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Annex 14: Country at a glance.

Annex 14: Country at a Glance
Jamaica Second HIV/AIDS Project

POVERTY and SOCIAL Latinn Lower-
 America middle-
 Jamaica & Carib. income
2006
Population, mid-year (millions) 2.7 556 2276
GNI percapita (Atlas method, USS) 3,570 4,767 2,037
GNI (Atlas method, USS billions) 9.5 2,650 4,635

Average annual growth, 2000-06

Population (%) 0.5 13 0.9
Labor force (%) 0.1 2.1 1.4

Moat recent estimate (latest year available, 2000-06)

Poverty (% of population below 19 ... ...
 national poverty line)
Urban population (% of total 53 78 47
 population)
Life expectancy at birth (years) 71 73 71
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live 17 26 31
 births)
Child malnutrition (% of children 4 ... 13
 under 5)
Access to an improved water source 93 91 81
 (% of population)
Literacy (%of population age <5+) ... 90 89
Gross primary enrollment (% of 95 118 113
 school-age population)
 Male 95 120 117
 Female 94 116 114

 1986-96 1996-06 2005 2006 2006-10

(average annual growth)
GDP 4.4 1.2 1.8 2.5 2.7
GDP per capita 3.7 0.6 1.3 2.1 1.5
Exports of goods and ... ... ... ... ...
 services

STRUCTURE of the ECONOMY
 1986 1996 2005 2006
(% of GDP)
Agriculture ... 8.4 5.7 5.9
Industry ... 34.1 33.1 32.8
Manufacturing ... 15.5 13.6 12.7
Services ... 57.5 612 61.3

Household final consumption 65.8 69.0 72.8 ...
 expenditure
General gov't final consumption 14.3 13.4 15.2 ...
 expenditure
Imports of goods and services 45.9 55.3 60.9 ...

 1986-96 1996-06 2005 2006
(average annual growth)
Agriculture 4.5 -2.8 7.2 15.9
Industry 2.5 0.8 2.7 -0.9
Manufacturing 0.7 -0.7 1.3 -2.4
Services 3.9 1.6 1.5 3.3

Household final consumption ... ... ... ...
 expenditure
General gov't final consumption ... ... ... ...
 expenditure
Gross capital formation ... ... ... ...
Imports of goods and services ... ... ... ...

Note: 2006 data are preliminary estimates.

This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB database.

* The diamonds show four key indicators in the country (in bold)
compared with its income-group average. If data are missing, the
diamond will be incomplete.

PRICES and GOVERNMENT FINANCE

 1986 1996 2005 2006
Domestic prices
(%change)
Consumer prices 6.1 26.4 6.3 8.6
Implicit GDP deflator 26.9 18.7 9.3 6.3

Government finance
(% of GDP, includes current grants)
Current revenue 27.7 25.3 29.0 30.4
Current budget balance 3.7 0.6 -2.6 -2.4
Overall surplus/deficit -2.1 -4.5 -3.8 -5.0

TRADE
 1986 1996 2005 2006

(USS millions)
Total exports (fob) 660 1,721 1,749 1,984
 Alumina 206 607 920 1,041
 Bauxite 90 78 99 113
 Manufactures 112 363 67 165
Total Imports (cif) 1,042 3,172 4,530 4,868
 Food 166 212 ... ...
 Fuel and energy 199 452 ... ...
 Capital goods 244 548 716 735

Export price Index (2000=100) ... ... ... ...
Import price index (2000=100) ... ... ... ...
Terms of trade (2000-100) ... ... ... ...

BALANCE of PAYMENTS

 1986 1996 2005 2006

(USS millions)
Exports of goods and services 1414 3,323 3,993 4,847
Imports of goods and services 1,234 3,864 5,975 6,981
Resource balance 181 -542 -1,981 -2,135

Net income -316 -225 -740 -681
Net current transfers 148 624 1,578 1,727
Current account balance 13 -143 -1,143 -1,089
Financing items (net) -64 413 1,372 1,319
Changes in net reserves 51 -271 -229 -230

Memo:
Reserves including gold ... 875 2,119 ...
 (USS millions)
Conversion rate (DEC, local/USS) 5.5 37.1 62.3 65.7

EXTERNAL DEBT and RESOURCE FLOWS

 1986 1996 2005 2006
(USS millions)
Total debt outstanding and 4247 4,052 6,511 ...
 disbursed
 IBRD 572 515 410 387
 IDA 0 0 0 0

Total debt service 675 657 969 ...
 IBRD 78 121 58 65
 IDA 0 0 0 0

Composition of net resource flows
 Official grants 83 39 90 ...
 Official creditors -21 -174 -145 ...
 Private creditors -14 24 941 ...
 Foreign direct investment -5 184 682 ...
 (net Inflows)
 Portfolio equity(net inflows) 0 0 0 ...

World Bank program
 Commitments 0 77 0 6
 Disbursements 23 41 17 18
 Principal repayments 30 80 39 43
 Net flows -7 -39 -22 -25
 Interest payments 48 41 19 22
 Net transfers -55 -80 -41 -47

Note: This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB
database.


Map section

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

(1) Country Assistance Strategy for Jamaica, April, 2005 and the Country Assistance Strategy Progress Report for Jamaica, July 19, 2007.

(2) Only 36% of young men and 40% of young women correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV according to the Knowledge Attitudes Practices and Behavior (KAPB) 2004 Survey.

(3) Furthermore, there are delays in seeking treatment and adherence to treatment is a problem--a 2006 survey shows a 95 to 100% level of adherence in only 55% of AIDS cases under treatment, an 80% to 94% level of adherence in 37%, and less than 80% in 8% of AIDS cases under ARV.

(4) One national coordinating authority for HIV/AIDS, one national framework and one monitoring and evaluation system.

(5) The Jamaica HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Project due to close on May 31, 2008.

(6) They include: UNESCO, UNAIDS, PAHO (WHO), UNICEF, UNFPA, BLO, USAID, EC and JICA (see Annex 2).

(7) The GFATM will be the principal funding source for the Ministry of Education and will also finance the position of a Program Officer in the Ministry of Labor in charge of implementing workplace policies.

(8) The Bank led a multi-agency review of the Caribbean HIV/AIDS Program in 2005.

(9) Public sector health expenditures account for 2.4% of GDP or US$90 per capita. An additional 5.1% of GDP or US$190 per capita is spent in the private sector. Most of the private expenditures are out of pocket payments to service providers and for pharmaceuticals.

(10) Vacancy rates for registered nurses increased from 17% in 2003 to 26% in 2004 and those for enrolled assistant nurses and public health nurses increased by 12% and 13%, respectively

(11) Planning Institute of Jamaica. Millennium Development Goals, Jamaica. April 2004.

(12) Only 36% of young men and 40% of young women correctly identifying the ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (KAPB survey).

(13) The NSP was peer reviewed by the UNAIDS/World Bank AIDS Strategic and Action Plans (ASAP) team based at the World Bank's Global HIV/AIDS Program (HDNGA).

(14) Strengthening the institutional response to HIV/AIDS/STI in the Caribbean" (SIRASC).

(15) Data on MSM indicators will be available in June 2008 after discussion with stakeholder meeting scheduled for May 2008.

(16) Indicator No. 6 was also a Project I Core Indicator; and target by end Project I was men: 85% and women 75%.

(17) Indicator No. 13 Project I Core Indicator; and target by end o f Project I was 80%, which was achieved.

(18) Planning Institute of Jamaica. Millennium Development Goals, Jamaica. April 2004.

(19) Jha, P., et al. (2001) "The evidence base for interventions to prevent HIV infection in low and middle-income countries". Background paper of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, the World Health Organization.

(20) UNAIDS

(21) UN AIDS: Brazil Program

(22) During World Bank project preparation Mission January 14-22, 2008

(23) Adolescent Health Survey, 1997

(24) Adolescent Health Survey, 1997

(25) Murphy et al, 1988

(26) Jamaica Constabulary Force, Police Statistics Department

(27) Conversions with CSWs--one related how her boyfriend became abusive and finally left her and their baby with no means of support. She decided last year to go into prostitution because the money was assured; she worked when she needed to and spent time with her child as she only worked nights.

(28) Murphy et al, 1988

(29) Results of a 2005 evaluation of women aged 15-49

(30) Priority HIV Prevention Messages are: You are at higher risk if you have multiple partners; Use a condom in every sex act; Abstain/delay sexual initiation; Stick to one faithful uninfected partner; Seek early and complete treatment for STI; You can't tell by looking; Know your HIV status; and Support PLWHA

(31) The 'secondary populations' include opinion leaders or influentials in the community and any other stakeholders who interface with the priority populations (e.g. business sector leaders, entertainers, Church leaders).
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Title Annotation:PROJECT APPRAISAL DOCUMENT ON A PROPOSED LOAN IN THE AMOUNT OF US$10 MILLION TO JAMAICA FOR A SECOND HIV/AIDS PROJECT
Publication:Jamaica - Second HIV/AIDS Project
Date:Apr 1, 2008
Words:1399
Previous Article:Annex 13: Statement of Loans and credits.

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