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Buddy Miles



Rock and R&B drummer Buddy Miles, who has died of congestive heart failure congestive heart failure, inability of the heart to expel sufficient blood to keep pace with the metabolic demands of the body. In the healthy individual the heart can tolerate large increases of workload for a considerable length of time.  aged 60, will be best remembered for his work with Jimi Hendrix Noun 1. Jimi Hendrix - United States guitarist whose innovative style with electric guitars influenced the development of rock music (1942-1970)
Hendrix, James Marshall Hendrix
 in the Band of Gypsys. However, in a career lasting nearly 50 years, he played in many styles including blues, jazz, doowop and funk, and while never quite a superstar himself, he performed alongside some of the most illustrious musicians of his era.

Born George Miles in Omaha, Nebraska “Omaha” redirects here. For other uses, see Omaha (disambiguation).
Omaha is the largest city in the State of Nebraska, United States. It is the county seat of Douglas County.GR6 As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 390,007.
, his exposure to music began early in his life, since his father George Sr led a jazz band called the Bebops. George Jr developed an urge to play the drums, and was sitting in with his father's group by the time he was nine. News of his precocious skills earned him gigs with acts including the Ink Spots, the Delfonics and Ruby and the Romantics, as well as with soul giants Otis Redding Otis Ray Redding, Jr. (September 9, 1941 – December 10, 1967) was an influential American deep soul singer, best known for his passionate delivery and posthumous hit single, "(Sittin' on) the Dock of the Bay.  and Wilson Pickett Wilson Pickett (March 18, 1941 – January 19, 2006) was an American R&B/Rock and Roll and soul singer. Known for his raw, raspy, passionate vocal delivery, he recorded some of the most incendiary soul music of the twentieth century. .

It was while playing at a Pickett gig in Brooklyn in 1967 that Miles was spotted by guitarist Mike Bloomfield, who was impressed by his beefy beefy, beefyness

1. in dog conformation, used to describe overdevelopment of musculature in the hindquarters.

2. in cattle, used to designate the desirable physical conformation of a beef animal, but an undesirable character in dairy cattle.
, bottom-heavy beat and recruited him for his new band, the Electric Flag. Bloomfield was already well known for his work with the Paul Butterfield Blues Band, who had backed Bob Dylan at his "Bob goes electric" gig at the Newport folk festival The Newport Folk Festival is an American annual folk-oriented music festival in Newport, Rhode Island, which began in 1959. History
The Newport Folk Festival was founded in 1959 by Theodore Bikel, Oscar Brand, Pete Seeger and George Wein, founder of the
, and expectations were high for his new venture. Unfortunately, despite its ambitious mix of soul, rock, blues and psychedelia psy·che·de·li·a  
n.
The subculture associated with psychedelic drugs.

Noun 1. psychedelia - the subculture of users of psychedelic drugs
, the Flag failed to fly, and while Bloomfield's early departure left Miles in control, the band's days were numbered.

Miles dragged himself from the wreckage to form his own unit, the Buddy Miles Express. This proved another brief experiment, since he quickly became caught up in the irresistible slipstream To fix a bug or add enhancements to software without identifying such inclusions by creating a new version number.  of Hendrix, whom he had met when they both performed at the Monterey pop festival This article or section needs sources or references that appear in reliable, third-party publications. Alone, primary sources and sources affiliated with the subject of this article are not sufficient for an accurate encyclopedia article.  in 1967. Miles played on a couple of tracks on Hendrix's Electric Ladyland album (Rainy Day, Dream Away and Still Raining, Still Dreaming), then was recruited full-time by Hendrix when his band, the Experience, disintegrated in 1969. With bassist Billy Cox, the new outfit became the Band of Gypsys, who could claim to be the first all-black rock band. Although their recorded legacy comprises a solitary album, recorded live at the Fillmore East in New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
 on December 31 1969, it happened to catch Hendrix in spectacular form, notably on the album's centrepiece, Machine Gun. The album also included a couple of Miles's songs, Them Changes and We Gotta Live Together, and climbed to No 5 on the American charts.

Despite its success, Hendrix terminated the Band of Gypsys project a month later. Miles felt that the guitarist had been under management pressure not to continue with an all-black group. "It had to be a racial thing," Miles commented in 1988. "I think it had to scare them because of the political aspect at the time."

He then formed the Buddy Miles Band and recorded the album Them Changes, whose title track became a hit and helped glue the album into the Billboard charts for 74 weeks. He revisited the track in 1972 when he teamed up with Carlos Santana for a live album recorded inside a Hawaiian volcano, and the same year he played drums on the Muddy Waters album, Fathers and Sons.

Ironically, having sung "I feel just like commitin' a crime" in Them Changes, Miles was jailed for grand theft in 1978, but by the following year was back outside and working with Santana, with whom he continued until the mid-80s. He picked up regular session work with a variety of top names including David Bowie, Eric Clapton and Stevie Wonder, and in 1986 made a surprising detour into the lucrative world of TV advertising. He appeared in commercials for the California Raisin Advisory Board The California Raisin Advisory Board (or CALRAB) is most notable for the use of The California Raisins to market their namesake product, raisins.

It was abolished in 1994. There is now a California Raisin Marketing Board.
, singing I Heard It Through the Grapevine in the guise of the animated character Buddy Raisin. This proved so successful that it generated a spin-off album, The California Raisins Sing the Hit Songs.

In 1992 Miles recorded Hardware - Third Eye Open with Bootsy Collins (formerly with Parliament-Funkadelic), and two years later he reformed his own band and made Hell and Back. Blues Berries followed in 2002, and he made his final recordings in 2004, when he reunited with Billy Cox to re record some Band of Gypsys material as Band of Gypsys Return. "It's nice to be successful," he said in 1999, "but it only makes a difference if you can achieve longevity and get something out of it."

He leaves his partner, Sherrilae Chambers.

· George "Buddy" Miles, rock musician, born September 5 1947; died February 26 2008
Copyright 2008 guardian.co.uk
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Author:guardian.co.uk
Publication:guardian.co.uk
Date:Feb 29, 2008
Words:769
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