Be still, shakeup seers.
The Reuters news service in August wrote Flextronics International and Hon Hai (Foxconn) are "driving a wave of consolidation that will boost their big customers while squeezing some of the smaller ones." That assumption came on the heels of an iSuppli report claiming falling revenues among Celestica, Sanmina-SCI and Elcoteq will ultimately lead to contraction in the EMS world. Further, some 88% of the world's top EMS/ODM executives believe that by 2013 one or more of those companies will not exist, iSuppli said.
If I had a nickel for every time someone insisted to me their competitor was going to disappear, well, I'd have a lot of nickels.
iSuppli based its findings in part on a predicted halving in industry revenue growth. Per the research firm, global sales will hit $432.3 billion by 2012, a CAGR of 7.2% from 2007, which is less than half the 15.5% CAGR from the previous five years. Faced with slowing revenue growth, the thinking goes, businesses will naturally merge or gobble each other up in an attempt to drive the topline.
Except if they don't. A not-so-closer look reveals sanity has returned to many of the larger firms. Burned by round after round of acquisitions gone awry, most of the Top Tier has ceased buying revenue. As Joe Bronson, Sanmina-SCI president and COO, said in these pages in January (circuitsassembly.com/cms/content/view/5872/95), "Our focus is on improving asset management. ... We have to pursue markets where we can generate value and grow margins."
Likewise, in an interview in mid August, Celestica technology department director Peter Tomaiuolo told me, "We're growing incremental revenue profitably. We're not going to be the biggest." In 2008 the company is tracking more than a full point ahead of last year's margins.
The iSuppli report ignores this, noting mid-single-digit revenue drops in 2007 at Sanmina-SCI, Celestica and Elcoteq. Yet the former two firms are orienting more toward the higher margin military, aerospace and medical markets. Sanmina-SCI this summer dumped its low-margin PC business, a roughly $2 billion operation that barely broke even. That's 19% of the $10.4 billion in sales the company reported in 2007.
For its part, Elcoteq is undergoing a transition from being the largest provider of handsets to Nokia to broadening (slightly) its portfolio to telecom and IT. It's a highly competitive market, but one the Finnish EMS company knows very, very well.
Could merger mania reduce the Top Tier to, say, Foxconn and Flextronics? One longtime industry watcher told me major OEMs will never let it happen, that they need many players around - even in the Top Tier - to keep the biggest guys in line on pricing. While I don't believe there's any type of thought-out conspiracy afoot (and I don't think that's what the observer was suggesting), it's true few OEMs single source a program, and more than a few contracts are awarded for head-scratching reasons.
Traditionally, Foxconn has grown almost completely organically (or with smoke and mirrors claims one prominent analyst who, for obvious reasons, declines to be named), not through big acquisitions. And as we reported last month, a new three million sq. ft. campus in Juarez, Mexico, is in the offing. That doesn't sound like a company planning a big acquisition.
At the Top Tier level, no one absorbs and integrates as well as Flextronics. It's part of their business model, and I can't imagine that will change soon. But Flextronics historically has been as or more active in snapping up OEM assets. I can't imagine that will change, either.
Our just published 2008 Directory of EMS Companies (circuitsassembly.com/cms/dems) lists more than 1,000 companies and 1,400 sites, up a couple hundred from the 2007 edition. If a shakeout is ahead, it's going to take awhile just to pick up all those pieces.
And yet ... "The competition is becoming more intense," iSuppli quotes Calvin Huang of the Daiwa Institute of Research. "We will see another round of consolidation among these (contract) providers."
Truth be told, I once made that misassumption. In 1993.
Not this time.
Mike Buetow, Editor-in-Chief