Bush's Veto and Executive Order Advance Research While Respecting Human Life.On June 20, President George W. Bush coupled a veto of a bill to mandate federal funding of the type of stem cell stem cell
In living organisms, an undifferentiated cell that can produce other cells that eventually make up specialized tissues and organs. There are two major types of stem cells, embryonic and adult. research that requires the killing of human embryos with an Executive Order to promote more federal funding for promising types of stem cell research that do not require harming human embryos.
"Destroying human life in the hopes of saving human life is not ethical and it is not the only option before us," the President said of the bill, S5.
"We're already seeing remarkable advances in the science and therapeutic uses of stem cells stem cells, unspecialized human or animal cells that can produce mature specialized body cells and at the same time replicate themselves. Embryonic stem cells are derived from a blastocyst (the blastula typical of placental mammals; see embryo), which is very young drawn from adults and children, and the blood from umbilical cords with no harm to the donor." (See presidential remarks, page 9.)
Predictably, Mr. Bush came under withering attack from proponents of embryonic stem cells. "It's just one example of how the president puts ideology before science, politics before the needs of our families," said Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY) the day of the veto. The June 7 comments of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Ca.) were also revealing.
"Science has taken us to a place that is biblical in its power to cure," Pelosi said, "and that is the embryonic stem cell research."
But as NRLC NRLC National Right to Life Committee (since 1973; Washington, DC)
NRLC National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Property Legislative Director Douglas Johnson observed, "Since not a single human being has benefited from any procedure using embryonic stem cells, Pelosi's statement is yet another demonstration that the congressional Democratic leadership is more interested in demagoguery Demagoguery
(1876–1956) corrupt mayor of Jersey City, N. J., for 30 years. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1173]
Long, Huey P.
(1893–1935) infamous “Kingfish” of Louisiana politics. [Am. Hist. than in supporting the most promising types of stem cell research, which do not require killing human embryos."
At the East Room gathering, Mr. Bush not only drew attention to patients who had benefited from therapies which did not use embryonic stem cells but also highlighted two recent extremely promising alternative sources.
Carol Franz had multiple myeloma multiple myeloma
A malignant proliferation of abnormal plasma cells that populate the marrow-containing bones of the body. The affected plasma cells produce myeloma protein, a monoclonal antibody that replaces normal antibodies in the blood, thereby increasing susceptibility (an aggressive blood cancer). She was treated with her own bone marrow adult stem cells. About three years later, when the myeloma myeloma /my·elo·ma/ (mi?e-lo´mah) a tumor composed of cells of the type normally found in the bone marrow.
giant cell myeloma see under tumor (1). started to come back, she was treated again. She shows no signs of cancer..
Kaitlyne McNamara, 16, was born with spina bifida, a disease that damaged her bladder. None of the treatments her doctor tried worked. Kaitlyne was in danger of kidney failure kidney failure
or renal failure
Partial or complete loss of kidney function. Acute failure causes reduced urine output and blood chemical imbalance, including uremia. Most patients recover within six weeks. .
Using a procedure pioneered at Wake Forest University in North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. , Kaitlyne's doctors took a piece of her bladder, isolated the healthy stem cells, and used them to grow a new bladder, which was then transplanted into her. There is no risk of rejection because her own body is the source.
Mr. Bush told his audience in a speech carried on cable television about two exciting and ethically unobjectionable alternative sources of stem cells that have been in the news recently.
Led by Dr. Anthony Atala, a few months ago a team of researchers from Wake Forest University and Harvard University, announced what it called amniotic fluid amniotic fluid
The fluid within the amnion that surrounds the fetus and protects it from injury.
The liquid that surrounds the baby within the amniotic sac. stem cells stem cells found in the fluid that cushions babies in the womb. These stem cells appear to have all the (alleged) benefits of embryonic stem cells and none of the downsides.
"They grow fast, as fast as embryonic stem cells, and they show great pluripotentiality [meaning they can become many kinds of tissues]," said Atala. "But they remain stable for years without forming tumors," he added, "something that embryonic cells are not very good at."
More recently, three papers published in the journals Nature and Cell Stem Cell traced a skin cell's journey back in time. Scientists reprogrammed a mouse's skin cell, coaxing it into reverting back to the status of an embryonic stem cell. By rewinding the cell's developmental clock, scientists (as President Bush noted) "did not cross a moral and ethical line."
Earlier the same day, Mr. Bush issued an Executive Order directing the Department of Health and Human Services Noun 1. Department of Health and Human Services - the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with health and welfare; created in 1979
Health and Human Services, HHS and the NIH "Not invented here." See digispeak.
NIH - The United States National Institutes of Health. "to ensure that any human pluripotent stem cell pluripotent stem cell Hematology The 'mother of all cells'–the progenitor of all hematopoietic cells–eg, platelets, RBCs, neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes. See Stem celll. lines produced in ways that do not create, destroy, or harm human embryos" be eligible for federal funding. "The order expands the NIH Embryonic Stem Cell registry to include all types of ethically produced human pluripotent stem cells," the President said. "The order renames the registry calls it this, the Pluripotent Stem Cell Registry so it reflects what stem cells can do, instead of where they come from. The order invites scientists to work with the NIH, so we can add new ethically derived stem cell lines to the list of those eligible for federal funding." (Emphasis added.)
And while there was criticism aplenty a·plen·ty
In plentiful supply; abundant: "There were warning signs aplenty for their candidates as well" Michael Gelb. of the President's ethically sensitive and scientifically promising decision, there was virtually nothing said in newspaper accounts about a vitally important consideration raised by President Bush.
Mr. Bush patiently explained that if the Senate bill, S5, became law, "it would compel American taxpayers for the first time in our history to support the deliberate destruction of human embryos."
The passage of the Senate bill would be no small step but a leap down the slippery slope.