Bioterrorism: Public Health Leaders Respond.
American Public Health Association's Annual Meeting
Includes Sessions Preventing, Preparing & Responding to Terrorism
The newly-added session "APHA's Response to Terrorism" highlights the American Public Health Association's 129th Annual Meeting Oct. 21-25 in Atlanta. The afternoon session Oct. 22 includes New York State Health Commissioner Antonia C. Novello, M.D, M.P.H., Dr.P.H.; Jeffrey Koplan, MD, MPH, Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. (CDC See Control Data, century date change and Back Orifice.
CDC - Control Data Corporation ); and APHA's Executive Director, Mohammad N. Akhter, MD, MPH, addressing the public health community's response to the latest anthrax and other bioterrorist attacks.
The world's oldest and largest gathering of public health researchers, practitioners and policy makers, the Meeting features more than 900 sessions and some 3,000 scientific papers scheduled for presentation. Entitled "One World: Global Health," the four-day program of scientific sessions, round- table workshops, poster presentations and panel discussions allows more than 12,000 attendees to explore trends and enhance their knowledge about public health implications in a global setting.
The American Public Health Association, the oldest and largest organization of public health professionals, represents more than 50,000 members from over 50 public health occupations.
Sessions on terrorism include:
Executive Board Special Session: APHA Response to Acts of Terrorism
Session 3099.1: Monday, October 22, 2001
New York State Health Commissioner Antonia C. Novello, M.D., M.P.H., Dr.P.H.; Jeffrey Koplan, MD, MPH, Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); and APHA's Executive Director, Mohammad N. Akhter, MD, MPH, lead a discussion on the public health community's response to the latest bioterrorist attacks.
Bioterrorism as a New Global Environmental Threat
Session 3110.0: Monday, October 22, 2001
Eric Noji, MD, MPH, National Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC
Biological weapons represent a unique "environmental" hazard. The pathogens involved are natural in the sense that they are risks that naturally occur in our environment. However they are unnatural in the way in which they are inflicted upon society. This presentation will describe public health measures to protect, respond to, and defend against the adverse health effects of biological terrorism or disasters due to deadly pathogens.
Perspective on Bioterrorism Education and Training: Results from Infection
Control Practitioner Focus Groups
Session 3073.0: Monday, October 22, 2001
Terri Rebmann, RN, MSN (1) (MicroSoft Network) A family of Internet-based services from Microsoft, which includes a search engine, e-mail (Hotmail), instant messaging (Windows Live Messaging) and a general-purpose portal with news, information and shopping (MSN Directory). , CIC CIC
circulating immune complexes.
CIC Circulating immune complexes. See Immune complexes. , Brooke N Shadel, PhD, MPH, Bruce W Clements,
MPH, Brenda Arndt, RN, MPH, and R G Evans, PhD, MPH. Saint Louis
University, School of Public Health, Center for the Study of Bioterrorism
and Emerging Infections
Focus groups were conducted at the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller) A circuit that handles the priority of interrupts in a computer. Designed to support symmetric multiprocessing (SMP), the APIC handles more interrupts and is more flexible than the programmable interrupt controller ) 2000 Annual Conference to define the perceived priorities for healthcare and public health (PHP (PHP Hypertext Preprocessor) A scripting language used to create dynamic Web pages. With syntax from C, Java and Perl, PHP code is embedded within HTML pages for server side execution. ) education and preparedness for bioterrorism. Participants reported that they felt that local public health departments should be the primary contact in bioterrorism events, and additional bioterrorism awareness and preparedness training is needed for all healthcare and public health worker groups.
Public Health Professionals' Risk Perceptions and Training Needs Related
to Bioterrorism and Emerging Infections: Results of a National Needs
Session 3221.0: Monday, October 22, 2001
Bruce W. Clements, MPH1, Brooke Shadel, PhD, MPH1, Terri Rebmann, RN, MSN,
CIC2, and R.Gregory Evans, PhD, MPH. (1) Center for the Study of
Bioterrorism and Emerging Infections, Saint Louis University Saint Louis University, mainly at St. Louis, Mo.; Jesuit; coeducational; opened 1818 as an academy, became a college 1820, chartered as a university 1832. Parks College (est. 1927 as Parks College of Aeronautical Technology) in Cahokia, Ill. , School of
Public Health, 3342, (2) Saint Louis University, School of Public Health,
Center for the Study of Bioterrorism and Emerging Infections
An intentional release of a biological agent by terrorists or a naturally occurring outbreak of an emerging infection may pose a momentous challenge to the US public health infrastructure. The rapid identification and management of these outbreaks will require highly trained public health professionals (PHPs). A needs assessment survey was developed to evaluate PHP educational priorities for bioterrorism and emerging infections as well as the best medium to deliver these materials. We plan to present the resulting analysis of the collected needs assessment data.
Assessing the Public Health Response to U.S. Bioterrorism Initiatives
Session: 3067.0: Monday, October 22, 2001
Robert Gould, MD, Physicians For Social Responsibility
Speaker will discuss the public health and other societal implications posed by the U.S. government's initiatives to combat bioterrorism. Among points to be covered will be a review of the U.S. military's vaccination program against anthrax from the time of the Gulf War through the present attempt to inoculate in·oc·u·late
1. To introduce a serum, a vaccine, or an antigenic substance into the body of a person or an animal, especially as a means to produce or boost immunity to a specific disease.
2. all members of the armed force against this disease, including the response of the soldiers. Issues of efficacy and safety of the vaccination program will be addressed. Plans for involving the public health community in the campaign against bioterrorism will be explored, including issues relating to: an objective characterization of the bioterrorist threat; alternatives for threat reduction and population protection; differentiation between "defensive" and "offensive" biowar capabilities; as well as the implications of the potential militarization mil·i·ta·rize
tr.v. mil·i·ta·rized, mil·i·ta·riz·ing, mil·i·ta·riz·es
1. To equip or train for war.
2. To imbue with militarism.
3. To adopt for use by or in the military. of public health, including effects on civil liberties.
Preparing for the worst: Enhancing daily public health capacity through
local preparedness planning
Session 3133.0: Monday, October 22, 2001
Scott Wetterhall, MD, MPH, William Dyal, Robert Blake, Darren Collins,
Erich Daub, Sara Forsting, Kim Taylor, Richard Quartarone, and Ariane
Reeves. DeKalb County Board of Health, Center for Public Health
Emerging threats such as West Nile virus West Nile virus, microorganism and the infection resulting from it, which typically produces no symptoms or a flulike condition. The virus is a flavivirus and is related to a number of viruses that cause encephalitis. , pandemic influenza, and bioterrorism place local public health practitioners squarely in the center of preparedness planning. Although these threats may divert resources from other pressing daily public health concerns, they present unique infrastructure- building opportunities. We report on two years of activity emphasizing regional bioterrorism preparedness planning but more broadly directed toward increasing local public health capacity.
War and public health
Session 3067.0: Monday, October 22, 2001
Barry S. Levy, MD, MPH, Barry S. Levy Associates, and Victor W. Sidel,
MD, Montefiore Medical Center Montefiore Medical Center, in the Bronx, New York, is the university hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. The hospital, named after Moses Montefiore, is one of the 50 largest employers in New York State . , Albert Einstein College of Medicine
The Albert Einstein College of Medicine (AECOM) is a graduate school of Yeshiva University. It is a private medical school located in the Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus of Yeshiva University in the Morris Park
This session will feature presentations (including question-and-answer periods) on subjects of current importance concerning war and public health. Topics to be covered in this session are: (1) assessing the public health response to U.S. bioterrorism initiatives; (2) war and human rights; (3) an update on the Taliban's war on women; and (4) conflict in the former Yugoslavia and the Palestinian Territories.
Using Hazardous Substances: Emergency Events Surveillance data for
Session 4028.1: Tuesday, October 23, 2001
Maureen F Orr, MS, Gilbert S Haugh haugh
A low-lying meadow in a river valley.
[Middle English hawch, from Old English healh, secret place, small hollow; see kel-1 , MS, Wendy E Kaye, PhD, and Deana M
Manassaram, MPH. Division of Health Studies/Epidemiology and Surveillance
Branch, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry The United States Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, (ATSDR) is an agency for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that is directed by a congressional mandate to perform specific functions concerning the effect on public health of hazardous
Terrorists use common industrial chemicals to create improvised explosives, incendiaries, and toxic agents. Common chemicals are attractive because military agents or biologics are more difficult or dangerous to manufacture, access, or disperse. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry maintains a Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance (HSEES HSEES Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance ) system in 16 participating states to collect information on acute releases of hazardous chemicals and subsequent public health outcomes. This presentation will demonstrate how HSEES data can be used for counter-terrorism efforts.
Using local-global health connections to shape U.S. foreign policy
Session 4042.0: Tuesday, October 23, 2001
Chuck Woolery, World Federalist Association
Events, conditions and trends on the global level influence every aspect of health in the United States. Globalization is making these impacts more rapid, complicated and significant. The air we breath, food we eat, medicines we use, jobs we work at and the oil we need for our transportation and industry -- are all increasingly interconnected with health and well-being of people we will never meet in nations we may never visit. Current U.S. defense policy, foreign policy and political relations with the United Nations are inadequate and insufficient for effectively preventing potentially catastrophic costs associated with the spread of infectious diseases, terrorism, pollution, species extinction, genocide, poverty, high birth rates, refugees, drug abuse, prostitution, trafficking, climate change, corruption, poverty and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Weapons of mass destruction can be high explosives or nuclear, biological, chemical, and radiological weapons, but exclude the means of transporting or .
Preventing Genocide: Rules for Bioterrorism and Genetic Engineering
Session 4208.0: Tuesday, October 23, 2001
George J. Annas, JD, MPH and George J. Annas, JD, MPH. Health Law
Department, Boston University School of Public Health Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) is Boston University's graduate School of Public Health. It is located in the heart of Boston University's Medical Campus in the South End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. The Dean is Robert Meenan.
Bioterrorism is increasingly seen as a legitimate public health concern that calls for cooperation with police and military officials. Genetic engineering (including gene transfer experiments, use of viruses to modify cell function, cloning, and germline genetic alterations) on the other hand is generally viewed as a beneficent medical activity. From a public health perspective, these two projects have many more similarities than differences, and international bans and regulatory structures that are developing to prevent bioterrorism have direct applicability to genetic engineering as well. Using a human rights and health perspective, I will compare these two projects in terms of potential disaster to populations and means to prevent that disaster, and suggest ways in which legal tools can be used to reduce the risks to the human species.
Global Perspectives in Bioterrorism
Session 5230.0: Wednesday, October 24, 2001
Gene Matthews, JD, Legal Advisor, Centers for Disease Control and
This presentation will discuss legal aspects pertaining to preparedness for and responding to bioterrorism events, beginning with review of international bioterrorism experiences, and then focusing on common public health control measures.
CONTACT: American Public Health Association, Press Office, Hilton Atlanta, Rockdale Room, +1-404-572-6471 (effective Oct. 20, 2:00 PM).