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Analyse des sols, roches et ciments.

Analyse des sols, roches et ciments. Methodes choisies, Masson, Paris, 1988, 455 + XV pages. By Igor A. Voinovitch. It has been said that writing a comprehensive, well-balanced text-book on the analysis of silicate rocks and compositionally similar materials has become a well-nigh impossible task. Because of the proliferation of analytical techniques, it is a rare analyst indeed who is sufficiently familiar with the fine details of all of them.

The author of this book has had the benefit of many years' experience in the analysis of such materials for use in the construction of highways, bridges and related facilities. How well has he succeeded in that "well-nigh impossible task"? The answer is: remarkably well.

The book is in two parts. Part I, devoted to general information on some physical methods of chemical analysis, opens with a discussion of sample preparation, with emphasis on direct analysis by non-flame techniques of atomic absorption. Two chapters follow, one concerning atomic and molecular absorption spectrometry, the other on emission spectrometry. In both cases, there are detailed descriptions of typical equipment required, a comprehensive review of applicable technique, a good listing of interference problems and an excellent tabular summary of all such factors for the analytical processes concerned.

Part II deals with more specific analytical techniques, the first chapter covering general chemical methods for siliceous and calcareous materials, as well as pigments, slags and cements. The next chapter describes atomic absorption methods applicable to the same materials.

Chapter III covers emission spectroscopic techniques, involving both the d.c.-arc and the various types of plasma excitation, again as applied to the materials considered in the two foregoing chapters. In the fourth chapter, two to five alternative procedures are presented for determining all of the usual constituents of rock-like materials, as well as of such minor and trace elements as Ba, B, Cl, Cr, Co, Cu, Li, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sr, V and Zn.

Finally, Chapter V describes a method for specific surface.

In summary, this book will be very useful for those engaged in applications in the areas of the author's experience, although some might have preferred more detailed information on some other techniques, particularly X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Analysts working in support of geological or agricultural studies could use more material on a few other techniques, and more information on trace-element analysis.

It is believed that an English translation of this book is under consideration. Sydney Abbey, MCIC Ottawa
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Author:Abbey, Sydney
Publication:Canadian Chemical News
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Jul 1, 1989
Words:404
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