BOTTLED WATER NO SAFER THAN TAP?Byline: Troy Anderson Staff Writer
Eleven brands of bottled water contain levels of chromium 6 that don't meet standards now under consideration by the state, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. tests released Wednesday by Los Angeles Los Angeles (lôs ăn`jələs, lŏs, ăn`jəlēz'), city (1990 pop. 3,485,398), seat of Los Angeles co., S Calif.; inc. 1850. County.
The county's Environmental Toxicology Bureau also released results of 990 tests of tap water at county government facilities, revealing that drinking water drinking water
supply of water available to animals for drinking supplied via nipples, in troughs, dams, ponds and larger natural water sources; an insufficient supply leads to dehydration; it can be the source of infection, e.g. leptospirosis, salmonellosis, or of poisoning, e.g. at some locations contains levels of chromium 6 and arsenic that would not meet state and federal standards under consideration.
``In a way, this confirms our fears about bottled water - that in some cases it's not better than what comes out of the tap,'' said Rep. Adam Schiff
Adam B. Schiff (born June 20 1960) is an American politician. He first served in the California State Senate. , D-Pasadena. ``People drink bottled water to avoid chromium 6, arsenic and lead, but now find there is no absolute safety in bottled water.''
Chromium 6, a cancer-causing chemical used in chrome plating Chromium plating solutions
There are two types of chromium plating: industrial and decorative. Industrial chromium plating is also referred to as Hard Chrome or Engineered Chrome. and aerospace manufacturing processes, was highlighted in the Oscar-nominated movie ``Erin Brockovich.'' It has been detected in water systems across the state, including the San Fernando San Fernando, city, Argentina
San Fernando (săn fərnăn`dō), city (1991 pop. 144,761), Buenos Aires prov., E Argentina. It is a district administrative center in the Greater Buenos Aires area. , Antelope and San Gabriel valleys.
Scientists agree the chemical is a known carcinogen carcinogen: see cancer.
Agent that can cause cancer. Exposure to one or more carcinogens, including certain chemicals, radiation, and certain viruses, can initiate cancer under conditions not completely understood. when inhaled, but disagree over safe limits when it is ingested in·gest
tr.v. in·gest·ed, in·gest·ing, in·gests
1. To take into the body by the mouth for digestion or absorption. See Synonyms at eat.
2. in water.
``There have been many public discussions recently regarding the carcinogens Carcinogens
Substances in the environment that cause cancer, presumably by inducing mutations, with prolonged exposure.
Mentioned in: Colon Cancer, Rectal Cancer ... chromium 6, arsenic and lead,'' Supervisor Michael D. Antonovich Michael Dennis Antonovich (born 1939 in Los Angeles, California) is a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors representing the Fifth District, which covers northern Los Angeles County, the Antelope, Santa Clarita, Pasadena, and parts of the San Fernando and San said. ``Scientific standards for the safe levels of these elements in our drinking water vary, and what is an acceptable level today may not be acceptable tomorrow.''
In the bottled water study conducted between November and May of 57 brands, the highest concentration of chromium 6 at 1.6 parts per billion was found in Classic Selection bottled water.
In 1999, the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard health hazard Occupational safety Any agent or activity posing a potential hazard to health. Cf Physical hazard. Assessment set a public health goal for chromium 6 of 0.2 ppb, but is now reconsidering that goal and is expected to release a new one in spring 2003.
``That represents a level of chromium 6 that would not be expected to pose any health threats to someone drinking two liters of water a day for 70 years,'' said Allan Hirsch, spokesman for the office. ``If you are only drinking water with that level occasionally, any risk would be a lot less.''
Tests of the bottled water for arsenic found 11 brands, or 19 percent, with levels above 1 ppb.
Vittel brand bottled water had the highest concentration of arsenic at 10.5 ppb. In January, the federal Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), independent agency of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution, noise pollution, and radiation and to ensure the safe handling and reduced the standard for arsenic to 10 ppb, but President George W. Bush put the order on hold and the EPA EPA eicosapentaenoic acid.
n.pr See acid, eicosapentaenoic.
n. later withdrew the lower standard and returned it to 50 ppb.
``I'm not going to say drink it or don't drink it,'' said Wasfy Shindy shin·dy
n. pl. shin·dies
1. A commotion; an uproar. Also called shindig.
2. See shindig.
[Perhaps alteration of shinny1. , deputy director of the county toxicology bureau, who led the county study. ``If the state has a public health goal and the bottled water exceeds that goal, I think people would have some concern. It's up to the public to decide what they want to do.''
Currently, the federal government allows 100 ppb for total chromium, the state allows 50 ppb for total chromium, and there are no standards set by either the state or federal governments for chromium 6.
With all the uncertainties, the report notes that no conclusions can be made about the safety of bottled water.
County Agricultural Commissioner Cato R. Fiksdal said it's clear the largest problem is the absence of uniform standards.
``We need to encourage the state and federal government to move as quickly as possible to set those standards so we know exactly what is safe and what isn't,'' Fiksdal said.
Tarzana resident Cornelia Hansen said the bottled water report shows the nation is ``run by greed.''
``If they can put one over on people, they will do it,'' she said. ``I'm suspicious of everything I read, eat and drink. One minute they say it's good for you. The next minute they say it's bad for you.''
Northridge resident Robert Ellsworth said he's always trusted city water.
``The only time I drink bottled water is when city water is not available,'' he said.
The report of water in 990 county government facilities found 412, or 42 percent, with levels of chromium 6 higher than 0.2 ppb, the state health goal. The highest levels were found in Lancaster, Arcadia, La Puente La Puente (lä pwĕn`tē), city (1990 pop. 36,955), Los Angeles co., S Calif., a suburb of Los Angeles; laid out 1841, inc. 1956. Primarily residential, the city manufactures hardware, electronics, and paper products. , Rosemead and Quartz Hill.
The report found 837 locations, or 84 percent, were contaminated contaminated,
v 1. made radioactive by the addition of small quantities of radioactive material.
2. made contaminated by adding infective or radiographic materials.
3. an infective surface or object. with arsenic at levels of 1 to 36.8 ppb, but none exceeding the current federal and state standard of 50 ppb. However, 10 facilities in Lancaster, Pomona and Hawaiian Gardens contained levels of arsenic exceeding the recently proposed federal standard of 10 ppm.
The report found 390 locations, or 39 percent, with levels of lead ranging from 1 to 9.37 ppb, but none exceeding the current federal and state standard of 50 ppb. County officials believe the lead contamination is due to pipe corrosion.
``I think the bottled water is a little bit better than tap water, but it varies where you live and where you get your water,'' Shindy said.
TESTING THE WATERS
Here are the results of the county's tests on 57 brands of bottled water.
These are the labels sampled that produced no detectable levels of any of the following: chromium, hexavalent chromium (Chromium 6), arsenic and lead:
A+ Natural Spring Water Ice Age
Aaron Springs Mountain Dairy
Albertson Drinking Water Mountain Dairy Spring Water
Albertson Natural Spring Mt. Shasta
Albertson Purified Water Naya
American Fore Palomar Mountain
Aquafina Ralphs purified water
Beech Nut Refreshe
Canada's Rokko Mountain
Crystal Lake Sahara
Dasani Sam's Choice
Deja Blue Snow Mountain
Gerber Spring Water Sparkletts Crystal Fresh
Glacier's Edge Springfield
Hawaii Swiss drinking water
High Sierra Vons purified water
These are the labels tested that had total chromium higher than 0.5 parts per billion, beginning with those that had the highest levels:
Classic Selection Pure American
Ironman Crystal Hill
Crystal Geyser Calistoga
Geyser geyser (gī`zər) [Icel.], hot spring from which water and steam are ejected periodically to heights ranging from a few to several hundred feet. Zilia
Ice Mountain Niagara
Castle Rock Spring Water Vons drinking water
These are the labels tested that had hexavalent chromium (chromium 6) higher than 0.25 parts per billion, beginning with those that had the highest levels:
Classic Selection Ice Mountain
Crystal Hill Great American
Aberfoyle Castle Rock Spring Water
Geyser Pure American
This label tested positive for arsenic higher than the proposed federal standard of 10 parts per billion:
TESTING THE WATERS (see text)
SOURCE: County of Los Angeles