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BELGIAN FORMULA WINS COMPETITION TO BECOME ENCRYPTION STANDARD.

NIST has named the Rijndael (pronounced Rhine-doll) data encryption formula as its choice for the nation's proposed new Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). The selection caps a 3 year international competition organized to develop a strong formula to protect sensitive information in federal computer systems. Many businesses are expected to use the AES as well. Rijndael was selected because it had the best combination of security, performance, efficiency, ease of implementation and flexibility.

Researchers from 12 different countries participated in the global competition. NIST invited the worldwide cryptographic community to "attack" the 15 candidate encryption formulas in an effort to break the codes. After narrowing the field down to five, NIST asked for intensified attacks on the finalists. Experts also evaluated the encoding formulas for factors such as security, speed and versatility.

The proposed selection of Rijndael as the AES will be announced formally in the Federal Register in several months, and NIST then will receive public comments on the draft Federal Information Processing Standard for 90 days. When approved by the spring of 2001, the AES will be a public algorithm designed to protect sensitive government information well into the 21st century. It will replace the aging Data Encryption Standard, which NIST adopted in 1977.
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Publication:Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Nov 1, 2000
Words:205
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