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What is apprenticeship?

Apprenticeship is a relationship between an employer and an employee during which the worker, or apprentice, learns a trade. The training lasts a specified length of time. An apprenticeship covers all aspects of the trade and includes both on-the-job training and related instruction. For example, apprentice auto mechanics learn how to repair automotive equipment, how the various systems are designed, how to diagnose malfunctions, how to use the principal tools and test equipment found in an automotive shop, pertinent safety precautions, and cleanup of tools and work areas.

Related instruction generally takes place in a classroom. The teaching covers the techniques of the trade and also the theory behind the techniques. It includes detailed discussion of how typical tasks are performed and the safety precautions that must be taken. Classes, which are taught by experienced craftworkers and other skilled persons, require the study of trade manuals and educational materials. Classes can be scheduled during the day or in the evening.

Apprenticeships usually last about 4 years but range from 1 to 6 years. During this time, apprentices work under experienced workers known as journey workers--the status they will attain after successfully completing their apprenticeships. Under the journey worker's guidance, the apprentice gradually learns the mechanics of the trade and performs the work under less and less supervision.

Apprentices are employees. Generally, an apprentice's pay starts out at about half that of an experienced worker and increases periodically throughout the apprenticeship. Many programs are cosponsored by trade unions that offer apprentices union membership.

The sponsor of an apprenticeship program plans, administers, and pays for the program. Sponsors can be employers or employer associations and sometimes involve the union. When an apprentice is accepted into a program, he or she and the sponsor sign an apprenticeship agreement. The apprentice agrees to perform the work faithfully and complete the related study, and the sponsor agrees to make every effort to keep the apprentice employed and to comply with standards established for the program.

The National Apprenticeship act of 1937 (the Fitzgerald Act) authorized the Secretary of Labor to work with State apprenticeship agencies, the Department of Education, and representatives of labor and management to protect the welfare of apprentices. This Act also promotes the establishment of apprenticeship programs.

Apprenticeship programs are commonly registered with the Federal Government or a federally approved State apprenticeship agency. Currently 27 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virginia Islands have apprenticeship agencies. In other States, the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training (BAT) oversees the apprenticeship functions.

Registered programs meet federally approved standards relating to job duties, related instruction (a minimum of 144 hours a year is recommended), wages, and safety and health conditions. Apprentices who successfully complete registered programs receive certificates of completion from the U.S. Department of Labor or a federally approved State apprenticeship agency. Registered programs offer apprenticeships in over 830 occupations. The list accompanying this article provides an indication of the range of occupations available. In recent years apprenticeships have even been initiated in public service occupations such as firefighting, law enforcement, and emergency medical care.

Apprentices are in registered programs sponsored jointly by employers and labor unions or operated by employer/employer associations. The administrative body in such programs is called an apprenticeship and Training Committee. Representing the union, management or management, the Apprenticeship Committee reviews applications for pprenticeships and interviews applicants. The Committee also consults with the State apprenticeship council and with regional representatives of BAT concerning Federal apprenticeship standards, equal employment opportunity, safety and similar matters.

Registered apprenticeship programs meet standards pproved by the U.S. Department of Labor. Graduates of registered programs increase their potential job mobility because employers have greater confidence in the quality of the training received in registered programs.

Why Apprenticeship?

All of the arguments for learning a skilled trade apply to apprenticeship: A skill sets craftworkers apart from other workers, is satisfying and rewarding, and is a marketable asset. But why learn a trade through apprenticeship instead of through some other method? Among other reasons, apprenticeship gives workers versatility by teaching them all aspects of a trade. It helps them learn to work with different kinds of people in an actual working situation. It familiarizes them with the overall picture of a company's operation and organization. Generally, an organized program of apprenticeship can earn graduates recognition as skilled workers and can ensure them good jobs with good pay.

A study of apprenticeship graduates and other craftworkers in six cities concluded that "apprenticeship training gives construction [craftworkers] considerable advantage over those trained by informal means." Apprenticeship graduates in the study were more educated, worked more steadily, learned their trades faster, and were more likely to be supervisors than nonapprenticed craftworkers. The same study showed that apprenticeship produced better skilled, more productive, and safer craftworkers.

Apprenticeship graduates also experienced less unemployment than craftworkers trained in informal ways, since employers retain better skilled workers and often specifically request them for a job.

Because of the advantages of apprenticeships, the competition for selection is high. However, the work can be technically hard and physically demanding. Apprentices must show they are learning the trade or may be dropped during the probationary period. Beginning apprentices may feel their work is menial or boring. And more advanced apprentices may feel that their pay is less than what they could earn elsewhere with their skills.

Women face many unique obstacles to apprenticeship--traditionally a male domain. Although more women are entering apprenticeship programs and being accepted by their male peers, many feel they are breaking into a man's world. Women and minorities have to contend with the stereotyped attitudes of many of their coworkers. For example, men often try to protect women from heavy or dirty work, believing that women are too frail or delicate to handle it. On the other hand, some men make work even harder for women because the men feel that women don't belong in the trade. A study of apprenticeship programs in Wisconsin concluded: "The barrier to women is not the difficult or dirty nature of some of the jobs, but the breaking of a taboo and the treading onto a territory that has remained the preserve of its male initiates."

The Department of Labor recently introduced a Secretary's Initiative to Improve Employment Opportunities for Women in the Skilled Trades. This is a multifaceted departmental initiative to help women gain access to the skilled trades. It involves the cooperative efforts of BAT, the Women's Bureau, and the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs. Through the initiative, the Department hopes to remove the barriers prohibiting women from entering, and competing in, the skilled trades. The major components are enforcement, education and technical assistance, recruitment and retention.

Selecting a Trade

When deciding what trade to enter, prospective apprentices should consider such factors as the vocational characteristics of the different trades, their qualifications as applicants, and the market for jobs in the geographic area in which they would serve an apprenticeship. Counselors can help applicants find out about the trades, test them to evaluate their abilities, and inform them about the job market in their local area. But applicants must decide for themselves what they would be best at, what they would enjoy doing the most, and what they would stick with for the duration of an apprenticeship.

Although there are many apprenticeable occupations, not all are available in all areas of the country. Some areas offer only certain types of apprenticeship. For example, in the District of Columbia most apprenticeships are in the construction industry because there is little local industry to support the industrial trades. In fact, throughout the country, construction accounts for well over half of the registered apprentices, as shown in the accompanying table.

When exploring occupations, one should consider the working conditions of each. Does the work require stamina, as in iron-working or sheetmetal work? Does it require moving from job to job, as in construction, or wearing special clothing, as in insulation work? Is it monotonous? Is it clean (as is electrical work) or dirty (as is automotive maintenance)? What are the special safety and health hazards?

The characteristics of the particular apprenticeship program should also be examined. What training facilities are available? What is the work environment? What kinds of related instruction are given? Does the program have mandatory classroom work or does it require apprentices to complete homestudy lessons and pass periodic examinations? What does it cost for books and tools? Most program sponsors provide study materials, but often apprentices must purchase standard manuals, such as those used by electricians. Also, apprentice mechanics are frequently required to supply their own basic tools. Is union membership required? If so, when is it offered to apprentices and are they charged reduced union dues? Does the program offer dual enrollment in a community college through which an associate degree could be earned while completing an apprenticeship? Finally, is the apprenticeship program registered with the Federal or State government? This question is significant since registration indicates that the program is likely to be of high quality.

After examining the trades, prospective apprentices should ask themselves some important questions: What do they like to do? Where do they like to work? Are they good at close work or would they rather work with
 More than 80 percent of all
 apprentices are in these
Number of Occupation
 1990 (1)
Electrician 37,033
Carpenter 27,206
Plumber 12,965
Pipe fitter (any industry) 11,772
Sheet metal worker 11,061
Electrician, maintenance 6,892
Machinist 6,456
Took-and-die maker 5,548
Roofer 5,539
Firefighter 5,281
Bricklayer (construction) 5,058
Cook (hotel and restaurant) 5,007
Structural-steel worker 4,464
Painter 4,349
Operating engineer 3,779
Correction officer 3,636
Maintenance mechanic (any industry) 3,445
Electronics mechanic 3,310
Automobile mechanic 3,024
Millwright 2,797
Construction-equipment mechanic 2,589
Police officer I 2,512
Airframe and power plant mechanic 2,302
Diesel mechanic 2,228
Electrician, airplane 2,246
Insulation worker 1,815
Welder, combination 1,735
Line maintainer 1,696
Refrigeration mechanic (any industry) 1,518
Cement mason 1,515
Boilermaker I 1,405
installer-servicer 1,349
Fire medic 1,325
Line erector 1,317
Cook (any industry) 1,312
Tool maker 1,249
Radio station operator 1,179
Car repairer (railroad) 1,137
Stationary engineer 1,093
Telegraphic-typewriter operator 1,073
 (1) Only apprentices whose registration is recorded on the
automated data collection system are counted; these are
roughly 70 percent of all apprentices. Data are not
included for some States, such as California, and data from
other States may be incomplete.

less detail? What are their qualifications? Do they have a high school diplima? Are their reasons for wanting to enter an apprenticeship good enough to satisfy the committee that will interview them? Most importantly, are they willing to commit themselves to working, studying and completing the term of an apprenticeship?

Qualifying for a Program

The process of qualifying for an apprenticeship program can be brief or long, depending on the individual's qualifications and the requirements and schedules of the different programs. Special programs, discussed in more detail below, provide tutoring and counseling to those who need help in qualifying.

Having a close relative in the trade used to be an advantage in competing for an apprenticeship. Having a skilled craftworker in the family may help an applicant find out about openings. But, under law, all applicants must be qualified to enter registered programs and be treated equally during the selection process without regard to race, religion, color, sex, or national origin.

The requirements. Generally, program sponsors look for prospective apprentices who have the mechanical and mental abilities to master the techniques and technology of a trade. Therefore, sponsors set qualification standards that applicants must meet. Federal regulations require that apprentices be selected on the basis of objective and specific standards.

Requirements vary from trade to trade, program to program, and plan to plan. However, they usually cover four factors: Age, education, aptitude, and physical condition. For example, an applicant may be required to pass an aptitude test, hold a high school diploma, meet an age requirement, pass occupationally essential physical requirements, have acceptable school grades, have work experience in a similar field, and be interviewed. Other programs may have more specific requirements, such as a driver's license or the ability to work with a team.

In accordance with child labor laws, the minimum allowable age for an apprentice is 16 years; however, most programs set the minimum age for entry at 18 because company insurance policies frequently cover only workers 18 and over. Some programs have maximum age requirements and these are subject to provisions of individual State laws on age discrimination. Federal standards do not require upper age limits and BAT discourages sponsors from including such provisions. Where such limits exist, the maximum age for veterans is higher because at least part of their time in the service can be subtracted from their age.

The minimum level of education required also varies. Most programs require entrants to have a high school diploma or its equivalent. Regardless of the level of education required, apprentices need a firm grounding in reading, writing and mathematics--all basic to the skilled trades. Courses in shop math, drafting, physics, and other courses related to the technical and mechanical trades are also highly recommended.

The educational attainment of apprentices has been climbing steadily. The number of apprentices with some college education has increased. Unable to find suitable jobs in their own fields, college graduates have turned increasingly to the skilled trades for work. This movement has put the high school graduate at somewhat of a disadvantage when competing for apprenticeship openings. College graduates are at times more sought after by program sponsors because of their potential for management responsibility. However, the high school graduate with a vocational education may have taken more relevant courses in high school and may show more sincere interest during an interview. Also, some employers prefer to hire high school graduates in the belief that these workers are more likely than college graduates to make a skilled trade their lifetime vocation.

Vocational schools can help people prepare for apprenticeship. Although they don't provide on-the-job experience, they do make students familiar with materials in the shop, techniques of the craft, and safety practices. Also, advanced standing is sometimes granted to entering apprentices who have attended vocational school. This training could result in a shortened apprenticeship or a higher starting wage.

A growing number of schools are participating in school-to-apprenticeship linkage programs. High school students in these programs go to school part time and work as apprentices part time. Upon graduation, they are expected to continue with their sponsor as full-time apprentices, eventually reaching journey worker status.

Most programs require good general health as proven and documented by a physician's examination. General physical factors, such as health history, family health and stamina, are discussed during the interview. Sometimes, specific levels of physical abilities are required to do such things as close, detailed work. By law, physical size can no longer eliminate an applicant from consideration unless the sponsor can prove that size would prevent the applicant from learning the trade or doing the work. For example, some apprenticeship programs for law enforcement officers have a minimum height requirement. Also, some tasks--such as railroad work--require great physical strength and stamina. Physical handicaps that would not interfere with a person's performance on the job are not grounds for disqualifying an applicant.

The interview. All applications are reviewed by the sponsor to make sure applicants have fulfilled the general requirements. If they have, the Joint Apprenticeship Committee or the administrative body representing the sponsor will interview each applicant.

At the interview, a group of about four people will ask questions regarding the applicant's physical health, interest in the trade and attitude toward the type of work that would be performed by the apprentice. Personal traits such as aggressiveness and sincerity are also noted. Questions such as these may be asked: Do you like to work with your hands? What makes you think you'd be a good craftworker? Do you know that the work is hard? Interviewers want to know if applicants are qualified, but the oral examination also helps them to determine whether applicants would commit themselves to the work and whether they would be persistent enough to finish the program.

After the interview, the committee rates the applicant numerically, based on his or her qualifications and the interview. This rating determines the applicant's place on the register, or waiting list, for apprenticeship openings. Individuals who want to move up on a register may improve their rating by increasing the level of their qualifications through continued coursework. If applicants think they were unfairly rated, they can request another interview or another review of their application by the committee.

Although there is no set of questions that interviewers must ask, records of interviews are kept, including brief summaries of specific factors covered such as motivation, ambition, and willingness to accept direction. These records are required of registered programs and help the committee members review their notes and explain ratings to applicants.

Getting In

Getting on a register is a major step toward apprenticeship, but it's only halfway there. The other half is being placed in a program. The wait on a register can last months or years, depending on the number of qualified applicants and the number of openings.

Openings for new apprentices occur usually only once or twice a year. Therefore, qualified applicants should be prepared for a long wait between referrals. However, usually more than one program per trade operates in an area and different programs may recruit at different times during the year. Trades with seasonal needs for workers, such as construction, may recruit only during the warmer months. The service and manufacturing industries, on the other hand, can recruit any time during the year because they are not usually affected by the weather.

Apprenticeship Opportunities. About 100,000 new apprentices are registered each year. At anyone point in time during a year approximately 350,000 individuals participate in about 43,000 registered apprenticeship programs. Over 22 percent of the apprentices are minorities and over 7 percent are women.

The more populated areas have larger numbers of applications, but often have enough industry to support more apprentices. So, although the less populated areas may have less competition for openings, they may not support as many apprentices.

Openings. The availability of apprenticeships in an area depends on three major elements: (1) economic conditions, (2) the willingness of employers to train skilled craftworkers, and (3) new technology.

As economic conditions change, so does the demand for skilled workers. When employment is high and construction and industrial production are booming, more skilled workers are needed and more apprentices must be trained to help fill the need. When economic conditions are bad, apprenticeships are scarce.

Where to Go for Help

Many organizations--such as labor unions, employer associations and public agencies--can provide information about apprenticeships. Special programs are available to help people qualify for an apprenticeship and to encourage special groups to apply.

The Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training (BAT) and State apprenticeship councils are designed primarily to help sponsors. Their addresses are listed at the end of this article.

People who live in areas not served by any of these sources can go directly to a Joint Apprenticeship Committee or other program sponsors for information about specific programs. For more general information, they can contact regional BAT offices in nearby areas by mail, their school counselor, or a local Job Service office.

Special Programs. Many special programs promote apprenticeship to disadvantage groups and to other people previously not encouraged to apply for apprenticeship openings. These outreach programs are sponsored by concerned groups and labor organizations to provide information, tutoring, counseling, and other services that help prepare people for entry into apprenticeship programs. General programs are designed to help large groups, such as members of minority groups and women. Others pinpoint specific subgroups such as women in a certain location or trade.

Outreach counselors give applicants such information as when programs are recruiting, what the eligibility requirements are, what information the applicant must have on file with the office, and where and when tutoring will begin for preparing to take qualifying examinations. Tutoring sessions last from 1 to 8 weeks with the average applicant attending 2 weeks of sessions. Session leaders discuss how to take and pass examinations. They also counsel and prepare applicants for the interview. Special subjects--such as basic math, reading, or mechanical reasoning--may also be offered.

In today's highly technical world, apprenticeship--whether in industry, commerce, or public service--is still one of the best ways to acquire the occupational skills required for full qualification in an ever-increasing number of career fields.

This article provides some general information about apprenticeships. To find out about specific requirements of local programs, potential applicants should contact local sources of information. To find out about these programs, individuals should check local directories or contact their local Employment Service office.
Apprenticeable Occupations
Occupational title Term in years
Accordian maker 4
Acoustical carpenter 4
Actor (amusement and recreation) 2
Air and hydronic balance technician 3
Air-conditioning mechanic
 (automotive services) 1
Air-conditioning installer, window 3
Aircraft mechanic, armament 4
Aircraft mechanic, electrical 4
Aircraft mechanic, plumb and
 hydraulics 4
Aircraft-armament mechanic (govern-
 ment services) 4
 mechanic 4
Airframe and power plant mechanic 4
Airplane coverer (aircraft) 4
Airplane inspector 3
Alarm operator (government services) 1
Alteration tailor 2
Ambulance attendant (EMT) 1
Animal trainer (amusement and
 recreation) 2
Architectural coatings finisher 3
Arson and bomb investigator 2
Artificial-glass-eye maker 5
Artificial-plastic-eye maker 5
Asphalt-paving machine operator 3
Assembler-installer, general 2
Assembler, aircraft, power 2
Assembler, aircraft, structures 4
Assembler, electromechanical 4
Assembler, metal building 2
Assembly technician 2
Assistant press operator 2
Audio operator 2
Audio-video repairer 2
Auger press operator, manual control 2
Automobile cooling system diagnostic
 technician 2
 servicer 4
Automobile-radiator mechanic 2
Automated equipment
 engineer-technician 4
Automatic-equipment technician
 (telephone and telegraph) 4
Automobile mechanic 4
Automobile tester (automotive
 services) 4
Automobile upholsterer 3
Automobile-body repairer 4
Automobile-repair-service estimator 4
 repairer 2
Aviation safety equipment technician 4
Aviation support equipment repairer 4
Avionics technician 4
Baker (bakery products) 3
Baker (hotel and restaurant) 3
Baker, pizza (hotel and restaurant) 1
Bakery-machine mechanic 3
Bank-note designer 5
Barber 2
Bartender 1
Batch-and-furnace operator 4
Battery repairer 2
Beekeeper (agriculture and agricultural
 service) 4
Ben-day artist 6
Bench hand (jewelry) 2
Bindery worker 4
Bindery-machine setter 4
Biomedical equipment technician 4
Blacksmith 4
Blocker-and-cutter, contact lens 1
Boatbuilder, wood 4
Boiler operator (any industry) 4
Boilerhouse mechanic 3
Boilermaker fitter 4
Boilermaker I 4
Boilermaker II mechanic 3
Book binder 5
Bootmaker, hand 1
Bracelet and brooch maker 4
Brake repairer (automotive services) 2
Bricklayer (brik and tile) 4
Bricklayer, firebrick and refractory tile 4
Bricklayer (construction) 3
Brilliandeer-lopper (jewelry) 3
Butcher, all-round 3
Butcher, meat (hotel and restaurant) 3
Buttermaker (dairy products) 2
Cabinetmaker 4
Cable installer-repairer 3
Cable splicer 4
Cable television installer 1
Cable tester (telephone and telegraph) 4
Calibration laboratory technician 4
Camera operator 3
Camera repairer 2
Canal-equipment mechanic 2
Candy make 3
Car repairer (railroad locomotive and car
 building) 4
Carburetor mechanic (automotive
 services) 4
Card cutter, jacquard 4
 Crd grinder (asbestor products) 4
Carpenter 4
Carpenter, maintenance 4
Carpenter, mold 6
Carpenter, piledriver 4
Carpenter, rought 4
Carpenter, ship (ship and boat building
 and repairing) 4
Carpet cutter (retail trade) 1
Carpet layer 3
Cartoonist, motion picture 3
Carver, hand 4
Cash-register servicer 3
Casing-in-line setter (printing and
 publishing) 4
Casket assembler 6
Caster (jewelry) 2
Caster (nonferrous metal alloys and
 primary products) 2
Cell maker (chemicals) 1
Cement mason 2
Central-office installer (telephone and
 telegraph) 4
Central-office repairer 4
Chaser (jewelry; silverware) 4
Cheesemaker 2
Chemical operator III 3
Chemical-engineering technician 4
Chemical-laboratory technician 4
Chief of party (professional and kindred) 4
Chief operator (chemicals) 3
Child care development specialist 2
Chimney repairer 1
Clarifying-plant operator (textiles) 1
Cloth designer 4
Coin-machine-service repairer 3
Colorist, photography 2
Commercial designer 4
Complaint inspector (light, heat, and power) 4
Composing-room machinist 6
Compositor 4
Computer programmer 2
Computer-peripheral-equipment-operator 1
Construction-equipment-mechanic 4
Contour wire specialist, denture 4
Conveyor-maintenance mechanic 2
Cook (any industry) 2
Cook (hotel and restaurant) 3
Cook, pastry (hotel and restaurant) 3
Cooling tower technician 2
Coppersmith (ship and boat building and
 repairing) 4
Coremaker 4
Cork insulator, refrigeration plant 4
Correction officer 1
Corrosion-control fitter 4
Cosmetologist 2
Counselor 2
Cupola tender 3
Custom tailor (garment) 4
Customer service representative 3
Cutter, machine I 3
Cylinder grinder (printing and publishing) 5
Cylinder-press operator 4
Dairy equipment repairer 3
Dairy technologist 4
Decorator (any industry) 4
Decorator (glass manufacturing) 4
Dental assistant 1
Dental ceramist 2
Dental-equipment installer and servicer 3
Dental-laboratory technician 3
Design and patternmaker (boot and shoe) 2
Design drafter, electromechanisms 4
Detailer 4
Diamond selector (jewelry) 4
Dictating-transcribing-machine servicer 3
Die designer 4
Die finisher 4
Die maker (jewelry) 4
Die maker (paper goods) 4
Die maker, bench, stamping 4
Die maker, stamping 3
Die maker, trim 4
Die maker, wire drawing 3
Die polisher (nonferrous metal alloys and
 primary products) 1
Die setter (forging) 2
Die sinker 4
Diesel mechanic 4
Diesel-engine tester 4
Director, funeral 2
Director, television 2
Display designer (professional and kindred) 4
Displayer, merchandise 1
Door-closer mechanic 3
Dot etcher 5
Drafter, automotive design 4
Drafter, automotive design layout 4
Drafter, architectural 4
Drafter, cartographic 4
Drafter, civil 4
Drafter, commercial 4
Drafter, detail 4
Drafter, electrical 4
Drafter, electronic 4
Drafter, heating and ventilating 4
Drafter, landscape 4
Drafter, marine 4
Drafter, mechanical 4
Drafter, plumbing 4
Drafter, structural 3
Drafter, tool design 4
Dragline operator 1
Dredge operator (construction, mining) 1
Dressmaker 4
Drilling-machine operator 3
Dry cleaner 3
Dry-wall applicator 2
Electric-distribution checker 2
Electric-meter installer I 4
Electric-meter repairer 4
Electric-meter tester 4
Electric-motor assembler and tester 4
Electric-motor repairer 4
Electric-motor-and-generator assembler 2
Electric-sign assembler 4
Electric-tool repairer 4
Electric-track-switch maintainer 4
Electrical technician 4
Electrical-appliance repairer 3
Electrical-appliance services 3
Electrical-instrument repairer 3
Electrician 4
Electrician (ship and boat building and
 repairing) 4
Electrician (water transportation) 4
Electrician, aircraft 4
Electrician, automotive 2
Electrician, locomotive 4
Electrician, maintenance 4
Electrician, powerhouse 4
Electrician, radio 4
Electrician, substation 3
Electromechanical technician 3
Electromedical-equipment repairer 2
Electronic prepress system operator 5
Electronic-organ technician 2
 maintenance mechanic 1
Electronic-sales-and-service technician 4
Electronics mechanic 4
Electronics technician 4
Electronics tester 3
Electronics utility worker 4
Electrotyper 5
Elevating-grader operator 2
Elevator constructor 4
Elevator repairer 4
Embalmer (personal service) 2
Embosser 2
Embossing-press operator 4
Emergency medical technician 3
Engine model maker 4
Engine repairer, service 4
Engine turner (jewelry) 2
Engine-lathe set-up operator 2
Engine-lathe set-up operator, tool 2
Engineering asstant, mechanical equipment 4
Engineering model maker 2
Engraver glass 2
Engraver I 5
Engraver, block (printing and publishing) 4
Engraver, hand, hard metal 4
Engraver, hand, soft metal 4
Engraver, machine 4
Engraver, pantograph I 4
Engraver, picture (printing and publishing) 10
Engraving press operator 3
Envelope-folding-machine adjuster. 3
Equipment installer (telephone and
 telegraph) 4
Estimator and drafter 4
Etcher, hand (print and publishing) 5
Etcher, photoengraving 4
Experimental mechanic (motor and bicycles) 4
Experimental assembler 2
Exterminator, termite 2
Extruder operator plastics 1
Fabricator-assembler, metal products 4
Farm-equipment mechanic I 3
Farm-equipment mechanic II 4
Farmer, general (agriculture and agricultural
service) 4
Farmworker, general I 1
Fastener technologist 3
Field engineer (radio and television
 broadcasting) 4
Field service engineer 2
Film develop 3
Film laboratory technician 3
Film laboratory technician I 3
Film or videotape editor 4
Finisher, denture 1
Fire apparatus engineer 3
Fire captain 3
Fire engineer 1
Fire fighter 3
Fire fighter, crash, fire 1
Fire inspector 4
Fire medic 3
Fire-control mechanic 2
Fire, kiln (pottery and porcelain) 3
Fish and game warden (government services) 2
Fitter (machine shop) 2
Fitger I (any industry) 3
Fixture maker (lighting fixtures) 2
Floor layer 3
Floral designer 1
Floor-covering (railroad locomotive and
 car building) 3
Folding-machine operator 2
Forge-shop-machine repairer 3
Forging-press operator I 1
Form builder (construction) 2
Former, hand (any industry) 2
Forming-machine operator 4
Foundry metallurgist 4
Four-slide-machine setter 2
Fourdrinier-machine tender 3
Freezer operator (dairy products) 1
Fretted-instrument repairer 3
Front-end mechanic 4
Fuel injection servicer 4
Fuel-system-maintenance-worker 2
Fur cutter (fur goods) 2
Fur designer (fur goods) 4
Fur finisher (fur goods) 2
Furnace installer 3
Furnace installer and repairer 4
Furnace operator 4
Furniture designer 4
Furniture finisher 3
Furniture upholsterer 4
Furrier (fur goods) 4
Gang sawyer, stone 2
Gas appliance servicer 3
Gas utility worker 3
Gas-engine repairer 4
Gas-main fitter 4
Gas-meter mechanic I 3
Gas-regulator repairer 3
Gauger (petroleum products) 2
Gear hobber set-up operator 4
Gear-cutting mach set-up operator 3
Gear-cutting mach set-up operator, tool 3
Gem cutter (jewelry) 3
Geodetic computer 2
Glass bender (signs) 4
Glass blower 3
Glass blower, laboratory apparatus 4
Glass installer (automotive services) 2
Glass-blowing-lathe operator 3
Glazier 3
Glazier, stainer glass 4
Glader (working) 4
Graphic designer 1
Greenskeeper II 2
Grinder I (clocks, watches, and allied
 products 4
Grinder operator, tool, precision 4
Grinder set-up operator, universal 4
Gunsmith 4
Harness maker 3
Harpsichord maker 2
Hat-block maker (woodwork) 3
Hazardous-waste material technician 2
Head sawyer 3
Health care sanitary technician 1
Heat treater I 4
Heat-transfer technician 4
Heating/air-conditioning installer and
 servicer 3
Heavy forger 4
Horse trainer 1
Horseshoer 2
Horticulturist 3
Housekeeper 1
Hydraulic-press servicer (ammunition) 2
Hydroelectric-machinery mechanic 3
Hydroelectric-station operator 3
Hydrometer calibrator 2
Illustrator (professional and kindred) 4
Industrial designer 4
Industrial engineer technician 4
Injection-molding-machine operator 1
Inspector, building 3
Inspector, electromechanical 4
Inspector, outside production 4
Inspector, precision 2
Inspector, quality assurance 3
Inspector, motor vehicles 2
Inspector, set-up and lay-out 4
Instrument repairer (any industry) 4
Instrument technician (light, heat, and
 power) 4
Instrument maker 4
Instrument maker and repairer 5
Instrument mechanic (any industry) 4
Instrumentation technician 4
Instrument mechanic, weapons system 4
Insulation worker 4
Interior designer 2
Investigator, private 1
Jacquard-loom weaver 4
Jacquard-plate maker 1
Jeweler 2
Jig builder wood box 2
Job printer 4
Joiner (ship and boat building and repairing) 4
Kiln operator (woodworking) 4
Knitter mechanic 4
Knitting-machine fixer 4
Laboratory assistant 3
Laboratory assistant metallurgical 2
Laboratory technician 1
Laboratory tester 2
Landscape gardener 4
Landscape management technician 1
Landscape technician 2
Last-model maker 4
Lather 3
Laundry-machine mechanic 3
Lay-out technician 4
Lay-out worker (any industry) 4
Lead burner 4
Leather stamper 1
Legal secretary 1
Letterer (professional and kindred) 2
Licensed practical nurse 1
Light technician 4
Line erector 3
Line installer-repairer 4
Line maintainer 4
Line repairer 3
Line (pottery and porcelain) 3
Linotype operator (printing and publishing) 5
Lithograph-press operator tin 4
Lithographic platemaker 4
Locksmith 4
Locomotive engineer 4
Loft worker (ship and boat building and
repairing) 4
Logger, all-round 2
Logging-equipment mechanic 4
Logistics engineer 4
Loom fixer 3
Machine assembler 2
Machine builder 2
Machine erector 4
Machine fixer (carpet and rug) 4
Machine fixer (textile) 3
Machine repairer, maintenance 4
Machine set-up operator, paper 4
Machine set-up operator 2
Machine setter 3
Machine setter 4
Machine setter (clocks, watches, and allied
 products) 4
Machine setter (woodwork) 4
Machine try-out setter 4
Machinist 4
Machinist, automotive 4
Machinist, experimental 4
Machinist, linotype 4
Machinist, marine engine 4
Machinist, motion-pic equipment 2
Machinist, outside (ship and boat building and
 repairing) 4
Machinist, wood 4
Mailer 4
Maintenance mechanic (any industry) 4
Maintenance mechanic (grain and feed)
 milling) 2
Maintenance mechanic (petroleum products;
 construction) 4
Maintenance repairer, industrial 4
Maintenance machinist 4
Maintenance mechanic, (compressed and
 liquified gases) 4
Maintenance mechanic, telephone 3
Maintenance repairer, building 2
Manager, food service 3
Manager, retail store 3
Marble finisher 2
Marble setter 3
Marine-service technician 3
Material coordinator (clerical) 2
Materials engineer 5
Meat cutter 3
Mechanical-engineering technician 3
Mechanic, endless track vehicle 4
Mechanic, industrial truck 4
Mechanical-unit repairer 4
Medical secretary 1
Medical-laboratory technician 2
Metal fabricator 4
Metal model maker (automotive) 4
Meteorological equipment repairer 4
Meteorologist 3
Meter repairer (any industry) 3
Miller, wet process 3
Milling-machine set-up operator 2
Millwright 4
Mine-car repairer 2
Miner I (mining and quarry) 1
Mock-up builder (aircraft) 4
Model and mold maker (brik and tile) 2
Model and mold maker, plaster 4
Model builder (furniture) 2
Model maker (clocks, watches, and allied
 products) 4
Model maker (aircraft manufacturing) 4
Model maker II 4
Model maker pottery 2
Model maker (automobile manufacturing) 4
Model maker, firearms 4
Model maker, wood 4
Mold maker (pottery and porcelain) 3
Mold maker II (jewelry) 2
Mold maker (jewelry) 4
Mold maker, die-casting and plastic molding 4
Mold setter 1
Molder 4
Molder, pattern (foundry) 2
Monotype-keyboard operator 3
Monument setter (construction) 4
Mosaic worker 3
Motor-grader operator 3
Motorboat mechanic 3
Motorcycle repairer 3
Mult-operation-forming-machine setter 4
Multi-competent clinical assistant 2
Multi-operation-machine operator 3
Neon-sign servicer 5
Nondestructive tester 1
Numerical-control-machine operator 4
Nurse assistant 1
Office-machine servicer 3
Offset-press operator I 4
Oil-burner-servicer and installer 2
Oil-field equipment mechanic 2
Operating engineer 3
Operational test mechanic 3
Optical-instrument assembler 2
Optician 5
Optician (optical goods) 4
Optician-dispensing 2
Optomechanical technician 4
Ordinance artificer (government services) 3
Ornamental-iron worker 3
Ornamental-mental worker 4
Orthopedic-boot-and-show designer and
 maker 5
Orthotics technician 1
Orthotist 5
Orthodontic technician 2
Outboard-motor mechanic 2
Overhauler (textile) 2
Painter 3
Painter (professional and kindred) 1
Painter, hand (any industry) 3
Painter, shipyard (ship and boat building and
repairing) 3
Painter, sign 4
Painter, transportation equipment 3
Pantograph-machine set-up operator 2
Paperhanger 2
Paralegal 3
Paramedic 3
Paste-up artist 3
Pattermaker (textiles) 3
Patternmaker (metal prod) 4
Patternmaker (stonework) 4
Patternmaker, all-around 5
Patternmaker, metal 5
Patternmaker, metal, bench 5
Patternmaker, plaster 3
Patternmaker, plastics 3
Patternmaker, wood 5
Pewter caster 3
Pewter fabricator 4
Pewter finisher 2
Pewter turner 4
Pewterer 2
Pharmacist assistant 1
Photo-equipment technician 3
Photocomposing-perforation-machine operator 2
Photoengraver 5
Photoengraving finisher 5
Photoengraving printer 5
Photoengraving proofer 5
Photogrammetic technician 3
Photographer retoucher 3
Photographer, lithographic 5
Photographer, photoengraving 6
Photographer, still 3
 technician 3
Photographic-plate maker 4
Piano Technician 4
Piano tuner 3
Pilot, ship 1.5
Pinsetter adjuster, automatic 3
Pinsetter mechanic, automatic 2
Pipe coverer and insulator (ship and boat
 building) 4
Pipe fitter (construction) 4
Pipe organ builder 3
Pipe fitter (ship and boat building and
 repairing) 4
Pipe-organ tuner and repairer 4
Plant operator 3
Plant operator, furnace process 4
Plaster-pattern caster 5
Plasterer 2
Plastic tool maker 4
Plastic-fixture builder 4
Plastics fabricator 2
Plate finisher (printing and publishing) 6
Platen-press operator 4
Plater 3
Plumber 4
Pneumatic-tool repairer 4
Pneumatic-tube repairer 2
Podiatric assistant 2
Polic edger (sawmill) 2
Post-office clerk 2
Pottery-machine operator 3
Power-plant operator 4
Power-saw mechanic 3
Power-transformer repairer 4
Powerhouse mechanic 4
Precision assember 3
Precision assembler, bench 2
Precision-lens grinder 4
Press operator, heavy duty 4
Printer, plastic 4
Printer-slotter operator 4
Process/shipping technician 4
Program assistant 3
Programmer, engineering and scientific 4
Project printer (photofinishing) 4
Proof-press operator 5
Proofsheet corrector (printing and
 publishing) 4
Prop maker (amusement and and recreation) 4
Propulsion-motor-and-generator repairer 4
prospecting driller (petroleum products) 2
Prosthetics technician 4
Prosthetics (person protective and medical
 devices) 5
Protective-signal installer 4
Protective-signal repairer 3
Private-branch-exchange installer (telephone
and telegraph) 4
Private-branch-exchange repairer 4
Pump erector (construction) 2
Pump services 3
Pumper-gauger 3
Purchasing agent 4
Purification operator II 4
Quality-control inspector 2
Quality-control technician 2
Occupational title Term in years
Radiation monitor 4
Radio mechanic (any industry) 3
Radio repairer (any industry) 4
Radio station operator 4
Radiographer 4
Recording engineer 2
Recovery operator (paper) 1
Recreational vehicle mechanic 4
Refinery operator 3
Refrigeration mechanic (any industry) 3
Refrigeration unit repairer 3
Reinforcing metal worker 3
Relay technician 2
Relay tester 4
Repairer I (chemical) 4
Repairer, handtools 3
Repairer, heavy 2
Repairer, welding equipment 2
Repairer, welding system and equipment 3
Reproduction technician 1
Research mechanic (aircraft) 4
Residential carpenter 2
Retoucher, photoengraving 5
Rigger 3
Rigger (ship and boat building and repairing) 2
Rocket-engine-component mechanic 2
Rocket-motor mechanic 4
Roll threader operator 1
Roller engraver, hand 2
Roofer 3
Rotogravure-press operator 4
Rubber tester (rubber goods) 4
Rubber-stamp maker 4
Rubberizing mechanic 4
Rug cleaner, hand 1
Saddle maker (leather) 2
Safe and vault service mechanic 4
Salesperson, parts 2
Sample maker, appliances 4
Sample stitcher (garment) 4
Sandblaster, stone 3
Saw filer (any industry) 4
Saw maker (cutlery and tools) 3
Scale mechanic 4
Scanner operator 2
Screen printer 2
Screw-machine operator, multiple spindle 4
Screw-machine operator, single spindle 3
Screw-machine set-up operator 4
Screw-machine set-up operator, single spindle 3
Script supevisor (motion pictures) 1
Service mechanic (automobile manufacturing) 2
Service planner 4
Sewing-machine repairer 3
Sheet metal worker 4
Ship propeller finisher 3
Shipfitter (ship and boat building and
 repairing) 4
Occupational title Term in years
Shipwright (ship and boat building and
 repairing) 4
Shoemaker, custom 3
Shop optician, surface room 4
Shop optician, benchroom 4
Shop tailor (garment) 4
Siderographer (printing and publishing)
Sign erector I 4
Signal maintainer (railroad locomotive and car
 building) 4
Silk-screen cutter 3
Silversmith II 3
Sketch maker I (pringing and publishing) 5
Small-engine mechanic 2
Soft-tile setter (construction) 3
Soil-conservation technician 3
Solderer (jewelry) 3
Sound mixer 4
Sound technician 3
Spinner, hand 3
Spring coiling machine setter 4
Spring maker 4
Spring repairer, hand 4
Stage technician 3
Station installer and repairer 4
Stationary engineer 4
Steam service inspector 4
Steel-die printer 4
Stencil cutter 2
Stereotyper 6
Stoker erector-and-service 4
Stone carver 3
Stone polisher 3
Stone setter (jewelry) 4
Stone-lathe operator 3
Stonecutter, hand 3
Stonemason 3
Stripper 5
Stripper, lithographic II 4
Structural-steel worker 3
Substation operator 4
Supercargo (water transportation) 2
Surface-plate finisher 2
Swimming-pool servicer 2
Switchboad operator (light, heat, and power) 3
Tank setter (petroleum products) 2
Tap-and-die maker technician 4
Tape-recorder repairer 4
Taper 2
Taxidermist (professional and kindred) 3
Technician, submarine cable equipment 2
Telecommunications technician 4
Telecommunicator 4
Telegraphic-typewriter operator 3
Television and radio repairer 4
Template maker 4
Template maker, extrusion die 4
Terrazzo finisher 2
Occupational title Term in years
Terrazzo worker 3
Test equipment mechanic 5
Test technician (professional and kindred) 5
Test-engine operator 2
Tester 3
Testing and regulating technician 4
Thermometer tester 1
Tile finisher 2
Tile setter 3
Tool builder 4
Tool design checker 4
Tool designer 4
Tool grinder I 3
Tool maker 4
Tool maker, bench 4
Tool-and-die maker 4
Tool-grinder operator 4
Tool-machine set-up operator 3
Tractor mechanic 4
Transformer repairer 4
Transmission mechanic 2
Treatment-plant mechanic 3
Tree surgeon (agriculture and agricultural
 service) 3
Tree trimmer 2
Trouble locator, test desk 2
Truck driver, heavy 1
Truck-body builder 4
Truck-crane operator 3
Tumor registrar 2
Tune-up mechanic 2
Turbine operator 4
Turret-lathe set-up operator 4
Upholsterer 2
Violin maker, hand 4
Wallpaper printer I 4
Wardrobe supervisor 2
Waste-treatment operator 2
Wastewater-treatment-plant operator 2
Watch repairer 4
Water treatment-plant operator (waterworks) 3
Weather observer 2
Web-press operator 4
Welder, arc 4
Welder, combination 3
Welder-fitter 4
Welding technician 4
Welding-machine operator, arc 3
Well-drill operator (construction) 4
Wildland fire fighter specialist 1
Wind tunnel mechanic 4
Wind-instrument repairer 4
Wine maker (vinous liquor) 2
Wire sawyer (stonework) 2
Wire weaver, cloth 4
Wirer (office machine) 2
Wood-turning-lathe operator 1
X-ray equipment tester 2

Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training State Offices And State

Apprenticeship Councils


USDL-BAT Berry Building, Suite 102 2017 Second Avenue North Birmingham, Alabama 35203 (205) 731-1308


USDL-BAT Federal Building and Courthouse 222 West Seventh Street, Room 554 Achorage, Alaska 99513 (907) 271-5035


USDL-BAT Suite 302 3221 North 16th Street Phoenix, Arizona 85016 (602) 640-2964

Apprenticeship Services Arizona Department of Economic Security 438 West Adams Street Phoenix, Arizona 85003 (602) 252-7771


USDL-BAT Federal Building, Room 3507 700 West Capitol Street Little Rock, Arkansas 72201 (501) 378-5415


USDL-BAT Room 350 211 Main Street San Francisco, California 94105 (415) 744-6581

Division of Apprenticeship Standards 395 Oyster Point Boulevard Fifth Floor San Francisco, California 94080 (415) 737-2700


USDL-BAT U.S. Custom House 721 19th Street, Room 480 Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 844-4793


USDL-BAT Federal Building 135 High Street, Room 367 Hartford, Connecticut 06103 (203) 240-4311

Office of Job Training and Skill Development Connecticut Labor Department 200 Folly Brook Boulevard Wethersfield, Connecticut 06109 (203) 566-4724


USDL-BAT Lock Box 36, Federal Building 844 King Street Wilmington, Delaware 19801 (302) 573-6113

Apprenticeship and Training Department of Labor Division of Employment and Training Sixth Floor, State Office Building 820 North French Street Wilmington, Delaware 19801 (302) 571-1908

District of Columbia

District of Columbia Apprenticeship Council 500 C Street NW. Suite 241 Washington, DC 20001 (202) 639-1415


USDL-BAT City Centre Building, Suite 5117 227 North Bronough Street Tallahassee, Florida 32301 (904) 681-7161

Bureau of Apprenticeship Division of Labor and employment Secu 1320 Executive Center Drive Atkins Building, Second Floor Tallahassee, Florida 32301 (904) 488-8332


USDL-BAT Room 418 1371 Peachtree Street NE. Atlanta, Georgia 30367 (404) 347-4403


USDL-BAT Room 5113 300 Ala Moana Boulevard Honolulu, Hawaii 96850 (808) 541-2518

Apprenticeship Division Department of Labor and Industry Relations 830 Punch Bowl Street Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 (808) 548-2520


USDL-BAT Suite 128 3050 North Lakeharbor Lane Boise, Idaho 83724 (208) 334-1013


USDL-BAT Room 758 230 South Dearborn Street Chicago, Illinois 60604 (312) 353-4690


USDL-BAT Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse 46 East Ohio Street, Room 414 Indianapolis, Indiana 46204 (317) 269-7592


USDL-BAT Federal Building, Room 637 210 Walnut Street Des Moines, Iowa 50309 (515) 284-4690


USDL-BAT Federal Building, Room 256 444 SE. Quincy Street Topeka, Kansas 66683 (913) 295-2624

Kansas State Apprenticeship Council Department of Human Resources 401 SW. Topeka Boulevard Topeka, Kansas 66603-3182 (913) 296-3588


Apprenticeship and Training Department of Labor 620 South Third Street Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (502) 588-4466

USDL-BAT Federal Building, Room 187-J 600 Federal Place Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (502) 582-5223


USDL-BAT U.S. Postal Building, Room 1323 701 Loyola Street New Orleans, Louisiana 70113 (504) 589-6103

Apprenticeship and Training Louisiana Department of Labor Office of Labor 1001 North 23rd Street Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70804-9094 (504) 342-7820


USDL-BAT Federal Building P.O. Box 917 68 Sewall Street, Room 408-D Augusta, Maine 04330 (207) 622-8235

Apprenticeship Standards Bureau of Labor Standards State House Station #45 Augusta, Maine 04333 (207) 289-4307


USDL-BAT Federal Building Charles Center 31 Hopkins Plaza, Room 1028 Baltimore, Maryland 21201 (301) 962-2676

Apprenticeship and Training Department of Employment and Training, Room 213 1100 North Eutaw Street Baltimore, Maryland 21201 (301) 333-5718


USDL-BAT 11th Floor One Congress Street Boston, Massachusetts 02114 (617) 565-2291

Department of Labor and Industry Division of Apprenticeship Training Leverett Saltonstall Building 100 Cambridge Street Boston, Massachusetts 02202 (617) 727-3488


USDL-BAT Room 304 801 South Waverly Lansing, Michigan 48917 (517) 377-1746


USDL-BAT Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse 316 Robert Street, Room 134 St. Paul, Minnesota 55101 (612) 290-3951

Division of Apprenticeship Department of Labor and Industry Space Center Building, Fourth Floor 443 Lafayette Road St. Paul, Minnesota 55101 (612) 296-2371


USDL-BAT Federal Building, Suite 1010 100 West Capital Street Jackson, Mississippi 39269 (601) 965-4346


USDL-BAT 1222 Spruce, Room 9.102E St. Louis, Missouri 63103 (314) 539-2522


USDL-BAT Federal Office Building 301 South Park Avenue Room 394, Drawer-10055 Helena, Montana 59626-0055 (406) 449-5261

Apprenticeship and Training Bureau Employment Policy Division Department of Labor and Industry P.O. Box 1728 Helena, Montana 59626-0055 (406) 444-4500


USDL-BAT Room 801 106 South 15th Street Omaha, Nebraska 68102 (402) 221-2381


USDL-BAT P.O. Building, Room 311 301 East Stewart Avenue Las Vegas, Nevada 89101 (702) 388-6396

Nevada State Apprenticeship Council 505 East King Street, Room 601 Carson City, Nevada 89710 (702) 885-4850

New Hampshire

USDL-BAT 143 North Main Street Concord, New Hampshire 03301 (603) 225-1444

New Hampshire Apprenticeship Council 19 Pillsbury Street Concord, New Hampshire 03301 (603) 271-3176

New Jersey

USDL-BAT Parkway Towers Building E, Third Floor 485 Route 1, South Iselin, New Jersey 08830 (201) 750-9191

New Mexico

USDL-BAT Room 16 320 Central Avenue SW. Albuquerque, New Mexico 87102 (505) 766-2398

Apprenticeship and Training New Mexico Department of Labor 501 Mountain Road NE. Suite 106 Albuquerque, New Mexico 87102 (505) 8410-8989

New York

USDL-BAT Federal Building, Room 810 North Pearl and Clinton Avenues Albany, New York 12202 (518) 472-4800

Employability Development New York State Department of Labor State Office Campus Building #12, Boom 140 Albany, NY 12240 (518) 457-6820

North Carolina

USDL-BAT 'Aviation Building, Suite 375 4505 Falls of Neuse Road Raleigh, North Carolina 27601 (919) 790-2801

Apprenticeship and Training North Carolina Department of Labor Memorial Building 214 West Jones Street Raleigh, North Carolina 27603 (919) 733-7533

North Dakota

USDL-BAT New Federal Building, Room 428 653 Second Avenue North Fargo, North Dakota 58102 (701) 239-5415


USDL-BAT Room 605 200 North High Street Columbus, Ohio 43215 (614) 469-7375

Ohio State Apprenticeship Council 2323 West Fifth Avenue, Room 2140 Columbus, Ohio 43216 (614) 640-2242


USDL-BAT Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building 200 NW. Fifth, Room 526 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73102 (405) 231-4814


USDL-BAT Federal Building, Room 526 1220 SW. Third Avenue Portland, Oregon 97204 (503)-221-3157


State Director USDL-BAT Federal Building 228 Walnut Street, Room 773 Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17108 (717) 782-3496

Apprenticeship and Training Labor and Industry Building 7th and Forster Street, Room 1303 Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17120 (717) 787-3687

Puerto Rico

Incentive to the Private Sector Program Right to Employment Administration P.O. Box 4452 505 Munoz Rivera Avenue San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936 (809) 754-5181

Rhode Island

USDL-BAT Federal Building 100 Hartford Avenue Providence, Rhode Island 02909 (401) 273-7640

Apprenticeship and Training Rhode Island State Apprenticeship Shore Council 200 Elmwood Avenue Providence, Rhode Island 02907 (401) 457-1858

South Carolina

USDL-BAT S. Thurmond Federal Building 1835 Assembly Street, Room 838 Columbia, South Carolina 29201 (803) 765-5547

South Dakota

USDL-BAT Courhouse Plaza, Room 107 300 North Dakota Avenue Sioux Falls, South dakota 57102 (605) 330-4326


USDL-BAT Metroplex Business Park 460 Metroplex Drive, Suite 101-A Nashville, Tennessee 37211 (615) 736-5408


USDL-BAT VA Building, Room 2102 2320 LaBranch Street Houston, Texas 77004 (713) 750-1696


USDL-BAT Room 1051 1745 West 1700 South Salt Lake City, Utah 84104 (801) 524-5700


USDL-BAT Room 10-020 400 North Eighth Street Richmond, Virginia 23240 (804) 771-2488

Apprenticeship and Training Division of Labor and Industry P.O. Box 12064 205 North Fourth Street, Room M-3 Richmond, Virginia 23241 (804) 786-2381

Virgin Islands

Division of Apprenticeship and Training Department of Labor P.O. Box 890, Christiansted St. Croix, Virgin Islands 00802 (809) 773-1300


USDL-BAT Room 950 1111 Third Avenue Seattle, Washington 98101-3212 (206) 442-4756

Apprenticeship and Training Department of Labor and Industry ESAC Division 925 Plum Street Olympia, Washington 98504-0631 (206) 753-3487

West Virginia

USDL-BAT Federal Building 550 Eagan Street, Room 303 Charleston, West Virginia 25301 (304) 347-5141


USDL-BAT J. C. O'Mahoney Center 2120 Capitol Avenue, Room 5013 P.O. Box 1126 Cheyenne, Wyoming 82001 (307) 772-2448


USDL-BAT Burlington Square 96 College Street, Suite 103 Burlington, Vermont 05401 (802) 951-6278

Apprenticeship and Training Department of Labor and Industry 120 State Street Montpelier, Vermont 05602 (802) 828-2157


USDL-BAT Federal Center, Room 303 212 East Washington Avenue Madison, Wisconsin 53703 (608) 264-5377
COPYRIGHT 1991 U.S. Government Printing Office
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1991 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:includes related information on apprenticeable occupations and government agencies
Publication:Occupational Outlook Quarterly
Date:Dec 22, 1991
Previous Article:Occupational advancement from within.
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