Brevities and short cuts from 1929 Tips for all around the farm.
More and more farmers are sowing three or four pounds of timothy seed to the acre with alfalfa. It cures a lot easier and the timothy will fill thin spots, giving a better hay yield.
Alsike clover sometimes poisons the skins of animals; especially whiteskinned ones. Some think it's the dew on the clover that does this. The remedy is to take the stock off until the inflammation and peeling are healed.
A hog-house floor, to be dry, should be laid higher than the outside ground level. It should slope from the walls to the center, where the drainage may be removed handily. You can't very well rig a floor to drain itself--the drain will clog and keep the pens wet and cold.
Here is a mixture for waterproofing tanks or basement walls; one part kerosene, four parts cement, 16 parts coal tar pitch. Mix the kerosene with the cement, then add the hot pitch. Two or three coats may be needed.
Purifying Cistern Water
"The filter on our cistern got out of order, and we found a leak where a little ground water went into it. We are afraid the water may carry disease, and would like to know if it can be made safe to drink some way." R. U. N., Nebr.
Chloride of lime will purify the water so that you can drink it safely. You put about a quarter of a teaspoonful into the cistern for each 40 gallons of water it contains. Let stand an hour before using.
Or if you only want to purify the water you drink and cook with, dissolve a twelve-ounce can of chloride of lime in a gallon of water, and put a teaspoonful of this mixture in every ten gallons of water used for cooking and drinking. The stock solution will lose its strength after awhile, so that a fresh one should be made occasionally.
When Your Pump Balks
If the handle of a pump rises slowly when you stop pumping, the water is running down, leaving the cylinder empty. The cause is sand or gravel holding the lower cylinder from its seat, or else the valve is worn, or just possibly, the cylinder may leak. Clean out the valve seat, or replace it if worn, or if the cylinder head should be cracked, put on a new one.
If a pump works easily and brings up the water frothy, look after the suction pipe. It's probably leaking air, and needs tightening or other repairs. If the pipe is all right, the trouble is low water--in which case put the pump down further, if it isn't just the passing result of a dry spell.
If the handle pulls down with a rubbery feeling and flies up when you let go of it, see if the suction pipe isn't choked, or too small, the strainer at the bottom of the pipe clogged, or the cylinder too high above the water.
If a pump works too hard, the cylinder may be too big, the plunger leathers may be too tight, or if you are forcing water through a pipe, it may be too small or clogged.
If the handle works easily, but brings little water, there is sand or gravel under the plunger valve, or the plunger valves or leathers are worn out.
If a double acting pump fetches water only when the handle is pushed down, there is sand under the lower check valve, the lower valve is worn out, or the upper plunger leathers are gone.
Green Scum in Tanks
"What is the cause of the green scum that comes on water tanks, and can anything be done for it?"--V.L., Wis.
That scum consists of tiny little plants, and it can be stopped from growing if you will shut off the light which plants must have to live. This can be done by having a cover for the tank and closing it down when the tank is not in use.
Another remedy is to put a small amount of copper sulphate crystals in a cloth bag, and dip it into the tank for a minute or so, when you see the scum starting. Copper sulphate is poisonous, but the little that will get into water this way will have no bad effect on the stock. But don't use much--and keep the stuff away from the youngsters.
For A Dim Lantern
To The Editors: When a lantern gives poor light, empty the kerosene tank, take out the wick, and place the lantern in a washboiler with enough strong soap suds to cover. Let simmer for a half hour. Dry and put a new wick and you will have a clear, bright light. Boiling in soap suds removes the soot in the air tubes at the sides of the lantern.--Mrs. F. Casey, Wis.