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Annex 10: Country at a glance.

POVERTY and SOCIAL
                                                           Madagascar

2000

Population, mid-year (millions)                                  15.5
GNI per capita (Atlas method. US$)                                250
GNI (Atlas method. US$ billions)                                  3.9

Average annual growth, 1994-00

Population (%)                                                    3.1
Labor force (%)                                                   3.1

Most recent estimate (latest year available, 1994-00)

Poverty (% of population below
  national poverty line)                                           70
Urban population (% of total
  population)                                                      29
Life expectancy at birth (years)                                   54
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live
  births)                                                          90
Child malnutrition (% of children
  under 5)                                                         40
Access to an improved water source
  (% of population)                                                47
Illiteracy (% of population age
  15+)                                                             33
Gross primary enrollment (% of
    school-age population)                                         70
  Male                                                            ...
  Female                                                          ...

KEY ECONOMIC RATIOS and LONG-TERM TRENDS

                                                   1980          1990

GDP (USS billions)                                  ...           3.1
Gross domestic investment/GDP                       ...          17.0
Exports of goods and services/GDP                   ...          16.6
Gross domestic savings/GDP                          ...           6.3
Gross national savings/GDP                          ...           9.2

Current account balance/GDP                         ...          -7.7
Interest payments/GDP                               ...           2.8
Total debt/GDP                                      ...         120.2
Total debt service/exports                         19.3          36.9
Present value of debt/GDP                           ...           ...
Present value of debt/exports                       ...           ...

                                     1980-90    1990-00          1999
(average annual growth)
GDP                                      2.5        2.0           4.7
GDP per capita                          -0.3       -0.9           1.5
Exports of goods and services           -1.7        3.9          11.3

STRUCTURE of the ECONOMY
                                                   1980          1990

(% of GDP)
Agriculture                                        30.1          32.3
Industry                                           16.1          14.3
  Manufacturing                                     ...          12.0
Services                                           53.9          53.4

Private consumption                                 ...          85.7
General government consumption                      ...           8.0
Imports of goods and services                       ...          27.3

                                                1980-90       1990-00

(average annual growth}
Agriculture                                         2.5           1.4
Industry                                            0.9           2.4
  Manufacturing                                     2.1           0.6
Services                                            0.3           2.5

Private consumption                                -0.6           2.4
General government consumption                      0.5           1.2
Gross domestic investment                          15.1           2.6
Imports of goods and services                      -5.9           5.2

PRICES and GOVERNMENT FINANCE

                                                   1980          1990

Domestic prices
(% change)
Consumer prices                                     ...          11.8
Implicit GDP deflator                                            11.5
                                                    ...
Government finance
(% of GDP, includes current grants)
Current revenue                                     ...          13.3
Current budget balance                              ...           4.2
Overall surplus/deficit                             ...          -3.6

TRADE

                                                   1980          1990

(US$ millions)
Total exports (fob)                                 ...           345
Coffee                                              213            39
Vanilla                                              18            57
Manufactures                                        ...           146
Total imports (cif)                                 ...           649
Food                                                 89            49
Fuel and energy                                     159           113
Capital goods                                       333           186

Export price index (1995=100)                       ...            83
Import price index (1995=100)                       ...            91
Terms of trade (1995=100)                           ...            91

BALANCE of PAYMENTS

                                                   1980          1990

(US$ millions)
Exports of goods and services                       516           512
Imports of goods and services                     1,085           842
Resource balance                                   -569          -330

Net income                                          ...          -146
Net current transfers                                11           238

Current account balance                             ...          -238

Financing items (net)                               ...           101
Changes in net reserves                             ...           137

Memo:
Reserves including gold (US$
  millions)                                         ...            92
Conversion rate (DEC, locall US$)                 211.3       1,494.2

EXTERNAL DEBT and RESOURCE FLOWS

                                                   1980          1990

(US$ millions)
Total debt outstanding and
  disbursed                                       1,248         3,704
IBRD                                                 30            26
IDA                                                 122           770

Total debt service                                  100           223
IBRD                                                  3             5
IDA                                                   1             8

Composition of net resource flows
Official grants                                      30           348
Official creditors                                  193           159
Private creditors                                   140           -15
Foreign direct investment                            -1            22
Portfolio equity                                      0             0

World Bank program
Commitments                                          62           156
Disbursements                                        26            64
Principal repayments                                  1             6
Net flows                                            26            58
Interest payments                                     3             7
Net transfers                                        22            50

                                        Sub-
POVERTY and SOCIAL                   Saharan       Low-
                                      Africa     Income

2000

Population, mid-year (millions)          659      2,459
GNI per capita (Atlas method. US$)       480        420
GNI (Atlas method. US$ billions)         313      1,030

Average annual growth, 1994-00

Population (%)                           2.6        1.9
Labor force (%)                          2.6        2.4

Most recent estimate (latest year available, 1994-00)

Poverty (% of population below
  national poverty line)                 ...        ...
Urban population (% of total
  population)                             34         32
Life expectancy at birth (years)          47         59
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live
  births)                                 92         77
Child malnutrition (% of children
  under 5)                               ...        ...
Access to an improved water source
  (% of population)                       55         76
Illiteracy (% of population age
  15+)                                    38         38
Gross primary enrollment (% of
    school-age population)                78         96
  Male                                    85        102
  Female                                  71         86

KEY ECONOMIC RATIOS and LONG-TERM TRENDS

                                        1999       2000

GDP (USS billions)                       3.7        3.9
Gross domestic investment/GDP           14.9       17.1
Exports of goods and services/GDP       24.8       23.2
Gross domestic savings/GDP               7.2        8.4
Gross national savings/GDP               9.5        9.5

Current account balance/GDP             -5.4       -6.8
Interest payments/GDP                    1.1        0.9
Total debt/GDP                         117.0      112.0
Total debt service/exports              11.9        7.0
Present value of debt/GDP               79.1        ...
Present value of debt/exports          287.3        ...

                                        2000    2000-04
(average annual growth)
GDP                                      4.8        6.4
GDP per capita                           1.6        3.4
Exports of goods and services           29.4       10.9

STRUCTURE of the ECONOMY
                                        1999       2000

(% of GDP)
Agriculture                             30.0       34.9
Industry                                13.8       13.1
  Manufacturing                          ...        ...
Services                                56.2       52.0

Private consumption                     84.9       84.3
General government consumption           7.9        7.3
Imports of goods and services           32.5       31.9

                                        1999       2000

(average annual growth}
Agriculture                              5.3       -2.4
Industry                                 4.2        5.5
  Manufacturing                          ...        ...
Services                                 1.6       11.1

Private consumption                      2.9        8.5
General government consumption           9.6        ...
Gross domestic investment                8.7       24.2
Imports of goods and services            7.8       25.8

PRICES and GOVERNMENT FINANCE

                                        1999       2000

Domestic prices
(% change)
Consumer prices                          9.9       11.9
Implicit GDP deflator                    9.8        7.1

Government finance
(% of GDP, includes current grants)
Current revenue                         11.4       11.7
Current budget balance                   2.1        2.6
Overall surplus/deficit                 -4.8       -4.2

TRADE

                                        1999       2000

(US$ millions)
Total exports (fob)                      665        681
Coffee                                    30          8
Vanilla                                   28         37
Manufactures                             478        486
Total imports (cif)                      874      1,029
Food                                      46         67
Fuel and energy                          124        214
Capital goods                            154        168

Export price index (1995=100)             82         79
Import price index (1995=100)             88         94
Terms of trade (1995=100)                 94         84

BALANCE of PAYMENTS

                                        1999       2000

(US$ millions)
Exports of goods and services            910      1,195
Imports of goods and services          1,198      1,529
Resource balance                        -288       -334

Net income                               -42        -53
Net current transfers                    129        124

Current account balance                 -201       -263

Financing items (net)                    247        376
Changes in net reserves                  -46       -113

Memo:
Reserves including gold (US$
  millions)                              227        301
Conversion rate (DEC, locall US$)    6,283.8    6,767.5

EXTERNAL DEBT and RESOURCE FLOWS

                                        1999       2000

(US$ millions)
Total debt outstanding and
  disbursed                            4,354      4,359
IBRD                                       0          0
IDA                                     1361      1,378

Total debt service                       121         93
IBRD                                       1          0
IDA                                       25         27

Composition of net resource flows
Official grants                           35         21
Official creditors                        65        101
Private creditors                          0          0
Foreign direct investment                 58         68
Portfolio equity                           0          0

World Bank program
Commitments                              171        138
Disbursements                             84         94
Principal repayments                      16         17
Net flows                                 68         77
Interest payments                         10         10
Net transfers                             58         67

Note: 2000 data are preliminary estimates.

* The diamonds show four key indicators in the country (in bold)
compared with its income-group average. If data are missing. the
diamond will be incomplete.

Development Economics
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Title Annotation:MADAGASCAR MULTISECTORAL STI/HIV/AIDS PREVENTION PROJECT
Publication:Madagascar - Multisectoral STI/HIV/AIDS Prevention Project
Date:Nov 1, 2001
Words:1175
Previous Article:Annex 9: Statement of loans and credits.
Next Article:Additional Annex 11: Supervision plan.

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