Bacterial Vaginosis; Treatment.As with other vaginal infections, the primary goal in treating bacterial vaginosis (BV) is to relieve signs and symptoms of infection. All women with symptoms should be treated. In addition, treatment is important to reduce post-surgical complications.
BV is treated with antibiotics. The most common therapy is metronidazole, also known as Flagyl. It is available in oral (pill) form, or in a gel (MetroGel-Vaginal) that you insert into the vagina.
If your symptoms disappear with treatment, you don't have to see your health care professional again. One round of treatment usually works in about 75 percent of cases. However, BV frequently recurs, and can be chronic in some women. For recurrent BV, a more powerful antibiotic, such as clindamycin (Cleocin), available in oral and intravaginal form, may be prescribed.
Don't drink any alcohol while using metronidazole (either oral or vaginal) because it may make you nauseous and/or lead to severe vomiting. Also, if you're using intravaginal forms of clindamycin, the oil-based medication may weaken latex condoms or diaphragms. Clindamycin may also cause colitis, a potentially life-threatening infection of the colon.
Talk to your health care professional about this risk and be sure to alert him or her if you experience severe diarrhea, stomach cramping, or blood in your stool while taking clindamycin or within a few weeks of stopping it. Over-the-counter treatments available for some vaginal infections (Candidiasis candidiasis (kăn'dĭdī`əsĭs), infection of the mucous membranes caused by the fungus Candida albicans. Other terms for candidiasis are yeast infection, moniliasis (after a former name of the fungal genus), and thrush, the , or "yeast" infections) are NOT effective for BV.
While you're being treated for BV, you may be advised not to have sex; if you do have sex, your partner should wear condoms. Treating your male partner isn't necessary however, since studies find it doesn't help prevent another infection. Female partners may need treatment, however.
Treatment is more complicated for pregnant women. If you've previously delivered a premature infant, you should be tested for BV during your first prenatal visit. If you have the infection, you'll be treated in the earliest part of your second trimester of pregnancy.
Regardless of other risk factors for pre-term delivery, all symptomatic pregnant women should be tested and treated. However, most studies show no difference in risk of preterm delivery in asymptomatic women who don't get treated vs. those who get treated. Thus, pregnant women with asymptomatic BV don't require treatment.
In any case, pregnant women who are going to be screened should have this done during the first prenatal visit. Women at high risk for preterm delivery should be treated and re-evaluated one month after treatment. Pregnant women should be treated with oral rather than topical (intravaginal) medications.
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STD (Subscriber Trunk Dialing) Long distance dialing outside of the U.S. that does not require operator intervention. STD prefix codes are required and billing is based on call units, which are a fixed amount of money in the currency of that country. Facts: Vaginitis vaginitis
Inflammation of the vagina. The chief symptom is a whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge. Treatment depends on the cause: appropriate drugs for sexually transmitted diseases (often from Gardnerella bacteria or trichomonads) or yeast infections; estrogen cream for (Most Common Causes: Yeast Infection, Trichomonas, Bacterial Vaginosis)." Minnesota Department of Health. 2004. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service since 1973, with headquarters in Atlanta; it was established in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. National Prevention Information Network (NPIN NPIN Native Plant Information Network (Texas)
NPIN National Prevention Information Network (US CDC)
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Any of the rod-shaped, gram-positive (see gram stain) bacteria that make up the genus Lactobacillus. They are widely distributed in animal feeds, manure, and milk and milk products. Organisms and Bacterial Vaginosis. Saint Joseph Mercy Health System Mercy Health System is a non-profit health care provider and hospital based in Janesville, Wisconsin, with over 50 facilities in over 20 communities across a seven-county area including parts of Illinois. . Updated May 19, 2004. http://www.sjmercyhealth.org. Accessed September 2005.
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Keywords: bacterial vaginosis, bv, symptoms, symptoms of BV, treatment, treatment of bv, preterm delivery, pregnant women