USA                2,765     3,890     5,747     3,802    3,090
                  18,553    27,654    45,390    20,598   15,426

Canada               851       594       903       622      188
                   3,492     2,221     3,389     2,053      644

United Kingdom        69       495       266       344      196
                     548     3,536     7,514     5,441    2,556

Netherlands          202       163     2,956       474       90
                   4,415     2,831   391,651     6,658      507

France             2,405     3,977     1,442       658    1,707
                  25,505    30,619    22,949     8,770    9,301

Germany            1,791       814     2,307     1,042      380
                  16,172    16,202    30,199    14,352    4,160

Italy                309     1,758     1,152       136      368
                   1,448     7,790     7,888     1,426    2,193

Others             3,496     3,119     5,365       980    1,262
                  17,438    19,229    26,894    10,071    5,279

TOTAL             33,174    49,770    35,087    22,024   17,420
                 196,730   267,926   304,774   138,305   79,902



Source: CBS

Domestic consumption shrinking

Cable industry is badly hit by the crisis. Cable consumption in the country dropped from 235,000 tons in 1996 to only 50,000 tons in 1999. The domestic consumption could not support development of cable industry.

Table - 9 Estimate of cable consumption, 1995 - 1999
       Production     Import      Exports
Year   (000 tons)   (000 tons)   (000 tons)

1995        167.3         33.2            4
1996        191.3         49.8            6
1997        137.6         35.1         14.3
1998         61.9           22         20.6
1999         63.1         17.4         30.7

       Consumption   Growth
Year   (000 tons)     (%)

1995         196.5
1996         235.1    19.64
1997         158.4   -32.62
1998          63.3   -60.04
1999          49.8   -21.33



Source: data processed/Data Consult

Those managing to survive the crisis, operate at only 10%-20% of their capacity. Therefore they suffered large operational losses in the past 2 years. The decline in consumption came mainly as a result of the shelving of large electricity and telecommunications projects. The condition was worse with the slump Slump

A temporary fall in performance, often describing consistently falling security prices for several weeks or months.
 that hits the property sector mainly housing development.

The types of cable consumed con·sume  
v. con·sumed, con·sum·ing, con·sumes

v.tr.
1. To take in as food; eat or drink up. See Synonyms at eat.

2.
a.
 in the country vary including ones for electricity, telecommunication telecommunication

Communication between parties at a distance from one another. Modern telecommunication systems—capable of transmitting telephone, fax, data, radio, or television signals—can transmit large volumes of information over long distances.
 and electronic sectors. Electrical cables include low, medium and high voltage cables. Low voltage Low voltage is an electrical engineering term that broadly identifies safety considerations of an electricity supply system based on the voltage used. While different definitions exist for the exact voltage range covered by "low voltage", the most commonly used ones include "mains  cables generally has a voltage The force, or pressure, of electricity. Also known as "potential." "Voltage drop" is the difference in voltage from one end of an electrical circuit to the other. For instructional purposes, voltage is often compared to water pressure. See volt-amps and current.  of up to 1 KV with PVC PVC: see polyvinyl chloride.
PVC
 in full polyvinyl chloride

Synthetic resin, an organic polymer made by treating vinyl chloride monomers with a peroxide.
 insulation insulation (ĭn'səlā`shən, ĭn'sy–), use of materials or devices to inhibit or prevent the conduction of heat or of electricity. . Medium voltage cables have a voltage of from 1 KV to 35 KV with XLPE XLPE Cross Linked Polyethylene  insulation and aluminium conductor conductor

Any of various substances that allow the flow of electric current or thermal energy. A conductor is a poor insulator because it has a low resistance to such flow.
.

Electrical cables dominate 80% of cable market in the country and telephone cables have a share of 14%.

Table - 10 Estimate of cable market in volume by types, 1995 - 1999
                                    (000 tons)

Year   Electrical   Telephone   Others   Total

1995       139.52       39.30    17.69   196.5
1996       152.82       58.78    23.51   235.1
1997       112.46       31.68    14.26   158.4
1998        50.64        9.50     3.17    63.3
1999        39.84        7.47     2.49    49.8



Source: Data Consult

Market segmentation Market Segmentation

A marketing term referring to the aggregating of prospective buyers into groups (segments) that have common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action.
 

Cable markets include

A. Domestic market which consists of:

1. Public sector:

a. PLN subsector

b. Telecommunications suchsector

- Telkom Telkom may refer to:
  • Telkom (Australia)
  • Telkom (Indonesia)
  • Telkom (South Africa)
  • Telkom Kenya
 

- Joint operation partner (KSO KSO Kunstsecundair Onderwijs (Dutch)
KSO Knoxville Symphony Orchestra
KSO Kensington Symphony Orchestra (London, England)
KSO Kishwaukee Symphony Orchestra (Dekalb, IL) 
)

- Indosat PT Indosat Tbk (NYSE: IIT) is an Indonesian telecommunications company. It was established in 1967 as a foreign investment company. It is the second largest provider of wireless services in Indonesia through its three brands, Matrix, Mentari, and IM-3.  

c. Kepres market 18/2000

2. Private sector:

a. Open market such as Kenari market and Senen Senen is a subdistrict of Central Jakarta, Indonesia.

The subdistrict is divided into 6 administrative villages (kelurahan): Bungur, Kenari, Kramat, Kwitang, Paseban, and Senen.
 market

b. Property market

c. Industry market such as electronic industry (TV, refrigerator, fan, etc)

d. Automotive, cellular cable TV and other such industries

e. Other markets such as mining industry, etc.

B. Export market:

a. Open market

b. Captive captive

said of naturally wild or feral animals kept in captivity for educational and scientific investigation with no attempt being made to domesticate them.
 market

- Open export market is one to which every suppliers are free to join in competition

- Captive market is one having priority to accept supplies from certain producers such as in the case of PT Siemens (Siemens AG, Munich, Germany, www.siemens.com) A leading European electrical and electronics firm founded in 1847. Siemens has more than 430,000 employees in nearly 200 countries, and more than 50,000 professionals are engaged in research and development.  Indonesia which has buyers among its affiliates abroad.

Prospects and opportunity

Apkabel has said increase in demand from buyers among the public sector (PLN and Telkom) could not yet be expected in the next 2 years. The sector is expected to revive To renew.

For example, revival is the act of renewing the legal force of a contract or debt, either by acknowledging it or by giving a new promise, when the contract or debt is no longer a sufficient foundation for a lawsuit because it is barred by the running of the Statute
 only in the next 3 years and normal condition as in precrisis time would come only in the next 5 years. The prospects, however, are good encouraging in the private sector. So far the trend has been positive. In the next 2 years demand from the private sector is expected to return to the normal level of pre crisis time.

Apkabel estimates that concrete recovery is expected to come in 2001. Development of cable industry will depend much on the progress made in the development of the electricity and telecommunications sectors. PLN itself has set development targets in the next 5-10 years. See the following table.

Table - 11 PLN's transmission and distribution projects
                                 Transmission

                              Cable    Sub-station
Completion                    (Kmc)       (MVA)

1.   In 2000

     1.1. Java/Bali            1.002         2.720
     1.2. Outside Java/Bali    2.657           490
     1.3. Subtotal             3.659         3.210

2.   After in 2000

     2.1. Java/Bali            3.978         9.800
     2.2. Outside Java/Bali    5.889         1.110
     2.3. Subtotal             9.867        10.910

3.   Total

     3.1. Java/Bali            4,080        12,520
     3.2. Outside Java/Bali    8,540         1,600
     3.3. Subtotal            13,526        14,120

                                 Distribution

                                          Trafo
                              Cable    distribution
Completion                    (Kmc)       (MVA)

1.   In 2000

     1.1. Java/Bali            4.138            277
     1.2. Outside Java/Bali    6.581             97
     1.3. Subtotal            10.719            374

2.   After in 2000

     2.1. Java/Bali             n.a.           n.a.
     2.2. Outside Java/Bali     n.a.           n.a.
     2.3. Subtotal              n.a.           n.a.

3.   Total

     3.1. Java/Bali            4,138            277
     3.2. Outside Java/Bali    6,581             97
     3.3. Subtotal            10,719            374



Source: PLN

The prospects of demand for cable from the telecommunication sector is reflected in PT Telkom's plan to expand its capacity built by itself and its KSO partners.

Table - 12 Telephone development plan of Telkom & KSO, 2000 - 2001
                  (000 line units)

Year   Telkom     KSO    Indonesia

1999    3,958    3,471       7,429

2000    4,057    3,679       7,736
2001    4,260    3,974       8,234
2002    4,686    4,371       9,057
2003    5,272    4,917      10,184
2004    6,062    5,655      11,717
2005    7,123    6,786      13,909
2006    8,191    7,974      16,165
2007    9,174    9,164      18,343
2008   10,092   10,316      20,408
2009   11,101   11,605      22,706
2010   12,211   12,766      24,977



Source: Data Consult

Based on development projects mentioned above, cable demand on the domestic market in the next 5 years is estimated as follows:

Table - 13 Estimate of demand for cable by types, 2000 - 2004
           Power        Telecommunication

Year   000' ton   Up    000 ton   Up

2000      41.83    5%      7.84    5%
2001      50.20   20%      9.41   20%
2002      70.28   40%     14.12   50%
2003     105.42   50%     19.77   40%
2004     137.04   30%     25.70   30%

             Other             Total

Year   000' ton    Up    000' ton    Up

2000       2.61     5%      52.29    5.00
2001       3.40    30%      63.01   20.50
2002       5.10    50%      89.49   42.03
2003       7.65    50%     132.83   48.42
2004       9.94   130%     172.68   30.00



Source: Data Consult

The table shows that demand projected at 172,700 tons in 2004 is still smaller than demand in 1996. Competition, therefore, is expected to remain tights.
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Title Annotation:statistical review of industry
Comment:CABLE INDUSTRY ON THE BRINK OF BANKRUPTCY.(statistical review of industry)
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Article Type:Industry Overview
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Oct 24, 2000
Words:3911
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