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Brain Mapping and Genetic Markers Used as Diagnostic Tools for Mental and Neurological Disorders.



Mind Research Network Recruits NIH "Not invented here." See digispeak.

NIH - The United States National Institutes of Health.
 Award Winning Scientists to Develop New Neurodiagnostic Tools for Early Diagnosis, Intervention and Treatment of Mental Illness and Brain Disorders

ALBQUERQUE, N.M. -- The Mind Research Network (MRN) today announced a new approach for the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and neurological disorders. The integration of multi-modal neuroimaging, genetic mapping, and psychopharmacology may revolutionize how mental disorders are diagnosed. Currently, the standard diagnostic tool for all mental disorders is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders /Di·ag·nos·tic and Sta·tis·ti·cal Man·u·al of Men·tal Dis·or·ders/ (DSM) a categorical system of classification of mental disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, that delineates objective  (DSM). This manual provides guidelines that are subject to interpretation which can vary from doctor to doctor. This new integrated approach would augment the DSM to provide a more reliable and consistent diagnosis.

The recent appointment of three outstanding scientists bringing with them over $12,000,000 in NIH support, establishes the Mind Research Network as a leader in this effort.

Dr. Vince Calhoun and Dr. Kent Kiehl are combining their basic and clinical neuroscience research into a translational model for understanding how the human brain functions. Dr. Calhoun and his team have created algorithms that allow for the analysis of complex brain images across a variety of neuroimaging platforms (MRI, fMRI, EEG, MEG, and DTI). Dr. Kiehl and his team have taken a mobile MRI into correctional facilities in New Mexico providing scanning and treatment to volunteers within incarcerated incarcerated /in·car·cer·at·ed/ (in-kahr´ser-at?ed) imprisoned; constricted; subjected to incarceration.

in·car·cer·at·ed
adj.
Confined or trapped, as a hernia.
 populations, and gathering large amounts of raw data for Dr. Calhoun to translate into meaningful, statistically relevant, information that can be used to help provide a reliable diagnosis of criminal psychopathy psy·chop·a·thy
n.
Mental disorder, especially when manifested by antisocial behavior.


psychopathy Antisocial personality disorder, see there
. And, given that 74% of inmates incarcerated in state prisons across the country have mental problems, coupled with alcohol or drug dependence abuse1, Dr. Kent Hutchinson's work examining the genetic factors that underlie addiction may help explain why certain populations are more susceptible to addiction and could provide more targeted treatment strategies.

"Today, many of the brain-based diseases or disorders associated with mental and behavioral health (e.g., schizophrenia, addiction, criminal psychosis, autism, traumatic brain injury Traumatic brain injury (TBI), traumatic injuries to the brain, also called intracranial injury, or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes brain damage. TBI can result from a closed head injury or a penetrating head injury and is one of two subsets of acquired brain , post traumatic stress disorder Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A disorder that occurs among survivors of severe environmental stress such as a tornado, an airplane crash, or military combat. Symptoms include anxiety, insomnia, flashbacks, and nightmares.
), cannot be cured. However, early diagnosis is the first best-step for intervention and prevention. Our research is leading the way to better methods of refined and/or earlier diagnosis. Cures are the ultimate goal, but effective treatments are needed now and by understanding how the brain functions - its mechanics, we can help patients and their families lead more productive lives," said Vince Clark, Science Director, MRN. "The emphasis on neurodiagnostic discovery reflects the strengths and capabilities of the scientists and the tools and technologies located at here at MRN. Bringing together collaborative teams to work on projects and programs that are national in scope is a unique attribute that the Mind Research Network has successfully employed for the past nine years. We have the right combination of in-house tools and nation-wide collaborations to make significant impact," added Dr. John Rasure, President and CEO of MRN.

The Mind Research Network (MRN) is a 501 (c) 3 non-profit scientific research organization dedicated to helping people now by improving the diagnosis of mental illness and neurological disorders, and helping people in the future through prevention, intervention and treatment, and ultimately cures. Based in Albuquerque, New Mexico “Albuquerque” redirects here. For other uses, see Albuquerque (disambiguation).
Albuquerque (pronounced [ˈæl.bə.kɚ.kiː], Spanish: [al.βu.
, MRN scientists along with collaborators at Network sites across the Nation: University of New Mexico The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. It was founded in 1889. It also offers multiple bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional degree programs in all areas of the arts, sciences, and engineering. , University of Minnesota (body, education) University of Minnesota - The home of Gopher.

http://umn.edu/.

Address: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
, and Massachusetts General Hospital Massachusetts General Hospital Health care The major teaching hospital for Harvard Medical School, widely regarded as one of the best health care centers in the world  (Harvard/MIT), continue their quest to fully map the brain, advance imaging technologies, and discover the causes behind brain-based diseases and disorders. Information: www.themindinstitute.org

1 Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics Noun 1. Bureau of Justice Statistics - the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers
BJS
 Report, September 2006, NCJ 213600
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Publication:Business Wire
Date:Jun 6, 2007
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