Breast implants linked with suicide in study.Women who get cosmetic breast implants Breast Implants Definition
Breast implantation is a surgical procedure for enlarging the breast. Breast-shaped sacks made of a silicone outer shell and filled with silicone gel or saline (salt water), called implants, are used. are nearly three times as likely to commit suicide as other women, Reuters reported Aug. 8.
A study published in the "Annals of Plastic Surgery" reinforces several others that have shown women who have breast enlargements have higher suicide risks.
Loren Lipworth of the Vanderbilt University Medical Center The Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) is a collection of several hospitals and clinics associated with Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. It comprises the following units:
Only 24 of the women had committed suicide after an average of 19 years, but this worked out to triple the risk compared to the average population, the researchers reported. Doctors who perform cosmetic breast surgery may want to monitor patients closely or screen them for suicide risk, Lipworth said.
"The increased risk of suicide was not apparent until 10 years after implantation," the researchers wrote.
Lipworth told Reuters she believes that some women who get implants may have psychiatric problems to start with, perhaps linked with lower self-esteem or body image disorders.
"I think we don't even know how big of a problem it is because we cannot even pinpoint what proportion of women have psychiatric disorders," Lipworth said in a telephone interview.
Women with breast implants also had a tripled risk of death from alcohol and drug use, meaning that "at least 38 deaths (22% of all deaths) in this implant cohort were associated with suicide, psychological disorders and/or drug and alcohol abuse/dependence," the researchers wrote.
The study found no increase in the risk of death from cancer, including breast cancer. Women with implants were more likely to die from lung cancer lung cancer, cancer that originates in the tissues of the lungs. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States in both men and women. Like other cancers, lung cancer occurs after repeated insults to the genetic material of the cell. and respiratory diseases, such as emphysema emphysema (ĕmfĭsē`mə), pathological or physiological enlargement or overdistention of the air sacs of the lungs. A major cause of pulmonary insufficiency in chronic cigarette smokers, emphysema is a progressive disease that commonly , but this is probably because they were more likely to smoke, the researchers said.
Last year, Canadian scientists also found a higher risk of suicide among women who got breast implants, although they had lower rates of other diseases, including cancer.
In November, FDA FDA
Food and Drug Administration
n.pr See Food and Drug Administration.
n.pr the abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration. okayed the sale of silicone breast implants for the first time in 14 years, after years of hearings on their safety.
FDA said independent research over the past decade has found no convincing evidence that breast implants were associated with connective tissue diseases or cancer.
While silicone implants were banned, women could only use saline-filled breast implants. Plastic surgeons say women prefer the silicone ones, and Lipworth said most of the women in her study had silicone implants.
In 2006, 383,886 U.S. women had breast augmentation, according to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) is an organization devoted to the advancement of cosmetic surgery. It has approximately 2,400 members. U.S. members are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. . It was the second-most common surgical cosmetic procedure, after liposuction Liposuction Definition
Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty or suction-assisted lipectomy, is cosmetic surgery performed to remove unwanted deposits of fat from under the skin. .