Biblical Interpretation at Qumran.Biblical Interpretation at Qumran. Edited by Matthias Henze (Eerdmans, $25). The Dead Sea Scrolls Dead Sea Scrolls, ancient leather and papyrus scrolls first discovered in 1947 in caves on the NW shore of the Dead Sea. Most of the documents were written or copied between the 1st cent. B.C. and the first half of the 1st cent. A.D. have changed our understanding of the text of the Old Testament, the nature and date of the canon, and biblical interpretation during the Second Temple period, with the nine essays in this book devoted to this third issue. Gleanings glean·ings
Things that have been collected bit by bit: the gleanings of patient scholars.
pieces of information that have been gleaned : In the second century B.C.E there was a lively debate about the origin of sin, without mentioning "the fall"; the biblical interpreters at Qumran found in the description of Israel at Sinai an ideal community worthy of imitation; pesher exegesis applied biblical texts to postbiblical settings in order to substantiate a theological conviction pertaining to divine reward and punishment; and Psalm 91 was understood as an apotropaic ap·o·tro·pa·ic
Intended to ward off evil: an apotropaic symbol.
[From Greek apotropaios, from apotrepein, to ward off : apo-, song that possessed the power to safeguard the faithful from malevolent spirits. RWK
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