Bright future: the 20 largest MRFs in the U.S. set a recycling industry standard.A decade ago, a visitor to a material recovery facility (MRF MRF Markov Random Field
MRF Material Recovery Facility
MRF Materials Recycling Facility
MRF Motorcycle Riders Foundation
MRF Medium Range Forecast (weather forecasting model)
MRF Movement for Rights and Freedoms ) would probably see two modest-sized sorting lines, a medium-capacity baler or two and several bunkers to store material.
That configuration can still be found in North America North America, third largest continent (1990 est. pop. 365,000,000), c.9,400,000 sq mi (24,346,000 sq km), the northern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere. , but a drive to centralize the processing of municipal recyclables has also created a species of super MRF. These plants feature larger conveyors, large automated sorting screens, high-capacity balers and multi-bay shipping docks for outbound industrial feedstock harvested from curbside bins.
In the U.S., solid waste and recycling companies that pick up municipal recyclables are also doing much of the processing. Their desire to perform both tasks efficiently has driven a trend toward large, centralized processing Processing performed in one computer or in a cluster of coupled computers in a single location. Centralized processing evolved from the computers in the 1960s, which were stand-alone with all input and output in the same room. plants to serve entire regions.
In a presentation at the 2004 Paper Recycling Paper recycling is the process of recovering waste paper and remaking it into new paper products. There are three categories of paper that can be used as feedstocks for making recycled paper: mill broke, pre-consumer waste, and post-consumer waste. Conference (see "Making Demands," p. 76 in this issue), Pieter Eenkema van Dijk van Dijk can refer to:
This is the second edition of Recycling Today's compilation of the 20 largest MRFs in the U.S. As with the first list, presented in the August 2002 issue, the numbers make clear that some significant MRFs are in operation, producing impressive amounts of secondary fiber, aluminum used beverage containers (UBCs), bales of steel food cans and plastic bottles and glass bottles and jars.
MRF ELIGIBILITY. For our list, Recycling Today chose to include only facilities that process 50 percent or more residentially generated material. Facilities with a higher mix of commercially generated material may also take in bottles, cans and other commodities, but these facilities are instead considered when our "20 Largest Paperstock Dealers" list is published in odd numbered years.
We have chosen the amount of scrap paper scrap paper n → pedazos mpl de papel
scrap paper n → papier m brouillon
scrap paper scrap n → shipped as the yardstick for ranking order on our list of the 20 largest MRFs. Although containers make up an important portion of the volume at most MRFs, this volume is greatly reduced in states with deposit-and-return bottle bills. Thus, MRFs in bottle bill states would be at an immediate disadvantage if total recyclables were used to rank facilities.
Unfortunately, designating a facility as either a MRF or a paperstock plant is somewhat arbitrary. Many facilities with a commercial to residential split ranging from 51/49 to 70/30 may look and sound like a MRF, but because a line had to be drawn, they will be considered as paperstock plants for purposes of creating our lists. The line is blurry, however, and we are open to suggestions for other definitions or criteria for designating a plant as one or the other. Please feel free to contact the editors with your thoughts.
Following is a chart and brief description of 20 facilities that met the designation of a MRF by our definition. Recycling Today wishes to thank Eileen Berenyi and Governmental Advisory Associates Inc., Westport, Conn., publishers of Materials Recycling and Processing in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. . This directory has been a helpful resource for much of the information presented in the chart and in the article that follows.
Those interested in purchasing this comprehensive directory of recycling facilities can do so through the Online Bookstore found at www.RecyclingToday.com.
feed conversion rate. OF BOSTON
This recycling facility is owned by Casella Waste Systems Inc., Rutland, Vt., operating under the FCR Recycling division name. The plant processes material collected by Casella and other haulers throughout the Boston metropolitan area. The FCR of Boston plant, which is located in the Boston area, processes more than 180,000 of the 1 million tons of recyclables that FCR handles each year.
San Francisco-based hauler Norcal Waste Systems Inc. opened this $38 million facility in 2003. Norcal, which has the San Francisco San Francisco (săn frănsĭs`kō), city (1990 pop. 723,959), coextensive with San Francisco co., W Calif., on the tip of a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, which are connected by the strait known as the Golden residential recycling contract, sends the material it collects here to be sorted by a combination of disk screens, hand sorting, magnets and vacuums. ONP ONP Open Network Provision(ing)
ONP Olympic National Park
ONP Old Newspapers (pulp and paper inustry)
ONP One Nation Party
ONP Operation Na Pali (gaming)
ONP One Night Process , office paper, mixed paper, OCC OCC
See: Options Clearing Corporation
See Options Clearing Corporation (OCC). and containers are all accepted by the San Francisco program and arrive at the facility.
RABANCO RECYCLING (DIV. OF ALLIED WASTE)
This massive Seattle MRF processes material collected by the Rabanco division of Allied Waste Inc., Scottsdale, Ariz. The 80,000-square-foot MRF is located in an old steel mill that was retrofitted by Rabanco in the late 1980s. In addition to curbside commodities, municipal solid waste “Municipal waste” redirects here. For other uses, see Municipal waste (disambiguation).
Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a waste type that includes predominantly household waste (domestic waste) with sometimes the addition of commercial wastes collected by a , yard trimmings, electronic scrap and C&D debris are handled at the site.
Deffenbaugh Industries is a regional company that has retained a solid market position in the Kansas City Kansas City, two adjacent cities of the same name, one (1990 pop. 149,767), seat of Wyandotte co., NE Kansas (inc. 1859), the other (1990 pop. 435,146), Clay, Jackson, and Platte counties, NW Mo. (inc. 1850). area. Operating in both Kansas and Missouri, the company's municipal collection efforts have grown in importance since its first contract in Lenexa, Kan., in 1989. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. its Web site, the company is phasing out glass collection in its municipal programs.
This Chicago-area plant processes considerable fiber as well as containers. The 150,000-square-foot plant receives materials from a variety of curbside programs in Illinois and bordering states. It handles a large volume and variety of incoming materials, but also produces clean outbound shipments, evident from its past recognition by Alcoa Corp. as a winner of the company's UBC UBC Uniform Building Code
UBC University of British Columbia
UBC Union of the Baltic Cities
UBC United Brotherhood of Carpenters
UBC Universal Battery Charger
UBC Union of Baltic Cities
UBC Universal Bibliographic Control
UBC Used Beverage Cans Quality Award.
Municipal paper grades collected in New York City New York City: see New York, city.
New York City
City (pop., 2000: 8,008,278), southeastern New York, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The largest city in the U.S. are brought to this Brooklyn plant. The company and its CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. Gregory Bianco held a ribbon-cutting ceremony for the secondary fiber plant in late 2003. The plant, featuring an automated sorting system and high-volume baler, "represents an investment in the newest, stare-of-the-art processing technology," Bianco said at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for his new Brooklyn, N.Y., plant this winter.
RAA RAA Residential Accredited Appraiser (National Association of Realtors)
RAA Reinsurance Association of America
RAA Reeve Aleutian Airways
RAA Regional Airline Association
RAA Royal Australian Artillery LAKE COUNTY (ILL.) MRF
The Recycle America Alliance (RAA) division of Waste Management Inc., headquartered in Houston, operates this Chicago-area plant. The facility takes in recyclables from more than 35 municipalities throughout Illinois. The sorting and baling facility handles a variety of recycling grades, including both paper and containers.
As it has in many of its markets, RAA and Waste Management Inc. consolidated several Twin Cities operations into one large MRF. This Minneapolis facility takes in both residential and commercial material, with the residential segment supplying the greater balance.
GROOT INDUSTRIES/ CROWN DISPOSAL
A nearly even split of residential and commercial materials feeds these two divisions of the same company. (Groot serves northern and western suburban and outlying areas of Chicago, while Crown concentrates on most of the city itself and southern parts of Chicagoland.)
OMNI OMNI Omnidirectional
OMNI Organising Medical Networked Information
OMNI Opportunities for Micronutrient Interventions Project
OMNI Operating Missions as a Node on the Internet (NASA networking project) RECYCLING OF WESTBURY (N.Y.)
This Long Island MRF handles an even split of residential and commercial material, with the ONP and OCC grades among its largest, as well as PET and HDPE HDPE
high-density polyethylene plastic bottle bales and bales of tin-plated steel cans. Material comes in from New York City as well as from communities on Long Island.
BFI BFI - brute force and ignorance RECYCLING-MINNEAPOLIS
A multi-county area in and around the Twin Cities is served by this MRF, which handles a sizable number of containers of all types in addition to the considerable fiber tonnage.
DADE COUNTY Dade County can refer to the following places:
This MRF takes in recyclables collected from residents in Miami and in other communities throughout Dade County. The MRF was upgraded in 1998 to handle its growing stream of commingled materials. OCC from cruise ships This is a list of cruise ships, both those in service and those that have since ceased to operate. Both cruise ships and cruiseferries are included in this list. (Ocean liners are not included on this list, see List of ocean liners. , processed separately, also makes its way into the plant.
This Long Beach-area facility takes in residential material collected from haulers throughout southern California Southern California, also colloquially known as SoCal, is the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. Centered on the cities of Los Angeles and San Diego, Southern California is home to nearly 24 million people and is the nation's second most populated region, . This Potential plant draws material from Los Angeles Los Angeles (lôs ăn`jələs, lŏs, ăn`jəlēz'), city (1990 pop. 3,485,398), seat of Los Angeles co., S Calif.; inc. 1850. , Orange and San Diego San Diego (săn dēā`gō), city (1990 pop. 1,110,549), seat of San Diego co., S Calif., on San Diego Bay; inc. 1850. San Diego includes the unincorporated communities of La Jolla and Spring Valley. Coronado is across the bay. counties and handles material from commercial sources as well.
PALM BEACH COUNTY R-MRF
This Florida MRF, managed by the FCR Recycling division of Casella Waste Systems, was built to handle the 90,000 tons of residentially generated material collected from Palm Beach County and adjacent counties. An adjacent commercial MRF processes another 20,000 tons annually.
BFI BUFFALO DISTRICT MRF
Recyclables collected from some 300,000 households in upstate New York Upstate New York is the region of New York State north of the core of the New York metropolitan area. It has a population of 7,121,911 out of New York State's total 18,976,457. Were it an independent state, it would be ranked 13th by population. head to this Kenmore, N.Y., MRF run by BFI-Allied Waste Inc. About 70 percent of the material processed at the plant comes from residential programs in several counties. ONP, OCC and mixed paper are all baled at the plant, as are bottles and cans.
A portion of the residential recycling stream from the city of Los Angeles
San Bernardino (săn bûr'nədē`nō), city (1990 pop. 164,164), seat of San Bernardino co., S Calif., at the foot of the San Bernardino Mts.; inc. 1854. counties. ONP, mixed paper, glass, OCC, steel cans and HDPE milk jugs make up the majority of material processed at the plant. CR&R and its parent company Solag Disposal also operate a MRF in San Juan Capistrano San Juan Capistrano (săn wän kăpĭsträ`nō), city (1990 pop. 26,183), Orange co., S Calif.; inc. 1961. San Juan Capistrano has some manufactures, including aircraft parts, medical apparatus, and boats, but the economy is , Calif.
BFI RECYCLERY--NEWBY ISLAND
A steady stream of residentially and commercially generated material (roughly a 50/50 split) comes into this central California Central California can refer to one of several divisions or regions of the U.S state of California:
San Jose (sănəzā`, săn hōzā`), city (1990 pop. 782,248), seat of Santa Clara co., W central Calif.; founded 1777, inc. 1850. , Santa Clara Santa Clara, city, Cuba
Santa Clara (sän`tä klä`rä), city (1994 est. pop. 217,000), capital of Villa Clara prov., central Cuba. and other parts of Silicon Valley, as well as from Alameda County.
PRINCE GEORGE'S COUNTY MRF
Automated sorting helps create the shippable stream of ONP, plastic containers, UBCs, steel cans and glass bottles heading out of this 65,000-square-foot MRF. BFI-Allied Waste Inc. is the current operator of this MRF, which has two processing lines and was formerly operated by CRInc.
This Santa Rosa Santa Rosa, city, Argentina
Santa Rosa, city (1991 pop. 80,629), capital of La Pampa prov., central Argentina. It is a modern city and road junction surrounded by a rich agricultural and cattle-raising area. , Calif., Facility, operated by Waste Management, traces its MRF origins all the way back to 1978 and some of the earliest curbside collection programs in the United States. It has been upgraded periodically and now features an automated sorting system. Residential recydables are collected from Sonoma and Mendocino Counties.
Residential recyclables from the Pittsburgh area and other parts of western Pennsylvania are processed at this MRF, formerly operated by Weyerhaeuser Recycling. For more than 10 years, recyclable paper grades and containers have been hauled to the MRF by residential collection contractors.
20 LARGEST MRFs IN THE U.S. 2003 Materials Recovered and Shipped MRF Address Fiber Plastic UBCs and Affiliation (Gross Tons) (Tons) (Tons) FCR of Boston 3 Brick Kiln Rd., N Billerica MA 01862 147,502 7,921 388 Norcal--Recycle Central (1) Pier 96 Foot of Cargo and Jennings, San Fran., CA 94124 130,000 i.n.a. i.n.a. Rabanco Recycling (Div. of Allied Waste) (1) 2733 3rd Ave. S, Seattle, WA 98134 128,000 1,300 1,400 Deffenbaugh Industries 8905 Kaw Dr., Kansas City, KS 66111 124,765 1,535 1,100 Metropolitan Paper Recycling 847 Shepherd Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11208 124,000 n/a n/a Resource Management (1) 1011 Andersen Ave., Chicago, IL 60415 120,000 24,000 i.n.a. RAA Lake County (Ill.) MRF 30869 Route 83, Grayslake, IL 60030 111,785 28,200 1,400 RAA--Minneapolis (1) 1800 Broadway St. NE, Minneapolis, MN 55413 96,500 i.n.a. i.n.a. Groot Industries/Crown Disposal (1) 8475 W 53, La Grange, IL 60525 96,000 i.n.a. i.n.a. Omni Recycling (1) 635 Dickens St., Westbury, NY 11590 92,000 2,600 65 BFI Recycling--Minneapolis (1) 725 44th Ave. N, Minneapolis, MN 55412 80,000 4,600 1,800 Dade County BFI (1) 3840 NW 37 Ct., Miami, FL 33142 76,000 4,200 470 Potential Industries (1) 922 East E St., Wilmington, CA 90744 72,000 i.n.a. i.n.a. Palm Beach County R-MRF 7501 North Jog Rd., West Palm Beach, FL 33412 70,112 3,728 876 BFI Buffalo District MRF 2299 Kenmore, Kenmore, NY 14207-1311 55,528 2,634 80 CR&R Inc. (1) 11292 Western Ave., Stanton, CA 90680 55,000 3,100 390 BFI Recyclery--Newby Island (1) 1601 Dixon Landing Rd., Milpitas, CA 95035 54,000 i.n.a. i.n.a. BFI Prince George's County MRF 300 Ritchie Rd., Capitol Heights, MD 20743 46,635 5,650 946 RAA--Empire MRF (1) 3400 Standish Ave., Santa Rosa, CA 95407 44,000 i.n.a. i.n.a. Metalife Resources (1) 16 S Washington St., Donora, PA 15033 43,000 i.n.a. i.n.a. 2003 Materials Recovered and Shipped MRF Address Steel Cans Glass and Affiliation (Tons) (Tons) FCR of Boston 3 Brick Kiln Rd., N Billerica MA 01862 4,674 21,659 Norcal--Recycle Central (1) Pier 96 Foot of Cargo and Jennings, San Fran., CA 94124 i.n.a. i.n.a. Rabanco Recycling (Div. of Allied Waste) (1) 2733 3rd Ave. S, Seattle, WA 98134 2,400 22,000 Deffenbaugh Industries 8905 Kaw Dr., Kansas City, KS 66111 1,000 3,600 Metropolitan Paper Recycling 847 Shepherd Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11208 n/a n/a Resource Management (1) 1011 Andersen Ave., Chicago, IL 60415 i.n.a. 60,000 RAA Lake County (Ill.) MRF 30869 Route 83, Grayslake, IL 60030 2,000 19,600 RAA--Minneapolis (1) 1800 Broadway St. NE, Minneapolis, MN 55413 i.n.a. i.n.a. Groot Industries/Crown Disposal (1) 8475 W 53, La Grange, IL 60525 i.n.a. i.n.a. Omni Recycling (1) 635 Dickens St., Westbury, NY 11590 2,800 1,700 BFI Recycling--Minneapolis (1) 725 44th Ave. N, Minneapolis, MN 55412 3,800 8,500 Dade County BFI (1) 3840 NW 37 Ct., Miami, FL 33142 2,100 13,900 Potential Industries (1) 922 East E St., Wilmington, CA 90744 i.n.a. i.n.a. Palm Beach County R-MRF 7501 North Jog Rd., West Palm Beach, FL 33412 877 14,233 BFI Buffalo District MRF 2299 Kenmore, Kenmore, NY 14207-1311 2,600 4,500 CR&R Inc. (1) 11292 Western Ave., Stanton, CA 90680 1,900 10,000 BFI Recyclery--Newby Island (1) 1601 Dixon Landing Rd., Milpitas, CA 95035 i.n.a. i.n.a. BFI Prince George's County MRF 300 Ritchie Rd., Capitol Heights, MD 20743 2,672 18,556 RAA--Empire MRF (1) 3400 Standish Ave., Santa Rosa, CA 95407 i.n.a. i.n.a. Metalife Resources (1) 16 S Washington St., Donora, PA 15033 i.n.a. i.n.a.
WERE YOU LEFT OUT?
Finding out which MRFs met the 50 percent residential material requirement and how much material they process and ship is a daunting daunt
tr.v. daunt·ed, daunt·ing, daunts
To abate the courage of; discourage. See Synonyms at dismay.
[Middle English daunten, from Old French danter, from Latin task--and we can use your help. If you know of a MRF that should have been in our Top 20 list or is growing and may well qualify the next time we publish this list, please let us know. Contact editor Brian Taylor at firstname.lastname@example.org.