Sports can provide physical activity and recreation that yield psychological and physical benefits. Potential benefits include improvement of mood-state, reduction of anxiety and depression, increased self-esteem, improved perceived health and long-term reduced risk of many chronic diseases.
The number of people with disabilities who engage in sports and other physical activities has increased dramatically in the past decade, due to the growing field of assistive sports equipment. There are national and international sports associations, and organized competitions for persons with disabilities are now commonplace for many different sports. Whether for competition or simply recreation, the sports equipment market is overflowing with devices to get fans off the sidelines and into the sports arena.
Sports equipment of any kind is designed with the user's safety in mind, but it must be fitted and employed properly. Questions about the type or model of equipment that will be fun and safe should be directed to the product manufacturers, the appropriate sports organization (see the Directory of National Recreation Organizations, June 1993), a prosthetist Prosthetist
A health care professional who is skilled in making and fitting artificial parts (prosthetics) for the human body.
Mentioned in: Rehabilitation
prosthetist or therapist.
Swimming and other water activities are used in rehabilitation rehabilitation: see physical therapy. and physical therapy to promote good muscle tone, lung capacity, flexibility and overall fitness without causing undue pressure on joints or bones. Aquatic activity can be fun and relaxing, and learning to float or swim can lead to participation in other aquatic sports. For advanced swimmers, there are local, national and international competitions.
Flotation devices are designed to keep either a person's entire body or specific parts of the body afloat. Most flotation aids are made of vinyl-coated soft flotation foam with adjustable straps to attach around arms, legs, the torso, the head or the neck. Sizes are based on the user's weight. Flotation devices are good for persons with some head and neck control and to help compensate for uneven weight distribution. In addition to helping a person maintain a horizontal floating position, some models will maintain vertical positions in the water for walking/gait exercises and for games such as water polo water polo, swimming game encompassing features of soccer, football, basketball, and hockey. The object of the game is to maneuver, by head, feet, or hand, a leather-covered ball 27 to 28 in. .
Swimming aids take a variety of forms, including rings, harnesses, platforms, belts and bars. Platforms generally allow free movement of the head, arms and legs while providing buoyancy buoyancy (boi`ənsē, b`yən–), upward force exerted by a fluid on any body immersed in it. Buoyant force can be explained in terms of Archimedes' principle. to the swimmer. Harnesses may or may not have head and neck supports and are designed to maintain the body in a usual swim position. Flotation bars consist of flotation rings or balls at either end of a plastic bar which the swimmer can grab for kicking exercises or place under the thighs or arms for resting positions.
A pool lift transfers people with mobility disabilities into a swimming pool. Models vary according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the hoisting and lowering mechanism (hydraulic, drive or geared lifting mechanisms), whether they are portable or permanent models, whether the lift is self- or attendantoperated and whether the model is geared toward institutional or residential use. Different models are designed for deck-level pools, above-ground pools or both. Maximum weight capacities vary from 250 to 400 pounds. Transfer seats may be sling or chair types and most have belt or safety strap options. Some models are available with head, chest or adjustable leg supports.
Other pool access equipment includes portable or permanent stainless steel stainless steel: see steel.
Any of a family of alloy steels usually containing 10–30% chromium. The presence of chromium, together with low carbon content, gives remarkable resistance to corrosion and heat. ramps with handrails for aided ambulatory or amphibious am·phib·i·ous
1. Biology Living or able to live both on land and in water.
2. Able to operate both on land and in water: amphibious tanks.
3. wheelchair entry into the water and pool steps descending from a transfer bench or chair for wheelchair users with sufficient upper body strength to ease down each stair.
A stainless steel rail fence can be installed in a pool to limit the swimming area. Removable parallel bars parallel bars
Event in men's gymnastics in which a pair of wooden bars supported horizontally above the floor at the same height is used to perform acrobatic feats. Competitors combine swings and vaults with stationary positions requiring strength and balance, though swings can make moving around in the water easier. Movable swimming pool floors, operated by a hydraulic lift, and underwater platforms are other options for making swimming pools accessible to persons with disabilities.
This article has been adapted from ABLEDATA Fact Sheet, number 15, December 1992, entitled Aquatic Sports and Recreation Equipment. ABLEDATA is located at the National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC NARIC National Rehabilitation Information Center
NARIC National Academic Recognition Information Centre (UK) ). NARIC is a library and information center of disability and rehabilitation. NARIC collects and disseminates the results offederally funded research projects and manages the REHABDATA bibliographic database For computer programs to manage an individual's bibliographic references, see Reference management software
A bibliographic or library database is a database of bibliographic information. which contains citations and descriptions of the material in the collection.
For copies of the fact sheet (single copies are free) or more information, contact ABLEDATA, 8455 Colesville Rd., Suite 935, Silver Spring, Md. 20910-3319, (800) 227-0216 or (301) 588-9284 or call ABLE INFORM, an electron c BBS (1) (Bulletin Board System) A computer system used as an information source and forum for a particular interest group. They were widely used in the U.S. , at (301) 589-3563 with the modern settings 2400 baud baud (bôd, bōd), measure of the rate at which signals are transmitted over a telecommunications link. It is equivalent to the number of elements or pulses transmitted in one second, e.g. , 8N-1. Both ABLEDATA and NARIC are funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) is a United States governmental institution that provides leadership and support for a comprehensive program of research related to the rehabilitation of individuals with disabilities. (NlDRR), with contracts numbers HN92026001 and HN90028001, respectively. Both are operated by Macro International, Inc.