Anti-HIV mutation poses hepatitis risk.A genetic mutation that protects people from AIDS might also make them susceptible to hepatitis C, a new study finds. The mutation, designated as delta-32 in a gene called CCR 1. CCR - condition code register.
2. CCR - (Database) concurrency control and recovery. 5, occurs in 1 percent of whites. The mutation helps people resist infections by human immunodeficiency virus human immunodeficiency virus
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
A transmissible retrovirus that causes AIDS in humans. , which causes AIDS.
Researchers in Germany compared three groups: 153 hepatitis C patients, 102 HIV-positive patients, and 130 people who had both infections.
Although some in the HIV-Infected group and the doubly-infected group had inherited a copy of the mutation from one parent, none had received a copy from each parent. But 12 of the 153 people with only hepatitis C, nearly 8 percent, had received a delta-32 mutation from both their parents, report Rainer P. Woitas and his colleagues at the University of Bonn The University of Bonn (German: Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn) is a public research university located in Bonn, Germany. Founded in 1818 the University of Bonn is nowadays one of the largest universities in Germany. .
Blood tests showed that single-mutation carriers turned up in an equal proportion, about 17 percent, in the HIV-only and hepatitis C-only groups. A slightly higher proportion of the doubly infected people carried a single copy of delta-32.
One way HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. attacks the immune cells known as CD4 T cells CD4 T cells Helper T cells, see there is by binding to the protein encoded by CCR5. Multiple copies of this so-called CCR5 receptor sit on the surface of each CD4 T cell Noun 1. CD4 T cell - T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus . If the gene is mutated, the cells produce a defective receptor protein and HIV can't enter the cell.
However, CCR5 receptors aren't just the doors through which HIV enters CD4 T cells. Their main job is to enable CD4 T cells to work with other immune system agents to help direct attacks on viruses and other pathogens. Indeed, among the people with hepatitis C It may never be fully completed or, depending on its its nature, it may be that it can never be completed. However, new and revised entries in the list are always welcome.
This is an alphabetical list of people who have or had the infectious disease hepatitis C. in this study, those who inherited the mutation from both parents had hepatitis C viral loads 3 to 5 times as high as those in people without the mutation, Woitas says.
Although researchers don't know the precise mechanism by which CCR5 receptors influence the immune response against hepatitis C, Woitas says it "is reasonable that this mutation ... should alter the signaling" of immune agents. Studies of mice indicate that the supply of cytokines--proteins that orchestrate immune responses--goes out of balance in the presence of defective CCR5 receptors.
Other studies have linked the delta-32 mutation with a high incidence of asthma, another indication that altered CCR5 receptors disrupt the immune system.