Printer Friendly

Artifacts and abnormalities: computer-aided densitometry requires skilled interpretation.

MIAMI -- Computer-assisted densitometry can help flag certain abnormalities, but it's probably not going to make its way into the pages of a "Densitometry for Dummies" guidebook.

In fact, the technology's accuracy is largely operator dependent, and its findings should be interpreted with caution, according to the conclusions of two posters presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry.

The technology, which uses a pattern-detecting software to analyze dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), requires that physicians ensure that patients are positioned properly, the correct scan mode is selected, and the region of interest is identified precisely during analysis. Operators must be able to identify structural pathology that can be associated with unusual elevations in bone mineral density, such as osteophytes, vertebral fractures, and osteoarthritis.

GE Medical Systems' recently released computer-assisted densitometry (CAD) software for its Lunar Prodigy device helps zero in on areas that require closer review by the interpreting physician. The system also flags atypical conditions having to do with the measurement, analysis, and vertebral anatomy. The software is also available on some other GE products, such as the Lunar DPX Bravo densitometer.

The other major manufacturer of densitometers, Hologic, offers a CADfx program to evaluate instant vertebral assessment exams for compression fractures. Unlike the GE program, Hologic software is intended only for use by physicians or DEXA readers, not as an aid for technician training.

Dr. Elliott N. Schwartz and Dee M. Steinberg compared the GE CAD software's interpretation with their own assessment of 71 spine scans and 35 bilateral femur scans. About two-thirds of the scans contained an abnormality, and one-third were normal. The two experienced densitometry reviewers agreed on their interpretations before learning the CAD findings. Neither Dr. Schwartz nor Ms. Steinberg have a conflict of interest regarding GE or the CAD software.

There was strong agreement between the experienced physicians and CAD, noted Dr. Schwartz, co-medical director, and Ms. Steinberg, bone density testing program manager at the Foundation for Osteoporosis Research and Education in Oakland, Calif.

In the spine study, the "blinded" users and the software agreed on 76%-86% of scans, depending on what was being evaluated, for example, whether the spine was centered, whether there was unusually high bone density, and whether the spine was curved.

In the femur study, there was a wider range of agreement, with 63%-97%, again depending on what was being evaluated--for example, the degree of shaft-pelvis separation, whether the area of interest was correctly identified, and whether borders between tissue types were accurately identified.

After reviewing the CAD results, the two experienced densitometry reviewers agreed with the software in 83%-92% of spine scans and 66%-97% of femur scans.

BY DAMIAN McNAMARA

Miami Bureau
COPYRIGHT 2004 International Medical News Group
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2004 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

 Reader Opinion

Title:

Comment:



 

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Clinical Rounds
Author:McNamara, Damian
Publication:Internal Medicine News
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 2004
Words:450
Previous Article:Forearm densitometry: room in primary care practice for BMD tests.
Next Article:Reverse sequence doesn't work: PTH followed by alendronate shows synergistic effect.
Topics:


Related Articles
New directions in interpretive test reporting.
Applied Imaging Corp. Announces Licensing Agreement With Cambridge University
FDA Approves First Ultrasound Bone Densitometer To Assist in the Diagnosis of Osteoporosis
Position Development Conference. (Special Article).
Research Shows Significant Increase in Lung Nodule Detection on Multidetector CT (MDCT) Exams with Use of R2 ImageChecker(R)CT Computer Aided...
R2 Technology and University of Chicago Announce License Agreement to Collaborate on Computer Aided Detection (CAD) Workstation; Exclusive Deal...
Official positions of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry.
Research Finds Use of R2's Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) Technology Significantly Improves Detection of Lung Nodules; Four Abstracts Presented at...
R2 Technolgy Awarded Five-Year Federal Supply Schedule Contract With U.S. Government; Leader in Computer Aided Detection (CAD) to Provide...
Synarc, Inc. Names Eric von Stetten Vice President of Densitometry Services.

Terms of use | Copyright © 2014 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters