Bawa--genius of the place.The welcome retrospective at the Deutsches Architektur Museum charts the career of the great Sri Lankan architect Geoffrey Bawa (1919-2003). It traces a path from a mannered man·nered
1. Having manners of a specific kind: ill-mannered children.
a. Having or showing a certain manner: a mild-mannered supervisor. 'Tropical Modernism' to a highly personal synthesis of Modernist principles with the indigenous culture, materials and environmental techniques of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (srē läng`kə) [Sinhalese,=resplendent land], formerly Ceylon, ancient Taprobane, officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, island republic (2005 est. pop. . A whole floor is dedicated to the house and garden Bawa created for himself at Lunuganga over a period of nearly half a century: it was while working here in the early 1950s that Bawa found his vocation, abandoning his career as a barrister barrister: see attorney.
One of two types of practicing lawyers in Britain (the other is the solicitor). Barristers engage in advocacy (trial work), and only they may argue cases before a high court. and enrolling at the Architectural Association in London at the age of 35.
The title of the exhibition is taken, aptly, from Pope's Epistle to Burlington. In Sri Lanka, Bawa consulted the genius of a place whose climate and culture he knew intimately; when working abroad he proved adept at quickly developing a comparable understanding. Though best known for his hotels, Bawa brought his skills to a vast range of building types, from low-cost housing and rural buildings to Sri Lanka's magnificent Parliament building. He designed both Christian and Buddhist places of worship, and was honoured by the Aga Khan Aga Khan (ä`gä khän), the title of the religious leader and imam of the Ismaili Nizari sect of Islam, originally bestowed by the Persian shah Fath Ali on Hasan Ali Shah, 1800–1881, the 46th Ismaili imam, in 1818. Foundation for his lifetime contribution to the architecture of the Muslim world The term Muslim world (or Islamic world) has several meanings. In a cultural sense it refers to the worldwide community of Muslims, adherents of Islam. This community numbers about 1.5-2 billion people, about one-fourth of the world. . Some landmark buildings will be familiar to AR readers (AR February 1966, August 1970, April 1978, May 1983, November 1986, December 1995). The exhibition weaves these into a rich tapestry tapestry, hand-woven fabric of plain weave made without shuttle or drawboy, the design of weft threads being threaded into the warp with fingers or a bobbin. of other projects, like the classroom block for Bishop's College Bishop's College in Colombo, Sri Lanka was founded by the Church of England in Ceylon in February 1875.
Located in colombo 3,Sri lanka,It was one of the earliest mission schools of the Church of England in Ceylon. The college was first known as Bishopsgate School. (1960), the Mahaweli 'bioclimatic skyscraper' offices (1976) and the sublime sublime /sub·lime/ (sub-lim´) to volatilize a solid body by heat and then to collect it in a purified form as a solid or powder. Jayawardene House (1997) the last building Bawa completed before being paralysed by a stroke in 1998.
We are shown a man who educated himself through a lifetime of travel, fascinated equally by the architecture of all ages and instinctively in·stinc·tive
1. Of, relating to, or prompted by instinct.
2. Arising from impulse; spontaneous and unthinking: an instinctive mistrust of bureaucrats. absorbing the spatial essence of what he saw. His mature style combined apparently effortless ef·fort·less
Calling for, requiring, or showing little or no effort. See Synonyms at easy.
effort·less·ly adv. placemaking with a vast range of reference. It is informed not only by a Sri Lankan architectural tradition dating back to the sixth century BC but also by his knowledge of other parts of Asia, of ancient Rome Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. , Moorish Andalucia, Renaissance and Baroque Italy, the English picturesque and the twentieth-century legacies of Wright, Mies and Le Corbusier Le Corbusier (lə kôrbüzyā`), pseud. of Charles Édouard Jeanneret (shärl ādwär` zhänərā`), 1887–1965, French architect, b. La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. . We see him working with space as a sculptor might work with stone, starting with a design strategy that optimized the potential of the raw site, then carving his building out of the landscape and the air, responding as its character developed and the grain of the material was revealed.
The form of Bawa's buildings followed strictly from an analysis of functional requirements--though this may initially come as a surprise to someone viewing the extended plans of the Triton or Kandalama hotels. Crucially, however, his concept of the function of a hotel was formed by his experience as a traveller. From his earliest hotel schemes in the mid-1960s, Bawa saw their fundamental purpose was to communicate the beauty of a tropical landscape and the essence of an ancient culture to a person who might have journeyed half-way round the world to experience them. This was indeed a revolution in modern hotel design, a revolution that restored the guests, rather than the operator, to the heart of the architectural programme, and actively sought to complement and enhance the place they had come to see. His approach was to have a profound influence across the tropical world.
Arranged thematically in a layout that evokes courtyards and verandas, and amplified with colour, texture, film and sound, this show vividly communicates the work of a remarkable man. It was curated by David Robson, assisted by a team of Bawa's close associates, and is supported by an excellent catalogue--distilled by Robson from his own book Geoffrey Bawa: The Complete Works. There is one aspect that would have given Bawa particular delight, for he was adamant that architecture could not be explained and must be experienced directly: special tours of Sri Lanka have been planned by the exhibition team, showing his works in their true physical and cultural context.
I warmly recommend a trip to Frankfurt between now and 17 October, or to Sri Lanka between now and the end of time.
Bawa--Genius of the Place runs until 17 October at the Deutsches Architektur Museum in Frankfurt, www.dam-online.de