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Annex 14: Country at a glance.

Annex 14: Country at a Glance
Jamaica Second HIV/AIDS Project

POVERTY and SOCIAL                                 Latinn     Lower-
                                                  America    middle-
                                       Jamaica    & Carib.    income
2006
Population, mid-year (millions)            2.7        556       2276
GNI percapita (Atlas method, USS)        3,570      4,767      2,037
GNI (Atlas method, USS billions)           9.5      2,650      4,635

Average annual growth, 2000-06

Population (%)                             0.5         13        0.9
Labor force (%)                            0.1        2.1        1.4

Moat recent estimate (latest year available, 2000-06)

Poverty (% of population below              19        ...        ...
    national poverty line)
Urban population (% of total                53         78         47
    population)
Life expectancy at birth (years)            71         73         71
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live            17         26         31
    births)
Child malnutrition (% of children            4        ...         13
    under 5)
Access to an improved water source          93         91         81
    (% of population)
Literacy (%of population age <5+)          ...         90         89
Gross primary enrollment (% of              95        118        113
    school-age population)
  Male                                      95        120        117
  Female                                    94        116        114

                          1986-96   1996-06   2005    2006    2006-10

(average annual growth)
GDP                          4.4       1.2     1.8     2.5       2.7
GDP per capita               3.7       0.6     1.3     2.1       1.5
Exports of goods and         ...       ...     ...     ...       ...
  services

STRUCTURE of the ECONOMY
                                       1986      1996    2005    2006
(% of GDP)
Agriculture                             ...       8.4     5.7     5.9
Industry                                ...      34.1    33.1    32.8
Manufacturing                           ...      15.5    13.6    12.7
Services                                ...      57.5     612    61.3

Household final consumption            65.8      69.0    72.8     ...
  expenditure
General gov't final consumption        14.3      13.4    15.2     ...
  expenditure
Imports of goods and services          45.9      55.3    60.9     ...

                                    1986-96   1996-06    2005    2006
(average annual growth)
Agriculture                             4.5      -2.8     7.2    15.9
Industry                                2.5       0.8     2.7    -0.9
Manufacturing                           0.7      -0.7     1.3    -2.4
Services                                3.9       1.6     1.5     3.3

Household final consumption             ...       ...     ...     ...
  expenditure
General gov't final consumption         ...       ...     ...     ...
  expenditure
Gross capital formation                 ...       ...     ...     ...
Imports of goods and services           ...       ...     ...     ...

Note: 2006 data are preliminary estimates.

This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB database.

* The diamonds show four key indicators in the country (in bold)
compared with its income-group average. If data are missing, the
diamond will be incomplete.

PRICES and GOVERNMENT FINANCE

                                      1986     1996     2005     2006
Domestic prices
(%change)
Consumer prices                        6.1     26.4      6.3      8.6
Implicit GDP deflator                 26.9     18.7      9.3      6.3

Government finance
(% of GDP, includes current grants)
Current revenue                       27.7     25.3     29.0     30.4
Current budget balance                 3.7      0.6     -2.6     -2.4
Overall surplus/deficit                -2.1    -4.5     -3.8     -5.0

TRADE
                                      1986     1996     2005     2006

(USS millions)
Total exports (fob)                    660    1,721    1,749    1,984
  Alumina                              206      607      920    1,041
  Bauxite                               90       78       99      113
  Manufactures                         112      363       67      165
Total Imports (cif)                  1,042    3,172    4,530    4,868
  Food                                 166      212      ...      ...
  Fuel and energy                      199      452      ...      ...
  Capital goods                        244      548      716      735

Export price Index (2000=100)          ...      ...      ...      ...
Import price index (2000=100)          ...      ...      ...      ...
Terms of trade (2000-100)              ...      ...      ...      ...

BALANCE of PAYMENTS

                                      1986     1996     2005     2006

(USS millions)
Exports of goods and services         1414    3,323    3,993    4,847
Imports of goods and services        1,234    3,864    5,975    6,981
Resource balance                       181     -542    -1,981  -2,135

Net income                            -316     -225     -740     -681
Net current transfers                  148      624    1,578    1,727
Current account balance                 13     -143   -1,143   -1,089
Financing items (net)                  -64      413    1,372    1,319
Changes in net reserves                 51     -271     -229     -230

Memo:
Reserves including gold                ...      875    2,119      ...
  (USS millions)
Conversion rate (DEC, local/USS)       5.5     37.1     62.3     65.7

EXTERNAL DEBT and RESOURCE FLOWS

                                      1986     1996     2005     2006
(USS millions)
Total debt outstanding and            4247    4,052    6,511      ...
  disbursed
  IBRD                                 572      515      410      387
  IDA                                    0        0        0        0

Total debt service                     675      657      969      ...
  IBRD                                  78      121       58       65
  IDA                                    0        0        0        0

Composition of net resource flows
  Official grants                       83       39       90      ...
  Official creditors                   -21     -174     -145      ...
  Private creditors                    -14       24      941      ...
  Foreign direct investment             -5      184      682      ...
    (net Inflows)
  Portfolio equity(net inflows)          0        0        0      ...

World Bank program
  Commitments                            0       77        0        6
  Disbursements                         23       41       17       18
  Principal repayments                  30       80       39       43
  Net flows                             -7      -39      -22      -25
  Interest payments                     48       41       19       22
  Net transfers                        -55      -80      -41      -47

Note: This table was produced from the Development Economics LDB
database.


Map section

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

(1) Country Assistance Strategy for Jamaica, April, 2005 and the Country Assistance Strategy Progress Report for Jamaica, July 19, 2007.

(2) Only 36% of young men and 40% of young women correctly identified ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States.  according to the Knowledge Attitudes Practices and Behavior (KAPB KAPB Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Behaviour (study) ) 2004 Survey.

(3) Furthermore, there are delays in seeking treatment and adherence to treatment adherence to treatment Compliance Therapeutics The following of a recommended course of treatment by taking all prescribed medications for the length of time necessary  is a problem--a 2006 survey shows a 95 to 100% level of adherence in only 55% of AIDS cases under treatment, an 80% to 94% level of adherence in 37%, and less than 80% in 8% of AIDS cases under ARV.

(4) One national coordinating authority for HIV/AIDS, one national framework and one monitoring and evaluation system.

(5) The Jamaica HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Project due to close on May 31, 2008.

(6) They include: UNESCO UNESCO: see United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
UNESCO
 in full United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
, UNAIDS UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS , PAHO PAHO Pan American Health Organization (WHO)  (WHO), UNICEF, UNFPA UNFPA United Nations Population Fund (formerly United Nations Fund for Population Activities)
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities (now United Nations Population Fund) 
, BLO, USAID USAID United States Agency for International Development
USAID Agencia de los Estados Unidos para el Desarrollo Internacional (Spanish) 
, EC and JICA JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency
JICA Jimmy Carter National Historic Site (US National Park Service)
JICA Joint Intelligence Collecting Agency
 (see Annex 2).

(7) The GFATM GFATM Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria  will be the principal funding source for the Ministry of Education and will also finance the position of a Program Officer in the Ministry of Labor in charge of implementing workplace policies.

(8) The Bank led a multi-agency review of the Caribbean HIV/AIDS Program in 2005.

(9) Public sector health expenditures account for 2.4% of GDP GDP (guanosine diphosphate): see guanine.  or US$90 per capita. An additional 5.1% of GDP or US$190 per capita is spent in the private sector. Most of the private expenditures are out of pocket payments to service providers and for pharmaceuticals.

(10) Vacancy rates for registered nurses increased from 17% in 2003 to 26% in 2004 and those for enrolled assistant nurses and public health nurses increased by 12% and 13%, respectively

(11) Planning Institute of Jamaica. Millennium Development Goals “MDG” redirects here. For other uses, see MDG (disambiguation).

The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that 192 United Nations member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015.
, Jamaica. April 2004.

(12) Only 36% of young men and 40% of young women correctly identifying the ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (KAPB survey).

(13) The NSP was peer reviewed by the UNAIDS/World Bank AIDS Strategic and Action Plans (ASAP (chat) asap - As soon as possible. ) team based at the World Bank's Global HIV/AIDS Program (HDNGA).

(14) Strengthening the institutional response to HIV/AIDS/STI in the Caribbean" (SIRASC).

(15) Data on MSM MSM - Micronetics Standard MUMPS  indicators will be available in June 2008 after discussion with stakeholder meeting scheduled for May 2008.

(16) Indicator No. 6 was also a Project I Core Indicator; and target by end Project I was men: 85% and women 75%.

(17) Indicator No. 13 Project I Core Indicator; and target by end o f Project I was 80%, which was achieved.

(18) Planning Institute of Jamaica. Millennium Development Goals, Jamaica. April 2004.

(19) Jha, P., et al. (2001) "The evidence base for interventions to prevent HIV infection in low and middle-income countries". Background paper of the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, the World Health Organization.

(20) UNAIDS

(21) UN AIDS: Brazil Program

(22) During World Bank project preparation Mission January 14-22, 2008

(23) Adolescent Health Survey, 1997

(24) Adolescent Health Survey, 1997

(25) Murphy et al, 1988

(26) Jamaica Constabulary Force The Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) is the police force of the island nation of Jamaica. The police force has manpower of approximately 8,000. The current commissioner is Lucius A. Thomas of Saint Ann. , Police Statistics Department

(27) Conversions with CSWs--one related how her boyfriend became abusive and finally left her and their baby with no means of support. She decided last year to go into prostitution because the money was assured; she worked when she needed to and spent time with her child as she only worked nights.

(28) Murphy et al, 1988

(29) Results of a 2005 evaluation of women aged 15-49

(30) Priority HIV Prevention Messages are: You are at higher risk if you have multiple partners; Use a condom in every sex act; Abstain/delay sexual initiation; Stick to one faithful uninfected partner; Seek early and complete treatment for STI STI systolic time intervals. ; You can't tell by looking; Know your HIV status; and Support PLWHA PLWHA People Living With HIV/AIDS  

(31) The 'secondary populations' include opinion leaders or influentials in the community and any other stakeholders who interface with the priority populations (e.g. business sector leaders, entertainers, Church leaders).
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Title Annotation:PROJECT APPRAISAL DOCUMENT ON A PROPOSED LOAN IN THE AMOUNT OF US$10 MILLION TO JAMAICA FOR A SECOND HIV/AIDS PROJECT
Publication:Jamaica - Second HIV/AIDS Project
Date:Apr 1, 2008
Words:1399
Previous Article:Annex 13: Statement of Loans and credits.

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