Andrew Barton ("Banjo") Paterson, bush poet, lawyer and journalist.There is no shortage of Internet biographical coverage of "Banjo", eldest child of Scottish immigrants who arrived in Sydney during the early 1850s and with Banjo's uncle took up the squatting squatting /squat·ting/ (skwaht´ing) a position with hips and knees flexed, the buttocks resting on the heels; sometimes adopted by the parturient at delivery or by children with certain types of cardiac defects. run of "Illalong" to breed Indian Army This article is about the post-independence Indian Army. For the Indian Army under British rule, see British Indian Army.
The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. remounts remounts
all horses owned by the army to be used for army service. (Banjo's grandfather served as roughrider rough·rid·er
1. A skilled rider of little-trained horses, especially one who breaks horses for riding.
2. Rough Rider A member of the First U.S. and, later, captain in East India Company service). After establishing title by five year's occupancy of "Illalong", the two brothers (Andrew and John) squatted at "Buckenbah", near Obley, in the western district of New South Wales New South Wales, state (1991 pop. 5,164,549), 309,443 sq mi (801,457 sq km), SE Australia. It is bounded on the E by the Pacific Ocean. Sydney is the capital. The other principal urban centers are Newcastle, Wagga Wagga, Lismore, Wollongong, and Broken Hill. . However, for her confinement con·fine·ment
1. The act of restricting or the state of being restricted in movement.
confinement Banjo's mother, Rose, stayed with her sister at Narrambla, near Orange, where Banjo was born (17 February 1864). Seventy years later, Banjo wrote about "Buckenbah" in recollections for the Sydney Morning Herald (source of much of this compilation):
This place was held on a lease from the Crown at a few pence per acre and was worth no more. It was dingo-infested, unfenced country where the sheep had to be shepherded and the cattle, as the blackboys Blackboys is a small village nestled in the Sussex Weald, between the South Downs and the Ashdown Forest in East Sussex, England. It lies on the Heathfield to Lewes A-Road. said could go "longa bush" and wander afield until they got into somebody else's meat cask or could be mustered and driven away by enterprising en·ter·pris·ing
Showing initiative and willingness to undertake new projects: The enterprising children opened a lemonade stand. people who adopted this cheap method of stocking-up. In these surroundings, I, the immature immature /im·ma·ture/ (im?ah-chldbomacr´) unripe or not fully developed.
Not fully grown or developed.
unripe or not fully developed. verse-writer, son of Andrew Paterson, had my first taste of bush life.
Of my father I saw little, for he was mainly away pioneering in Queensland. There he had a skirmish with the blacks, during which his cousin, James Paterson, had his spectacles knocked off his nose by the tip of a boomerang; he tried to take sheep to some new place, but was caught on flooded country between two rivers, and had to shear them on a sandhill; and finally he had to get out of Queensland--just another of the many pioneers who unsuccessfully threw dice with fate. I never knew the name of his place in Queensland, but I understand that it adjoined Lammermuir.
To meet losses in Queensland, "Buckenbah" was sold and the family moved back to "Illalong", then on the busy main road between Sydney and Melbourne. Here, Rose brought up two boys and five girls. There is in the National Library a rare map of Binalong police district in 1864 which shows "Illalong", Binalong and other localities familiar to Banjo. The Lambing Flat diggings were only a day's ride from "Illalong". Banjo considered "Illalong" an "unlucky place--enough to break anyone's heart--for the Free Selection Act had just been passed, and the selectors, droves of them, all seemed to pick on us, as there were creeks everywhere which solved for them the water problem".
"Illalong", Binalong and Bogolong Banjo writes of his "Illalong" boyhood: There were swimming pools in the creek 10 feet deep and half a mile long, and the tides of life surged round us. The gold escort from Lambing Flat, too, came by twice a week, with a mounted trooper riding in front with his rifle at the ready and another armed trooper on the box with the coachman. I used to hope that the escort would be "stuck up" outside our place so that I might see something worth while, but what with the new settlers and the scores of bullock teams taking loading out to the back country, no bushranger stood half a chance of making a getaway unseen. The roads were quite unmade and when the track got so cut up that a wagon would sink down to its axles, the bullockies would try a new track. Thus the highway became a labyrinth of tracks, half a mile wide, with her and there an excavation where a wagon had been dug out; and when, as often happened, a wagon stuck in the bed of the creek, they would hitch two teams of bullocks to it, and then (as one of the bullockies said) either the wagon or the bed of the creek had to come. I was not encouraged to go anywhere near the bullockies, who were supposed to be up to stratagems, especially in the way of stealing horses; but a lonely child will go anywhere for company, and I found that they travelled with their families, dogs, and sometime even fowls. These latter gentry, after fossicking about the camp for worms and grasshoppers, would hop up into the wagon as soon as the bullocks were yoked, making for their crate, where a little food awaited them. They hurried too! I found that these teamsters were like Bracken's hero--"not understood". Hard as it may be to believe, they were really fond of their bullocks, and only took the whip to shirkers. One of them gave me a demonstration with a bullock-whip, cutting great furrows in the bark of a white gum tree. When I said it was no wonder the bullocks pulled, he remarked, feelingly, "Sonny, if I done that to them bullocks I'd want shooting. Every bullock knows his name, and when I speak to him he's into the yoke. I'd look well knocking 'em about with a hundred miles to go and them not getting' a full feed once a week. Many a night I've dug up a panel of a squatter's paddock and slipped 'em in, and I've been back before daylight to slip 'em out and put the panel up agen. So long as they'll stick to me I'll stick to them".
The theme of bullocks appears in several of Banjo's poems, the most popular being those about "Saltbush saltbush
a widespread forage or browse plant on extensive range in Australian arid zones. Called also atriplex spp. Strictly a maintenance feed. Bill, JP". Schooling for Banjo, in the village of Binalong, provided a formative formative /for·ma·tive/ (for´mah-tiv) concerned in the origination and development of an organism, part, or tissue. education about the ways of the world:
By this time 1 had learned to ride, and to get me away it was decided that I should ride four miles to school every day in Binalong, a two-pub town famous for the fact that the bushranger Gilbert was buried in the police paddock. Here I sat on a hard wooden form alongside some juvenile relatives of Gilbert. Carlyle in his "Sartor Resartus" speaks of his hero Diogenes Teudelsdrock as being educated at the Academy of Hinterschlag (stern-smackers), and there was plenty of Hinterschlag at this little bush school in Binalong. The master, Moore by name, had to meet emergencies of one sort or another every day, and he met them like Napoleon. Spare, gaunt, and Irish by descent, he ran to gamecocks and kangaroo dogs in his private moments. It was nothing unusual for his flock to go out with him in the long summer afternoons to watch a course after a kangaroo, and the elite of the school, the pound-keeper's son and the blacksmith's boy, would be allowed to stop after school and watch a "go-in" between two cocks without the steel spurs, as part of their training for more serious business. One day the sergeant of police from Yass, in plain clothes, drove tip the door of the school in a natty little trap with a pair of ponies. We jumped to the conclusion that he had heard of this cockfighting business, and we expected (and hoped) to see the schoolmaster led away like Eugene Aram with gyves upon his wrist. While the sergeant was inside with the teacher we children swarmed all over his buggy, and there in a neat-lined box tinder the seat we found a gamecock, clipped and looking for a fight! The gamecock was rather surprised to se us in charge of his caravan, but not nearly so astonished as we were to see HIM. It was our--or, at any rate, nay--first introduction to the ways of the world and to those who go about in sheep's clothing, but are inwardly ravening wolves. Apart from his sporting proclivities, there was little fault to find with our teacher. Poor man, he was almost daily confronted by irate mothers, real rough sorts, whose children he had whipped, and who threatened to bring "the old man" down to deal with him if it ever happened again.
For those familiar with the Saltbush Bill poems and "The Gundaroo Bullock bullock
a mature castrated male cattle destined for meat production or draft. ", Banio's schoolboy memory clearly provided material. Many of Banjo's poems also recapture recapture n. in income tax, the requirement that the taxpayer pay the amount of tax savings from past years due to accelerated depreciation or deferred capital gains upon sale of property. (See: income tax)
RECAPTURE, war. his love of horses, including an event at "Bogolong" station, owned by the Julian family:
My first introduction to the racing business came about this way. It was New Year's Day and a general holiday. My father was away, and the station roustabout, having filled the water-barrel, cut the wood and led the fowls, was free to go to the Bogolong races, some eight miles away. He suggested that I should go with him, and my mother agreed, though I would not have had a hundred-to-one chance of getting leave from my lather. Picture us then, a youth of eighteen and a boy of eight setting out to take part in the sport of kings!
Bogolong (now called Bookham) was a township on the main southern road, and consisted or two "pubs", half a mile apart, with nothing in between! When I asked a roustabout what had happened to the rest of the town, he said: "This is all they is. One pub to ketch the coves coming from Yass and the other to ketch the coves from Jugiong".
The track was about half a mile out of town, with no grandstand, and mostly laid out through a gum and stringy-bark scrub. The racehorses were tied to saplings, as were hundreds of othe horses ridden by wild men from the Murrumbidgee Mountains, who had all brought their dogs. There was a sprinkling of more civilized sportsmen from Yass and Jugiong, blackfellows and half-castes from everywhere, and a few out-and-outers who had ridden from Lobb's Hole, a place so steep that (as the horse-boy said) the horses all wore the hair off their tails sliding down the mountains. The days of racing in heats (i.e. running the horses three times against each other to see which was the best) had died out everywhere except in these outlandish places; but there was one heat race still in the programme. This was the Bogolong Town Plate of a mile, possibly the last heat race ever run anywhere. I had ridden over a pony with a child's saddle; glancing at the pony to see that he was all right, I saw a Murrumbidgee mountaineer seven feet high taking the saddle off my pony and putting it on a racehorse. Running over to him, I managed to gasp out: "That's my saddle." "Right-oh, son," he said. "I won't hurt it. It's just the very thing the doctor ordered. It's ketch weights, and this is the lightest saddle here, so I took it before anybody else got it. This is Pardon," he went on, "and if he wins this heat you come to me and I'll stand you a bottle of ginger beer." In after years a man who speculated largely told me that he could put ten thousand pounds into a speculation without a tremor, but if he put a pound on a horse he could hardly hold his glasses steady enough to watch the race. Imagine, then, the excitement with which I watched Pardon's progress-watched him lying behind the leaders as they went out of sight behind the stringy-hark scrub; watched them come into sight again with Pardon still lying third; and then the crowning moment as he drew away at the straight and won comfortably. Greater still, the delirious joy when he led the field all the way in the second heat, so that there was no need to run a third. I had the ginger beer--a bitter, lukewarm stuff with hops in it--but what did I care'? My new friend assured me that Pardon could not have won without my saddle. It had made all the difference. Years afterwards, I worked the incident into a sort of ballad called "Pardon, the son of Reprieve." We had eight miles to gel home, so we had to leave before things got really lively; but before we departed two men had an argument about a bet and each made a run to pull a stirrup-iron out of his saddle. My old friend the sergeant of police from Yass had no objection to a fight, but he drew the lines at stirrup-irons! fie and a mounted trooper handcuffed first one man and then the other with their arms round saplings, a performance which I had never seen before and have never seen since.
At the age of ten, Banjo was sent to live with his grandmother in Gladesville while he attended Sydney Grammar School Sydney Grammar School is a non-denominational, independent school for boys in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The school is a member of the Athletic Association of the Great Public Schools of New South Wales (GPS). , returning to "Illalong" for school holidays:
When I was sent to school a new world opened before me. As a start my cousin and I bought an old boat, mostly held together by tar, and by way of brightening up the colour scheme we painted the floor with white paint over the tar. This was not entirely satisfactory, as the tar turned the paint to a sort of unwholesome muddy colour, which refused to dry; so we had to buy caustic soda caustic soda: see sodium hydroxide.
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), an inorganic compound. The alkalies called caustic soda and caustic potash (potassium hydroxide) are very important industrial chemicals, with uses in the manufacture of to remove both tar and paint and begin all over again. When we got her finished she was a fine fishing boat, for there was generally as much water inside as out, which kept our fish fresh till we got them home.
But fishing was only a sideline; our real interest lay in the scullers whoworked on the championship course right in front of our door. Beginning with Hickey and Rush, on down through Ned Trickett and Elias Laycock, to Beach and Hanlan, Stansbury and Maclean, last and greatest of them Harry Searle--we knew every man of them, and could them by their styles at three-quarters of a mile distance. Stalking with their trainers through the little town of Gladesville, they were like Kingsley's Gladiators stalking through the degenerate Romans. Elias Laycock could eat a dozen eggs for breakfast; Maclean, an axe-man from the northern rivers could take an axe in either hand, and fell any tree without stopping for rest; Searle had an extra rib on either side of his body, or so his opponents implicitly believed. A flaxen-haired giant, he was the hero of a queer incident at a dance give at the Gladesville Mental Hospital. These dances were for the amusement of the patients, and all visitors were expected to dance with them. A lady from Sydney, no less than the daughter of Sir William Windeyer, Judge of the Supreme Court, was good-natured about it all, and after trotting several of the patients out she invited Searle to have a turn. On coming back to her chaperone she said," What a pity that fine young fellow is mad. tie talked quite sensibly until all of a sudden he said that he was file champion sculler of the world. I got away from him as soon as I could."
At Grammar, Banjo shared a prize with a boy "who is now a Judge of the High Court", with the rueful rue·ful
1. Inspiring pity or compassion.
2. Causing, feeling, or expressing sorrow or regret.
rue comment that if he had paid as much attention to lessons as to fish and rabbits, he, too, might haven risen to the same office. He tried unsuccessfully for a University bursary bur·sa·ry
n. pl. bur·sa·ries
1. A treasury, especially of a public institution or religious order.
2. Chiefly British A scholarship granted to a university student in need. . Instead, at the age of 16 was articled as a clerk to a Sydney solicitor's office (Spain and Salway), which included a lot of shipping business. One of his first jobs was to collect evidence to defend a captain prosecuted for not showing a riding-light while at anchor anchored.
See also: Anchor :
Evidence! It was too easy. The captain had seen the boatswain put out the riding-light. The boatswain remembered the riding-light well, as he had nearly fallen overboard while fixing it. The chief officer had been strolling about the deck and noticed the reflection of the riding-light on the water, I chuckled to think how small the opposition would feel when we unloosed our cannon of testimony. Then the sea-lawyer who was on the Bench, without whys or wherefores, and without summing-up, found the captain guilty and fined him a fiver! I walked away from the court with the captain and was just starting to speak a piece about this awful iniquity when he said' "Oh, well. I didn't know you had to have a riding-light. They'd drive a man mad with their regulations in these--places." An unnerving experience, but it taught me that a case at law is like a battle. If you listen to the accounts of the two sides you can never believe that they are talking about the same fight.
He saw "bank booms, land booms, silver booms, Northern Territory booms and they all had one thing in common--they always burst". At about this time Banjo took up interest as an amateur jockey and he also joined a polo club started by a cavalry cavalry, a military force consisting of mounted troops trained to fight from horseback. Horseback riding probably evolved independently in the Eurasian steppes and the mountains above the Mesopotamian plain. By 1400 B.C. officer from England, a club that "brought us in touch with some of the upper circles--a great change alter the little bush school, the game-cocks, and the days when I looked upon the sergeant of police as the greatest man in the world". On a train trip from Sydney, he composed a short ballad:
We played a match against the Cooma team, real wild men with cabbage-tree hats, and skin-tight pants, their hats held on by a strap under their noses. I must have the gift of prophecy because, before we went up, I wrote a jingle called "The Geebung Polo Club", a jingle which has outlasted much better work.
Part of the ballad is worth repeating:
It was somewhere up the country, in a land of rock and scrub, That they formed an institution called the Geebung Polo Club. They were long and wiry natives from the rugged mountain side, And the horse was never saddled that the Geebungs couldn't ride; But their style of playing polo was irregular and rash--They had mighty little science, but a mighty lot of dash: And they played on mountain ponies that were muscular and strong, Though their coats were quite unpolished, and their manes and tails were long. And they used to train those ponies wheeling cattle in the scrub: They were demons, were the members of the Geebung Polo Club. It was somewhere down the country, in a city's smoke and steam, That a polo club existed, called 'The Cuff and Collar Team'. As a social institution 'twas a marvellous success, For the members were distinguished by exclusiveness and dress. They had natty little ponies that were nice, and smooth, and sleek, For their cultivated owners only rode "era once a week. So they started up the country in pursuit of sport and fame, For they meant to show the Geebungs how they ought to play the game, And they took their valets with them--just to give their boots a rub, Ere they started operations on the Geebung Polo Club.
Banjo's Ballads and Lyrics lyrics npl [of song] → paroles fpl
lyrics lyric npl [of song] → Text m
Banjo mentioned his first literary effort, a pamphlet pamphlet, short unbound or paper-bound book of from 64 to 96 pages. The pamphlet gained popularity as an instrument of religious or political controversy, giving the author and reader full benefit of freedom of the press. entitled en·ti·tle
tr.v. en·ti·tled, en·ti·tling, en·ti·tles
1. To give a name or title to.
2. To furnish with a right or claim to something: "Australia for the Australians" and based on history and economics:
I blush every time l think of it! When my pamphlet fell as flat as the great inland desert, I tried my hand at "poetry", and strung together four flamboyant verses about the expedition against the Mahdi, who was going well and strong at the time.
Banjo avoided his own name lest it be identified as author of the unsuccessful pamphlet when he submitted his first contribution to the Bulletin as his objection to the sending of a detachment of Australian troops to the Sudan:
And fairest Australia freest of the free, Is up in arms against the freeman's fight; And with her mother joined to crush the right, Has left her threatened treasures o'er the sea, Has left her land of liberty and law To flesh her maiden sword in this unholy war. Enough! God never blessed such enterprise England's degenerate Generals yet shall rue Brave Gordon sacrificed, when soon they view The children of a thousand deserts rise To drive them forth like sand before the gate-God and the Prophet! Freedom will prevail.
To his surprise, "El Mahdi to the Australian Troops" was published during February 1885 and he was asked to submit more ballads, preferably about his bush experience, His themes ranged from the hardships of pioneer life, courage in adversity ad·ver·si·ty
n. pl. ad·ver·si·ties
1. A state of hardship or affliction; misfortune.
2. A calamitous event. and the humour shared around campfires, often with the "new chum new chum
Austral & NZ archaic informal a recent British immigrant " as bait. At times, a Pommie turned the tables, to the amusement of all, as expressed in "Last Week":
Oh, the new-chum went to the back block run, But he should have gone there last week. fie tramped ten miles with a loaded gun, But of turkey or duck he saw never a one, For he should have been there last week, They said. There were flocks of 'era there last week. He wended his way to a waterfall, And he should have gone there last week. tie carried a camera, legs and all, But the day was hot, and the stream was small, For he should have gone there last week, They said. They drowned a man there last week. He went for a drive, and he made a start, Which should have been made last week, For the old horse died of a broken heart; So he footed it home and he dragged the cart-But the horse was all right last week, They said. He trotted a match last week. So he asked the bushies who came from far to visit the town last week, If they'd dine with him, and they said 'Hurrah!' But there wasn't a drop in the whisky jar You should have been here last week, He said. I drank it all up last week!
Banjo shared space Shared space is a traffic engineering philosophy pioneered by the Dutch traffic engineer Hans Monderman. The approach relies on the principle that road users' behaviour is more likely to be affected by the street environment and design than by the traditional deployment of measures with Henry Lawson Henry Lawson (17 June, 1867 - 2 September, 1922) was an Australian writer and poet. Along with his contemporary Banjo Paterson, Lawson is among the best-known Australian poets and fiction writers of the colonial period. and was paid thirteen shillings and sixpence six·pence
1. A coin formerly used in Britain and worth six pennies.
2. The sum of six pennies.
Noun for contributing "Clancy of the Overflow "Clancy of The Overflow" is a poem by Banjo Paterson, first published in The Bulletin, an Australian news magazine, on December 21 1889. The poem is typical of Paterson, offering a romantic view of rural life, and is one of his best-known works. " (December 1889), one of his best remembered ballads. Some of the words have become timeless appreciation of inland Australia:
And the bush hath friends to meet him, and their kindly voices greet him In the murmur of the breezes and the river on its bars, And he sees the vision splendid of the sunlit plains extended, And at night the wondrous glory of the everlasting stars.
By contrast, Banjo's "Song of the Future" (1889) raises questions about the democratic future of urban Australia where a great majority of the population had lost contact with rural customs:
The freedom, and the hopeful sense Of toil that brought due recompense, Of room for all, has passed away, And lies forgotten with the dead. Within our streets men cry for bread In cities built but yesterday.
Banjo formed a strong friendship with Lawson and during 1892 they reached an arrangement where they would write against each other, publishing opposite viewpoints. Banjo wrote:
To show how a poet can be without honour (or profit) in his own country, I remember Lawson's wife telling me she was quite happy because Henry was "working" again.
"What's he working at," I asked, "prose or verse?"
"Oh, no," she said. "I don't mean writing. I mean working. He's gone back to his trade as a house painter."
And this was the man whose work was afterwards af·ter·ward also af·ter·wards
At a later time; subsequently.
afterwards or afterward
later [Old English æfterweard]
Adv. 1. translated into foreign languages!
Lawson had an experience which happens to few people. He fell over a cliff at Manly and was reported dead. There was no time to make inquiries, so a section of the Press came out with flattering flat·ter 1
v. flat·tered, flat·ter·ing, flat·ters
1. To compliment excessively and often insincerely, especially in order to win favor.
2. obituary notices, which Henry read with great interest and enthusiasm.
I asked him what he thought of these final "reviews;" and he said that, after reading them, he was puzzled to think how he managed to be so hard tip all his life!
Despite the warm response to Banjo's "A Bush Christening christening: see baptism. " when published in the Bulletin (December, 1803), his identity was not revealed. The immediate success of his "The Man from Snowy River
The Snowy River is a major river in south-eastern Australia. The Snowy River drains the eastern slopes of the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales. " two years later changed all this and led him to republish re·pub·lish
tr.v. re·pub·lished, re·pub·lish·ing, re·pub·lish·es
1. To publish again.
2. Law To revive (a libel or a canceled will). it in his first book of ballads (1805), to break all previous Australian publishing records when the firs edition sold out within a week. I copies sold within a year, to rank Banjo second only to Rudyard Kipling for popularity of English language English language, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Spoken by about 470 million people throughout the world, English is the official language of about 45 nations. writing.
During the same year, at "Dagworth" station near Winton, he wrote the ballad "Waltzing Matilda" to the tune of an old marching song and based on a true story of the death of a swagman who drowned in a billabong bil·la·bong
1. A dead-end channel extending from the main stream of a river.
2. A streambed filled with water only in the rainy season.
3. A stagnant pool or backwater. from the weight of his clothes when fleeing from two troopers Troopers in the United States civilian police forces usually refer to members of state highway patrols, state patrols, or state police agenciess. aim an Aboriginal tracker after stealing a sheep.
As well as much humour, sonic ballads portrayed tragedy, as captured by "Lost":
'He ought to be home," said the old man, 'without there's something amiss, He only went to the Two-mile--he ought to be back by this. He WOULD ride the Reckless filly, he WOULD have his wilful way, And, here, he's not back by sundown and what will his mother say?' 'He was always his mother's idol, since ever Iris father died; And there isn't a horse on the station that he isn't game to ride. But the Reckless mare is vicious, and if once she gets away He hasn't got strength to hold her--and what will his mother say?' The old man walked to the sliprail, and peered tip the dark'ning track, And looked and longed for the rider that would never more come back, And the mother came and clutched him, with sudden, spasmodic fright 'What has become of my Willie?--why isn't he home tonight?' Away in the gloomy ranges, at the foot of an ironbark, The bonnie, winsome laddie was lying stiff and stark; For the Reckless mare had smashed him against a leaning limb, And his comely lace was battered, and his merry eyes were dim. And the thoroughbred chestnut filly, the saddle beneath her flanks, Was away like fire through the ranges to join the wild mob's ranks; And a broken-hearted woman and an old man worn and grey Were searching all night in the ranges till the sunrise brought the day. And the mother kept feebly calling, with a hope that would not die, 'Willie! Where are you, Will?" But how can the dead reply; And hope died out with the daylight, and the darkness brought despair. God pity the stricken mother and answer the widow's prayer! Though far and wide they sought him, they found not where he fell; For the ranges held him precious, and guarded their treasure well. The wattle blooms above him, and the blue bells close by, And the brown bees buzz the secret, and the wild birds sing reply. But the mother pined and faded, and cried, and took no rest, And rode each day to the ranges on her hopeless, weary quest. Seeking her loved one ever, she faded and pined away, But with the strength of her great affection she still sought every day. 'I know that sooner or later, I shall find my boy,' she said. But she came not home one evening, and they found her lying dead. And stamped on the poor pale features, as the spirit homeward pass'd, Was an angel smile of gladness--she had found the boy at last.
Banjo made numerous trips to outback Queensland and the Northern Territory, to collect yarns. The "City of Dreadful Thirst thirst, sensation indicating the body's need for water. Dry or salty food and dry, dusty air may induce such a sensation by depleting moisture in the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. " popularized the phrase, a "Bogan shower" (described as three raindrops and some dust"). Several ballads reflected the White Australia outlook of much of rural Australia. An extract from "A Bushman's Song" (1892) sympathised with the shearers' union movement, with Chinese shearers often described as "lepers" due to the popular belief that they carried this disease and a consequent scabby scab·by
1. Having, consisting of, or covered with scabs.
2. Affected with scab or scabies. skin (source of the term "scab" to describe non-union labour):
I asked a cove for shearin' once along the Marthaguy: "We shear non-union here", says he. "I call it scab," says I. I looked along the shearin' floor before I turned to go--There were eight or ten dashed Chinamen a-shearin' in a row. It was shift, boy's, shift, for there wasn't the slightest doubt It was time to make a shift with the leprosy about, So I saddled up my horses, and I whistled to my dog, And I left his scabby station at the old jog-jog."
In other ballads and writing, Banjo repeated his warning of the Asianization of the outback, especially the Northern Territory:
... the fear of the N.T.s resumption as a Crown colony, an event that would be followed by an influx of cheap Asiatics from Britain's Eastern possessions. And, in fact, the Territory itself is now clamouring for the introduction of the cheap and nasty Chow, notwithstanding that it is breeding its own Chinky fast enough ... The hordes of aliens that have accumulated are a menace to the rest of Australia. (The Bulletin, 31 December, 1898)
Perhaps also, Banjo's rural travels reflected his lines about Clancy:
And I somehow I rather fancy that I'd like to change with Clancy, Like to take a turn at droving where the seasons come and go, While he laced the round eternal of the cash-book and the journal But I doubt he'd suit the office, Clancy, of the Overflow.
Banjo turned to journalism during 1900 to serve as a special correspondent special correspondent n → corresponsal m/f especial
special correspondent n → envoyé spécial
special correspondent special n to the Boer War Boer War: see South African War. in South Africa South Africa, Afrikaans Suid-Afrika, officially Republic of South Africa, republic (2005 est. pop. 44,344,000), 471,442 sq mi (1,221,037 sq km), S Africa. , on behalf of the Sydney Morning Herald and the Melbourne Argus. Here, he established a longstanding friendship with Kipling. He sold his legal practice in 1901. Next, he was commissioned as the journalist to report on the effect of the Boxer Rebellion Boxer Rebellion
Officially supported peasant uprising in 1900 in China that attempted to drive all foreigners from the country. “Boxer” was the English name given to a Chinese secret society that practiced boxing and calisthenic rituals in the belief that it in China, before returning to Sydney via London. He published Rio Grande's Last Race and Other Verses during 1902. A year later, at the age of 40, Banjo was appointed Editor of the Sydney Evening News and in Tenterfield, he married Alice Walker Noun 1. Alice Walker - United States writer (born in 1944)
Alice Malsenior Walker, Walker , a grazier's daughter. For a while, he moved away from ballad writing and during early 1904 produced a series of satirical sa·tir·i·cal or sa·tir·ic
Of, relating to, or characterized by satire. See Synonyms at sarcastic.
sa·tiri·cal·ly adv. articles in the News. He also attempted a romantic novel, An Outback Marriage (published in 1906). As an adventure Banjo was invited to participate in the Dunlop Tyre Tyre (tīr), ancient city of Phoenicia, S of Sidon. It is the present-day Sur in Lebanon, a small town on a peninsula jutting into the Mediterranean from the mainland of Syria S of Beirut. Reliability
Trial of 1905:
I was a passenger with J. M. Arnott in his car on the first reliability trial A reliability trial is an organised bicycle ride which challenges a cyclist to complete a course, passing through designated control points, within a preset time limit. In the United Kingdom, such events are often held in the wintry opening months of the year and are used by club from Sydney to Melbourne, and "trial" is exactly' the right word. All sorts and conditions of cars competed, and as for the drivers--they required to be seen to be believed.
One elderly enthusiast turned out in a little one-cylinder rubby-dubby, of which he knew so little that his only accessories for the trip were a tack-hammer and a pair of pincers pin·cers also pinch·ers
pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb)
1. A grasping tool having a pair of jaws and handles pivoted together to work in opposition.
2. . Failing to get anyone with experience to accompany him, he picked up a Sydney larrikin lar·ri·kin
A person given to comical or outlandish behavior.
[Origin unknown. for company; but alter the first day's drive (from Sydney to Goulburn) this miscreant mis·cre·ant
1. An evildoer; a villain.
2. An infidel; a heretic.
[Middle English miscreaunt, heretic, from Old French mescreant, present participle of deserted him, saying he preferred dishonour dishonour or US dishonor
1. to treat with disrespect
2. to refuse to pay (a cheque)
1. a lack of honour or respect
2. a state of shame or disgrace
3. to death, or words to that effect.
The elderly driver thereafter spent most of his time oil his back under the car, and finally threw in the towel at Gundagai.
A French driver named Maillard had taken part in some of the big motor races in France, and was a hot favourite for the event. He was driving a De Dion
In those days the roads beyond Goulburn were crossed here and there by steep gutters to drain off the water. They were quite invisible from a distance, and all the experienced drivers had their passengers standing up on the back seats to yell out "gutter In typography, the space between two columns. " when one hove in sight. The poor little Frenchman, blissfully bliss
1. Extreme happiness; ecstasy.
2. The ecstasy of salvation; spiritual joy.
bliss out Slang
To go into a state of ecstasy. unconscious of this, hit the first gutter at fifty miles an hour, sending his car up in the air like a hurdle horse which has hit a jump. Parts of the car were scattered Scattered
Used for listed equity securities. Unconcentrated buy or sell interest. all over the road, and the Frenchman ran from one to another shouting: "Pourquoi les canivaux" (why are the gutters there?). As I had some sort of Surry Hills knowledge of French, I did my best to explain things, but the only result was to make him cry worse than ever.
A Melbourne stock-broker, having his first long drive, had a first class "cockatoo cockatoo: see parrot.
Any of 21 species of crested parrots (family Cacatuidae), found in Australia and from New Guinea to the Solomon Islands. Most species are white with touches of red or yellow; some are black. " standing up in the back of his car (cockatoos were a sentinel sentinel /sen·ti·nel/ (sen´ti-n'l) one who gives a warning or indicates danger.
a recording mechanism, such as an animal, a farm or a veterinarian, posted explicitly to record a possible occurrence or series of to look out for trouble) and he did so well between Goulburn and Gundagai that he insisted on shouting champagne for all the drivers and their associates. Nothing like this had happened in Gundagai since the big flood, and, as soon as the word got round, the whole population of the town drifted into the bar and started to lap up the champagne like milk. He drank with all and sundry all collectively, and each separately.
See also: Sundry and did himself so well that when he left Gundagai next morning the bridge was not wide enough for him and he hit the abutment abutment /abut·ment/ (ah-but´ment) a supporting structure to sustain lateral or horizontal pressure, as the anchorage tooth for a fixed or removable partial denture.
n. fair and square with his radiator radiator, device used to heat an area surrounding it or to cool a fluid circulating within it. The familiar radiators of steam and hot water heating systems in buildings are misnamed, as they operate principally by convection, in which heat is transferred by air ....
Sad to say, the local blacksmiths were unequal to Adj. 1. unequal to - not meeting requirements; "unequal to the demands put upon him"
inadequate, unequal - lacking the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task; "inadequate training"; "the staff was inadequate"; "she was unequal a repair job which practically meant taking the tail light and building a new car to it. He and his "cockatoo" passed us somewhere about Seymour, sitting on the remains of their car in a railway truck, waving bottles, and shouting encouragement.
The Lure of the Land
Perhaps, it was Banjo's love of the bush that took him from Sydney in 1908 when he sold his publication rights to his publishers and bought "Coodra", a mountain property on the Goodradigbee River The Goodradigbee River is in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia. It flows into Burrinjuck Dam and thus is a tributary of the Murrumbidgee River.
The Goodradigbee River originates near Tantangara Reservoir at an altitude of 1,260 m and flows north into the Burrinjuck at the junction of the Murrumbidgee. Banjo writes;
In all parts of the world the "hill billies are--well, I won't say greater thieves--but they are more enterprising and resourceful re·source·ful
Able to act effectively or imaginatively, especially in difficult situations.
re·sourceful·ly adv. than those of the flat. They have to be, in order to get a living. Walter Scott himself wrote:
Ask we this barren bar·ren
1. Not producing offspring.
2. Incapable of producing offspring.
barren adjective Gynecology Infertile, sterile, fruitless, inconceivable hill we tread
For fatted steer and household bread?
The American hill billies who went without boots and lived mostly on plug tobacco and moonshine moonshine Toxicology Illicitly distilled whiskey. See Lead poisoning, Saturnine gout. liquor were classic examples. We had nothing quite like them in Australia, but we did the best we could.
By way of curing some sort of nervous breakdown nervous breakdown
A severe or incapacitating emotional disorder, especially when occurring suddenly and marked by depression.
nervous breakdown I found myself for some years a hill billy, on 40,000 acres, consisting mostly of country left over after the rest of the world was made.
The place had a history. It had been taken tip in the early days by a man who had no capital and no station plant except a wheelbarrow. He built himself some sort of humpy hump·y
adj. hump·i·er, hump·i·est
1. Covered with or containing humps.
2. Resembling a hump. , got an assigned servant, and set out to build some yards. Yards and a branding iron were all they wanted in those days to get a start in life. Moving the timber for the yards was a problem, but he solved it by hitching himself on with a harness to the front of the wheelbarrow, while the assigned servant held up the handles and "drove" his boss, giving him such directions as "come over to the left a bit", "keep away from that gully, "look out the barrow barrow, in archaeology
barrow, in archaeology, a burial mound. Earth and stone or timber are the usual construction materials; in parts of SE Asia stone and brick have entirely replaced earth. A barrow built primarily of stone is often called a cairn. don't run over you down this slope" and so on. After a time this got on his nerves, and he sold out to a member of the Ryrie family, who did some real pioneering. There were girls in the family, and one of them, ... killed sheep when the men were not at home, and carried all the water for the house in buckets from the river.
The prospect of trout fishing at "Coodra" was recalled 30 years later:
Another of the novelties which this chronicleer met with in his time was the first introduction of rainbow trout rainbow trout
Species (Oncorhynchus mykiss) of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) noted for spectacular leaps and hard fighting when hooked. It has been introduced from western North America to many other countries. to Australia. Among other rivers, the trout fly were liberated lib·er·ate
tr.v. lib·er·at·ed, lib·er·at·ing, lib·er·ates
1. To set free, as from oppression, confinement, or foreign control.
2. Chemistry To release (a gas, for example) from combination. in the Goodradigbee River. Sufficient time was allowed for them to grow up, and then the local inhabitants
The game is based loosely on the concepts from SameGame. set about catching them. A few blackfellows, hanging about the river, used to spend hours fishing for these trout with cod lines an eighteen-thread line used in catching codfish.
See also: Cod , baited with half a parrot parrot, common name for members of the order Psittaciformes, comprising 315 species of colorful birds, pantropical in distribution, including the parakeet. Parrots have large heads and short necks, strong feet with two toes in front and two in back (facilitating . They could see the trout jumping, but could not induce any of them to bite; and the trout, generally speaking, were voted a complete washout washout
to disperse or empty by flooding with water or other solvent.
medullary solute washout
a syndrome in which the relative hyperosmolarity of the renal medulla is reduced due to an excessive loss of sodium and chloride from .
There was a tradition on this part of the river that a bunyip bunyip
a mythical animal denizen of Australian swamps. Its ogreish reputation makes it a threatening figure to children. had once come ashore there--something like a calf with whiskers See metal whiskers. . If there were any truth in the story, it was probably a seal which had found its way up from the mouth of the Murray, but the blackfellows believed that the bunyip was still in the river and that it was eating all the trout which were big enough to bite. Otherwise, why couldn't they catch them?
Then came the tourists from Sydney, fitted out to beat the band with artificial flies and spinners Spinners can refer to:
See also: dragon and other delicacies This is a List of national delicacies. This list is sorted from where the food originated from. Many of these dishes may be normal to one culture, however to other cultures may seem bizarre.
A delicacy is a food that is particularly prized within a given culture. without any trouble. Dry-fly purists, and chuck-and-chance-it fishermen, who lowered their flies down the rapids, alike had the poorest of hick: but they held on in the belief that only a barbarian would use live bait for trout. Then somebody caught a big haul of trout using grasshoppers Grasshoppers may refer to one of the following:
"No," said the dry-fly purist pur·ist
One who practices or urges strict correctness, especially in the use of words.
pu·ristic adj. . "I'm looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. my knife! I dropped it here somewhere."
Management of "Coodra" contained more hardships than anticipated and in 1914 Banjo moved back to Sydney with Alice and two children. Life at "Coodra" had allowed Banjo time for writing again, some as verses for children although nothing was published until 1917 as Saltbush Bill. JP and Other Verses and a collection of stories, Three Elephant Power and Other Stories.
His ballad, "A Mountain Station", recaptures the challenge of "Coodra":
I bought a run a while ago, On country rough and ridgy, Where wallaroos and wombats grow--The Upper Murrumbidgee. The grass is rather scant, it's true, But this a lair exchange is, The sheep can see a lovely view By climbing up the ranges. And She-oak Flat's the station's name, I'm not surprised at that, sirs: The oaks were there before I came; And I supplied the flat, sirs. A man would wonder how it's done, The stock so soon decreases--They sometimes tumble off the run And break themselves to pieces. I've tried to make expenses meet, But wasted all my labours, The sheep the dingoes didn't eat Were stolen by the neighbours. They stole my pears--my native pears Those thrice-convicted felons, And ravished from me unawares My crop of paddy-melons. And sometimes under sunny skies, Without an explanation, The Murrumbidgee used to rise And overflow the station. But this was caused (as now I know) When summer sunshine glowing Had melted all Kiandra's snow And set the river going. And in the news, perhaps you read: 'Stock passings, Puckawidgee, Fat cattle: Seven hundred head Swept down the Murrumbidgee; Their destination's quite obscure, But, somehow, there's a notion, Unless the river falls, they're sure To reach the Southern Ocean'. So alter that I'll give it best; No more with late I'll battle. I'll let the river take the rest, For those were all my cattle. And with one comprehensive curse I close my brief narration, And advertise it in my verse--
'For Sale! A Mountain Station."
War and Postwar
With the outbreak of war, Banjo sailed with the first AIF AIF Annual Information Form
AIF Apoptosis-Inducing Factor
AIF Agence Intergouvernementale de la Francophonie (French: Intergovernmental Agency for Francophony)
AIF Australian Imperial Force fleet but continued to London, seeking appointment as a war correspondent war correspondent
A journalist, reporter, or commentator assigned to report directly from a war or combat zone.
Noun 1. war correspondent . Instead, he was attached as an ambulance driver to the Australian Voluntary Hospital in France, then commissioned in 1916 to the Remount re·mount
tr.v. re·mount·ed, re·mount·ing, re·mounts
1. To mount again.
2. To supply with a fresh horse.
A fresh horse.
Noun 1. Unit of the AIF in Egypt, rising to the rank of major. Some ballads paid tribute to the men and horses he worked with. One of his finest, "The Last Parade", recalls the memory of thousands of horses discarded dis·card
v. dis·card·ed, dis·card·ing, dis·cards
1. To throw away; reject.
a. To throw out (a playing card) from one's hand.
b. in South Africa by the Australian Light Horse
The Australian Light Horse were mounted troops who served during the Second Boer War and World War I that combined characteristics of both cavalry and mounted infantry. at the end of the Boer War. Here is a portion:
Starving and tired and thirsty We limped on the blazing plain; And after a long night's picket You saddled us tip again. We froze on the wind-swept kopjes When the frost lay snowy-white. Never a halt in the daytime, Never a rest at night! We knew when the rifles rattled From the hillside bare and brown And over our weary shoulders We felt warm blood run down, As we turned for the stretching gallop, Crushed to the earth with weight; But we carried our riders through it-- Carried them perhaps too late. Steel! We were steel to stand it We that have lasted through, We that are the old campaigners Pitiful, poor, and few. Over the sea you brought us, Over the leagues of foam: Now we have served you fairly Will you not take us home?
"We're All Australians Now" reflects on the common bond of mate-ship formed at Gallipoli:
From shearing shed and cattle run, From Broome to Hobson's Bay, Each native-born Australian son Stands straighter up today. The man who used to "hump his drum", On far-out Queensland's runs Is fighting side by side with some Tasmanian farmer's sons.
His ballads "Old Tin Hat" and "Boots" are faithful to the memory of the AIF in France:
And I hailed our newborn nation and its fruits, As I listened to the clatter on the cobblestones of France Of the good Australian military boots.
Other war reminiscences were later issued by Banjo as Happy Dispatches (1934).
Initially a freelance journalist when Banio returned to Sydney in 1919, he was appointed editor of The Sydney Sportsman, a weekly, in 1922. Circulation was boosted by his ballads and essays. He retired from full-time journalism in 1930 but remained a freelance sports reporter and feature writer. At about this time, he was heard frequently on radio talks for the Australian Broadcasting Commission. tie also published a book of verse for children, The Animals Noah Forgot (1933), with illustrations by Norman Lindsay Norman Alfred William Lindsay (22 February 1879 – 21 November 1969) was an Australian artist.
Lindsay was born in Creswick, Victoria. He was a prolific artist, sculptor, writer, editorial cartoonist and scale modeler, as well as being a highly talented boxer. , as well as a novel, The Shearer's Colt COLT. An animal of the horse species, whether male or female, not more than four years old. Russ. & Ry. 416. (1936).
Banjo died of heart problems on 5th February 1941. He wrote 215 ballads, but perhaps "Prelude prelude (prā`ld), musical composition of no universal style, usually for the keyboard. It was originally used to precede a ceremony and later a second, often larger piece. " best expresses his writing:
I have gathered these stories afar, In the wind and the rain, In the land where the cattle camps are, On the edge of the plain. On the overland routes of the west, When the watches were long, I have fashioned in earnest and jest These fragments of song. They are just the rude stories one hears In sadness and mirth, The records of wandering years, And scant is their worth Though their merits indeed are but slight, I shall not repine, If they give you one moment's delight, Old comrades of mine.
Paterson, A.B. (1895) The man from Snowy River and other verses. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Paterson, A.B. (1002) Rio Grande's last race and other verses. Angus & Robertson, Sydney'.
Paterson, A.B. (1917) Saltbush Bill. JP and other verses. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Paterson, A.B. (1921) The collected verse of A. B. Paterson. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Paterson, A.B. (1985) Illalong children. Lansdowne Press, Sydney. Reprinted 1989, Weldon Publishing Company, Sydney.