Alternate Sources.Edited by Trevor Jacques. Toronto: Kink kink
1. A tight curl, twist, or bend in a length of thin material.
2. A painful muscle spasm, as in the neck; a crick.
3. A mental peculiarity; a quirk.
4. , Ink., www.alternate.com (2nd edition), 1996, 454 pages. Paper, $24.95; CD-ROM CD-ROM: see compact disc.
in full compact disc read-only memory
Type of computer storage medium that is read optically (e.g., by a laser). Standard (v. 1.3.1, 1997), $59.95; CD-ROM Professional, $500.00.
Reviewed by Robert Bienvenu, M.A., Doctoral Candidate, Department of Sociology Noun 1. department of sociology - the academic department responsible for teaching and research in sociology
academic department - a division of a school that is responsible for a given subject , Indiana University Indiana University, main campus at Bloomington; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1820 as a seminary, opened 1824. It became a college in 1828 and a university in 1838. The medical center (run jointly with Purdue Univ. , Ballantine Hall 744, Bloomington, IN 47403. E-mail: email@example.com.
Once addressed almost exclusively through academic and moral discourse, in recent years sexual subcultures have developed their own voice in a variety of media. The two works reviewed here make distinct contributions to the literature on "alternate" sexualities. Alternate Sources gathers in one user-friendly database more than 10,000 current and historical references that are related to "kinky kink·y
adj. kink·i·er, kink·i·est
1. Tightly twisted or curled: kinky hair.
2. " sexualities. Bound to be Free: The SM Experience is a recent addition to an emerging body of published works about SM written from a practitioner perspective. The book provides a first-person introduction to SM as it is experienced (literally) by practitioners in 4' the subculture today. Although neither is a conventional scholarly work, in different ways Alternate Sources and Bound to be Free can be of use to educators, academic researchers, and other professionals who address alternate sexualities in their work.
Alternate Sources is designed to be "a single, global resource directory for all the alternate sexes and sexualities" (p. i). This ambitious project was conceived several years ago by editor Trevor Jacques. Jacques is a systems analyst trained as a physicist, educator in the SM community, and the primary author of one of the best of the recent "safe, sane, consensual" guides to SM practices (Jacques, Dale, Hamilton, & Sniffer, 1993). Jacques' technical and subculture background is evident in this nicely designed product, and there is little doubt that Alternate Sources provides very good coverage of its vast and polymorphous polymorphous /poly·mor·phous/ (-mor´fus) polymorphic.
polymorphic. domain. Alternate Sources is published in two forms: a CD-ROM database, which includes all software required to run the package with either a Windows or Macintosh operating system (operating system) Macintosh Operating System - (Mac OS) Apple Computer, Inc.'s proprietary operating system for their Macintosh family of personal computers.
The part of the operating system that simulates the desktop is called "Finder. , and softcover book. I focus on the CD-ROM, as readers of JSR JSR Java Specification Request
JSR J Sargeant Reynolds Community College (Virginia)
JSR Journal of Sedimentary Research
JSR Jump to Subroutine (6502 processor instruction) are likely to find more uses for the searchable electronic database.
The database's two search screens allow users to retrieve, sort, print, and annotate annotate - annotation records. The first profiles a particular record, e.g., an organization such as a publisher (1,072 listed) or BDSM BDSM Bondage & Discipline / Domination & Submission / Sadism & Masochism
BDSM Blue Dragon Scale Mail (NetHack)
BDSM Black Dragon Scale Mail (NetHack)
BDSM Big Dumb Stupid Man accommodation (e.g., a bed and breakfast with dungeon Dungeon - Zork ; 19 listed). The second provides a column list of found records. For each record Alternate Sources provides contact information such as address, telephone, fax, e-mail, internet address There are two kinds of addresses that are widely used on the Internet. One is a person's e-mail address, and the other is the address of a Web site, which is known as a URL. Following is an explanation of Internet e-mail addresses only. For more on URLs, see URL and Internet domain name. (including, for Macintosh users, URL URL
in full Uniform Resource Locator
Address of a resource on the Internet. The resource can be any type of file stored on a server, such as a Web page, a text file, a graphics file, or an application program. live links to Netscape), and a narrative description. Fields can be searched and sorted. The screens are navigated with clearly labeled buttons that guide the user through various operations and include on-line help. Most users will master the mechanics of the program within minutes.
One of the most interesting features of Alternate Sources is its system of type categories, which are to some degree inductively derived from practitioner usage. Each entry is classified according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. 1 of 12 gender and sexual orientation sexual orientation
The direction of one's sexual interest toward members of the same, opposite, or both sexes, especially a direction seen to be dictated by physiologic rather than sociologic forces. categories and also according to a hierarchical system of type categories. The most broad categories include organizations, publishers, manufacturers, mail order, store, health services health services Managed care The benefits covered under a health contract , helpline, and internet. These are further specified in subcategories that allow grouping of related categories, as well as pinpoint searches. The categories can be used as search criteria; for example, a search for gay foot fetish fetish (fĕt`ĭsh), inanimate object believed to possess some magical power. The fetish may be a natural thing, such as a stone, a feather, a shell, or the claw of an animal, or it may be artificial, such as carvings in wood. organizations produced five entries, three in the U.S., one in England, and one in Switzerland.
The database also includes historical information from the catalog of the Leather Archives and Museum The Leather Archives and Museum (LA&M), based in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago, USA, has much information and details on the beginning of the leather subculture and BDSM community. The 10,000 sq. (LA&M) in Chicago, a BDSM/fetish community archive. Approximately 250 entries include holdings information at the Leather Archives, which are listed on the primary search screen. Although generally brief, the LA&M holdings description provides additional information about these organizations.
To illustrate how the system works: of 10,400 total entries, Alternate Sources lists 4,075 organizations worldwide, with 2,217 in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. . The first-level category organizations has 43 subcategories, such as AIDS, fetish, and BDSM. A search for Organizations: Fetish produced 74 such organizations, with 40 in the U.S. A more focused search in the subcategory sub·cat·e·go·ry
n. pl. sub·cat·e·go·ries
A subdivision that has common differentiating characteristics within a larger category. Organizations: Fetish: Mess, which was new to me, produced three such organizations in the United States, all gay male in orientation: Mud Buddies (CA), Sludgemaster (TX), and Club Mud (CA). The Leather Archives and Museum in Chicago has documents on file from Club Mud, including a copy of their Mud Mania magazine and other documents that indicate that the club slogan is "mudsex=safesex." Any information can be printed.
Beyond travel and other personal uses, one can imagine many possible applications for Alternate Sources. The previous information would be a very good starting point Noun 1. starting point - earliest limiting point
terminus a quo
commencement, get-go, offset, outset, showtime, starting time, beginning, start, kickoff, first - the time at which something is supposed to begin; "they got an early start"; "she knew from the for, say, a student doing a paper on mess fetishism fetishism, in psychiatry, a paraphilia (see perversion, sexual) in which erotic interest and satisfaction are centered on an inanimate object or a specific, nongenital part of the anatomy. Generally occurring in males, fetishism frequently centers on a garment (e.g. , a reference librarian answering a query, or a researcher exploring taxonomies currently used in sexual subcultures. In my historical research on SM subcultures, I have used Alternate Sources to discover and locate various organizations. The Professional version, a custom implementation designed to fit the needs of a particular user, has been used by businesses to generate focused mailings and track correspondence. Survey researchers and sexuality libraries soliciting donations could use Alternate Sources in the same way. Educators who use electronic media such as the internet in their classes could use Alternate Sources to introduce students to the diversity of human sexuality This article is about human sexual perceptions. For information about sexual activities and practices, see Human sexual behavior.
Generally speaking, human sexuality is how people experience and express themselves as sexual beings. . Instructors may find the text-based Alternate Sources to be a less problematic teaching aid than the visually explicit internet.
Browsing Alternate Sources produces a sense of amazement that all of this activity exists. Since the late '60s, the world of "alternate" sexualities has experienced a proliferation of new organizations, publications, events (e.g. contests, conventions, leadership conferences), and information sources. Outsiders with a professional interest in such activities are at a disadvantage when they attempt to follow current developments. Fortunately, today there are members of these communities with the interest, resources, and skills to track this broad field. Alternate Sources is probably the best general information source for the world of alternate sexualities today.
Bound to be Free: The SM Experience is co-authored by a sexologist, Charles Moser, and an SM practitioner, JJ Madeson, although the priority is misleading. Madeson is the principal author of the text. The mission of Bound to be Free is to "explain and demystify de·mys·ti·fy
tr.v. de·mys·ti·fied, de·mys·ti·fy·ing, de·mys·ti·fies
To make less mysterious; clarify: an autobiography that demystified the career of an eminent physician. the world of sadomasochism sadomasochism /sa·do·ma·so·chism/ (sa?do-mas´o-kizm) a state characterized by both sadistic and masochistic tendencies.sadomasochis´tic
n. (SM)" (p. 11). The target audience is implicit in Adj. 1. implicit in - in the nature of something though not readily apparent; "shortcomings inherent in our approach"; "an underlying meaning"
underlying, inherent the style of the book: lay readers who know little about SM as it is practiced in today's organized SM subcultures. For this audience the book presents a compelling view of SM practitioners as otherwise normal people who happen to prefer "safe, sane, and consensual" domination and submission in their sexual play. For the specialist, the book provides no new information and is clearly a popular and not a scholarly work.
The book is divided into two sections. Part One, comprising the first three chapters, introduces the book and provides a popularized account of the scholarly literature on SM. Part Two, Chapters 4 through 12, provides a very readable introduction to the SM subculture today. The text incorporates a number of first-person accounts and focuses on the subjective and emotional dimension of "the SM experience." This approach privileges and humanizes SM practitioners and succeeds in situating SM practices in a subcultural context that emphasizes responsible partners, consent, safety, and pleasure.
To summarize briefly the second part of Bound to be Free, the authors in Chapter 4 address the issue of "coming out" and highlight differences between men and women, heterosexuals, lesbians, and gays in the SM "coming out" process. Chapter 5 describes trust and consent, which in a very simplified discussion are posited as absolutes in the world of SM. Chapter 6 presents various practitioners' explanations for why they participate in SM. These amount to "we find it pleasurable and erotic" (p. 74). Chapter 7 provides an interesting discussion of the dynamics of SM role play. SM sexual practices and safety are the focus of Chapter 8; in Chapter 9 the authors discuss the meaning of pain in SM play. The social organization of SM is addressed in Chapter 10, political and legal dimensions in Chapter 11. Chapter 12 concludes the book with a discussion of the "dark side" of SM, which addresses potential physical, emotional, and social dangers (p. 194). Although Bound to be Free presents a view of SM that is not universally shared within the so-called SM "community," which is a quite heterogeneous collection of groups, these chapters successfully capture the sense of enjoyment experienced by many practitioners, as well as their difficulties as members of a stigmatized sexual minority. Readers who need a quick tutorial on the SM subculture, including journalists and public officials, will find this book useful. Educators may find that the book is appropriate for an undergraduate sexuality course. This is one of the first books that researchers who are beginning to study SM should read.
Bound to be Free is not so successful when evaluated as a scholarly text. The specialist will note that the book is marred by sloppy writing and argumentation. For example, extracts from an article co-authored by Moser (Weinberg, Williams, & Moser, 1984) are woven into the text without indications of direct quotation (on pp. 30-31, 36, 155, 157). The presentation of the scholarly literature tends to be loose and poorly documented. For example, the authors gloss the literature with inaccurate statements such as "no study has demonstrated that SMers possess any special psychological characteristics that set them apart in any way from the general population" (p. 40). No differences whatsoever? In fact, although the limited literature on non-clinical SM practitioners supports the book's claim that SMers are not dysfunctional or mentally ill, this literature does note a number of differences between SM and control groups (e.g., Grosselin & Wilson, 1980; Miale, 1986). Such problems are not likely to be noted by the lay reader, but they serve to highlight the point that this is a popular and not a scholarly work.
Collaborative work between sexologists and practitioners is a very good idea, particularly when addressing subcultures populated with articulate spokespersons like Madeson. In this case, however, the strengths of the two approaches never quite meshed. The book would have benefited from a more careful and better documented presentation of the literature. The first-person accounts presented as evidence would have tremendously benefited from the scholarly convention of citing sources. There are a handful of such citations in the book, but most first-person quotations are voices from the ether. Perhaps 10 sources provide 90% of the evidence presented--the reader has no way to know. A popular work that resembles Bound to be Free is Different Loving (Brame, Brame, & Jacobs, 1993). Like Bound to be Free, this work extensively presents first-person accounts. Unlike Bound to be Free, Different Loving cites pseudonyms or abridged names and in many cases provides background information on sources. Different Loving protects the confidentiality of sources but gives its readers much more information with which to evaluate the evidence.
Despite these complaints, I generally like the book and think that it fills its intended niche nicely. Evaluated in terms of what it is, a popular work designed to dispel misinformation mis·in·form
tr.v. mis·in·formed, mis·in·form·ing, mis·in·forms
To provide with incorrect information.
mis and provide a positive account of SM from a practitioner perspective, Bound to be Free is a good book. Given the amount of misinformation circulating about SM, which has been targeted for many years by both the left and right, there is a need for popular works that situate sit·u·ate
tr.v. sit·u·at·ed, sit·u·at·ing, sit·u·ates
1. To place in a certain spot or position; locate.
2. To place under particular circumstances or in a given condition.
adj. SM practices in their subcultural context. This book does not fulfill the promise of a full-fledged academic-practitioner collaboration. It does succeed in humanizing SM, in a style that is likely to be accessible and persuasive for the general reader.
Brame, G. G., Brame, W. D., & Jacobs, J. (1993). Different loving: An exploration of the world of sexual dominance and submission. New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of : Villard Books.
Grosselin, C., & Wilson, G. (1980). Sexual variations: Fetishism, sadomasochism and transvestism transvestism: see homosexuality.
dresses in women’s clothes to try to win discharge from the army. [Am. TV: M ° A ° S ° H in Terrace] . New York: Simon and Schuster.
Jacques, T., Dr. Dale, Hamilton, M., & Sniffer. (1993). On the safe edge: A manual for SM play. Toronto: Whole SM.
Miale, J. R. (1986). An initial study of nonclinical practitioners of sexual sadomasochism. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. San Diego, CA: The Professional School of Psychological Studies.
Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., & Moser, C. (1984). The social constituents of sadomasochism. Social Problems, 31(4), 379-389.