Bellfair cattle: the first dual purpose miniature.Bellfair miniature cattle are the first dual purpose miniature breed of cattle developed in America. Developed by Tracy Teed of Conway, Washington, Bellfair cattle are 50% Jersey, from high test Jersey cows bred to a small (35") Dexter bull, developed for the small acreage farmer who wants a small family milk cow which will also produce a good beef calf for the locker. The overall appearance is that of a small Jersey.
Goals were small size, good temperament in both bulls and cows Bulls and Cows, also known as Cows and Bulls, is an old code-breaking paper and pencil game for two players, similar to Mastermind.
It is a game with numbers that may date back a century or more, and a probable inspiration for Mastermind. It is played by two opponents. , ease of calving ease of calving
thought to be an inherited trait due to pelvic canal dimensions in the dam, and fetal size in the sire. See also dystocia. , good feed conversion, and good udder udder: see mammary gland. conformation for ease of milking. Now three years into the project, it seems that these goals have been met.
Size -- 36" to 40", with bulls selected in the 36" size range, cows in the 36" to 40" (most fall into the 36" to 38" size range).
Disposition -- temperament was an important consideration in selecting both bulls and cows. All were selected for calm, easy to handle dispositions with no signs of aggression in the bulls.
Colors -- like the Jerseys in the very early years when dark colors were preferred, the Bellfair comes in black, many shades of brown, and occasionally a pinto or splotched splotch
An irregularly shaped spot, stain, or colored or discolored area: "spectacular splotches of color and beauty in the blossoms" Wendy Lyon Moonan.
tr.v. with white. Shades of brown range from a very rich mahogany to dun and rarely a brindle brindle
a pattern of coat pigmentation in which darker hairs form bands on a lighter background. A common coat color in Great Danes and Boston terriers. . Most of the calves have a bit of white on tail tips or stars on the foreheads.
Ease of calving -- calves are small and cows calve calve
act of parturition by a cow or other mammal producing a calf as offspring. easily. Most calves are in the 21" size range. The selection of small producing bulls is very important. The little heifer calves are quite feminine in appearance and lighter framed, the bull calves are masculine looking and heavier and beefier.
Feed conversion -- two miniature Bellfair cows can be maintained in place of one of the larger Holsteins. The little Bellfair bull calves beef up at an early age and bring premium prices at around four months of age.
Udder conformation was an important consideration as many of the small breeds do not have good udder conformation and present difficulty in milking.
Why the Dexter/Jersey cross? Virtually all breeds of cattle The following is a list of breeds of cattle. Over 800 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, adapted both for local climate and for specialized uses. Unless indicated the breed is primarily of the Bos taurus type. originated from some cross. Of the 250 breeds of cattle in the world, over 150 of the newer breeds are from a crossbred crossbred
progeny of a mating between two animals which are purebreds of different breeds, e.g. crossbred sheep are usually offspring of matings between merinos and British breeds. foundation. Of the 14 breeds of miniature cattle, very few were developed as a dual purpose cow.
Originally the Dexter was developed to be an ideal cow for the small land owner in Ireland. Along the way several problems developed. The genetic problem of bulldog calves that do not live was one problem. Uneven udder conformation was another problem. They have also been bred up to a larger size than the original with two types, the leggy leggy
said of animals that appear to have legs longer than normal for the species, breed and age. Kerry cattle and the shorter legged Dexters. Little consideration in the last few years has been given to milk production.
The Jersey was originally a small cow, 40" or under. Some of us still remember the rabbit eyed Jerseys as they were called. The Jersey has always been bred to be a high producing cow with high fat content milk. Jersey milk is unsurpassed in taste and creaminess. These small cows were seen in past years tethered out along roadsides and in vacant lots or meadows and were rarely fenced except in a small paddock around the barn. The miniature Bellfair cattle adapt readily to being tethered, thus saving the beginning small acreage farmer from the expense of fencing.
While some crosses bring out the worst of both breeds, the Jersey/Dexter cross appears to bring out the best of both breeds. Personally, of all the miniature crosses or breeds I have seen, this one takes first place.
Calves are sold either on the bottle (all calves are bottled) or at weaning weaning,
n the period of transition from breast feeding to eating solid foods.
the act of separating the young from the dam that it has been sucking, or receiving a milk diet provided by the dam or from artificial sources. age of 2-1/2 to 3 months at $500 for either sex, plus crating and shipping. At this age they are easily air shipped in large plastic dog crates. They are all shipped from SEA TAC 1. TAC - Translator Assembler-Compiler. For Philco 2000.
2. TAC - Terminal Access Controller. Airport in Seattle. All calves are priced according to age. All are brucellosis brucellosis (br'səlō`sĭs) or Bang's disease, infectious disease of farm animals that is sometimes transmitted to humans. tested plus any other tests required by your state.
Bull calves are also finding a market as steers for matched oxen oxen
adult castrated male of any breed of Bos spp. teams. They are easy to match in size and color and the small size makes them ideal for beginning oxen drovers. Also, they are just about perfect for petting zoos.
The miniature Bellfair cattle have been accepted for registration with The Miniature Cattle Breeds Registry. Criteria has not yet been established for the accepting of cattle from other breeders at this time. To keep the breed in its present form, only Jersey cows bred to small proven Dexter bulls are allowed. The breed will remain 50% Jersey, 50% Dexter. Many buyers do not want to maintain a bull, and it is anticipated that semen will be available for artificial insemination.
Tracy Teed has managed Jersey dairy herds for the past 16 years. Two years ago Miss Teed started her own dairy in Conway, Washington. She presently has about 100 high test Jerseys in the herd. She has also milked the Jersey/Zebu cows in her milking line. She acquired a 35" Dexter bull a few years ago and test mated him to a few coes. The results were encouraging and after starting her own diary, she continued the breeding. One 2-1/2 year old bull is 35% and another pictured in this article is 18 months and 35-1/2". Some of the retained heifers are now being bred and will go into milk testing when they freshen fresh·en
v. fresh·ened, fresh·en·ing, fresh·ens
1. To become fresh, as in vigor or appearance: freshened up after the day's work.
For more information, you can contact Tracy Teed, PO Box 821, Conway WA 98238, phone 360-435-2121 (long distance calls are returned collect). Or, you can contact me, Robert Mock, 16911 Littlerock Rd., SW, Rochester WA98579, phone 360-273-7789.