Annex 2: Major related projects.
Jamaica Second HIV/AIDS Project
67. The World Bank is supporting the Jamaica HIV/ADDS program through a loan of US$10.6 million due to close on May 31, 2008. The Bank project's objectives were to: support the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan (2002-2006) to curb the spread of the HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. epidemic through expansion of programs targeted at high risk groups as well as the general population; strengthening of treatment, care and support for PLWHA PLWHA People Living With HIV/AIDS ; and strengthening Jamaica's multi-sectoral capacity to respond to the epidemic. The World Bank is also collaborating with UNESCO UNESCO: see United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
in full United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and UNICEF to strengthen the education sector response.
68. The Global Fund for AIDS Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM GFATM Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria ). Jamaica was awarded US$23 million grant money by the GFATM for the period 2004-2009 under Round 3 and US$ 44.2 million in Round 7 (2009-2013). This funding will focus on expanding supplying ARVs, treatment, support to the education sector; targeted intervention among those most at-risk; mass media education campaigns; condom promotion, anti-stigma campaigns, and policies to affirm human rights.
69. The European Community (EC). The EC funded a regional project (14) in 2000 to support eight regional cooperation projects for HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean that also benefited Jamaica. It supported: increased skilled personnel; PMTCT PMTCT Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission ; the network of PLWHAs; reduced high-risk behavior and increased information on the course, consequences and costs of the epidemic. In addition, the EC supported the project, "Addressing HIV in Jamaica: a holistic response (750,000.00[euro]--2005-2008). The program covers areas with high concentrations of HIV: the inner city community of Mandela Terrace in Kingston, Montego Bay, Ocho Rios, Mandeville in the parish of Manchester, and Spring Village in rural St Catherine parish.
70. UNFPA UNFPA United Nations Population Fund (formerly United Nations Fund for Population Activities)
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities (now United Nations Population Fund) . UNFPA program aims to promote sexual and reproductive health and rights, gender equality and equity, by integrating population-related factors into development strategies and plans. It has two sub-programs: sexual and reproductive health and population development. UNFPA programs are integrated into national programs: reproductive health, including family planning and sexual health, service delivery including provision of male and female condoms, information, education and communication (IEC). In addition, UNFPA has a joint project with the European Union (EU)/UNFPA program in Reproductive Health which aims to: increase the capacity to deliver comprehensive, integrated SRH SRH somatotropin-releasing hormone; see growth hormone, under hormone.
somatotropin releasing hormone (growth hormone releasing hormone). services and improved access and reproductive health behaviors by the population, particularly vulnerable or neglected target groups.
71. UNICEF. The UNICEF Country Program 2007-2011 for Jamaica aims to contribute to realization of children's rights to survival, development, protection and participation through the nurturing of an enabling and protective environment. It will address the main threats to childhood, viz, violence, HIV/ADDS, and natural disasters, and promote opportunities for child development. Support for HIV/AIDS includes: access to and quality of services, including ARV services, for pregnant women before and after delivery, ARV prophylaxis for infants and ARVs for children, care support and protection for orphans.
72. ILO. The ILO has been implementing a 4-year program from 2004 which covers: strengthening the tripartite relationship: the private sector, trade unions, and employers. It works through the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. The program includes: work place programs, the voluntary compliance program focus on small and medium scale enterprises; and gender related issues. This program is envisaged to end in 2008 and may have no follow on project.
73. UN AIDS. UN AIDS supports strengthened coordination and management authority; the development and implementation of an enabling legislative and policy framework with a gender-centered and child-centered focus; and support to increasing access to prevention, treatment, care and support and impact mitigation services. The UNAIDS UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS is also implementing a project for people with disabilities and an economic empowerment project.
74. Japan International Cooperation Agency The Japan International Cooperation Agency (独立行政法人国際協力機構 dokuritsu gyōseihōjin kokusai kyōryoku kikō (JICA). Japan cooperates with the Caribbean under the "New Framework for Japan-CARICOM Cooperation for the 21st Century" as well as the annual Japan-CARICOM consultation. Technical cooperation in health covers prevention, control of chronic non-communicable diseases and the HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Program. An important element of the program is human capacity building: Japanese volunteers have provided technical support in monitoring and evaluation and for prevention education training of human resources.
75. PAHO. PAHO provides technical support for the HIV/AIDS strategic plan preparation, strengthening quality control for laboratories and testing; research including behavior change; support to the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Food and Nutrition
See also cheese; dining; milk.
Rare. the act or habit of reclining at meals.
Medicine. thescience of nutrition.
Pathology. Institute on nutritional aspects for PLWHA; tuberculosis management; education; study on NGOs; and strengthening monitoring and evaluation (education, management, analysis and systems development). PAHO also provides support through the country program with CAREC.
76. UNESCO. UNESCO is implementing a two year plan covering policy, planning and capacity building. A strategy has been prepared for confronting HIV/AIDS. It will provide for mainstreaming HIV/AIDS training in a systematic manner, e.g., continuous education of teachers; health and family life education. Capacity building covers the 6 regional education offices. A specific partnership for strengthening HIV/AIDS in the education sector includes UNESCO, World Bank and UNICEF.
77. USAID. USAID support envisaged over the next few years, will promote public private partnerships and finances activities at the community level. Its annual budget over the next five years is estimated at US$1.2 million.