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Beneath every footstep in Syria is an ancient civilization, says German archaeologist.

Byline: ANI

Washington, October 26 (ANI): A German archaeologist has said that beneath every footstep in Syria is an ancient civilization, with the ancient monuments in the region telling the stories of the many peoples and civilizations that lived in it.

According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 a report in the Global Arab Network, the archaeologist in question is Markus Gschwind, head of the Syrian-German Archaeology Expedition working at al-Rafina in Hama.

He notes that the saying, "Beneath every footstep in Syria is an ancient civilization," is repeated around Germany, as most Germans consider Syria the most historically deep-rooted country in the Mediterranean.

In a statement to SANA, Gschwind said that he has been living and excavating in Syria for six years, each day discovering many secrets from the history of mankind.

He said that the expedition is currently undertaking surveying the ancient city of al-Rafina, which was one of the largest gathering points of Roman armies during the Roman era.

Excavations in the area began in 2005 with the purpose of making an archeological map of the old city, detailing the various buildings, fortifications This is a list of fortifications past and present, a fortification being a major physical defensive structure often composed of a more or less wall-connected series of forts. , streets, temples, camps and burial grounds, all of which are still buried beneath the earth.

Gschwind underlined the historic significance of al-Rafina, which was mentioned in ancient Roman texts as the birthplace of Roman emperor Elagabalus and other Roman emperors
For a simplified list see: Concise list of Roman Emperors

This is a list of the Roman Emperors with the dates they ruled, or claimed to rule, all or part of the Roman Empire, until the final demise of the Western Empire in 476 or to the death of
 of Syrian descent, mainly the children of Julia Domna Julia Domna (170-217) was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire. Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus and mother of Emperors Geta and Caracalla, Julia Domna was among the most important women ever to exercise power behind the throne in the Roman , emperors Geta and Caracalla.

Surveys in 2005 revealed the remains of pillars, burial grounds, walls and clay objects, with further surveys using ground-penetrating radar (GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) A UWB-based technology that locates objects buried underground. It is used to locate buried lines, storage tanks, pipes and conduits as well as to determine the structural integrity of the ground underneath a road or runway. ) serving to make an accurate map of the site, which will help facilitate and reduce the costs of future expeditions, according to Gschwind.

He went on to note that the ancient city's strategic position in the center of Syria allowed it to be the headquarters of the Legio III Gallica Legio III Gallica was a Roman legion levied by Julius Caesar around 49 BC, for his civil war against the conservative republicans led by Pompey. The cognomen Gallica suggests that recruits were originally from the Gallic Roman provinces. , the largest group of Roman forces in the area and the first line of defense against the Persian Empire from the first to the third century AD.

Gschwind concluded by noting that the distinguishing point between Syrian archeological sites and European ones is that the Romans used to build their cities in Syria Syria has fourteen governorates, or muhafazat (singular: muhafazah). According to the Central Bureau of Statistics of Syria, there are sixty districts, or manatiq (sing.  on the ruins of older cities, as opposed to building new cities as they did in Europe, which is why ancient Syrian cities are so deep-rooted and date back to much older times that their European counterparts. (ANI)

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Publication:Asian News International
Date:Oct 26, 2009
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