An anniversary year.THIS HAS BEEN A YEAR OF NUMEROUS MILESTONES. It's the 10-year anniversary of the passage of welfare reform. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, often pronounced "TAN-if") is the July 1, 1997, successor to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families with dependent children through the United States Department of (TANF TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (previously known as AFDC) ), the block grant that replaced welfare, has been extended for another five years, while major issues remain unresolved for poor families living with a gutted safety net.
"For a long time, we were using the TANF debate as a proxy debate for the economy not working for a lot of people," says Rachel Gragg, a policy analyst at the Center for Community Change. "It's the task for all of us to figure out how to come back to that conversation in a much more meaningful way."
This issue's cover story examines a key part of the welfare debate: childcare. As poor women of color are forced into low-wage jobs to meet TANF's work requirements, they increasingly rely on other women of color to care for their children. Rinku Sen and Gabriel Thompson examine the underfunded un·der·fund
tr.v. un·der·fund·ed, un·der·fund·ing, un·der·funds
To provide insufficient funding for.
underfunded adj → infradotado (económicamente) , racially stratified stratified /strat·i·fied/ (strat´i-fid) formed or arranged in layers.
Arranged in the form of layers or strata. world of daycare providers in New York City New York City: see New York, city.
New York City
City (pop., 2000: 8,008,278), southeastern New York, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The largest city in the U.S. , and ask: What is the worth of the work that we call mothering?
It's also been 10 years since the passage of the 1996 immigration laws. Since then, more than a million people have been detained and deported under harsh mandatory sentencing that makes double jeopardy and exile the reality for all noncitizens convicted of a wide category of violations. The move to criminalize crim·i·nal·ize
tr.v. crim·i·nal·ized, crim·i·nal·iz·ing, crim·i·nal·iz·es
1. To impose a criminal penalty on or for; outlaw.
2. To treat as a criminal. continues unabated alongside today's immigration immigration, entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important. debate. Both of the current proposed bills in Congress contain hidden traps that would expand detention prisons, increase local and state law enforcement on immigration matters and cut due process in deportation proceedings.
And, of course, this month marks the five-year anniversary of September 11. With the Turkmen v. Ashcroft decision in June, a federal court has legitimized the indefinite detention of noncitizens on the basis of race, religion or national origin. Our special section, "9/11, Five Years Later," explores the ongoing effects of racial targeting through national security policies. Daisy Hernandez reports on Muslim charities and foundations that have had their assets frozen and accounts raided by the government long before the New York Times revealed that the Bush administration has been secretly tracking banking and financial data.
But the milestones aren't just about the bad. Shannah Kurland shows how day-care providers have fought long and hard in places like Providence, Rhode Island
“Providence” redirects here. For other uses, see Providence (disambiguation).
Providence is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. , and Brooklyn, New York, to demand on-time pay, health insurance and, most of all, recognition of their dignity. Roberto Lovato visits Milwaukee after immigrants held Wisconsin's largest-ever demonstration on May Day. "We're going to change this country," say these marchantes. And Daisy Hernandez profiles Sarwat Husain, who, after 9/11, started a now-thriving Muslim newspaper in San Antonio, Texas “San Antonio” redirects here. For other uses, see San Antonio (disambiguation).
San Antonio is the second most populous city in Texas, the third most populous metropolitan area in Texas, and is the seventh most populous city in the United States. As of the 2006 U.S. . According to Husain, "The worse it gets, the better you get."