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Agriculture in the country.

Pakistan's principal natural resources are arable land In geography, arable land (from Latin arare, to plough) is an agricultural term, meaning land that can be used for growing crops.

Of the earth's 148,000,000 km² (57 million square miles) of land, approximately 31,000,000 km² (12 million square miles) are
 and water. About 25 percent of Pakistan's total land area is under cultivation and is watered by one of the largest irrigation irrigation, in agriculture, artificial watering of the land. Although used chiefly in regions with annual rainfall of less than 20 in. (51 cm), it is also used in wetter areas to grow certain crops, e.g., rice.  systems in the world. Pakistan irrigates three times more acres than Russia. Agriculture continues to be a prominent sector of the economy and it has nearly always accounted for over 20 per cent of the GDP GDP (guanosine diphosphate): see guanine.  of Pakistan. The sector at present employs over 17 million workers, who represent 42% of workforce. About 68% of population are living in the rural areas. About 65% exports are agro-based. Agricultural production is dominated by grain productions, which directly or indirectly depend on agriculture.

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Agriculture is very important for Pakistan. It helps the country in the development of economy. Every country has a vast land, which is used for agriculture. Pakistan is also an agricultural country. Its total area is 7, 96,096 square kilometers. 70% of our total population is living in the villages. The major source of their living is agriculture. Agriculture employed 66% of the total workforce in 1950-51 but by 2006-2007, this figure dropped to 47.3%. This shows that people are now not interested in farming. They are doing jobs in industry and other fields. They are leaving farming and migrated to cities. Because cities have more chances of jobs. There are more factories and more development project offices. So, people move from villages and settle in the cities. Another reason in the villages is that, people are using tractor and machinery, so they need less people. In Pakistan, the best area for agriculture is Punjab. Its soil is very fertile and its irrigation system is very fine. Its total is equal to quarter of the total area for Pakistan. But it has 57% of the total cultivated land. In Pakistan, we have two main crops, which are Kharif crops and Rabi crops. Kharif crops grow in Summer while Rabi crops grow in Winter.

The most important food crops in Pakistan are as following:

1. Wheat:- Wheat is a major need of our country. It is grown on a large area. This crop is sown in October and November and harvested in April and May.

2. Rice:- Pakistan produces over 5.9 million tons of rice.

3. Maize:- Maize is a Kharif crop that grows in warm places.

4. Millet:-These crops can grow even in poor soils.

5. Pulses:-Pulses are good source of protein. The most important cash crop in Pakistan areas following:-

i. Cotton:- Cotton is our leading exports. Pakistan produces 10.8 billions a year.

ii. Tobacco:- Tobacco is also an important cash crop. The best tobacco growing areas are in Mardan and Peshawer.

3. Lives Stock:- Most of the milk comes from the buffaloes. Cow produce almost a million tons of milk a year.

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Pakistan is one of the world's largest producers and suppliers of the following according to the 2005, Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations Noun 1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - the United Nations agency concerned with the international organization of food and agriculture
FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization
 given here with ranking:
Food Items       Ranking

chickpea           2nd
apricot            4th
cotton             4th
Sugarcane          4th
milk               5th
onion              5th
date palm          6th
mango              7th
mandarin orange    8th
rice               8th
wheat              9th
oranges            10th


Muslim world and twentieth worldwide in farm output. It is the world's 5th largest milk producer. The most important crops are wheat, sugarcane, cotton, and rice, which together account for more than 75 percent of the value of total crop output. Pakistan's largest food crop is wheat. In 2009, Pakistan produced 23,591,400 metric tons of wheat, more than all of Africa (20,304,585 metric tons) and nearly as much as all of South America (24,557,784 metric tons).

At partition, Pakistan's water resources were at 5000 cubic meter per capita [Latin, By the heads or polls.] A term used in the Descent and Distribution of the estate of one who dies without a will. It means to share and share alike according to the number of individuals. . The number gone below 1500 cubic meter per capita and further reduced to less than 1000 cubic meter per capita mark, officially termed water stress limit. Over 90% of country's water is used in agricultural sector and remaining is needed for drinking and for other activities. Pakistan exports rice, cotton, fish, fruits (especially oranges and mangoes), and vegetables and imports vegetable oil, wheat, cotton, pulses and consumer foods. The country is Asia's largest camel market, second-largest apricot and ghee ghee: see butter.  market and third-largest cotton, onion and milk market.

Agriculture serves as a major supplier of raw materials to industry as well as a market for industrial products and also contributes substantially to Pakistan's export earning. This is mainly due to the presence of vast agricultural resources, which are mainly due to the country's geographical location and landscape where Pakistan is blessed with fertile land and varied weather. In addition the country has well irrigated system with the result that all types of agriculture produce are grown depending upon the climate and soil quality conditions. However, it is experiencing the problem of low and stagnant productivity on the one hand and fast growing population on the other hand.

According to the Economic Survey of Pakistan, the livestock sector contributes about half of the value added Value Added

The enhancement a company gives its product or service before offering the product to customers.

Notes:
This can either increase the products price or value.
 in the agriculture sector, amounting to nearly percent of Pakistan's GDP, which is more than the crop sector. According to one report, the national herd consists of 24.2 million cattle, 27.3 million buffaloes, 24.9 million sheep, 56.7 million goats and 0.8 million camels. In addition to these, there is a vibrant poultry sector in the country with more than 530 million birds produced annually. These animals produce 29.472 million tons of milk (making 0.416 million tons of poultry meat, 8.528 billion eggs, 40.2 thousand tons of wool, 21.5 thousand tons of hair and 51.2 million skins and hides.

Pakistan agriculture and its related products are comprised of major and minor crops, vegetables and spices, fruits, edible oils, livestock, milk, poultry, fisheries etc. Pakistan's major and minor food crops are wheat, rice, maize, jawar, bajra bajra

pennisetumglaucum.
, barley; cash crops are sugarcane, cotton, sugar beet and guar seed; pulses are gram, mung, masoor, matter, edible oilseeds are sesamum, groundnut groundnut, common name for several different genera of twining herbaceous, leguminous plants with geocarpie (underground fruits), chiefly the peanut. Groundnuts are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae. , soybean soybean, soya bean, or soy pea, leguminous plant (Glycine max, G. soja, or Soja max) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Asia, where it has been , sunflower, canola, safflower, and cotton seed.

The production of some important crops for the year 2008 are below:
Crops               Production in (000) tons

Wheat                        22,109
Rice                          4,996
Bajra                           195
Jawar                           188
Maize                         2,279
Barley                           96
Gram                            761
Sugarcane                    45,316
Cotton                        2,488
Tobacco                          84
Rapeseed & Mustard              229
Sesamum                          33


The total production of all cereal crops come to 29965X103 tons. Ranked fourth in worldwide sugarcane areas and twelfth in sugarcane production it gives further credence to Pakistan's continued emphasis and growth in the sector. The production of sugar is about 4.29 million tons from nearly 77 mills. Within the agriculture, fruits, vegetables and floriculture floriculture

Branch of ornamental horticulture concerned with growing and marketing flowers and ornamental plants, as well as with flower arrangement. Because flowers and potted plants are largely produced in plant-growing structures in temperate climates, floriculture is
 have important impact on agricultural economy. The yearly production of fruits, vegetables and spices is 15 (57). The production of all fruits come to 622. The horticulture product holds huge market for exports. The relative importance of this sector can be gauged with high growth rate of exports of fruits and vegetables from Pakistan due to ever increasing demand in the existing and international markets. Some of fruits grown have great potential for exports, which are available in volumes, varieties and are of rich flavor. These are mangoes, citrus, grapes, dates, apples, peaches, and cherries. Other prominent fruits have enormous export potential are plums, pears, guava guava (gwä`və), small evergreen tree or shrub of the genus Psidium of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family), native to tropical America and grown elsewhere for its ornamental flowers and edible fruit. , etc. Among vegetables, tomato potatoes, garlic, ginger and onions are vastly grown in Pakistan, hold a large global market because of competitive advantage due to superior variety, volume and price.

The edible oil production (000 tons) in the country is 740 (only 30%). The imports amount of the oil is 1, 360 (about 70%) and consumption is 2, 100. Pakistan spend a huge amount on oil import bill. The production of vegetables (000 tons) are: tomato(426), potato((2025), onion (1,817), garlic(56), chillies (91), turmeric turmeric: see ginger.
turmeric

Perennial herbaceous plant (Curcuma longa; family Zingiberaceae), native to southern India and Indonesia. Its tuberous rhizomes have been used from antiquity as a condiment, as a textile dye, and medically as an
(38), ginger(41) The production of all types of vegetables come to 3048.

Fishery plays an important role in the national economy. It provides employment to about 400,000 fishermen directly. In addition, another 500,000 people are employed in ancillary industries. It is also a major source of export earning. The production (000 tons) of Inland (170) and Marine fish were (404). The seafood and fishery products are chilled or frozen fish, fish meat and exported to European countries. Important food fish species are tauna, sailfish sailfish, common name for a marine game and food fish belonging to the family Istiophoridae and related to the swordfish and the marlin. It is named for its high, wide dorsal fin, colored deep blue with black spots. , marlins, groupers, dolphin fish, catfish, sharks and some of these produce are shipped to Sri Lanka in dried form. Shrimp has a great scope in the fish industry. Pakistan produces huge quantity of shrimp.
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Title Annotation:AGRICULTURE SCENARIO
Publication:Economic Review
Geographic Code:9PAKI
Date:May 1, 2010
Words:1430
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