Australian national health board issues 5-year bans on any xenotransplantation trials using humans.Australia's national health advisory body has issued a 5-year ban on any clinical trials using animal cells and tissues to treat human disease, according to ABC ABC
in full American Broadcasting Co.
Major U.S. television network. It began when the expanding national radio network NBC split into the separate Red and Blue networks in 1928. Science Online.
The decision by the National Health and Medical Research Council The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is Australia's peak funding body for medical research, with a budget of nearly A$500M a year . The Council was established to develop and maintain health standards and is responsible for implementing the (NHMRC NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council ) follows a decision made by the same body earlier this year to impose a 5-year ban on trials into transplanting whole animal organs into humans.
The 2 bans involving humans and animal organs, tissues and cells effectively imposes a 5- year ban on 2 types of xenotransplantation xen·o·trans·plan·ta·tion
The surgical transfer of cells, tissues, or especially whole organs from one species to another.
xenotransplantation - animal cellular therapies and animal external therapies.
The chair of the NHMRC council Professor John Stine emphasized the ban will not stop basic research into xenotransplantation. "It doesn't impede research into this area in test tubes and animal-to-animal transplants. It just puts a moratorium on human clinical trials," Shine told ABC Science Online.
The decision to implement the bans was based on 2 factors, Shine said - the potential for creating a new type of human virus from subjecting human cells to animal viruses, and the fact that there is little evidence at this time of the efficacy of xenotransplantation.
Shine left the door open to the NHMRC changing its ruling if new evidence showed there was a clear benefit in a particular new treatment developed or evidence that a virus was not going to be created.
However, he added that it is his belief human stem cell research will prove to be successful in overtaking the need for xenotransplantation.
Professor Bernie Tuch, of Sydney's Prince of Wales Hospital
"No one has yet demonstrated that anyone can come off insulin by transplanting pig cells. But no-one has shown that embryonic stem cells or adult stem cells will reverse diabetes either," Tuch told ABD ABD
A candidate for a doctorate who has completed all the requirements for the degree, such as courses and examinations, with the exception of the dissertation.
[a(ll) b(ut) d(issertation).] Science Online. "That doesn't mean that people shouldn't carry out [xenotransplantation] research in a responsible and reasonable manner."