Architects question WTC plans.
The six urban design approaches and concept plans presented by the Lower Manhattan Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. Lower Manhattan is generally defined as the area delineated on the north by Chambers Street, on the west by the Hudson River (North Development Corporation and the Port Authority represent a very good starting point Noun 1. starting point - earliest limiting point
terminus a quo
commencement, get-go, offset, outset, showtime, starting time, beginning, start, kickoff, first - the time at which something is supposed to begin; "they got an early start"; "she knew from the for public discussion about the rebuilding process. The New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Chapter of the American Institute of Architects The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States. Organized in 1857, the Institute conducts various activities and programs to support the profession and enhance its public image, including periodically awarding the AIA participated in these discussions since last October as a founding participant in New York New Visions, a pro bono Short for pro bono publico [Latin, For the public good]. The designation given to the free legal work done by an attorney for indigent clients and religious, charitable, and other nonprofit entities. coalition of 21 architecture, engineering, planning, and design organizations. The AIA AIA - Application Integration Architecture New York Chapter recognizes the extraordinary effort that went into the preparation and explanation of the six options that indicate significantly different ways of looking at the memorial to those who perished at the World Trade Center.
Questions raised by New York New Visions in regard to the six options include:
* Is the program of 11 million SF of office space and 600,000 SF of commercial space based on a comprehensive economic and land use analysis?
* Is each concept site plan integrated with coordinated transportation plans and needs?
* How does each concept plan integrate with the neighborhood, with Manhattan and with the region? Are these truly comprehensive master plans?
* How does each concept plan integrate with the memorial process?
* Did the architects and planners working with the Port Authority and LMDC LMDC Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (New York City, NY, USA)
LMDC Lake Merritt Dance Center (Oakland, California)
LMDC Logistics Management Development Course
LMDC Laser Motion & Development Company consider a sufficiently broad range of urban planning urban planning: see city planning.
Programs pursued as a means of improving the urban environment and achieving certain social and economic objectives. solutions? Are there really six schemes or is there one scheme with six variations?
These are not merely rhetorical questions but suggest areas of further discussion and analysis. The differences between the six options are truly significant in regard to aspects of surface transportation, vehicular and pedestrian movement, and the disposition of open space on the 16-acre site. This is commendable given the importance of these plan elements and the statement made that such design components are potentially interchangeable elements leading to other schemes with different configurations.
Significant elements, however, are missing from the options. Missing from all six concept plans are significant variations in the location of inter-modal public transit connections. Missing from all six options is consideration of on-site location of housing.
Missing from all six approaches is the recognition that building less than 11 million SF of office space on site is justifiable both from an urban design perspective, as well as from that of a qualitative approach to building design.
There are important differences among the plans that provide a basis for ongoing discussion and development of the core ideas. The questions raised are as meaningful in this regard as are the answers:
* Why not more vehicular streets?
* Why not consider building commercial office space above West Street?
* Why not show housing as part of a mixed-use development Mixed-use development refers to the practice of allowing more than one type of use in a building or set of buildings. In planning zone terms, this can mean some combination of residential, commercial, industrial, office, institutional, or other land uses. on-site?
* Does the memorial location become an isolated parcel or is it incorporated in the site planning Site planning in landscape architecture and architecture refers to the organizational stage of the landscape design process. It involves the organization of land use zoning, access, circulation, privacy, security, shelter, land drainage, and other factors. ?
* Are pedestrian streets intended for daytime shoppers or for enhancement of the 24-hour, 7-day urban vitality stressed in the LMDC blueprint?
These questions indicate that the public participation in the planning process does not begin and end with a town hall meeting. Continuing input on economic development issues, urban design quality, building height, and site coverage is essential and can offer additional options.
We call upon the Port Authority, the LMDC, and their professional advisors to continue their commendable efforts and to produce additional concepts and approaches that respond to these concerns.