Balakrishanan: We have suggested measures to expedite various clearances.Byline: Infrastructure Today
Balakrishanan: We have suggested measures to expedite various clearances
India is heavily dependent on coal and to meet its energy requirements and as per one estimate the country will require about 2 billion tonne of coal per annum Per annum
Yearly. by the year 2030-31, which means a four to five fold jump from the current level of 450 million tonne. INFRASTRUCTURE TODY tody (tō`dē), common name for small (3–4 in./9–10 cm) West Indian birds of the family Todidae, comprising the single genus Todus. spoke exclusively to C Balakrishnan, Secretary to the Government of India The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government , Ministry of Coal, about the future course of action. Excerpts from the interview.
Blocks allotted al·lot
tr.v. al·lot·ted, al·lot·ting, al·lots
1. To parcel out; distribute or apportion: allotting land to homesteaders; allot blame.
2. to power companies have not been developed thereby leading to a lopsided lop·sid·ed
1. Heavier, larger, or higher on one side than on the other.
2. Sagging or leaning to one side.
3. picture of coal productivity. The power companies are meanwhile seeking coal linkages to ward off shortages. How do you plan to resolve this impasse?
The Ministry of Coal is monitoring the progress of development of the captive coal blocks and taking action to take back the blocks if the progress is not satisfactory on grounds squarely attributable to inaction on the part of the allocatee(s). The Ministry of Environment & Forests has been apprised of the need for expeditious ex·pe·di·tious
Acting or done with speed and efficiency. See Synonyms at fast1.
ex environmental and forestry clearances for the timely development of the captive blocks and augmenting domestic coal production. However, during the period the block is developed and rated capacity is achieved, tapering Tapering
Gradually reducing the amount of a drug when stopping it abruptly would cause unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
Mentioned in: Narcotics
n linkages are also being considered, on case to case basis, to help power generation. It needs to be noted that no power project is granted coal block and linkage at the same time. In case a power project having coal linkage gets a block allocated subsequently, the linkage gets tapered ta·per
1. A small or very slender candle.
2. A long wax-coated wick used to light candles or gas lamps.
3. A source of feeble light.
Why are private sector and public sector companies scouting for overseas mines when our coal mines lie unexplored?
Superior grade non-coking coal and coking coal are short in supply in the country. The efforts of the industry are mainly to secure assured supplies of the desired quality of coal. Coal is the lowest cost option for power generation and coking coal is a critical input for steel making. To secure the supplies and to improve our energy security it is important for the industry to be able to access coal resources from abroad as necessary. It is in this context that coal companies and other industries are encouraged to acquire coal properties abroad.
Why is Coal India asked to import coal on behalf of the private sector companies when it is not able to fulfill the demand laid down by the private companies? Is it not easier for the private companies to seek their own requirements?
In order to meet the projected demand under the New Coal Distribution Policy, CIL (Common Intermediate Language) The ECMA version of the Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL). See CLI.
1. (project) CIL - Component Integration Laboratories.
2. (language) CIL - Common Intermediate Language. , as the single largest national coal producer, has been mandated to supply the normative levels of coal. If the consumer's demand is more than the normative level of supply, he would need to import the balance requirement on his own. However, if CIL is unable to supply the normative requirements through indigenous sources, they would also have to import coal to make supplies up to the normative levels. Further, private companies are at liberty to import coal on their own and coal is already placed on the Open General License (OGL OGL Open GL (Programming API)
OGL Open Gaming License
OGL Online Gaming League
OGL Open General License
OGL Observer Group Lebanon (UN truce supervisory mission in southern Lebanon) ) list.
How do you plan to reduce the delay in getting environment clearance?
We are in constant touch with Ministry of Environment & Forests and have suggested certain measures for expediting the clearances. For example, to reduce the time period involved in the process of Environmental Clearance (EC), the issue of a two part model Terms of Reference Terms of reference allude to a mutual agreement under which a command, element, or unit exercises authority or undertakes specific missions or tasks relative to another command, element, or unit. Also called TORs. (TOR) for opencast adj. 1. same as opencut.
Adj. 1. opencast - (of mines and mining) worked from the exposed surface; "opencast mining"; "an opencut iron mine"
mining, excavation - the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth and underground mines, has been suggested with Part A consisting of the common project particulars and Part B with project specific details. State governments have been requested to expedite the holding of public hearings and reduce time delays in according their consent for forest land diversion etc. Similarly, for expediting forestry clearances efforts are being made to adhere to adhere to
verb 1. follow, keep, maintain, respect, observe, be true, fulfil, obey, heed, keep to, abide by, be loyal, mind, be constant, be faithful
2. the prescribed time schedules of 150 days for new approvals and 120 days for renewals. Improved coordination with the nodal Having to do with nodes. See node.
NODAL - Interpreted language implemented on Norsk Data's NORD-10 computers. Used by CERN and DESY high energy physics labs to control their accelerator hardware, PADAC and SEDAC. Included trackball input, graphics. officers at the state level has been felt necessary for expediting forestry clearances and coal companies have been advised to strengthen the coordination mechanism at their level with the respective state governments.
What steps are being taken to allow the coal producers to increase production beyond licensed limits if they could also make provisions for environment regulations as this could keep up the production to a targeted level in case of bottlenecks in certain plants?
A decision has been made that Ministry of Environment & Forests will consider extending environmental clearance (EC) for the peak production capacity of a mine and that coal companies would submit environment management plans accordingly so that any back references to MoEF for EC time and again can be avoided whenever there is a proposal for expansion up to the peak rated capacity.
What are the plans for enhancing underground mining for exploring deeper coal deposits?
The coal companies have drawn up an action plan for enhancing coal production from the underground mines by taking up new mines with better economies of scale and state of the art Longwall Technology, in association with global equipment manufacturers. Besides efforts are also on for mechanising the manual operations wherever feasible, deploying mechanised Adj. 1. mechanised - using vehicles; "motorized warfare"
mobile - moving or capable of moving readily (especially from place to place); "a mobile missile system"; "the tongue is...the most mobile articulator"
2. loading systems using Side Discharge Loaders (SDLs), Load Haul Dumpers (LHDs), belt conveyors, and deploying Continuous Miner technology etc. The revival of old or abandoned mines with the help of global players is also a major step under consideration in this direction.
Power producers are claiming that given the target in the eleventh plan and the twelfth plan the coal requirements will fall short. Please comment?
There are coal production capacity constraints and the efforts of the coal companies would need to be supplemented by other players. With this in view, a number of players have been permitted to take up coal mining within the existing legal framework. Group captive mining is also being encouraged. Once considerable production from the captive blocks commences, the demand/supply scenario will change significantly.
However, the estimated gap between demand and supply in the terminal year of the Eleventh Plan, 2011-12, is still 51 million tonne, which needs to be met through imports.
Since everybody is going green, what are the steps or initiatives taken by the ministry to make coal sector eco and environmental friendly?
It is mandatory to seek Environmental Clearance (EC) before commencing the coal mining operations. A number of mitigative measures are taken in conducting the mining operations in line with the EC and strict monitoring by local pollution control agencies guide the industry in containing the pollutants pollutants
see environmental pollution. within the prescribed limits. Plantation of trees on overburden o·ver·bur·den
tr.v. o·ver·bur·dened, o·ver·bur·den·ing, o·ver·bur·dens
1. To burden with too much weight; overload.
2. To subject to an excessive burden or strain; overtax.
1. dumps and reclamation of mined out areas is being done in a big way. The Ministry is shortly issuing guidelines for preparing Mine Closure Plans for adoption by mine owners which would help in completing the mining operations and handing over the reclaimed land back to the government. This would also shore up the credibility of the coal companies with the State Governments and the MoEF.
State of the art technologies are being adopted for increasing the percentage of extraction of reserves and conserving coal resources. Besides, CIL has declared 2009-10 as the Year of Environment in order to improve awareness and compliance of all environmental regulations etc. The power industry is already taking action for the increased use of washed thermal coal for power generation which is critical both from the environmental and economic points of view. CIL is establishing 19 new washeries within the next few years with a capacity of about 101 million tonne per annum, to enhance the availability of washed thermal coal. Concerted efforts are being made for the supply of consistent quality of coal by the producers.
New areas like Coal Bed Methane (CBM CBM Commodore Business Machines
CBM Coalbed Methane
CBM Christoffel Blindenmission
CBM Condition Based Maintenance
CBM Confidence-Building Measures
CBM Curriculum Based Measurement (education)
CBM Cubic Meter ) and Coal Mine Methane (CMM (Capability Maturity Model) A process developed by SEI in 1986 to help improve, over time, the application of an organization's supporting software technologies. ) are being pursued to extract energy resources, improve the safety of mining operations, particularly in the underground mines and for reducing emissions. Underground Coal Gasification Underground Coal Gasification (“UCG”) is a gasification process carried on in non-mined coal seams using injection and production wells drilled from the surface, which enables the coal to be converted into product gas. (UCG UCG United Church of God
UCG Underground Coal Gasification
UCG University College Galway
UCG Unified Communications Group (Microsoft)
UCG Universal Command Guide for Operating Systems (Guy Lotgering book) ) is also under focus to extract energy from deep seated coal deposits that are not workable using conventional means. The Ministry is also issuing guidelines for operationalisation of UCG projects in the country and also considering the allotment of a few blocks for this purpose.
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