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Ancient Roman oil lamp 'factory town' found in Italy.



Byline: ANI

Washington, Dec 7 (ANI): A research team has stumbled upon evidence in a site in central-northern Italy that suggests that the area is the pottery pottery, the baked-clay wares of the entire ceramics field. For a description of the nature of the material, see clay. Types of Pottery


It usually falls into three main classes—porous-bodied pottery, stoneware, and porcelain.
 center where the oil lamps that lighted the ancient Roman Empire were made.

According to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

3.
 a report in Discovery News, evidence of the pottery workshops emerged in Modena, in central-northern Italy, during construction work to build a residential complex near the ancient walls of the city.

"We found a large ancient Roman dumping dumping, selling goods at less than the normal price, usually as exports in international trade. It may be done by a producer, a group of producers, or a nation.  filled with pottery scraps. There were vases, bottles, bricks, but most of all, hundreds of oil lamps, each bearing their maker's name," Donato Labate, the archaeologist in charge of the dig, told Discovery News.

Firmalampen, or "factory lamps," were one of the first mass-produced goods in Roman times and they carried brand names clearly stamped on their clay bottoms.

The ancient dumping in Modena contained lamps by the most famous brands of the time: Strobili, Communis, Phoetaspi, Eucarpi and Fortis.

All these manufacturers had their products sold on the markets of three continents.

Fortis was the trendiest of all pottery brands and its products were used up to the end of the second century A.D.

"It was indeed a commercial success. Fortis gained such a name for its lamps that its stamp was copied and reproduced throughout the empire. It was one of the earliest examples of pirated pi·rate  
n.
1.
a. One who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without commission from a sovereign nation.

b. A ship used for this purpose.

2. One who preys on others; a plunderer.

3.
 brands," Labate said.

Scholars have long thought that the fashionable Fortis originated from Modena, then called Mutina, but until now, no evidence had been found for that claim.

"We know now for sure that Fortis came from Mutina. The city was a major pottery center, a cluster of pottery workshops, as the variety of brand names on the newly discovered items testifies," Labate said.

Labate added that kilns were located outside the city walls to prevent fires from breaking out in the city.

The ancient dumping contained other important objects, such as a fine terracotta statuette depicting Hercules as he captures the Erymanthian Boar Erymanthian boar (ĕrĭmăn`thēən), in Greek mythology, a huge boar that ravaged the environs of Mt. Erymanthos. As his third labor, Hercules captured it by chasing it into deep snow and binding it with heavy chains. , and 14 lead bullets which were probably used in the Battle of Mutina The Battle of Mutina was fought on April 21, 43 BC between the forces of Mark Antony and the forces of Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus and Aulus Hirtius, who were providing aid to one of Caesar's assassins, Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus.  in 43 B.C.

During that battle, Decimus Brutus, one of Julius Caesar's assassins assassins

Fanatical Moslem sect that smoked hashish and murdered Crusaders (11th—12th centuries). [Islamic Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 52]

See : Assassination


assassins
, defeated the besieging Mark Antony with the help of Octavian, the future Roman Emperor Augustus.

"This is an extraordinary discovery, since it provides unique archaeological evidence which confirms historical accounts," Luigi Malnati, superintendent of archaeological heritage in Emilia Romagna, told Discovery News. (ANI)

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Publication:Asian News International
Date:Dec 7, 2008
Words:420
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