The model building codes and standards developed by the International Code Council (ICC ICC
See: International Chamber of Commerce ), the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA NFPA National Fire Protection Association
NFPA National Food Processors Association
NFPA National Fluid Power Association
NFPA National Federation of Paralegal Associations (Edmonds, WA) ) and the American American, river, 30 mi (48 km) long, rising in N central Calif. in the Sierra Nevada and flowing SW into the Sacramento River at Sacramento. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill (see Sutter, John Augustus) along the river in 1848 led to the California gold rush of Society of Heating, Refrigerating re·frig·er·ate
tr.v. re·frig·er·at·ed, re·frig·er·at·ing, re·frig·er·ates
1. To cool or chill (a substance).
2. To preserve (food) by chilling. and Air-Conditioning air-conditioning
Control of temperature, humidity, purity, and motion of air in an enclosed space, independent of outside conditions. In a self-contained air-conditioning unit, air is heated in a boiler unit or cooled by being blown across a refrigerant-filled coil and then Engineers (ASHRAE ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating & Air Conditioning Engineers ) provide a uniform basis for code enforcement Code Enforcement is the act of enforcing a set of s, principles, or laws (especially written ones) and insuring observance of a system of norms or customs. An authority usually enforces a civil code, a set of rules, or a body of laws and compel those subject to their authority to across the country.
The complete set of codes developed by the International Code Council is particularly important. The ICC codes--and the references they include to standards developed by the other groups--provide the apartment industry with a uniform and consistent basis for construction nationwide. They allow the industry to build accessible and affordable housing cost-effectively, without any reduction in the basic requirement for life safety.
These standards are developed at the national level and then adopted and enforced en·force
tr.v. en·forced, en·forc·ing, en·forc·es
1. To compel observance of or obedience to: enforce a law.
2. at the local level. NAA/NMHC strongly support the local adoption of the ICC's set of codes. The mixing and matching of different codes--such as if a locality 1. locality - In sequential architectures programs tend to access data that has been accessed recently (temporal locality) or that is at an address near recently referenced data (spatial locality). This is the basis for the speed-up obtained with a cache memory.
2. adopts the ICC's International Building Code (IBC IBC International Building Code
IBC Iraq Body Count
IBC Institutional Biosafety Committee
IBC Inflammatory Breast Cancer
IBC International Business Company
IBC Independence Blue Cross
IBC Insurance Bureau of Canada
IBC International Broadcasting Convention ) but then adopts the NFPA's Uniform Fire Code (NFPA 1) instead of the ICC's International Fire Code--creates situations in which the provisions from one code contradict con·tra·dict
v. con·tra·dict·ed, con·tra·dict·ing, con·tra·dicts
1. To assert or express the opposite of (a statement).
2. To deny the statement of. See Synonyms at deny. the provisions of another. In addition to creating confusion in the enforcement process, this mixing of different codes developed by different organizations usually means designing to the most restrictive provision, which results in unnecessary increases in construction costs.
ICC Model Codes
Issue Discussion: NAA/NMHC support the adoption of the model codes developed and published by ICC over any other set of model codes. The ICC model codes, developed with input from code and fire officials as well as industry, have proved to be a complete, comprehensive and coordinated set of codes that allows the apartment industry to build cost-effective cost-effective,
n the minimal expenditure of dollars, time, and other elements necessary to achieve the health care result deemed necessary and appropriate. , safe, affordable and accessible housing.
In addition to being the only set of model codes developed and published by a single organization, the 2000 IBC with the 2001 amendments, the 2003 IBC and now the 2006 IBC, with the January January: see month. 2007 erratum [Latin, Error.] The term used in the Latin formula for the assignment of mistakes made in a case.
After reviewing a case, if a judge decides that there was no error, he or she indicates so by replying, "In nollo est erratum (concerning missing text), are the only model codes with the "safe harbor Safe Harbor
1. A legal provision to reduce or eliminate liability as long as good faith is demonstrated.
2. A form of shark repellent implemented by a target company acquiring a business that is so poorly regulated that the target itself is less attractive. " designation DESIGNATION, wills. The expression used by a testator, instead of the name of the person or the thing he is desirous to name; for example, a legacy to. the eldest son of such a person, would be a designation of the legatee. Vide 1 Rop. Leg. ch. 2.
2. for compliance with HUD's Fair Housing Act Accessibility Guidelines guidelines,
n.pl a set of standards, criteria, or specifications to be used or followed in the performance of certain tasks. (FHAAG).
Action Requested: NAA/NMHC strongly urge local jurisdictions to adopt the full package of ICC construction codes without local amendments. NAA/NMHC further urge localities not to mix and match codes, such as adopting the ICC's International Building Code (IBC) but then adopting the NFPA Uniform Fire Code (NFPA 1) instead of the ICC's International Fire Code.
NAA/NMHC also urge local jurisdictions not to adopt the NFPA Life Safety Code (NFPA 101) for anything other than medical occupancies, because that code has requirements for existing apartments that are not aligned with the requirements in the IBC.
Non-Metallic Sheathed sheath
n. pl. sheaths
a. A case for a blade, as of a sword.
b. Any of various similar coverings.
Issue Discussion: NAA/NMHC strongly support the cost-effective, safe electrical wiring Electrical wiring in general refers to insulated conductors used to carry electricity, and associated devices. This article describes general aspects of electrical wiring as used to provide power in buildings and structures, commonly referred to as building wiring. provisions in the 2003 and 2006 ICC codes and the 2002, 2005 and 2008 National Electrical Code The National Electrical Code (NEC), or NFPA 70, is a U.S. standard for the safe installation of electrical wiring and equipment. It is part of the National Fire Codes series published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). (NEC (NEC Corporation, Tokyo, www.nec.com, www.necus.com) An electronics conglomerate known in the U.S. for its monitors. In Japan, it had the lion's share of the PC market until the late 1990s (see PC 98).
NEC was founded in Tokyo in 1899 as Nippon Electric Company, Ltd. ), published by the NFPA. We oppose any modifications to those provisions that raise costs without supporting technical justification justification
In Christian theology, the passage of an individual from sin to a state of grace. Some theologians use the term to refer to the act of God in extending grace to the sinner, while others use it to define the change in the condition of a sinner who has received .
For nearly 20 years, NAA/NMHC have advocated widespread use of non-metallic sheathed cable (NM cable; also referred to as Romex Romex can refer to
During the 2001 code development cycle, the ICC removed all height limitations on the use of NM cable from the International Building Code (IBC). In addition, the 2002 National Electrical Code was revised to allow the use of NM cable in any building permitted to be of Types III, IV and V construction, up to five stories in height. The 2005 and 2006 NEC retain these changes.
Expanded use of NM cable saves apartment developers $50 million in annual construction costs, without compromising life safety. These savings allow apartment developers to construct new apartments and replace old housing where previously they would not have been financially able to do so.
Action Requested: Local jurisdictions are urged to adopt the 2006 ICC codes and the 2008 NEC without any local amendments restricting re·strict
tr.v. re·strict·ed, re·strict·ing, re·stricts
To keep or confine within limits. See Synonyms at limit.
[Latin restringere, restrict- : re-, the use of NM wiring.
Issue Discussion: NAA/NMHC support accessible building code provisions that are compatible with the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act Americans with Disabilities Act, U.S. civil-rights law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps. and the Fair Housing Act. NAA/NMHC support the 10 "safe harbor" design standards Design standards
Specifications of materials, physical measurements, processes, performance of products, and characteristics of services rendered. Design standards may be established by individual manufacturers, trade associations, and national or designated by HUD Hud (hd), a pre-Qur'anic prophet of Islam. Hud unsuccessfully exhorted his South Arabian people, the Ad, to worship the One God. . HUD's acceptance of the ICC/ANSI A117.1 accessibility standard and the IBC as a safe harbor under HUD's Fair Housing Act Accessibility Guidelines is a major step forward in the development of a single set of national accessibility standards accessibility standards (akses´abil´itē),
n.pl the requirements designed by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), by which public places must provide disabled individuals with barrier-free access to . NAA/NMHC also support the efforts of the U.S. Access Board (a federal agency committed to accessible design) to align align (līn),
v to move the teeth into their proper positions to conform to the line of occlusion. the federal accessibility provisions with those contained in the model codes. We further encourage the Access Board to accept the ANSI (American National Standards Institute, New York, www.ansi.org) A membership organization founded in 1918 that coordinates the development of U.S. voluntary national standards in both the private and public sectors. It is the U.S. member body to ISO and IEC. A117.1-2003 Standard on Accessible and Usable USable is a special idea contest to transfer US American ideas into practice in Germany. USable is initiated by the German Körber-Stiftung (foundation Körber). It is doted with 150,000 Euro and awarded every two years. Buildings and Facilities as the basis for accessibility technical requirements.
Action Requested: NAA/NMHC support the adoption of the accessibility provisions in the 2006 ICC codes.
World Trade Center Disaster
Issue Discussion: NAA/NMHC support changes to the model codes that address technical issues identified in the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST (National Institute of Standards & Technology, Washington, DC, www.nist.gov) The standards-defining agency of the U.S. government, formerly the National Bureau of Standards. It is one of three agencies that fall under the Technology Administration (www.technology. ) investigation of the September September: see month. 11 collapse of the World Trade Center On September 11, 2001, the two main towers of the World Trade Center complex were each hit by aircraft as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks. The south tower (2 WTC) collapsed at 9:59 a.m., less than an hour after being hit, and the north tower (1 WTC) followed at 10:28 a.m. . NAA/NMHC oppose any modifications
***** intended to require high-rise buildings high-rise building
Multistory building taller than the maximum height people are willing to walk up, thus requiring vertical mechanical transportation. The introduction of safe passenger elevators made practical the erection of buildings more than four or five stories tall. to be designed to withstand the impact of a very large, fuel-loaded airplane airplane, aeroplane, or aircraft, heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air. flying into the side of the building.
NIST's Final Report on the Collapse of the World Trade Center Towers, concerning the attack on the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, included 30 recommendations on items that NIST was concerned about in the design, construction and operation of very tall buildings. These recommendations are now being studied by a variety of groups responsible for the development of codes and standards that form the basis for the code provisions that establish the minimum building code requirements.
Action Requested: NAA/NMHC support changes in the national codes to address issues identified during the NIST investigations. However, our members oppose any proposed changes to requirements at the local level that have not been thoroughly discussed, acted on and approved at the national level during the rigorous model code development process.
Federally Assisted Rental Housing: 2008 NUMBER OF HOUSING UNITS Section 8 program vouchers 3,356,526 HOME Rental Units Completed 23,170 CDBG Rental Units Rehabilitation 21,418 Section 236 program 280,636 Sources: www.hud.gov/offices/cfo/reports/hudpar-fy2008.pdf Percent Distribution of $893 billion in Multifamily Mortgage Credit Outstanding in 2008 (Third Quarter) Commercial Banks 24% Savings Institutions 7% Life Insurance Companies 6% Fannie Mae 13% Freddie Mac 8% Mortgage Securities Ginnie Mae 4% Fannie Mae 11% Freddie Mac 1% CMBS 13% Individual and others 13% Source: Federal Reserve Board U.S. Households: Renters & Owners NO. OF NO. OF HOUSEHOLDS % OF U.S. RESIDENTS TYPE OF HOUSEHOLD (IN THOUSANDS) TOTAL (IN THOUSANDS) Renter Occupied Housing 37,469 32% 88,558 Owner Occupied Housing 79,350 68% 210,548 TOTAL 116,819 100% 299,106 Source: NMHC tabulations of 2008 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (www.census.gov/cps) Apartment Construction in 2008 (through November 2008) Apartments Authorized for Construction 275,752 (5+ units in structure; includes units for owner occupancy) Source: www.census.gov/const/C40/Table2/t2yu200611.txt Value of Apartments Authorized (in thousands): $25,544,780 Source: www.census.gov/const/C40/Table2/t2yu200710.txt State Distribution of Apartment Renters in 2007 (buildings with 5 or more apartments) TOTAL APARTMENT SHARE OF RESIDENTS RESIDENTS STATE STATE (IN THOUSANDS) (IN THOUSANDS) POPULATION Alabama 4,628 300 6% Alaska 683 59 9% Arizona 6,339 668 11% Arkansas 2,835 168 6% California 36,553 5,758 16% Colorado 4,862 539 11% Connecticut 3,502 312 9% Delaware 865 72 8% District of Columbia 588 179 30% Florida 18,251 1,948 11% Georgia 9,545 977 10% Hawaii 1,283 162 13% Idaho 1,499 67 4% Illinois 12,853 1,232 10% Indiana 6,345 475 7% Iowa 2,988 223 7% Kansas 2,776 188 7% Kentucky 4,241 274 6% Louisiana 4,293 256 6% Maine 1,317 67 5% Maryland 5,618 663 12% Massachusetts 6,450 694 11% Michigan 10,072 751 7% Minnesota 5,198 508 10% Mississippi 2,919 163 6% Missouri 5,878 365 6% Montana 958 48 5% Nebraska 1,775 146 8% Nevada 2,565 381 15% New Hampshire 1,316 107 8% New Jersey 8,686 1,004 12% New Mexico 1,970 130 7% New York 19,298 4,333 22% North Carolina 9,061 706 8% North Dakota 640 83 13% Ohio 11,467 940 8% Oklahoma 3,617 249 7% Oregon 3,747 402 11% Pennsylvania 12,433 772 6% Rhode Island 1,058 83 8% South Carolina 4,408 284 6% South Dakota 796 63 8% Tennessee 6,157 481 8% Texas 23,904 2,995 13% Utah 2,645 211 8% Vermont 621 36 6% Virginia 7,712 772 10% Washington 6,468 755 12% West Virginia 1,812 76 4% Wisconsin 5,602 476 9% Wyoming 523 25 5% Total 301,621 32,623 11% NUMBER OF NUMBER OF OCCUPIED CHANGE IN OCCUPIED APARTMENTS APARTMENTS APARTMENTS 2000 SINCE 2000 STATE (IN THOUSANDS) (IN THOUSANDS) (IN THOUSANDS) Alabama 165 152 13 Alaska 30 28 2 Arizona 312 305 7 Arkansas 91 76 14 California 2,429 2,408 21 Colorado 280 274 5 Connecticut 173 181 -7 Delaware 36 37 -1 District of Columbia 97 104 -7 Florida 925 887 38 Georgia 429 388 41 Hawaii 78 78 1 Idaho 36 32 3 Illinois 658 741 -84 Indiana 271 257 13 Iowa 132 119 13 Kansas 113 106 6 Kentucky 152 150 2 Louisiana 139 155 -16 Maine 43 46 -3 Maryland 337 340 -3 Massachusetts 385 414 -30 Michigan 439 451 -12 Minnesota 302 300 2 Mississippi 79 74 6 Missouri 219 216 4 Montana 28 26 2 Nebraska 89 90 -1 Nevada 178 154 24 New Hampshire 58 63 -4 New Jersey 505 507 -1 New Mexico 70 62 8 New York 1,927 2,010 -83 North Carolina 365 293 72 North Dakota 53 44 9 Ohio 548 564 -16 Oklahoma 137 131 6 Oregon 213 199 14 Pennsylvania 482 494 -13 Rhode Island 51 61 -9 South Carolina 143 119 24 South Dakota 39 35 4 Tennessee 249 243 6 Texas 1,377 1,305 73 Utah 90 80 10 Vermont 20 20 0 Virginia 389 384 5 Washington 407 384 24 West Virginia 45 45 0 Wisconsin 287 280 7 Wyoming 15 14 0 Total 16,117 15,929 188 Source: Census 2000 and 2007 American Community Survey. For information about these data sources, please visit www.census.gov. State Distribution of New Apartment Construction in 2008 (November Year-to-Date as of Nov. 2008) (5+ units in structure; includes units for owner occupancy) NUMBER OF TOTAL VALUE STATE APARTMENTS (THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS) Alabama 3,492 $267,623 Alaska 105 $15,354 Arizona 6,277 $456,029 Arkansas 2,646 $169,271 California 25,218 $3,172,727 Colorado 6,601 $842,912 Connecticut 2,078 $279,349 Delaware 445 $33,341 District of Columbia 280 $25,337 Florida 19,541 $1,994,974 Georgia 8,097 $748,294 Hawaii 1,333 $319,542 Idaho 281 $26,762 Illinois 7,844 $800,025 Indiana 3,721 $249,885 Iowa 1,602 $162,004 Kansas 2,387 $192,533 Kentucky 2,764 $181,704 Louisiana 3,604 $299,003 Maine 465 $33,340 Maryland 4,979 $529,872 Massachusetts 3,555 $374,506 Michigan 1,391 $116,026 Minnesota 1,925 $207,462 Mississippi 2,628 $146,366 Missouri 3,237 $233,402 Montana 192 $15,649 Nebraska 1,473 $115,811 Nevada 6,440 $496,579 New Hampshire 645 $54,206 New Jersey 7,881 $711,863 New Mexico 653 $54,275 New York 36,421 $3,393,729 North Carolina 13,661 $985,096 North Dakota 1,039 $91,941 Ohio 3,792 $256,768 Oklahoma 1,281 $95,270 Oregon 3,739 $496,017 Pennsylvania 3,472 $334,136 Rhode Island 94 $17,565 South Carolina 5,506 $525,946 South Dakota 867 $65,948 Tennessee 4,341 $308,137 Texas 45,281 $3,408,164 Utah 2,815 $283,704 Vermont 173 $13,295 Virginia 5,742 $522,599 Washington 8,676 $1,060,986 West Virginia 600 $31,965 Wisconsin 4,250 $315,905 Wyoming 222 $11,583 Totals 275,752 $25,544,780 Source: www.census.gov/const/C40/Table2/t2yu200811.txt www.census.gov/const/C40/Table2/t2yv200811.txt