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Additives '98.

The additives business continues to be a major segment of the plastics industry. Global consumption of plastics additives reached 16.5 billion lbs in 1997, while global sales totaled $15.3 billion - $9.7 billion when plasticizers are excluded. These figures are updated statistics from Phillip Townsend Associates based on its report entitled Chemical Additives for Plastics: Apparent Supplier Strategies. According to Townsend, the industry is expected to experience significant growth - 5% per year, excluding such commodity materials as plasticizers - over the next few years.

Plasticizers account for the largest segment of the additives business. A report from Frost & Sullivan, entitled U.S. Plastics Additives, says that the plasticizer market represented 64.3% of total U.S. plastics additives consumption in 1997, and 36.2% of the revenue. The study names plasticizer manufacturer Exxon Chemicals as the market leader in the total additives business in terms of revenues. After plasticizers, the major segments of the U.S. additives market, based on consumption, are heat stabilizers (18.0%) and flame retardants (16.5%). Heat stabilizers accounted for 34.1% of the revenues, while antioxidant and flame retardant market shares based on revenues were 12.5% and 11.9%, respectively.

Product development trends, as reported by the studies, include the designing of new light stabilizer and antioxidant systems to improve the short-term and long-term performance of polyolefins. Also, as a response to environmental concerns, manufacturers have developed reduced-metal and metal-free heat stabilizers for PVC resin and have limited volatile organic compounds. Concern over halogenated flame retardants has led to a search for alternatives, such as nonhalogenated phosphorus compounds, melamines, and various inorganic materials. Both reports say that globalization continues to be a major market force. According to Frost & Sullivan, mergers and acquisitions are common as companies seek to add distribution channels and broaden product lines. For information on Chemical Additives for Plastics: Apparent Supplier Strategies, please contact Project Manager, Additives, Phillip Townsend Associates, Inc., Mr. Olive, N.J., at (973) 347-5300; fax (973) 347-6466; e-mail: ptainj@planet.net; website: www.ptai.co

For information on U.S. Plastic Additives Markets, please contact Frost & Sullivan, 2525 Charleston Rd., Mountain View, CA 94043; (650) 961-9000; fax (650) 961-5042; website: frost.com

The following article presents a summary of new developments in plastics additives as reported to Plastics Engineering by the individual companies.

AARBOR INTERNATIONAL

AArbor International, a manufacturer of organic pigments for paints and coatings, plastics, and inks, has introduced Polyethylene Flush-Green 7. A strong yellow shade, this phthalocyanine green PE flush reportedly offers transparency, brightness, tinting strength, and a high degree of permanency and dispersibility. According to the manufacturer, it is not subject to crystallization. AArbor International Corp., 9434 Maltby Rd., Brighton, MI48116; (800) 969-3221 or (810) 220-0080; fax (810) 2200088; e-mail: aarbor@ismi.net; website: www.aarbor.com

ACUPOWDER INTERNATIONAL

The company reports that its new bronze powder can be used advantageously as a filler for plastics. Available in two grades (5631 and 5631D), this prealloyed irregularly shaped powder is reported to eliminate segregation and improve green strength and sintered properties, including oxidation resistance.

In April 1998, the company received ISO 9002 certification for the manufacture and distribution of nonferrous metal powders. ACuPowder International LLC, 901 Lehigh Ave., Union, NJ 07083; (908) 851-4500; fax (908) 851-4597.

AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS

Several new products have been introduced. Ancamine 2441, a latent epoxy curing agent for one-component adhesive formulations, is a modified polyamine that can be used as a sole curative or as an accelerator for DICY. Adhesives formulated with this product are said to exhibit the rapid development of green strength at low temperatures while maintaining excellent shelf stability. Improved strength retention at elevated temperatures is also achieved because of the high glass transition temperature of the formulated adhesive. Applications that can benefit from incorporation of this curing agent include one-component convection- or induction-heat-cured adhesives, powder coatings, potting compounds, and hot-melt prepregs.

Developed for Industrial flooring, coatings, concrete adhesives, and repair mortars, Ancamine 2481 curing agent is a modified aliphatic amine that reportedly facilitates rapid cure and the development of excellent physical properties, including excellent blush and waterspot resistance at ambient and low temperatures, and imparts a good set time/pot life balance to a variety of epoxy formulations. According to the manufacturer, Ancamine 2481 curing agent is also an effective accelerator for other curing agents in epoxy systems at both ambient and low temperatures.

The company is also offering two plasticizer-free, high-solids polyamide epoxy curing agents for ambient-cure coatings. The products - Ancamide 801 and 802 curing agents - are high-performance polyamides that reportedly enable formulators to develop systems having rapid dry times; high gloss; excellent corrosion resistance; superior wet adhesion; and good flexibility without the addition of plasticizers, like benzyl alcohol. Applications that can benefit from the incorporation of these products include marine, aerospace, and industrial maintenance coatings; concrete primers and paints; and adhesives and sealants.

A new waterborne epoxy curing agent for two-component, ambient-cure, low-VOC coatings is now available. Anquamine 456 curing agent is a self-emulsifying curative designed for use with liquid, solid, or flexibilized epoxy resin systems. Said to offer high performance and competitive cost-in-use, coatings formulated with Anquamine 456 have high corrosion and chemical resistance, excellent wet adhesion, and low odors, and are freeze-thaw stable and HAPs-free. Applications that can benefit from the incorporation of this product include industrial maintenance, marine, transportation, institutional, and general metal coatings.

New products for the polyurethane industry have recently been introduced. In the category of rigid foam applications, Dabco DC5598 silicone surfactant reportedly enhances hydrocarbon kinetics in polyisocyanurate and improves the processing of gaseous blowing agents in R22 and 134a froth applications. Dabco 5599 high efficiency nonhydrolyzable silicone surfactant offers improved processing and foam physical properties, along with low freezing point and viscosity. Polycat 48 amine catalyst, a balanced blow/gel/trimerization catalyst, is said to offer improved dimensional stability at lower pack density and is recommended for k-factor critical applications. Polycat 18 amine catalyst, which delays the initiation of foaming reactions, enables foam manufacturers to make homogeneous mixtures in multi-port lay-down and reduce striations.

Two products for flexible slabstock systems are Dabco DC5940 and Dabco DC5180. The first is a high-efficiency silicone surfactant with wide processing latitude. Compatible with flame retardants. it is said to be an excellent foam and is recommended for use in conventional polyether foam. The second product, Dabco DC5180 nonhydrolyzable silicone surfactant, has been designed for application in Ultracel and "Rest Easy Plus" technologies. It reportedly provides excellent bulk stability in the reacting mixture and enhances cell regulation.

Developed for flexible molded foams and recommended as a co-catalyst for use with Dabco 33-LV, Dabco BL-53 tertiary amine catalyst offers improved preblend system stability; low corrosivity compared with standard acid blocked amine catalysts; and enhanced processing and foam physical properties, including wider time pressure release, better dimensional stability, higher airflow, and improved humid aged and wet compression sets. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Blvd., Allentown, PA 18195-1501; (800) 345-3148; outside the U.S. or Canada (610) 481-6799; fax (610) 481-4381; website:www.airproducts.com/chemicals

AKCROS CHEMICALS

In the category of rigid applications, Akcros Chemicals America has developed three new lead stabilizer replacement products. Interlite ZP-6088/4, reported to be a low-cost product for automotive wiring and low temperature UL applications, offers improved early color hold compared with Interlite ZP-6001, which it replaces. Use levels vary from 3 to 5 phr, depending upon the amount of heat stability desired. Interlite ZP-6080 has been designed for applications where maximum heat stability is needed. This product, which can be used at very high levels (10 to 12 phr) with no effect on physical properties during heat aging, is intended for such applications as high temperature building wire insulation. A lower cost version of Interlite ZP-6059, Interlite ZP-6059/2, can be used in the same applications as the original product. Use levels remain at 3 to 5 phr, depending upon the heat stability desired. The primary application is in high-temperature wire insulation up to and including 105 [degrees] C wet electricals.

For the organotin market, Akcros Chemicals has introduced Akcrostab T-5003, which has found use in such outdoor applications as fencing, windows, and siding. It is also being selected for injection molding applications where early color hold is critical. Use levels vary from 0.4 to 1.0 phr.

Akcros has also reported numerous developments in the category of additives for flexible vinyl. The company has expanded its high efficiency heat stabilizer line for-calendering applications. A new material for high shear applications is Akcrostab BZ-5121. Particularly suited to thin-gauge, high-speed products, such as veneers, wallboard, and laminates, BZ-5121 reportedly offers excellent color hold, clarity, and printability. The barium-zinc based product functions throughout a wide range of formulations, filler levels, durometers, and line speeds.

Responding to the demand for reduced VOCs, Akcros has developed a barium-cadmium-zinc liquid, Akcrostab BC-5109. Designed for the calendered upholstery market, this product is said to provide optimum color retention, permanence, and adhesive compatibility while cutting typical VOC levels by more than half. Applications include supported and nonsupported grades of upholstery fabric for the industrial, consumer, and marine markets, in addition to backlit awnings and signage.

For food grade markets, Akcros has introduced a powdered low-cost calcium-zinc-based stabilizer - Interstab CZ-5124 - for blown-film meat and produce wrap. This free-flowing powder is a lubricating calcium-zinc product complying with U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) requirements for direct food contact. Said to provide excellent color hold and sparkle while exhibiting sharp clarity, it is compatible with a wide range of compounding ingredients.

Akcrostab BZ-5115 is a very low cost barium-zinc epoxy soya blend reportedly well suited for plastisol applications and also usable in lower durometer extrusion and calendered stock Designed for slush, injection, and cast molding methods, this product is said to provide excellent heat stability characteristics.

Akcrostab ABC-5107 is a noncadmium-based stabilizer/activator for chemically blown PVC foam. Offering excellent cell uniformity and size while giving very low fog traits, this product has been designed to be a stand-alone activator for azodecarbonamide-containing formulations. According to the manufacturer; it has excellent thermal stability and permanence.

The company has also introduced two biocides. Intercide ZnP is an organic zinc biocide for use in flexible PVC and other thermoplastic resins. Applications range from plastisols and coated fabrics to garbage cans and bathroom appliques. Supplied as either a 95% active powder or a 5% dispersion, this product is said to protect against a wide range of bacteria and fungi, including the "Pink Stain" organism. Introduced at the same time, Intercide IPBC is an organic fungicide also developed for use in flexible PVC compounds and other thermoplastic products. Supplied as a 97% active powder, this biocide reportedly demonstrates excellent UV stability.

Other company news includes Akzo Nobel's (q.v.) October 1998 purchase of Elementis' (q.v.) 50% stake in the Akcros Chemicals joint venture. Akzo and Elementis formed the joint venture to manufacture plastic additives and performance chemicals in 1993. Akcros Chemicals America, P.O. Box 638, New Brunswick, NJ 08903; (732) 220-6895; fax (732) 247-8416.

AKZO NOBEL

Akzo Nobel's Phosphorus Chemicals manufacturing facility in Gallipolis Ferry, W.Va., has implemented a capital investment program totaling more than $30 million. The project was aimed at refurbishing the general infrastructure of the plant and upgrading manufacturing equipment and process controls. Several production units have been debottlenecked, resulting in expanded capacity. Concurrently, improvements have been made to refine product characteristics.

As one example, Akzo Nobel has introduced lower APHA color versions of its flame retardant plasticizers Phosflex 31P and 41P. The new materials, called Phosflex 31L and 41L, are used in applications, such as flexible PVC, where initial color and long-term color hold are of critical importance. Flammability and plasticizer characteristics are the same as those of the higher color versions.

Akzo Nobel has also announced that its Scottsboro, Ala., facility has been registered under the QS-9000 standard. The plant produces polyester tire yarns and fabrics, polyester yarns for mechanical robber goods applications, and nylon for air bags.

Accurel Systems, part of Akzo Nobel Membrana GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of Akzo Nobel, has introduced several new products. Three new antifog products are Accurel AF 460, Accurel GA 305, and Accurel GA 320. Intended for the agricultural film market, Accurel AF 460 is based on a sorbitan ester loaded onto a polymer carrier. Accurel GA 305 and Accurel GA 320, for use in the food packaging industry, contain an FDA-approved glycerol ester A material for use in the manufacture of children's toys, bathtubs, and strollers is Accurel Baby, a fragrance concentrate that reportedly gives the products a light attractive scent. Depending upon the effect desired, dose levels can be as low as 0.2%.

Accurel SF 1760 is a new concentrate that acts as a mold release for polyolefins at dosing levels of 0.5% to 1%. Said to allow near continuous operation of the molding machine, this product reduces downtime, lowers the scrap rate, and improves the hygiene of the molding environment.

Accurel UV 1541 has been developed for the light stabilization of polypropylene and HDPE tapes used in the production of container bags and raffia wovens. Accurel UV 1541 has an additive content of 60% and is normally dosed at 0.5% to 1%, but, depending upon the circumstances, can be used at levels as low as 0.25%.

Accurel GA 302 is a new antistat concentrate for use in K-resin film. According to the manufacturer, when dosed at 0.5% to 1%, film clarity is not affected, nor is the printability compromised. The use of this concentrate is also said to reduce problems in production and fabrication and minimize dust pickup on the surface of the finished parts. All ingredients in Accurel GA 302 are reported to be FDA approved.

Accurel products are represented in North America by Compound Solutions, Inc. (CSI). CSI says that this autumn, Akzo will open a production facility in the southeastern U.S. The plant, which will also serve as a warehouse and distribution facility, will add to the capacity to make reloaded products. Akzo Nobel Chemicals Inc., 5 Livingstone Ave., 2nd Floor Bridge, Dobbs Ferry, NY 10522; (914) 674-5000; fax (914) 693-4487. Akzo Nobel Membrana GmbH, Accurel Systems, D-63784 Obernburg, Germany; phone (+49) 6022-81-2692; fax (+49) 6022-81-2823. Compound Solutions Inc., 9387 Lawnfield Dr., Twinsburg, OH 44087; (330) 425-3457; fax (330) 425-3709.

ALBEMARLE

Albemarle has introduced Diethylaluminum Ethoxide, which will be used primarily as a catalyst component in Ziegler-Natta type systems for olefin polymerization.

The company has also announced the formation of an alliance with Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals of Japan, whereby Albemarle acquired 50% of the outstanding stock of Nippon Aluminum Alkyls, Ltd. At the same time, Albemarle announced the increase of TEA capacity at Feluy, Belgium, and the increase of MAO capacity at Baton Rouge, La.

In early 1998, the company completed a major expansion of its Saytex 8010 flame retardant production capacity at its Magnolia, Ark, facility. This expansion is reported to add more than 3000 metric tons to the company's capacity. The company has also completed construction of its dedicated production facility for Ethacure 300 curative. Also located at the company's Magnolia site, the plant has an initial capacity of 5 millions lbs/yr and is expandable to 10 million lbs/yr. In November 1997, Albemarle submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the results of a two-year feeding study, which showed that Ethacure 300 curative did not promote tumor formation. An internal risk assessment of the results of the study and other data submitted by Albemarle led the EPA to revoke Consent Order for Premanufacturing Notice P-861322 in its entirety, effective May 20, 1998. The company is working with the EPA to have the Significant New Use Rule withdrawn in a timely manner, thus allowing customers to use Ethacure 300 curative without restriction. Applications for Ethacure 300 curative include cast elastomers, coatings, reaction injection molding, and specialty adhesives, where it is a replacement for MOCA. The product is also said to give excellent results in polyether and polyester prepolymers.

Albemarle has also begun construction of a facility for Saytex RB-100 flame retardant in Magnolia. Albemarle Corp., 451 Florida St., Baton Rouge, LA 70801; (504) 388-7755; Fax (504) 388-7203.

ALCOA INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS

Alcoa has brought two new products to the market. Basic Aluminum Oxalate (BAO), a synthetic halogen-free crystalline flame retardant derived from aluminum trihydroxide, was developed to meet the need for a flame retardant filler that would remain stable at processing temperatures of 330 [degrees] C and conform with increasingly stringent flame retardant legislation in Europe. Also introduced at the same time are ground aluminum trihydroxide grades of the company's FlameGard series. These halogen-free materials, which are used as flame retardant and smoke suppressant fillers, cover particle sizes from 25 [[micro]meter]n to below 3 [[micro]meter]. The FlameGard series can be used in many applications, from artificial marble, carpet backing, and unsaturated polyester molded products to automotive components, such as clutches and brake linings. Alcoa Industrial Chemicals, North America, 3450 Park Lane, Pittsburgh, PA 15275; (412) 7885750; fax (412) 788-5751. Alcoa Industrial Chemicals Europe, Olof-Palme-Str. 37; 60439 Frankfurt/Main, Germany; phone +(069) 95 73410; fax +(069) 95 734113.

ALLIEDSIGNAL

The Specialty Chemicals business of AlliedSignal Inc. has published a new general capabilities brochure and has launched an Internet website. The capabilities brochure provides detailed information on the business's products (which include coatings additives) and the applications they serve.

AlliedSignal has also published an updated brochure outlining the properties of its A-C polysthylenes and ACumist copolymers. The brochure also covers 16 other product lines in addition to experimental products. A-C and Acumist additives are used in such applications as adhesives, cable fillers, coatings, color concentrates, floor finishes, and textiles as well as plastics. According to AlliedSignal, they can impart one or more of the following benefits to formulated products: improved mar and abrasion resistance; better lubricity, slip, and gloss; reduced coefficient of friction; and improved melt point and release. The brochure is available from the Coatings Additives business. AlliedSignal Specialty Chemicals, 101 Columbia Rd., Morristown, NJ 07962; for capabilities brochure: (973) 455-4322; for additives brochure: (973) 455-6154 or (800) 222-0094; website: www.specialtychem.com

AMERIBROM

Ameribrom (Dead Sea Bromine Group) is promoting several new flame retardant products. FR-720 [tetrabromobisphenol A bis(2,3 dibromopropyl ether)] contains both aromatic and aliphatic bromine suitable for polyolefin resins and is especially recommended for UL-94 class V-2 polypropylene. It is also applicable in class V-2 polystyrene. The low dosage of FR-720 needed to achieve UL-94 ratings reportedly provides good cost performance and allows the physical properties of the resin to be maintained.

FR-1025M (pentabromobenzyl acrylate) is now listed on the Toxic Substance Control Act inventory and is commercially available. According to the manufacturer, this brominated flame retardant monomer, available in powder form, is unique in being polymerizable via reactive processing on commercial compounding equipment, and it can be reacted in many systems by homopolymerization and copolymerization. Use of FR-1025M via reaction molding in engineering thermoplastics, including PBT, polycarbonate, nylon 6, and nylon 66, allows polymers to reach flammability standard UL94 V-0 while maintaining good mechanical and physical properties. Said to have good thermal stability and excellent shelf-life, this product improves the compatibility of the polymer matrix with the glass reinforcement and acts as a processing aid. It maintains the transparency of such resins as polycarbonate, crystalline polystyrene, and polymethyl methacrylate. When copolymerized with PP, it acts as an adhesion promoter and improves dyeability.

FR-245 (tristribromophenyl cyanurate), another new product, has high FR efficiency and is melt-blendable. Used mainly in ABS and HIPS, it reportedly provides an optimal combination of heat and light stability, impact resistance, and melt flow properties. AmeriBrom, Inc., 52 Vanderbilt Ave., New York, NY 10017; (212) 286-4000; fax (212)286-4475.

AMERICAN WOOD FIBERS

American Wood Fibers specializes in the manufacture of wood flour, which is used in the plastics industry as a filler and extender. The company utilizes a variety of soft and hard woods to make a wide range of wood flour grades, including custom grades. The company reports that in September 1997 it opened a new facility in Marysville, Calif., and that in December 1997 it became, to the best of its knowledge, the first company supplying a wood flour product to receive ISO certification. The certification was achieved for the company's headquarters plant in Schofield, Wis.

American Wood Fibers has expanded its offerings to include compounded wood flour/resin mixtures in polypropylene, polystyrene, and polyethylene. American Wood Fibers, 100 Alderson St., P.O. Box 468, Schofield, W154476-0468; (715) 3551900; fax (715) 355-5721.

AMPACET

Most of the new products introduced by Ampacet over the past year can be classified into three major categories: masterbatch for flexible packaging, masterbatch for protective film, and masterbatch for agricultural film. Ampacer reports that in the area of masterbatches for flexible packaging, it has developed several high-quality white products that eliminate or reduce die build-up in cast film and extrusion coating. Products 110313-B and 110359 are both 70% new generation Ti[O.sub.2] in autoclave-produced LDPE. The first is based in an LDPE with a melt index of 8; the second is based in an LDPE with a melt index of 12. The broader molecular weight distribution of autoclave vs. tubular is said to improve the performance of these products at higher loadings (12% to 25% Ti[O.sub.2]) in thinner gauges at processed at higher temperatures. Product 110438, for extrusion coating, is 80% Ti[O.sub.2] in LDPE with a melt index of 12. This product is free of stearates, as are the two mentioned previously. Product 110025 is 80% Ti[O.sub.2] in LLDPE specifically developed for blown film. Product 110697 is a 60% white masterbatch based in LD/LLDPE and targeted primarily at the European cast and coating markets.

Two new products are the process aids designated as 100706 in Europe and 100458 in the U.S. based in LLDPE with blends of fluoroelastomers and additives, these products are said to offer high resistance to abrasion and reduce die buildup in high-heat applications, such as east film and extrusion coating. Versions with 5% active ingredients are also available.

In order to meet market demands for non-amine-based packaging, Ampacet has developed the following antistats. Products 101140 and 101132 are reported to have superior static decay times and surface resistivity in addition to improved shelf-life. Specifically developed for blown film for electronic packaging, Product 101140 is an improved version of 100320 with better long-term performance at low relative humidity ("Mil Spec" 12% RH) and food contact acceptability up to 16%. Product 101132, which is 10% active, reportedly passes the 12% RH Mil Spec even after three months. The recommended usage for this product is 5% to 8%, and it is acceptable for food contact at all concentrations. As it is stable to 500 [degrees] F, it can be used in cast film applications. Ampacet also offers 6008-PS antistat, which has a 20% active antistat based on high-impact polystyrene. This product is designed for extruded sheet.

Ampacet has also developed laser marking masterbatches for use in flexible packaging. Intended for polyethylene and polystyrene, Products 101183 and 101186 (European codes) are said to offer permanency and require no surface treatment while avoiding mechanical wear and harmful ecological effects. The American versions are 101285 for clear film applications, and 101286 for opaque or pigmented film.

In the category of antifogs, the company has developed Product 101082, which can be used at half the level of conventional blends. High use levels are said to interfere with print quality and sealability. Ampacet recommends that the new product be used at 5% to 7% to yield approximately 5000 ppm active ingredient. Product 101082 is reportedly based on FDA-acceptable glycerol/ester chemistry and is suitable for high-heat processing, i.e., cast and coating. The carrier, a blend of LDPE and LLDPE, has no inorganics and thus shows low haze. A suggested application is fresh-cut produce packaging.

Two biocides have also been introduced during this time period. Product 101174, called Biostab 74, was developed by Ampacet Europe. Containing 7% of a low melting (57 [degrees] C) off-white organic pigment, it is recommended for transparent applications (2% to 3% in PE and 3% to 7% in PP). Product 101144 contains 15% of a proprietary nonmigrating inorganic material. According to the manufacturer, when tested by an outside lab, both LDPE film and HDPE chips showed either no or less than 10% growth of fungal or bacterial organisms. The additive is said to be unaffected by solvents and have little or no volatility and hence no odor at normal plastics processing temperatures.

The company has also designed "super antioxidants" - products 101124 and 101125 - which reportedly help alleviate the discoloration commonly associated with over-oxidation of phenolic antioxidants. Suggested usage is 2.5%. For applications that cannot tolerate the addition of stearates, stearate-free Product 101124 is recommended.

Ampacet is promoting several masterbatches for the coloring of protective film. Products used in this application must be able to avoid interaction with the adhesive that laminates the film to the substrate. Also, no gels can be introduced during processing, as these can mar the surface. Three products now offered for protective film have been in use for years but have recently been modified for this new application. Product 11495-8 was a 50% photographic-coating-grade white, and Products 11151-T and 11989-I are improved versions of Ampacet's 50% Ti[O.sub.2] products. A recently developed product is 110786, which contains 60% Ti[O.sub.2], in a new formulation said to be "whiter/brighter" than the conventional Ti[O.sub.2]. Product 110850, developed for use in protective film for cars during shipping from factory to dealers, reportedly combines a state-of-the art surface-modified weatherable grade of Ti[O.sub.2] with a cost-effective HALS in a PP carrier.

Also new from Ampacer are Products 400700-B/400700-D. Both products are intended to create a matte finish or reduce gloss in multilayer BOPP, CPP, or CPE for such applications as paper and printing lamination and adhesive tapes for use in photo albums.

The company has also introduced high-performance masterbatches - Products 190340-A and 190340-D - for use in developing more effective thin-gauge mulch film and other agricultural film structures. Both products contain N-550-type carbon black in a higher alpha olefin (HAO) linear low-density polyethylene. Product 190340-A is 45% loaded; product 190340-D is 50%. The loading and flow properties of 190340-A are said to make it ideally suited for use at high loadings of carbon black (8-10%) at very thin gauges ([less than]0.7 mil). Product 190340-D was specifically developed to be a high performing, cost effective product for geomembrane sheeting, and its flow properties are said to allow good incorporation relative to products previously used. The HAO carrier in both products reportedly offers enhanced performance because of the improved compatibility with the resins commonly used for geomembranes.

Other masterbatches for mulch film are Products 190580 and 190660, both of which contain 40% of an N-550-type carbon black modified to yield improved flow properties. Product 190580 contains an NR-type HALS; Product 190660 contains an NOR-type HALS. Both HALS are said to have better pesticide resistance than the conventional HALS. Each masterbatch has been run at 20% (8% carbon black) at less than 0.8 mil Recommended use levels are 15% at 0.8 to 1.0 mil and 12.5% at 1 to 1.25 mil.

Two new whites have also been introduced for mulch film. Products 110844 and 110880, for either monolayer or coex over black, consist of 70% Ti[O.sub.2] in an easy-to-process weatherable grade. Product 110884 contains an NR-type HALS, and Product 110880, an NOR-type HALS. The nonstabilized version of these products is 110607. Ampacet reports successful trials of these products at 20% usage (14% Ti[O.sub.2]) in both blown and cast 1.25 mil film. The company has also developed Product 12203 for driver mulches, which have been shown to reduce the white fly/aphid population around plants and increase crop yield. The product contains an NOR-type HALS and is recommended for use at 7% in 1.25 mil film.

Additional new products for agricultural film include 101248, a highly loaded product with a 20% NR-type HALS in LDPE, and 12222 silver mulch, which contains an NR-type HALS and is recommended for usage at 7% in 1.25 mil film. Three thermic brown IR/UV PE masterbatches are U.S. Product 180480, which contains an NR-type HALS, and European Products 180390-A (stabilized) and 180442 (unstabilized). Reportedly providing improved opacity, these products also offer an advantage over black mulch film in that the soil can be heated during the day. These products can also be used in combination with UV stabilizers. Ampacet also reports that the following codes are in their second year of testing at a major U.S. university: 150525 red mulch (10% usage), 160795 blue mulch (10% usage), and 130272 yellow mulch (10% usage).

Ampacet Europe has developed four photoluminescent concentrates under the Lumi trade name. These concentrates, which absorb light energy and re-emit it as light in dark atmospheres, are said offer high heat stability (resisting temperatures above 300 [degrees] C), excellent chemical resistance, and good hysteresis (enabling them to be charged and recharged many times without losing the ability to re-emit light). According to the manufacturer, they retain their luminescence for several hours without re-exposure to a light source. In addition, Lumi concentrates are nontoxic and nonradioactive. Applications that can benefit from the use of these concentrates include safety clothing, highway signage, traffic markers, roadside worker protection devices automotive dashboards, and electrical appliances. The four grades currently available are Lumi PE MB-12146 for polyethylene, Lumi PP MB-12220 for polypropylene, Lumi PS MB-6200-PS for polystyrene, and Lumi CO MB-12218 for polyamides and other engineering materials. These concentrates are said to be suitable for any resin processing method.

Another area of product development is heavy metal replacements. According to Ampacet, finding a cost-effective replacement has always been a challenge. However, with the recent development of two relatively low-cost organic pigments, PY62 and PY205, masterbatch producers have been able to move in the direction of more cost-effect formulations. Product 130226 represents one of Ampacet's attempts in this area.

In June 1998, the company announced that it will add 175 million lbs to its global masterbatch capacity, which will bring its total capacity to more than 575 million lbs per yr. This increase includes the recent acquisition of Baron Colour Concentrates Ltd. of Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, which provides Ampacet with new production facilities in Canada in addition to a U,S, plant. Ampacet Europe's expansions at its Messancy, Belgium, and Telgate, Italy, plants will also contribute to the announced increase in global capacity. A new production line for highly dispersed black masterbatches will reportedly increase the capacity in Messancy by 20,000 metric tons and Ampacet Europe's capacity to more than 70,000 tons. Ampacet Europe's facility in Telgate, Italy, which produces master-batches and engineering polymer compounds, will expand its capacity in 1999 from 7000 metric tons to 12,000 metric tons, And a joint venture agreement formed in October 1998 with Biblos Color S.A. of Argentina will also contribute to Ampacet's worldwide expansion in capacity. The new partnership, known as Ampacet de Argentina, is said to place Ampacet in a strong position for continued growth in South America's MERCOSUR countries, Ampacet has also announced that it has filed an application for a 100%owned manufacturing facility in Thailand. Ampacet Corp., 660 White Plains Rd., Tarrytown, NY 10591-5130; (914) 651-6600; Fax (914) 651-7278; website:www.ampacet.com

AXEL PLASTICS RESEARCH LABORATORIES

A new liquid additive, MoldWiz INT-PUL24 is reported to improve pultrusion processing. The manufacturer says that it optimizes line speed by reducing pull force, while contributing to minimum die wear. This product yields more consistent, cleaner profiles, and will not interfere with bonding or other secondary processes. With a pH of 4.5, INT-PUL24 is much less likely than other products to corrode die surfaces. Also, it will also reduce the viscosity of resin baths, making it possible to achieve excellent wetting of fiber rovings without the addition of excessive amounts of styrene to increase VOCs.

Axel is now offering MoldWiz internal lubricants in pellet form. Available in several resin-specific proprietary formulations, the pellets contain no binders or fillers to contaminate the resin. They are also said to be highly effective at additive rates as low as 0.25% based on resin weight. The pellets can be dry tumbled, gravitationally mixed, or fed directly at the throat or with other additives.

MoldWiz INT-52EPR is a proprietary rubber additive that generally improves flow characteristics and reduces tack, making it easier to process natural and synthetic rubbers, particularly EPDM, TPO, and elastomeric copolymers. In addition, INT-52EPR contributes to easier; cleaner release of cured parts, reducing or eliminating the application of external release agents, and lowering the incidence of mold fouling. Axel reports that customer evaluations have indicated no adverse effect on secondary operations, such as bonding, and no deleterious effect on physical properties of the cured elastomers, even after prolonged storage. Some users have reported an increase in elongation and greater tensile strength when the product was used in various rubber recipes.

Axel has also introduced XTEND semipermanent mold releases. Applications include fiberglass composites for recreational products, RTM for auto products, and epoxy for aircraft components. XTEND release proprietary chemistry is available in water-based and solvent-based formulations, offering processors options for all types of resins and rubber and for all types of molding operations occurring at temperatures ranging from ambient to 1000 [degrees] F. These release agents are reactive resin solutions designed to crosslink and cure on the mold, providing an inert and durable release surface that does not transfer to the molded part. A four-page selector guide is available to help users choose the specific XTEND product desired.

The company also offers MoldWiz EM1212SF2, a water-based external mold release designed to replace solvent-based releases in tough SMC/BMC and other highly filled resin molding applications. The nonflammable product is an emulsion that contains fluoropolymers, phosphate esters, and fatty acids, and is enriched with a small percentage of alcohols to speed drying. According to the manufacturer, it is effective at releasing polyester, epoxy, melamine, and phenolic. The fluoropolymer component is said to provide excellent heat resistance with minimal transfer of the mold release to the final product. Multiple releases from a single application can contribute to reduced manufacturing costs and reportedly enhance mold maintenance. The small fraction of alcohol provides a quick drying formula, which is also nonflammable. And the overall composition is much more environmentally friendly than solvent-based external mold releases. EM-1212 is a special formulation of this product that has been developed for rubber. Axel Plastics Research Laboratories, 5820 Broadway, Woodside, NY 11377; (800) 332-AXEL (2935) or (718) 672-8300; fax (718) 565-7447; website:www.axelplast.com

BAERLOCHER USA

Baerlocher USA, a joint venture company of Baerlocher GmbH of Munich and ICC Industries of New York, is now offering the Baerlocher Groups complete line of organotin stabilizers to the North American market. Three products new to this market are Baerostab M 25 S, Baerostab M 26 SF, and Baerostab OM 36. The first, a general-purpose butyl Sn mercaptide with 17% Sn content, provides good clarity and initial color It is typically used for technical grade extrusion and injection molding applications. Designed for compact and foam sheet extrusion applications, Baerostab M 26 SF is a general-purpose butyl Sn mercaptide with 17.9% Sn content. It reportedly gives excellent clarity and initial color Baerostab OM 36 is a solid octyl Sn mercaptoproprionate with 26.5% Sn content. Offering good clarity and initial color, it is said to be especially suited for technical grade calendering, extrusion, and injection molding applications where improved HDT values are desired. The company is now also more widely offering Baerostab OM 510 S, a general-purpose octyl Sn mercaptide with 14.7% Sn content. Suited for FDA grade calendering, extrusion, and injection molding applications, it reportedly provides excellent clarity and initial color

Continuing the development of Ba/Cd, Ba/Zn, and Ca/Zn stabilizers, Baerlocher has introduced new products addressing the need for compatibility of liquid stabilizers with ESO, in addition to the demands for low phenol and phenol-free products, low VOCs, clarity, reduced usage levels, and cost efficiency. Baerostab BCR 361 D is a high-efficiency, liquid Ba/Cd stabilizer for extrusion and calendering applications that is said to impart excellent clarity and stability and also meet the most stringent requirements for VOC emissions. Baerostab UBZ 7972 D is a high efficiency, liquid Ba/Zn product designed for calendering, extrusion, and injection molding applications, imparting both good clarity and excellent color hold, with very low VOC content. Baerostab CT 909 D represents a liquid Ca/Zn designed for good early color in white and light pigmented calendered film, taking low VOC content into consideration.

Another area of recent intensive development work is that of liquid stabilizer compositions not based on phenols. A variety of products have been formulated to address certain industry concerns relating to phenol content of standard grades of mixed metal stabilizers. Samples of these products are available for testing purposes.

Became of the recent start-up of a solids production complex at its Dover, Ohio, plant, the company is now offering U.S.made solid mixed metal stabilizer systems and lubricant one-packs to the plastics industry. The facility will also modify particle size distribution of certain products and repackage material into smaller packaging units. Custom blends of Ba/Zn and Ca/Zn stabilizer systems in addition to lubricant packages will be available in paper and PE bags, fiber drums, and "super sacks."

Baerlocher has recently developed new low-ash calcium stearate grades for the polyolefin industry: Hydense calcium stearate LA granular and Hydense calcium stearate LA-GPF. These products are in addition to the line of Hydense metallic stearates acquired from Mallinckrodt Inc. in late 1997. Baerlocher USA, 3676 Davis Rd, N.W., P.O. Box 545, Dover, OH 44622; (330) 364-6000; Fax (3.30) 343-7025.

BASF

BASF has developed Uvinul 3434 C for the UV stabilization of polyurethane automotive window seals. The company reports that the surface of a PUR sheet becomes badly weathered after 500, 1000, and 1300 hrs in a Zenotest 1200 weatherometer, whereas with a 3% addition of Univul 3434, little or no crazing occurs at each of the measured intervals.

The company also reports that Uvinul 5050 has been shown to decrease the amount of water take-up in PP film when compared with HALS II. Water take-up can lead to slower production rates, longer drying times, and imperfections in the films.

A red-shade Bismuth Vanadate has been added to BASF`S line of colorants to complement the green-shade yellow Bismuth Vanadate available for plastics applications. The new experimental code in FK 4254. Another new product is Sicotan Yellow 2001 FG, a Pbr 24 in a low-dusting fine granular form. This product is reported to be 20% stronger than other Pbr 24s. BASF, 36 Riverside Ave., Rensselaer, NY 12144; (518) 472-8300; fax (518) 472-8487.

B.I. CHEMICALS

B.I. Chemicals, Inc., Specialty Products Division, has introduced an exothermic foaming/nucleating agent - EX-144 nucleating concentrate - for CATV wire and cable applications. EX-144 requires lower decomposition temperatures for complete activation than traditional azodicarbonamide nucleants, yielding better electrical properties in the finished product. EX-144 also produces finer, more uniform cells for improved physical properties. In addition, EX-144 contains no processing aids that could interfere with electrical properties.

Another new product is Hydrocerol CF 40T. A high-performance chemical foaming and nucleating agent in an improved polystyrene carrier, this additive is designed for use in the injection molding and extrusion foaming of PS, PPO, ABS, and any other styrenic resin system. According to the manufacturer, the new carrier system improves storage stability and typically yields better incorporation of the chemical foaming agent (CFA) into the melt during processing than the earlier CF 40S CFA.

Activex 862 CFA is designed for sink mark removal and warpage reduction in the injection molding of polypropylene. Reportedly, cycle time reductions of 105% to 30% have been achieved.

Hydrocerol CT 1110 and Hydrocerol CT 1111 are 40%-loaded talc masterbatches for nucleation in direct gassed foam extrusion. The type of talc used is said to provide better cell nucleating efficiency, superior dispersion, and better product consistency. Hydrocerol CT 1110 is for polyethylene, and Hydrocerol CT 1111 is for polystyrene. B.I. Chemicals, Inc., Specialty Products Division, 50 Chestnut Ridge Rd., Montvale, NJ 07645; (800) 6353558; fax (201) 307-0424.

BORAX

Borax Europe Ltd. has appointed Omya UK Ltd. as its United Kingdom distributor for its Firebrake ZB product range. These multifunctional zinc borate fire retardant, smoke suppressing synergists are marketed to textile manufacturers, cable and wire formulators, and other plastics fabricators. U.S. Borax Inc., 26877 Tourney Rd, Valencia, CA 91355-1847; (805) 2875400; fax (805) 287-5495.

BURLINGTON SCIENTIFIC

Burlington Scientific has entered the market for plastics antimicrobials. The company reports that with the commissioning of a new production facility for 10,10[feet]-oxybisphenoxarsine, it has become the second manufacturer of OBPA worldwide. Burlington Scientific has received U.S. EPA registrations for liquid formulations of OBPA in DIDP, DOP,ESO, and polypropylene glycol. The company also has EPA registrations for a solid pellet concentrate of OBPA in PVC and for formulating liquid and solid concentrates of 2,4,4[feet]-trichloro-2[feet]-hydroxydiphenyl ether (triclosan). The formulations are marketed under the Micropel trade name. Low levels of Micropel antimicrobials are said to be highly effective at inhibiting the growth of mold, mildew, bacteria, and staining organisms in treated polymers. Burlington Scientific Corp., 222 Sherwood Ave., Farmingdale, NY 117351718; (516) 694-9000; fax (516) 694-9177; email: BSC ChemNY @AOL.com

CAMIE-CAMPBELL

Camie-Campbell has announced the addition of three new release agents to its product line for the plastics molding industry: Camie 1680 Economy Silicone Release Agent, Camie 1780 Economy Paintable Release Agent, and Camie 1880 Economy Lecithin Release Agent. Camie 1680 is described as a general purpose product with 3% silicone. Camie 1780 is reported to be fast evaporating, as is Camie 1880. The latter is said to be a nonsilicone, paintable product. Camie-Campbell, Inc., 9225 Watson Industrial Park, St. Louis, MO 63126; (800) 325-9572 or (314) 9683222; fax (314) 968-0741.

CAROLINA COLOR

Roto-Dry is a new line of colorants for rotomolding applications. Consisting of 12 standard colors, custom-matched colors, and a specialized processing aid known as Roto-Aid, the line provides dependable heat-stable and light-stable pigments that are free of heavy metals and offer letdowns as low as 0.2%. Other reported benefits are consistent color from beginning to end of a processing run; consistent pigment particle size, which eliminates streaking; and pigments that eliminate rub-off and gassing. Standard colors are white, blue-white, ivory, yellow, orange, red, navy, light blue, green, blue/green, gray, and black.

Carolina Color has announced plans to add a third 68-mm Farrel twin-screw extruder to its operations in Delaware, Ohio. The new equipment, scheduled for installation in 1999, will reportedly increase the company's combined capacity to more than 57 million lbs/yr. Carolina Color Corp., P.O. Box 486, Salisbury, NC 28145; (704) 637-7000; fax (704) 637-7286.

CDI DISPERSIONS

The company has announced the availability of a new service to the plastics compounding industry - the production of customized dispersions. Made from organic or inorganic pigments, these compounds can be dispersed in any type of plasticizer and can be used in plastisols or calendered vinyl applications, Other polymer systems, such as polyester and epoxies, can also be employed for pigmenting. Specific color matches and polymers can be designed into any particular system required. CDI Dispersions, 27 Haynes Ave., Newark, NJ 07114; (973) 8241806; fax (973) 824-3947.

CHEMICAL GROUP

Chemical Group Inc has recently acquired an additional 10,000 [ft.sup.2] in order to install a new production line in a building adjacent to its present facility. This new line will be able to pack batch inclusive bags with weights as low as 1 lb, thus providing the capability of designing for individual needs and allowing the user to throw the whole bag into the mix.

Two new calcium zinc stabilizers for automotive wire and cable applications have been introduced by the company. CG 1918 and CG 1611 are said to offer good initial color retention and long-term heat stability.

CG 1970 is a barium zinc booster that can be used in conjunction with liquid stabilizers. Reportedly offering better heat stability than typical barium zinc, it can be used at lower levels. CG 1990 is a lubricating zinc stabilizer recommended for calendering and extrusion where low temperature heat stability is required. A barium zinc stabilizer recommended for interior automotive application, CG 94, provides stain resistance and antifogging characteristics, CG 1002 and CG 2002 are calcium zinc low-cost stabilizers for the tile industry.

Although lead is being replaced by other stabilizers, Chemical Group Inc. has developed a new lubricating longer-term heat stability lead fumerate called CG 39, which has been designed for heavily filled flame retardants. Chemical Group Inc., 5 Salem Way, Malvern, PA 19355; (610) 296-7540; fax (610) 296-3119.

CHEM-TREND

The company has acquired the assets of Chemlease International, Inc., a privately owned manufacturer of release agents based in Boca Raton, Fla. Chemlease supplies its products to the composite, fiberglass, rubber, and plastics market, where they find application in the automotive, marine, appliance, construction, and aerospace sectors. Production will be moved to Chem-Trend's main manufacturing base in Howell, Mich., but all technical service/customer support will continue to be managed from the existing Chemlease office in Florida. Chem-Trend is a subsidiary of Burmah Castrol PLC. ChemTrend Inc., P.O. Box 860, Howell, MI 48844; (517) 546-4520; fax (517) 546-1199.

CHROMA

In February 1998, Chroma achieved ISO 9002 certification. The company also opened a Tech Center in McHenry, Ill., which houses a recently acquired Davis-Standard extruder for manufacturing precolor for rotational molding. Chroma Corp., 3900 Dayton St., McHenry, IL 600508378; (815) 385-8100; fax (815) 385-1518; email: chroma@chromacolors.com

CIBA

In October 1997, Ciba Specialty Chemicals announced its purchase of the additive preblend business of Mallinckrodt, St. Louis. The business acquired has become part of Additives Services, a new unit within Ciba Specialty Chemicals' Polymer Additives Business Unit that will solve problems associated with incorporating a wide range of additives into plastics.

Also in autumn 1997, Ciba Additives opened its Asia-Pacific Technical Centre in Jurong, Singapore. More than US$4 million has been invested in the facility, which provides analytical, testing, and formulation development services for the polymer industry. In November 1997, Ciba Specialty Chemicals opened a new antioxidant and phosphite production plant in Shanghai. The plant is a joint venture - Shanghai Ciba Gao-Qiao Chemical Co. Ltd. - between Ciba Specialty Chemicals, Shanghai Gao-Qiao Petrochemical Corp., and Nippon Alkyl Phenol Co. Ltd. Ciba has approximately a 70% ownership in the joint venture. The total investment for all phases of this facility approaches USS 90 million, and the production capacity is around 10,000 metric tons.

In the first half of 1998, the Additives Division announced that all its standard products will be certified according to a single set of global specifications, regardless of where they are made. While production processes and test methods remain the same, specification limits (now known as requirements) have been improved to reflect Ciba's current global manufacturing capability.

Ciba Specialty Chemicals has appointed Witco Corp. worldwide distributor of its antioxidants, light stabilizers, and optical brighteners to the PVC industry. The distributorship became effective in the NAFTA region and in Europe as of August 1,1998, and is now being expanded to the rest of the world. Ciba has also acquired Witco's Kemamine antistat business for non-PVC applications. Witco's antistats will complement Ciba's newly developed Irgastat permanent antistatic agents. The cooperation between the two companies will also include joint R&D projects in the PVC field. In addition, Witco and Ciba recently concluded a swap of Witcos epoxy systems and adhesives business and Ciba's PVC heat stabilizer business.

In April 1998, Ciba Specialty Chemicals and Roquette Freres, of Lille, France, signed a cooperation agreement for sorbitol-based clarifying and nucleating agents for polypropylene. Ciba will distribute the products previously developed and sold by Roquette under the trade name Disorbene and will integrate these products into its product range under the trade name Irgaclear. The nucleating activity of these products is said to result in the formation of spherulites that are less than 1 micron in size, while the spherulites of nonclarified PP are larger than 20 microns. The reduction in size of the spherulites results in superior transparency and rigidity and reduced haze of the material Also, higher recrystallization temperature leads to shorter processing times and thus higher throughput for the converter There are currently two products in the group: Irgaclear D, recommended for use in thin-walled applications and films, and Irgaclear DM, for thick-walled applications. Approved for use in food packaging; the Irgaclear products can also be used to clarify such medical devices as syringes.

The Additives Division of Ciba Specialty Chemicals has developed a new photoinitiator based on its bisacyl phosphine oxide technology. Irgacure 819 reportedly offers excellent curing properties, along with a photobleaching effect that prevents yellowing in substrates. It is said to be especially suitable for white pigmented formulations and the curing of glass-fiber-reinforced polyester styrene systems. The curing of unsaturated polyester/styrene resins is conventionally initiated by free radicals generated from peroxides. However, this method has several limitations, including high styrene emission during the thermal treatment, limited shelf-life stability of the peroxide-containing formulation, and a limited time/temperature range available to apply the activated formulations. Irgacure 819 avoids these limitations. Applications for this product include wood (furniture) coatings, screen printing; electronics, and fibor-optics. Because of its thick-section curing abilities, a potential application is UV-cured composite materials.

The Prostab tar inhibitor/retarder system has been introduced as flagship products of the Additives Divisions process chemicals business. The product line reportedly works well in butadiene, isoprene, acrylate chlorinated olefins, and other petrochemical streams. Use of Prostab eliminates the need for dinitrophenol and dinitrocresol products, which are said to be somewhat effective in controlling tar but require stringent regulatory reporting in the U.S. and elsewhere.

HP-136, the lactone-based processing stabilizer component of Ciba's Irganox HP, has received FDA clearance for use in food contact applications in polypropylene and polyethylene. HP-136 has also been reared for polyolefin applications by regulatory agencies in Germany, France, and Belgium, and is listed by JHOSPA in Japan. Irganox HP reportedly improves productivity by enabling processing at higher temperatures (above 300 [degrees] C) than would be possible with conventional antioxidant systems.

Also new from the Additives Division is CGL-2020, a high-molecular-weight, high-performance HALS. Said to provide excellent UV stability and long-term thermal stability, the product demonstrates the same low levels of pigment interaction and polymer melt flow interaction that are seen with Chimassorb 119 but at a more economical price.

Irganox 1141 is a new liquid antioxidant for emulsion ABS, MBS, and PVC that has received U.S. and European government approval for indirect food contact applications. According to Ciba, it provides excellent processing stability during the drying and compounding of ABS and MBS, in addition to good color retention. Since it is a liquid, it can be easily emulsified - and the antioxidant emulsions formed have excellent storage stability. Irganox 1141 is also reported to be a highly efficient chain terminator for PVC polymerization. It provides good initial color to the PVC resin and imparts good thermal stability to the PVC compounds. It has the additional benefit of neutralizing catalyst residues and reducing polymer buildup during the stripping operations.

In January 1998, the pigments Division of Ciba Specialty Chemicals announced its registration under the ISO 14001 International Environmental Management System. As of September 1, 1998, Ciba Specialty Chemicals' Pigments and Textile Dyes divisions have been combined to form the Colors Division.

Over the past year, numerous expansions in the Pigments (now Colors) Division have occurred. At the end of 1997, an 18,000 [ft.sup.2] R&D laboratory complex was opened in Newport, Del, Research in the new labs centers on developing pigments for coatings, plastics, inks, and fibers, especially those based on quinacridone and diketo-pyrrolopyrole chemistries; enhancing the performance properties of existing pigments; and improving synthesis routes and manufacturing processes. In addition, attention has been directed at developing "effect pigments" - i.e, those displaying metallic and other special qualities - and lessening the environmental impact of pigment manufacturing.

Also toward the end of 1997, Ciba opened its joint venture pigment plant at Qingdao, Shangdong Province, People's Republic of China. The factory is a joint venture, Qingdao Ciba Pigments, between Ciba Specialty Chemicals (majority partner) and Qingdao Dyestuffs Factory. Another joint venture between these partners - to make textile dyes - is in the development stage. The Qingdao facility will make azo pigments for the coloration of inks, paints, plastics, and synthetic fibers.

In July 1998, Ciba Specialty Chemicals signed a contract with Xiangtan Chemical Industry Research and Design Institute (XCRI) for its second pigment joint venture in China. Ciba will have a 49% ownership in the new company - Xiangtan Chemicals and Pigments Co., Ltd. (XCP) - with the rest held by XCRI. XCP, to be located in Xiangtan, Hunan Province, will manufacture mainly quinacridone organic pigments, which are used for the coloration of paints, inks, plastics, and synthetic fibers.

The Colors Division of Ciba has also recently begun construction of an $80 million facility in Newport, Del., that will produce quinacridone pigments. And in July 1998, Ciba opened its new Pigment Granule Manufacturing Unit (GMU) in Paisley, Scotland. The GMU process creates a new pigment format that will replace presscake pigments for inkmakers, offering environmental advantages, reduction in process cycle time, and easier product handling. Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corp., Additives Division, 540 White Plains Rd., P.O. Box 2005, Tarrytown, NY 10591-9005; (914) 7852000 or (800) 431-1900; Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corp., Colors Division, 205 South James St., Newport, DE 19804-2490; (302) 633-2000 or (800) 355-2422. Ciba Specialty Chemicals' website: www.cibasc.com

CLARIANT

Clariant Masterbatches Division, one of six divisions created from the 1997 merger of the Specialty Chemicals Group of Hoechst AG and Clariant Ltd., has acquired Poly Colors, Auburn, Maine. A supplier of custom masterbatches and compounds, Poly Colors serves customers based throughout the Eastern Seaboard of the U.S.

The Masterbatches Division has announced that the consolidation of Clariant's 13 North American masterbatch production sites is now complete, resulting in several new developments in specialty color and additive concentrates.

One new product is an anodized aluminum-look color masterbatch series for packaging applications using high-density polyethylene. Available in a wide range of colors and custom formulations, the series is said to be ideal for applications that require the high reflectivity, chroma, and luster typically associated with aluminum. Opacity levels can be adjusted from translucent to opaque, and in situations where it is necessary to incorporate more than one material into the layer structure of a container, the color masterbatch can be tailored for low-density polyethylene and polypropylene.

Metallic-effect color masterbatches for automobile manufacturers are also newly available. Applicable for all translucent and transparent thermoplastic resins typically used in injection molding, blow molding, and extrusion applications, this series reportedly contains no solvents or pigments with heavy metals, shows less contrast or visibility when scratched, and offers UV protection. These metallic-effect color masterbatches can also be used for electrical, packaging, sports and leisure, and sanitary and bath applications.

The division has also introduced a new line of custom colors for appliance manufacturers. Formulated for use with natural PP and ABS to replace precolored resin for injection molded parts, this series is said to speed up processing while maintaining the required physical performance and high color tolerance of the components. Clariant has also developed a nonmarking black masterbatch for parts molded from HIPS. According to Clariant, the advantages of using masterbatches plus natural resin vs. precolor include diminished chance of obsolescence and reduced inventory and storage costs in addition to improved delivery lead-time.

Clariant Masterbatches has also introduced new color laser marking packages that will be useful in situations where products require expiration dates, lot numbers, etc. The system incorporates a base resin and specific concentrate carrier, pigment for coloring, and a custom-designed additive package necessary to focus laser energy. This combination reportedly provides integration with a wide range of aromatic and aliphatic polymers.

Another area of product development is antistats. For electronic packaging and other applications requiring fast static decay properties, the company offers a series of amine-free antistat concentrates with various PE and PP carriers and loading levels: AEX 9048A, AEX 9020A, and APX 90192A. Antistat CSX 9018A and CAX 9045A are highly loaded concentrates for PS and ABS, respectively, that meet FDA requirements. Antistats 191126/07 and 08 are said to withstand the high processing temperatures used for PET and PETG. APX 9038A has been designed for biaxially oriented PP film (BOPP) applications, providing antistat and antiblock effects.

Clariant is also promoting new UV light and heat stabilizers. In addition to highly loaded HALS formulations for polyolefins (e.g., APX 9028A for PP), the Masterbatches Division offers formulations for engineering thermoplastics that will result in greater stability and less yellowing: UV40431 is mainly for PBT optical fiber; ATB 9018A is a developmental absorber system for PET fiber; 191680/01 contains a high-performance UV stabilizer for thin-wall PET applications; 00066724 is designed for ABS; and ANA 9007 is for nylon. In addition, the division reports the development of an inorganic, cost-efficient heat stabilizer. PA2HSC200-1, for a wide range of nylon applications.

New flame retardant concentrate are also available. AEX 9046A, which is based on nonhalogen ingredients, has been designed to meet UL94 V-0 specifications. Grade CEX 9049A is a highly loaded brominated diphenylether-free concentrate meeting UL94 V-0 specifications at a 20% addition level.

Clariant Pigments reports that several changes have taken place as a result of the 1997 merger of the pigments business units of Hoechst Celanese and Clariant, which followed Hoechst's acquisition of the product line of Cookson Pigments. Clariant Pigments has increased by 50% the amount of money spent on R&D, and classical pigment production plants are being opened in Asia.

New product developments have focused on the easily dispersible grades of quinacridone pigments. In 1998, PV Fast Violet ER, a very blue shade Pigment Violet 19, was introduced. This followed the introduction of PV Fast Pink E, a Pigment Red 122. Easily dispersible quinacridones are said to find applications in many areas of the plastics industry, particularly in thin-walled articles or in low-shear processing equipment, where their rapid color development saves cost.

Two azo condensation pigments have been added to the product range. PV Fast Scarlet 4RF (Pigment Red 242) is a high-heat-stable, high-lightfast pigment, said to be economically advantageous in various applications. PV Fast Red 2BN (Pigment Red 262) is a rubine pigment with similar properties.

The Clariant Additives Business Unit has also introduced many new products. Hostavin N-30 is a hindered amine light stabilizer that reportedly exhibits low alkalinity, low sensitivity with reactive chemicals, and low interaction with co-additives. This material also shows very good color stability and has potential as an antioxidant. Hostanox 03 is a primary antioxidant that has resistance to extraction. Additionally, the product is said to have very good color retention in contact with aqueous systems. Nylostab S-EED is a multifunctional additive for polyamide that provides improved melt processing, enhanced long-term heat- and photostability, and enhanced dyeability.

Another new offering from Clariant Additives is Exolit AP-750, an intumescent flame retardant for extruded and injection molded goods. The main application is electrical/electronic parts and building materials. Exolit AP-752 is also an intumescent flame retardant for extruded and injection molded goods with less water uptake and higher acid stability. Exolit AP 422 and AP 462 are fine-grained white powders of ammonium polyphosphate, which show effective condensed phase flame retardant effects.

Also new from this unit of Clariant is Hostalub WE 4. According to the manufacturer, this additive for clear PVC film applications promotes low plateout and excellent lubrication. Clariant Wax PE 520 is an additive for color concentrates that improves dispersion and processability.

Clariant Masterbatches Division, 745 McColley St., P.O. Box 959, Milford, DE 19963; (302) 422-3021; fax (302) 422-1273. Clariant Corp., Pigments Business Unit, 500 Washington St., Coventry, RI 02816; (401) 823-2000; fax (401) 823-2700. Clariant Corp., Business Unit Additives North America, 4000 Monroe Dr., Charlotte, NC 28205; (800) 411-7113; fax (704) 331-7200.

COLOR-CHEM

Color-Chem has recently commercialized two new dyes, Amaplast Red BSR and Amaplast Yellow LMP. The first is a strong, bright blue-shade red suitable for coloring all engineering resins except polyamide. Reportedly an economical replacement for quinacridone reds, as it is twice as strong at nearly the same price, Red BSR also provides superior heat stability and easier dispersion than a quinacridone. Amaplast Yellow LMP is a bright, strong neutral yellow suitable for all engineering resins except polyamide. Most important, it can be used in place of typical UV stabilizers, such as a HALS or UV absorber, at loadings of 0.01%.

Color-Chem recommends many of its colorants for food contact applications. Further, the company has added laboratory equipment to expedite FDA compliant extraction testing and self-certification of colorants for food contact applications.

The company has opened an office and warehouse in Terneuzen, The Netherlands, to provide both technical and sales services to customers in Europe. Color-Chem International Corp., 8601 Dunwoody PI., Bldg. 334, Atlanta, GA 30350; (770) 993-5500, fax (770) 993-4780; website: www.colorchem.com

COLOR TECHNOLOGY

The company has developed metallic and pearlescent color formulations for polyolefins that reportedly do not cause any accumulation of large particles around hot runner tips during injection molding. Because of their large size and platelet-like structure, pearlescent and metallic pigments tend to build up around the tips, gradually restricting material flow into the cavities. This situation leads to vestige and high gates in molded parts and eventually requires shutdown of the equipment for cleaning the tips. Color Technology says that the new products can reduce or eliminate equipment downtime and produce parts without high gates or other dimensional nonconformities. These formulations are available in any custom-matched color Color Technology, Inc., 125 Flanders Rd., Westboro, MA 01581; (508) 366-9611; fax (508) 898-9290.

COLUMBIAN CHEMICALS

Columbian Chemicals has acquired the carbon black manufacturing operation of Copebras S.A., a subsidiary of Minorca, located in Cubatao, Brazil. The acquired plant, which has an annum capacity of 173,000 metric tons, will raise Columbian's total capacity to more than 900,000 metric tons/yr and will reportedly make the company the second largest carbon black manufacturer in the world. Columbian Chemicals Co., 1600 Parkwood Circle, Suite 400, Atlanta, GA 30339; (800) 4386968; fax (770) 951-5742.

C.P. HALL

The C.P. Hall Co. has purchased Unicore, Inc., a Chicago-based distributor of specialty chemicals. The Unicore business will be merged with C.P. Hall's Specialty Additive business, also based in Chicago. The C.P. Hall Co., 311 South Wacker Dr., Suite 4700, Chicago, IL 60606-6622; (312) 554-7400; fax (312) 554-7499.

CREANOVA

Huls America Inc. has changed its name to Creanova Inc., effective January 1, 1998. The name change is part of a "global fitness" program, whereby Hills AG, headquartered in Germany, will be transformed into a strategic holding company with 12 global operating subsidiaries. Creanova comprises Hills AG's specialty chemicals businesses - organic intermediates, coatings raw materials, colorants and biocides, and engineering thermoplastics.

Creanova has announced that Campus version 4, the plastic materials databank, is available as a free download to qualified end-users from the company's website: www.campus.creanova.de/eng/

Creanova and Sivento Inc., also a Hills Group company, have issued a joint Responsible Care Progress Report on the steps taken to continually improve health, safety, and environmental management. As of the end of June 1998, all six Responsible Care Codes, of Management Practices, as established by the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA), were fully implemented - ahead of the schedule set by the CMA. Creanova Inc., 220 Davidson Ave., Somerset, NJ 08873-6821; (732) 560-6800.

CROWLEY CHEMICAL

The company has introduced new Vycel plasticizers/extenders - Vycel P and Vycel V. Reported to be noncarcinogenic, Vycel modifiers contain less than 0.1% naphthalene and have flash points above 200 [degrees] F. Vycel P, developed for unsaturated poly-ester, reduces surface tension and water absorption, and adds tensile and flexural strength to improve impact resistance. Intended for PVC plastisols, acrylonitrile, and nitrile, Vycel V, which replace phthalates, offers light color and low odor. Crowley Chemical Co., Inc., 261 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016; (212) 682-1200; fax (212) 953-3487; e-mail: CrowleyChemical@msn.co

CYTEC

The company has announced that its Netherlands subsidiary, Cytec Industries BV, has completed the expansion of benzotriazole (BZT) light stabilizer production through a new plant at its Botlek facility. Cytec benzotriazoles are sold under the Cyasorb trademark.

Cyasorb UV-3529 is a new tertiary HALS. According to the manufacturer, it is the first tertiary HALS of its type to be sanctioned as an indirect food additive by the FDA. Performance benefits are said to be low volatility, selective reactivity, minimal color contribution, and excellent compatibility with other HALS and UVAs. Cytec Industries Inc., Five Garret Mountain Plaza, West Paterson, NJ 07424-3360; (973) 357-3100, fax (973) 357-3065; website: www.cytec.com

DANIEL PRODUCTS

See Elementis Specialties.

DANISCO INGREDIENTS

Two new glycerol-ester-based plastics additives from Danisco Ingredients are Dimodan PML 70 and Grindsted PS 414. The first is reported to be an extremely effective antistatic agent in injection molded block (impact) copolymer polypropylene applications. According to the manufacturer, Grindsted PS 414 functions as a good antistat for LDPE and LLDPE films and performs well in comparison with the ethoxylated amines and amide-type antistats that have FDA restrictions on their Use in food contact applications. All the components of Grindsted PS 414 are said to be fully FDA sanctioned for use in LDPE and LLDPE. Danisco Ingredients USA, Inc., P.O. Box 26, New Century, KS 66031; (800) 255-6837; fax (913) 764-5407.

DEGUSSA

Degussa Corp., the U.S. subsidiary of Degussa AG, Germany, has announced the development of a new specialty black, Printex 155C, for pigmentation, electrical conductivity, and UV protection in semiconductor compounds. To ensure transparency and clarity in high-quality recording tapes, the company recommends its new Aerosil flamed silica OX-50. Reportedly, this antiblocking additive is made in an optimum particle size, large enough to provide the desire antiblocking effect between film surfaces yet small enough to maintain high clarity and transparency. Engineered as a low-moisture content, high-purity filler, the OX-50 grade of Aerosil fumed silica does not degrade sound quality or contribute to noise.

Degussa AG has given the responsibility for the pan-European distribution of its Colcolor products to Lifocolor, based in Lichtenfels, Germany. Colcolor products are conventional types of polymer with 30% to 60% carbon black, Degussa Corp., 65 Challenger Rd. Ridgefield Park, NJ 07660; (201) 641-6100. Degussa AG, D-60287 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; phone +44 (069) 218-20 55; fax +44 (069) 218-37 43; website: www.degussa.de

DEXTER POLYMER SYSTEMS

A new product from Dexter is Frekote #1-NC. A solvent-based release agent, it is said to be particularly effective for silicone rubber and epoxies but can be used with all types of rubber compounds and polyurethanes. The manufacturer says that it works well with all mold types at temperatures up to 204 [degrees] C, can be easily applied, and can be used as a dry lubricant or for antistick purposes. No baking or curing is required.

Other new release agents are Ceara Castoff and Ceara PW-1. Ceara Castoff is available in a sprayable form for releasing all fiberglass reinforced and filled polyester composites. According to the manufacturer, the formula allows molds to retain their original gloss with minimum buildup, while providing multiple releases at a low maintenance cost. Ceara PW-1 combines wax and semipermanent polymer, providing the advantages of both types of release agents-i.e., it is both an easy-to-apply liquid wax and a multi-release polymer resin. This product reportedly offers low odor and a high-gloss finish. Dexter Polymer Systems, One Dexter Dr, Seabrook, NH 03874; (603) 474-5541; fax (603) 474-5545; website: www.frekote.com

DOW CORNING

The company has introduced two new silicone additives in dry masterbatch pellet form. Designed for use in acetal systems, Dow Coming MB40-006 silicone masterbatch is a 40% dispersion of an ultra-high molecular weight silicone in an acetal copolymer The carrier resin used in the new product is Celcon M270 acetal copolymer from Ticona with a melt flow index of 27. According to Dow Corning, the new additive provides a variety of process benefits and surface modification characteristics, and a broader range of performance capabilities than silicone additives with lower molecular weights. At levels of 0.5% to 2.5% (0.2% to 1.0% silicone) in acetal systems, the product reportedly offers improved processing and resin flow characteristics, such as faster throughput; better mold filling, internal lubrication and mold release; and reduced extruder torque and molded part warpage. At higher levels, 2.5% to 12.5% (1.0% to 5.0% silicone), the new product can enhance the surface properties of acetal products, such as plastic gears, pulleys, bushings, and window or refrigerator guides. Designed to lower the coefficient of friction, the new additive increases abrasion and wear resistance in these applications. The pelletized form of the new concentrate allows it to be blended with virgin or compounded acetal resin pellets in order to attain the desired silicone level. No specialized equipment is required, and pellets can be added during compounding in either single- or twin-screw extruders or at the feed hopper during injection molding or extrusion.

Another new additive also available in a dry masterbatch pellet form, Dow Coming MB50-008 Silicone Masterbatch, has been designed for use in a range of styrene-based resin systems. The new product is a 50% dispersion of an ultra-high molecular weight silicone in styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) resin. The carrier resin, Tyril 100 SAN from Dow Chemical, has a melt flow index of 8. At masterbatch concentrate levels of 0.2% to 2.0% (0.1% to 1.0% silicone) in styrene-based resin systems, the product is said to offer the same improved processing and resin flow characteristic as the above-mentioned product provides at similar levels. At higher levels, 2.0% to 10% (1.0% to 5.0% silicone), Dow Corning MB50-008 silicone masterbatch can reportedly provide improved surface properties in SAN, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, and other styrenic resins. Designed to enhance lubricity, and slip and abrasion resistance, and substantially reduce coefficient of friction, the product is meets U.S. FDA regulations for use as a slip-release agent in the manufacture of food-contact film and articles. Dow Corning Corp., EO. Box 1593, Midland, MI 48641-1593; (517) 496-6000.

DSM

DSM has announced that it is operating a pilot installation for the commercial production and supply of Stamypor. This new family of highly porous ([greater than] 50 vol%) polyolefin granules is targeted toward applications in the masterbatch and additives industries. The carrier beads for liquid or low-melting additives and reactants are said to simplify the production of highly concentrated nonextruded masterbatches. The base polymer currently used for Stamypor is DSM's low-density polyethylene, Stamylan LD, with a melt flow index of 2.5 dg/min. Stamypor's void content is easily accessible for liquid or low-melting additives and reactants. A polypropylene-based Stamypor grade - with a porosity of [greater than] 60 vol% - is under development and is expected to become available for sampling by the end of 1998.

According to the manufacturer, Stamypor is successfully used for the production of concentrated masterbatches containing antistatic agents, anticondensation agents, slip agents, mold release agents, lubricants, antioxidants, UV stabilizers, EPDM additives, polyisobutylene, and pigments. DSM says that the highly concentrated masterbatches based on Stamypor provide for the free-flowing introduction of liquid additives or reactants into the polymer while avoiding slipping problems during extrusion. DSM, P.O. Box 18, 6160 MD Geleen, The Netherlands; phone: +31 (0)46 4761198; fax +31 (0)46 476 75 09; e-mail: dsmnb@wpi.net website:www.dsm.nl

DUPONT

A new aqueous dispersion grade of PTFE fluoroadditive, Zonyl TE-5070AN, has been introduced by DuPont. Like its companion grade in powder form, Zonyt TE-5069AN, the new aqueous dispersion grade imparts lubricity and release properties. Both fluoroadditives are designed to improve processability in paints, waxes, finishes, plastics, and elastomers. The very fine particle size and ultra-low molecular weight of these resins assist the migration of particles to the surface of coatings and other formulations and also inhibit the packing of fluoroadditives in tight clearances.

The new fluoroadditive contains no acid end-groups and therefore is inert to virtually all chemicals, eliminating potential incompatibility with other blend components. The extremely small primary size (0.07 mm average) allows excellent dispersibility and clarity in other materials. The dispersion contains approximately 53 wt% solids, has a viscosity at room temperature of about 25 cps, and has an approximate pH of 10.

A very new product from DuPont is Zonyl TE 6504, which has a higher molecular weight than other Zonyl fluoroadditives and is therefore more resistant to high temperatures. The new additive reduces mold plateout and can increase wear life and lubricity for such parts as bearings, gears, and seals.

DuPont has also introduced liquid Vazo, a free-radical initiator used in bulk, solution, and suspension polymerizations for the manufacture of high-performance coatings and specialty polymer resins. According to the manufacturer, one advantage over the solid form is that liquid Vazo, reportedly the only commercially available liquid azo, is a 100% active ingredient product that can be pumped or distributed by an automated delivery system for better control and precision. Also, in using a liquid azo, manufacturers can minimize exposure to dangerous chemical dust. They may also achieve higher yields through improved solubility, decrease cycle times by eliminating the dissolution step, and reduce total costs by improving process efficiency and lowering labor requirements.

See also Tioxide Americas. DuPont Fluoroproducts, Chestnut Run Plaza Bldg. 702, P.O. Box 80713, Wilmington, DE 19880-0713; (800) 262-2745; fax (302) 9922571; website: www.dupont.com

DuPont Specialty Chemicals, Barley Mill Plaza Bldg. 23, P.O. Box 80023. Wilmington, DE 19880; (800) 441-9340; fax (302) 8921456; website:www.dupont.com

DUPONT DOW ELASTOMERS

DuPont Dow Elastomers has announced its intention to build another facility to produce Nordel IP hydrocarbon rubber via Insite process and catalyst technology. Nordel IP can be used as an additive for plastics modification. The new facility will be located at Dow Chemical's integrated complex in Terneuzen, The Netherlands, and is expected to be in operation by the second half of 2001. DuPont Dow Elastomers, 300 Bellevue Pkwy., Suite 300, Wilmington, DE 19809; (800) 853-5515 or (302) 792-4000; fax (302) 792-4221; website: www.dupont-dow.com

DYNEON

A new product is Dynamar FX 5911X, a 100% active fluorothermoplastic in the form of free-flowing granules. The form is said to be ideal for direct addition to formulations via weight-loss feeders or for preblending with resins, especially granular polyolefins. Reported to be particularly suitable for eliminating die buildup in polyolefin extrusion applications, such as in high-temperature cast-film production, Dynamar FX 5911X is also said to exhibit excellent performance in processing high-viscosity, high-molecular-weight polyolefins in blown film and extrusion blow molding operations. End-products made with the aid of this additive are said to show excellent gloss values. Dyneon, 6744 33rd St. North, Oakdale, MN 55128; (651) 737-6700; fax (651) 737-7686; website: www.dyneon.com

EASTMAN CHEMICAL

Eastobrite optical brighteners are now available to customers in unrestricted quantities, according to Eastman Chemi-cal. Recent improvements in the manufacturing process have allowed Eastman to increase production by 40%.

Epolene G-3015 is the newest of a group of maleic-grafted polypropylenes (MAPP) developed to couple glass fibers with nylon. Addition of a small percentage of MAPP (0.5%-1.5%) reportedly results in a noticeable increase in most physical properties of fiberglass-reinforced nylon composites. MAPP also functions well as a compatibilizer in nylon/polypropylene alloys and as a dispersing aid for polyamide-based fluorescent pigments. Eastman Chemical Co., P.O. Box 431, Kingsport, TN 37662; (800) EASTMAN or (423) 229-2000; fax (423) 2291064; website: www.eastman.com

ECC

ZytoCal SI is the second member of ECC International's performance additives family, (ZytoCal was introduced in 1997.) These performance additives, which have been designed for use with polyolefins in blow molding, injection molding, and other thermoplastic-based applications, allow cycle times to be reduced through faster cooling of the molding. Productivity improvements have been reported to range from 10% to 40% depending upon the molding process and part design. Designed to provide higher impact strength than ZytoCal, ZytoCal SI is based on an ultrafine engineered carbonate in self-dispersing pellet form.

ECC has also announced plans to double capacity for treated carbonate additives for use in polyolefin films and molding products. ECC International, 100 Mansell Court East, Suite 300, Roswell, GA 30076; (770) 594-0660; fax (770) 645-3384

ECKART

Eckart, headquartered in Furth, Germany, has acquired the aluminum pigment plant of Reynolds Metal Co., Loisville, Ky. The operation is now called Eckart Aluminum L.E In addition, the company has changed the name of its Painesville, Ohio, operation from Obron Atlantic Corp. to Eckart America L.P.

Eckart America has introduced two assortments of aluminum pigments, Mastercolor and Mastersafe. Both are said to offer improved brightness and also eliminate or substantially reduce flow lines in injection molded parts. Mastersafe pellets are 80% to 90% aluminum concentrates. Particle sizes range from 60 to 330 [Mu]. The larger the aluminum particles, the more the flowlines are reduced. Also, the company reports that narrowing the particle size distribution results in much brighter shades. Available in either pellet or paste form, these pigments give plastic parts a very metal-like appearance. High heat resistance allows the series to be compatible with engineering resins, in addition to most other major plastic resins.

Mastercolor pigments, available in gold, blue, and green, are made from FDA-approved material. Because of their large particle size distribution, 125 [Mu] these pigments also display few or no flow lines-and, as in the Mastersafe series, the narrow particle size distribution results in improved brightness. In addition, they are said to offer excellent heat stability and lightfastness. Further, a durable colorant deposited directly on the aluminum flake reportedly permits unique styling possibilities, particularly in combination with other colorants in polystyrene or polyolefins.

Eckart has produced a new color card, "Eckart Metallic Pigments for Plastics," which presents a full line of metallic colors in plastic chip samples, and includes technical and product information. Eckart America L.E, PO. Box 747, Painesville, OH 44077; (800) 556-1111; fax (440) 354-6624.

EEONYX

Eeonyx Corp. is a developer, supplier, and licenser of advanced polymer-based technologies, which include specialized intrinsically conductive polymers (ICPs). The company has introduced a new conductive additive, known as Eeonomer Prepared via in-situ polymerization and deposition of ICPs into a carbon black or other matrix, this product reportedly can be processed into the majority of plastics and plastic blends without degradation or loss of conductivity. The manufacturer says that Eeonomer possesses greater thermal-oxidative stability than ICPs (up to 300 [degrees] C) and that the malt processing of Eeonomer into a variety of plastics leads to conductive blends with improved electrical, mechanical, and melt flow properties, in addition to greatly reduced compounding difficulties and easier end-product fabrication.

It is reported that in certain plastic systems, loading with an amount of Eeonomer half that of a typical carbon black will achieve the same conductivity level. The manufacturer also says that because of improved compatibility, Eeonomer plastic compounds show reduced sloughing when compared with carbon-black-loaded compounds. Moreover, when this product is loaded to heterogeneous plastic alloys, such as TPOs, the result is at least a tenfold increase in conductivity compared with alloys loaded at the same level with high-structure carbon black. Also, it is said that Eeonomer added into silver-loaded thermoset adhesives leads to improved thermal and electrical conductivity.

Eeonyx says that it is very difficult to make carbon-black-based compounds with consistent resistivity in the antistatic to static dissipative range because the required loadings lie on the vertical part of the percolation curve. The company reports that a newer, specially designed class of Eeonomer allows one to fine-tune the resistivity of the product to the desired levels. Eeonyx Corp., 750 Belmont Way, Pinole, CA 94564; (510) 741-3632; Fax (510) 7413657; e-mail: EEONYX@aol.com

ELEMENTIS SPECIALTIES

The chemicals group businesses of Harrisons & Crosfield, parent company of Daniel Products, has become part of a new group called Elementis, effective January 1, 1998. Daniel Products has become Elementis Specialties. Elementis Specialties, 400 Claremont Ave., Jersey City, NJ 07304; (201) 432-0800; fax (201) 432-0266.

ELF ATOCHEM

See Laurel Industries Inc.

EMS-CHEMIE

A new additive series, Grilon master-hatches, has been developed for polyamide foils. One benefit of the new formulations is increased productivity - because of a faster crystallization and a high antiblocking effect, the tendency toward stickiness during the manufacturing process is reduced. Also, foils with improved antifriction properties are produced. At the same time, the coefficient of friction between the foil and the steal is reduced. According to the manufacturer; these advantages can be achieved without losses of other properties, as Grilon masterbatches are based on PA 6 or copolyamides. In addition, most of the series is authorized for direct contact with food. Ems-Chemie, Domat/Ems, Switzerland; fax +41 81 632 7463.

ENDEX

Endex Polymer Additives and Lehmann & Voss have agreed to cooperate in the development and marketing of chemical foaming agents. Joint development of new chemical foaming agents is reported to be well advanced at the laboratories of Lehmann & Voss in Hamburg, Germany. Marketing activities for existing products are also to be divide& Lehmann & Voss will supply their traditional European markets, Endex will supply North and South America, and the companies will coordinate marketing activities in the Pacific Rim and other countries. Endex Polymer Additives Inc., 111 Main St., Box 381, Kingston, IL 60145; (800) ENDEX50 or (815) 784-2446; fax (815) 784-6012. Also: 212 Lake Driveway West, Ajax, Ontario L1S 5A1 Canada; (905) 683-4335; fax (905) 6866691. Lehmann &Voss & Co., Postfach 30 34 24, 20311 Hamburg, Germany; phone +49-040-44197 239; fax +49-040-44197 219.

ENGELHARD

Engelhard Corp. has added a fourth pigment to its line of Naphthol Red 170 pigments, Engeltone 3169 yellow-shade red. Reportedly offering excellent lightfastness and a heat stability of 475 [degrees] F to 500 [degrees] F, it has been designed for use in a broad range of polymers, including polystyrene, polypropylene, and high-density polyethylene.

A product very recently introduced is Engeltone 1115 pigment, a blue-shade red that occupies a new color space for azo pigments used in plastics and powder coatings. According to the manufacturer; tests show that the new pigment complies with FDA extractable limits for food contact. It is also comparable in heat stability to many high-performance, bright reds, e.g. diketo-pyrrolo-pyrrol reds. Engeltone 1115 pigment is stable to 575[degrees] F in ABS and reportedly also performs well in many other plastics, such as PE, PP, and PS.

The company has announced that it has brought six organic and inorganic pigments into hill compliance with current U.S. regulations for color plastics used in food packaging. The pigments - Engeltone Orange 2920 and Scarlet 1112 organic pigments, and Meteor Yellow Buff 7370 and Meteor Plus Bright Gold 9350, Bright Green 9440 and Teal Blue 9530 complex inorganic pigments - can be used with many resin families, including polypropylene, polyethylene, and general-purpose polystyrene. The two Engeltone pigments, which under current regulations can be used at levels of less than 1%, are said to offer high color strength, brightness, and a heat stability of 550 [degrees] F. The four Meteor and Meteor Plus pigments, which can be used at levels of less than 2%, reportedly have excellent lightfastness and are stable at temperatures above 800 [degrees] F.

Other news from Engelhard is its acquisition of Semo Chemical Co.'s pearlescent pigments business, which has a manufacturing facility in Inchon, Korea. Engelhard intends to expand the facility over the next two years in order to upgrade quality and broaden its product offering to include higher-value automotive and cosmetic pigments. Capacity will increase for both interior and exterior grade pearlescent pigments. Pigments and Additives Group, Engelhard Corp., 101 Wood Ave., Iselin, NJ 08830; (908) 205-5000.

EPOLIN

Epolin has introduced several new infrared absorbing dyes, which reportedly exhibit excellent thermal stability for processing in plastics, good visible light transmission, and good stability to UV light. Epolight V-101 has an absorption maxima of 738 nm. Epolight V-158F, which has an absorption maxima of 669 nm, absorbs ruby/diode laser light. Epolight VI-19 has an absorption maxima of 860 nm and absorbs diode 2 laser light. Epolight VI-30, which has an absorption maxima of 791 nm, absorbs diode laser light. And Epolight VI-45 has an absorption maxima of 1101 nm and absorbs neodymium/YAG laser light. These dyes find use in polycarbonate and acrylic glazing in automotive and commercial applications where they reduce AC heat load. Epolin, Inc., 358-364 Adams St., Newark, NJ 07105; (973) 465-9495; fax (973)

EVERLIGHT USA

Everlight USA is the North, Central, and South American distributor for Everlight Chemical Industrial Corp., a Taiwan-based producer of UV stabilizers, dyestuffs, and pharmaceuticals. Everlight Chemical's production capacity for UV stabilizers is 2000 tons/yr, and plans are being developed for a new facility. The company's plants have received ISO-9001 and ISO-14001 certification.

The UV stabilizer line ranges from benzophenones through benzotriazoles to hindered amine stabilizers (HALS). Eversorb 12 is a benzophenone for PVC, PE, PP, and ABS. The benzotriazole group comprises Eversorb 71 for PUR, ABS, PS, and PVC; Eversorb 73, for textiles, HDPE, ABS, and rigid PVC; Eversorb 74 for rigid PVC and coatings; and Eversorb 75 for PVC. Eversorb 90 is a monomeric HALS for PP, ABS, and PUR. Eversorb 91 is an oligomeric HALS for PP fiber, carpet, LDPE (agricultural film), and ABS (electronic housings). Everlight USA, EO. Box 411187, Charlotte, NC 282411187; (704) 588-1004 or (800) 252-3247; fax (704) 588-0051; website: www.ecic.com

FERRO

The Liquid Coatings and Dispersions Division of Ferro Corp. has recently introduced three new products. Series 99 is a line of high strength, transparent and opaque liquid colorants for PET stretch blow molding. The concentrated colorants are composed of up to 80 wt% pigment and a liquid vehicle compatible with all PET resin formulations. Ferro says that proprietary processing techniques reduce pigment agglomerates to individual particles, which are wet-out in suspension, preventing reagglomeration and increasing the tinctorial strength and uniformity of the original pigment by 50% to 80%. The new colorants are said to promote rapid and complete distribution of color into PET resins, allowing uniform coloration of opaque and transparent bottles, even in thin wall sections, at letdowns of 100:1 to 1000:1. The colorants have received FDA approval and are available as multifunctional packages containing UV screeners to protect bottle contents.

A new black liquid colorant for injection molding, #91-88380, is reported to exhibit greater hiding power, jetness, and stability than previous formulations. This colorant incorporates "very jet" carbon black pigment into Ferro's universal liquid vehicle at 35% loadings using proprietary processing techniques. As is the case with the Series 99 colorants, pigment agglomerates are broken down into individual particles and wet-out in suspension, preventing reagglomeration and increasing opacity by 50% to 80%. The process is also said to improve anti-settling characteristics and minimize viscosity. At 5000 centipoise, the new black is pourable and pumpable, and disperses readily for uniform color distribution at recommended letdowns of 100:1 to 1000:1. The colorant is reportedly compatible with HIPS, MIPS, ABS, PVC, styrenics, polyolefins, and other thermoplastics.

According to Ferro, its new Super Black #34-81107 paste colorant for flexible urethane foam, which is made of 35 wt% to 40 wt% solids (vs. 10 wt% to 12 wt % for conventional carbon black colorants) and a totally reactive polyether polyol resin vehicle, is four to six times stronger than traditional carbon black colorants at equivalent viscosities. Again, proprietary processing reduces pigment agglomerates to individual particles, which are smaller and distribute more uniformly over urethane foam cells than do pigments of conventional carbon black colorants. The resulting increase in tinctorial strength, coupled with 190% to 300% higher pigment loadings, can reduce typical letdowns of 3.0 pph using conventional blacks to 0.5 pph using the Super Black colorant at equivalent levels of jetness.

Ferro Pigments has introduced several new products over the past year. V-10118 Pigment Brown 24 is said to show improved tinting strength. Especially recommended for use in rigid PVC siding and window profiles, the product demonstrates excellent weatherability. It is also suitable for engineering plastics, and is compatible with most thermoplastic and thermoset resins. V-12115 Pigment Yellow 164, which also shows improved tinting strength and excellent weatherability, is recommended for use in rigid PVC siding and window profiles. V-9250 Pigment Blue 28 has improved color purity and tinting strength. Especially recommended for use in engineering plastics, it is compatible with most thermoplastic and thermoset resins. V-9248 Pigment Blue 36 offers improved color purity and tinting strength, along with excellent weatherability, and is suitable for use in a wide range of plastics. V-12109 and V-12110 (both are Pigment Yellow 163 and are orange with a red undertone) also provide improved tinting strength and color value. Reportedly offering excellent weatherability, these products are recommended for use in rigid PVC siding and window profiles, and are compatible with most thermoplastic and thermoset resins.

Ferro has signed an exclusive agreement with Dalian Lumi Light Co. of Dalian, China, to be its exclusive distributor in North and South America. Dalian is said to be a pioneer in the development of photoluminescent pigments, producing pigments with an extremely long afterglow compared with conventional photoluminescent pigments based on zinc sulfide. Dalian's Lumi Pigments can be used in a wide range of resins and are available in the standard yellow-green color, in addition to blue-green, orange, and red. Ferro Corp., Liquid Coatings and Dispersions Division, 54 Kellogg Court, Edison, NJ 08817-2509; (732) 287-1930; fax (732) 287-8966. Ferro Corp., Color Division, 4150 E. 56th St., P.O. Box 6550, Cleveland, OH 44101; (216) 641-8580; fax (216) 641-8831; website: website: www.ferro.com

FIBERTEC

Two new product lines have been introduced. Microglass 6000 series milled glass fibers are offered as a low-cost filler/reinforcement, said to be compatible with all thermoset resins. Twelve microns in diameter, these products come in bulk densities ranging from 0.25 to 0.90 g/cc. Aspect ratios as high as 25:1 result in excellent mechanical properties of molded parts, according to the manufacturer.

The other new product line is Micronite, a family of wollastonite products. The products are all acicular with aspect ratios as high as 20:1. Reportedly offering excellent chemical purity and brightness, these low-cost filler/reinforcements provide improved dimensional stability, temperature and environmental resistance, and mechanical properties in composite materials.

The company has also announced the acquisition of a 33,600 [ft.sup.2] facility in Lakeville, Mass., which will serve as its distribution warehouse. The 52,500 [ft.sup.2] facility in Bridgewater is now fully dedicated to the production of milled filler/reinforcements. Fibertec Inc., 35 Scotland Blvd., Bridgewater, MA 02324;(508) 697-5100, fax (508) 697-7140; website: fibertecinc.com

FMC

Two new nonhalogen flame retardants for engineering plastics and their blends will be introduced in 1999. According to FMC, they offer a range of cost and performance advantages including excellent juicing characteristics. PC/ABS and modified PPO resins formulated with FMC nonhalogen flame retardants achieve a UL94 V-0 rating down to 0.0625 inch or thinner while maintaining good thermal and mechanical properties.

Another new area of development for FMC has been products for wire and cable that are free of heavy metals. The following two products were introduced in Europe in 1998 and will be offered to the U.S. market in 1999: Reofos 95 is a phosphate ester that reportedly gives the optimum balance of low volatility with good flame resistance. The combination of this product with flame retardant fillers is said to allow more environmentally acceptable cables to be manufactured at a cost equivalent to earlier products. The low volatility of Reofos 95 makes this product a good choice for PVC and PUR formulations that need to meet both the flammability requirements and also the high resistance to fogging specified by the automotive industry.

Reofos 35 is an isopropylated phosphate ester reported to be particularly suited to use in PVC-coated fabrics because of its combination of low viscosity, excellent flame resistance, and the ability to impart a dry finish to the coated fabric. FMC Chemical R&D Center, Process Additives Division, Princeton, NJ 08540; (609) 9513324; fax (609) 951-3382.

HENKEL

Henkel has announced a new line of calcium zinc stabilizers in the form of dustfree powders or granulates. Stabiol CZ 2222 reportedly provides good early color, long-term thermal stability, and good transparency in the production of flexible PVC blown film, refrigerator gaskets, and other food grade extrusions. Three products - Stabiol CZ 2868, Stabiol CZ 2938, and Stabiol CZ 2959 - are recommended for use in wire and cable applications, where long-term thermal stability, electrical properties, and high-speed processing are required. In addition, Stabiol CZ 2868 and Stabiol CZ 2959 offer low water absorption properties.

In addition to the stabilizers, Henkel has also introduced Loxiol 2986 and Loxiol 2987 as part of a new-generation paraffin-free lubricant system for rigid PVC building products. These co-stabilizing ester lubricants are said to provide improved thermal stability along with a wider processing window than conventional paraffin systems. Preliminary field trials indicate significant reductions in plateout using this type of system. Henkel Corp., Plastics Additives, 300 Brookside Ave., Ambler, PA 19002; (215) 628-1336; fax (215) 628-1394.

HITOX

Hitox Corp. produces Hitox, a natural-colored (buff) high-performance Ti[O.sub.2] pigment. The company reports that Hitox has been formulated for thin film applications, and has shown satisfactory performance levels and excellent cost savings when used in nonwhite blown film products. Hitox Corp., 722 Burleson St., Corpus Christi, TX 78402; (512) 883-5591; fax (512) 882-6948.

HULS AMERICA

See Creanova.

INDSPEC

Indspec has established commercial-scale production of hydroxyethyl ether of resorcinol (HER) and has the capability of manufacturing this product at two facilities. This aromatic meta-positioned diol finds application in polyurethanes as a curative of isocyanate prepolymers. Assessment of its applicability in coatings, adhesives, sealants, and powder coatings is under way.

HER, a 1,3 isomer similar to HQEE, has been found to be much more user friendly than its 1,4 cousin. The lower melting point of HER, its tendency to supercool, and its higher degree of solubility in prepolymer mixes are reportedly providing processing and quality improvements in the cast elastomer shops while maintaining the excellent physical properties expected of an aromatic chain extender. As a barrier enhancer when synthesized into the PET backbone, HER offers improvement that appears to be related to its 1,3 linkages, as has been the case with other resorcinol derivatives.

The company's new product development has expanded beyond the introduction of HER, which is crystalline at room temperature, to aromatic diol extenders that are liquid at room temperature. These products are expected to be used in specialty urethane formulations. Indspec Chemical Corp., 411 Seventh Ave., Suite 300, Pittsburgh, PA 15219; (412) 388-2848; fax (412) 765-0439.

J.M. HUBER

The Engineered Materials Division of J.M. Huber Corp. has constructed an $8 million dollar plant to produce wet ground, fine particle size grades of calcium carbonate for the plastics industry, primarily the polyolefin compounding and plastics film markets. The facility, located in Fairmount, Ga., adjacent to the company's ATH plant, will have a capacity of 75,000 tons and will utilize high-brightness, white marble from Huber's mine in Marble Hill, Ga. Product samples are available, and the facility is expected to be operational this month. J.M. Huber Corp., Engineered Materials Division, 2500 Windy Ridge Pkwy., Suite 400, Atlanta, GA 30339; (800) 451-1034; fax (770) 368-9908.

KEMIRA

Kemira Pigments, a producer of Ti[O.sub.2], has named as key distributors Durr Marketing Associates and its subsidiary, Azalea Color Co., and has announced a significantly expanded distributorship territory for Maroon Inc. Kemira Pigments, Inc., is part of the Kemira Pigments Group, headquartered in Helsinki, Finland. Kemira Pigments, Inc., P.O. Box 368, Savannah, GA 31402; (912) 652-1000; fax (912) 652-1170.

LANSCO COLORS

Lansco Colors (Landers Segal Color Co.), a distributor of pigments, has added to its line several new products that can be used by the plastics industry. Two new organic pigments are Lansco 1370 Napthol Red 170, a product reported to equal competitive types at substantial cost savings, and Lansco 5151 Phthalo Blue 15:1. a red-shade blue for polyethylene and vinyls. In addition, Lansco has announced that it is sourcing a high-quality line of conventional and encapsulated lead chromates from Japan. Another new product is Lansco 8042, a low-cost off-shore rutile titanium dioxide that is said to offer less brightness and whiteness but excellent cost savings for use in tans, buffs, and pastel shades. The company has also introduced a flame retardant, natural magnesium hydroxide, that reportedly provides major cost savings compared with the synthetic form and significant performance advantages compared with aluminum trihydrate.

Lansco Colors has also announced its move to new and larger facilities located in Montvale, N.J., effective April 20, 1998. The Smithchem Division of Lansco will also be a part of Montvale operation. Lansco Colors, 305 West Grand Ave., Montvale, NJ 07645; (973) 307-5995; fax (973) 307-5855.

LAUREL INDUSTRIES

Laurel Industries, an operating trait of Occidental Chemical Corp., has acquired the flame retardant business of Elf Atochem North America, Inc. The Elf Atochem flame retardant business includes Thermo-guard antimony oxide, sodium antimonate, and Pyronil brominated plasticizer additives and concentrates.

Laurel Industries reports that one of the benefits of using its flame retardant Dechlorane Plus to flame retard nylon is the ability to use different synergists and mixed synergists to give different electrical properties and also to lower the cost of the formulations. When a mixture of Dechlorane Plus and the synergists zinc borate and melamine cyanurate is used, it is possible, the company says, to achieve a CTI (comparative tracking index) of 425 volts in 25% glass-filled nylon 66. This is reported to be 200 volts greater than that of the brominated flame retardants with antimony oxide synergists. According to Laurel Industries, the new formulations have physical, mechanical, and flammability properties similar to those of conventional flame retardant glass-filled nylon formulations.

The company has also introduced an aqueous dispersion of Dechlorane Plus with antimony oxide. Known as Dechlorane Plus AD, this dispersion is 67% active and contains Dechlorane Plus/antimony oxide in a ratio of 3:1. It can be used to flame retard textiles for such applications as curtain backings. Two reported benefits of Dechlorane Plus in these applications are its excellent UV stability and its low smoke formation. Laurel Industries, Inc., 30195 Chagrin Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44124-5794; (216) 8315747 or (800) 221-1304; fax (216) 831-8479. Occidental Chemical Corp., Technology Center, 2801 Long Rd., Grand Island, NY 14072; (716) 773-8100; fax (716) 773-8110.

LEHMANN & VOSS

See Endex.

LONZA

Lonza has started commercial production of a new methyl tetrahydrophthalic anhydride - MTHPA-EG. According to Lonza, the product is a high-purity, distilled isomer recommended for use as an epoxy curing agent where improved thermal cycling, increased impact toughness, superior fiber wet-out, higher glass transition temperature, and improved toughness are desired.

In addition, the company has announced a 15% increase of its ethoxylated esters and surfactants capacity at its Williamsport, Pa., facility. Another expansion has been announced by the Alusuisse-Lonza Group, which has designated investments of 10 million DM for the Bergheim facility, near Cologne, Germany, owned by its subsidiary Martinswerk GmbH. The capacity for the production of fine precipitated aluminum hydroxides and activated aluminas will be increased by a total of approximately 18,000 tons/yr, bringing the total capacity of the precipitated hydrate unit to approximately 90,000 tons/yr. (Lonza Inc. represents U.S. activities of the Lonza Group, the Chemicals Division of the Switzerland-based Alusuisse-Lonza.) Lonza Inc., 17-17 Route 208, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410; (201) 7942400; fax (201) 794-2597

LUZENAC

Cimpact 710C and Cimpact 710HS are new high-brightness hydrous magnesium silicates (talc). Like all of Luzenac's talcs, 710C and 710HS exhibit a platy structure. According to the manufacturer, this structure, in combination with an extremely fine particle size, provides the compounder with superior flexural modulus and impact properties. Both products are air micronized to a 7-Hegman (12.5-micron) topsize and a mean particle diameter of 1.8 microns. The compaction technology used by Luzenac reportedly provides both products with high bulk density and friability, resulting in higher extruder throughput and improved dispersion in compounds. Cimpact 710HS is a surface-modified version of Cimpact 710C. The surface treatment provides extended heat stability, higher flexural modulus, and an improved whiteness value. Luzenac America, Denver Technical Center, 8985 E. Nichols Ave., Englewood, CO 80112; (800) 325-0299; fax (303) 799-8926.

M.A. HANNA

The Hanna FX colorant line from M.A. Hanna Color has been expanded to include Hanna FX Metal, Hanna FX Camouflage, and Hanna FX Nite Brite. Hanna FX Metal is said to achieve the look of brushed aluminum, bronze, copper, gold, and antique brass. Additional custom formulations are also available. Compatible with a range of thermoplastic materials, the colorants have been used to produce blow molded bottles. Also available for packaging applications, Hanna FX Camouflage reportedly boosts product visibility. Use of this colorant removes the need for painting, thus eliminating a secondary finishing operation. Currently, Hanna FX Camouflage is available only for products produced by injection molding.

Another new product is the super phosphorescent Hanna FX Nite Brite. The combination of this pigment with a proprietary formulation and laser energy allows the marking of plastic electronics and telecommunications housings and also the illumination of parts that previously had been difficult to wire. According to Hanna, earlier phosphorescent colorants required high additive loadings, which made it difficult for the plastic to maintain its physical performance properties. To achieve the necessary glowing effect, traditional colorants require only a few minutes of direct exposure to light but are capable of providing only 20 to 30 min of phosphorescent light. FX Nite Brite, on the other hand, requires 30 min of ambient light exposure and achieves 10 hr of high-quality illumination. With the addition of a custom colorant into the base resin formulation of a plastic component, the finished molded part can then be marked with the M.A. Hanna Color's FastMark system.

The FastMark system develops color markings through the interaction between laser energy and custom colorants within the thermoplastic substrate. It produces marks that are very distinct while avoiding degradation of the plastic's surface. Final color is determined by both duration of exposure and the energy level of the laser. The process can also be used to mark opaque or transparent thermoplastic substrates - and work is under way to optimize packages for common thermoset polymers. Also, the system can create several shades from one background colorant. First commercially used in animal tags, the system can provide fast, in-line color marking for numerous automotive button-activated controls and PP-based interior trim components.

Wilson Color, a business unit of M.A. Hanna Co., has introduced Dry Silane Masterbatch for cable extrusion applications. Became the active crosslinking agent is in a dry, solid form, the new product eliminates the need for liquid injection and can be used in all standard extruders. A high setup temperature gives the masterbatch higher thermal stability during the grafting and extrusion process, which is said to greatly reduce the risk of plateout on the extruder screw and therefore give greater grafting efficiency. Formulated to maintain the required level of antioxidants and metal stabilizers in the final compound, Dry Silane Masterbatch reportedly forms a completely homogeneous mix with the resin to be extruded. Special stabilizers prevent premature polymerization of the system. According to the manufacturer, a uniform crosslinking ratio gives excellent aging, electrical, and mechanical properties.

M.A. Hanna has announced that its Technical Center in Suwanee, Ga., has achieved ISO 9001 certification and that now all M.A. Hanna Color operations meet ISO 9000 standards.

The company has also announced the construction of a plastics color and additives plant in Hungary, its first manufacturing presence in Eastern Europe. Harwick Chemical Manufacturing Corp., a business unit of M.A. Hanna Co., has begun construction of a 100,000-[ft.sup.2] production facility in Massilion, Ohio. The new facility will house Harwick Chemical Manufacturing's batch production of color concentrates used by the rubber and plastics industries, water-based dispersions for latex products, and chemical additive dispersions used in the rubber polymer markets. Production is expected to begin in January 1999. In addition to manufacturing, the new facility will include a 5000[ft.sup.2] office area, a product technology laboratory, and a quality assurance laboratory. Headquarters for Harwick Chemical Manufacturing will remain in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. Harwick Chemical is also expanding a production facility in Wynne, Ark., adding 30,000 [ft.sup.2] of space to an existing 120,000-[ft.sup.2] building.

M.A. Hanna Co., Suite 36-5000, 200 Public square, Cleveland, OH 44114-2304; (216) 589-4000; fax (216) 589-4200. M.A. Hanna Color, 800 Satellite Blvd., Suwanee, GA 30174-2878; (770) 271-6800 or (800) 511-3801; fax (770) 271-6834/6836. See also Techmer PM.

MICROBAN

Microban International, the exclusive distribution and marketing agent for Microban Products outside North America, has announced its expansion into the United Kingdom by means of its partnership with Sainsbury, a major retailer. Microban Products Co. has developed Microban, an antibacterial agent that can be built into plastics and synthetic fibers, and that works continuously to inhibit the growth of bacteria often found on food preparation surfaces and utensils. Microban protection is incorporated into a wide range of items used and sold in Sainsbury's stores. Microban Products Co., Suite 110, 11515 Vanstory Dr., Huntersville, NC 28078; (704) 875-0806; fax (704) 875-0810.

MILLENNIUM CHEMICALS

Millennium Chemicals Inc. has completed the purchase of all shares of Rhone-Poulenc's (q.v.) Thann et Mulhouse titanium dioxide and specialty chemicals subsidiary for US$185 million. The Thann et Mulhouse operations, located in Le Havre (Normandy) and Thann (Alsace), France, are being integrated into Millennium Inorganic Chemicals. With Ti[O.sub.2] capacities of 33,000 and 105,000 tonnes per year, respectively, these two plants will give Millennium a total Ti[O.sub.2] capacity of 611,000 tonnes. In addition, the Thann plant produces some 100,000 tonnes of intermediate and specialty chemicals, such as titanium tetrachloride, zirconium oxide, and chlorosulfate. The two plants produce Ti[O.sub.2] in crystalline forms, rutile and anatase, via the sulfate process. Rutile Ti[O.sub.2] is produced at the Le Havre facility, and anatase is produced at the Thann operation.

Millennium Chemicals has also announced its acquisition of a majority share of two Ti[O.sub.2] operations in Brazil - a Ti[O.sub.2] plant with a capacity of 60,000 metric tons/yr and a mineral sands mine with over 2 million metric tons of recoverable reserves. The transaction involved the purchase of Constructora Andade Gutierrez S.A's and Bayer S.A.'s equity interests in Titanio do Brazil S.A. (Tibras). Millennium Chemicals Inc., 200 International Circle, Suite 5000, Hunt Valley, MD 21030; (410) 229-4400; fax (410) 229-4433; website: www.millenniumchem.com

MORTON

The Plastics Additives business group of Morton International has introduced a new line of PVC heat stabilizers known as Advaflex. The totally organic molecule, Advaflex LM-300, forms the core of this new technology Used in combination with very low levels of zinc-containing compounds (and in some cases, only catalytic levels are needed), Advaflex LM-300 systems are reported to be completely free of toxic metals, hydrolytically unstable phosphites, solvents, phenolies, and VOCs. According to the manufacturer, Advaflex LM-300 systems have demonstrated performance that is equal and in many cases superior, to mixed-metal stabilizers based on barium/cadmium, barium/zinc, and cadmium/zinc technologies. Advaflex LM-300 can also be combined with traditional mixed-metal stabilizers, resulting in very high performance and leading to significantly reduced dosages of these mixed-metal products.

In addition to heat stability performance, Advaflex LM-300 systems offer the following secondary performance benefits; transparency; static heat stability; rapid air release properties in plastisols over a wide range of stabilizer dosages; low tendency to plate out, which demonstrates the very high compatibility not only with PVC and plasticizers but also with the other micro ingredients; electrical properties equivalent to those of traditional barium/zinc/phosphite when mixed in a filled cable jacketing formulation; and accelerated weathering performance similar to traditional flexible stabilizers in a filled, Ti[O.sub.2]-pigmented formulation.

The Advaflex LM-2000 series of stabilizers has been formulated using the Advaflex LM-300 molecule. Products in this series are individually designed according to the thermal requirements of each application. Specific applications are clear calender and extrusion (Advaflex LM2000), low-filled 'calender and extrusion (Advaflex LM-2005), moderately filled calender and extrusion (Advaflex LM-2010), highly filled calender and extrusion (Advaflex LM-2020), and filled plastisol (Advaflex LM-2040). Morton International Inc., Morton Plastics Additives, 2000 West St., Cincinnati, OH 45215; (513) 733-2100; fax (513) 733-2133.

NL INDUSTRIES

See Tioxide Americas.

OCCIDENTAL CHEMICAL CORP.

See Laurel Industries.

OMG

The company has introduced new PlastiStab heat stabilizers for PVC. Made at OMG's recently expanded facility in Franklin, Pa., the product line offers the benefits of carboxylate technology, which reportedly include lower odor and volatility of the heat stabilizer, and improved printability, weatherability, clarity, and resistance to autofogging in the finished film. PlastiStab 2327, 2342, 2355, and 2360, which have been developed for high-speed processes, differ in their metal content for different rates of reaction with the vinyl. Carboxylate technology, as is found in PlastiStab 2306, 2319, and 2343, also reportedly enhances plastisol processing with consistent color hold and viscosity development. For high-temperature processing in flexible, semirigid, or rigid applications where odor, clarity, and weathering requirements prevent the use of tin mercaptides, OMG provides various tin carboxylates, such as PlastiStab 2208 and 1114. The manufacturer says that food grade applications also benefit from liquid carboxylate technology. Such products as PlastiStab 2206 and 2210 are said to provide stability and rheology characteristics comparable with those of powder and paste stabilizers but with improved clarity and ease of handling. OMG Americas, 811 Sharon Dr., Westlake, OH 44145; (440) 899-2950 (440) 899-2950; fax (440) 808-7114.

O'NEIL COLOR

O'Neil Color & Compounding has announced the increased capacity for large volume production of black color concentrates for polypropylene, polyethylene, and polystyrene resins. O'Neil Color & Compounding, 193 Commerce PI, Jasper, TN 37347; (800) 234-6159; fax (888) 663-4586.

OWENS CORNING

Owens Coming has developed a reinforcement, known as Aquablok, for fiber-optic cables. Reportedly, cables containing these reinforcements, which are treated with a water-swellable coating, require fewer components, since the reinforcements provide both tensile strength and waterblocking properties. This makes the design and manufacturing process more efficient and reduces time and costs of field installation and repairs. The water-swellable tensile glass fiber strand is said to enable field personnel to rapidly perform cable termination and mid-span access. According to Owens Coming, in the past, cable manufacturers were required to use both a tensile strength component and waterproof tapes, greases, and gels. This added layers and weight to the cable, 'increasing the outer diameter and reducing the available space for optical fibers. The design also required more complex manufacturing processes, which increased the cable costs. In addition, the numerous components made it difficult to install and repair the cable.

Another new product is the Cratec Plus chopped strand system. According to the manufacturer, these pelletized glass fibers, which are 25% more compact per bundle than existing chopped strands, can help increase product flow up to 50%, improve operating environments by reducing fuzz and fines up to 80%, and reduce warehouse space required to store the product.

A further development of this system is PBT 1A1 HR. Owens Corning says that these chopped strands offer 30% better hydrolysis resistance, up to 25% better instrumental impact, and improved heat aging than other chopped strand glass fibers. PBT 1A1 HR chopped strands also offer enhanced reinforcement in higher performance flame-retardant applications. And because these chopped strands are from the Cratec Plus system, they also offer the same increased product flow, reduced fuzz and fines, and reduced storage space requirements. As indicated by the product's name, PBT 1A1 HR chopped strands are designed for use with thermoplastic polyester (PBT). Currently, the two target markets for the chopped strands are transportation and electrical. The initial applications in the automotive industry have been in areas where strength and temperature resistance are essential, including distributor caps, fuel pumps, and safety system components, such as airbags. In the electrical market, applications include connectors, automated equipment, and electrical generating/power distribution equipment.

Owens Coming also reports that recent test results from its Science and Technology Center in Granville, Ohio, show that glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) composites exposed to both alkaline and acid environments can sustain significant stress and perform for extended life cycles under harsh field conditions. During a 90-day test period, GFRP composites exposed to hydrochloric and sulfuric acid baths at 60 [degrees] C and 23 [degrees] C retained an average of 92% of their pretest tensile strength. GFRP composites containing Owens Coming Advantex glass fiber reportedly performed particularly well, retaining on average 96% of their original tensile strength. According to Owens Corning, these data will have a significant impact in civil engineering applications where steel has traditionally been the dominant reinforcing material. The deterioration of mild steel reinforcements from corrosion has been a major concern when concrete members are exposed to aggressive environments.

These recent test results are said to further support the increased use of Marshall Industries Composites' C-BAR reinforcing bar (rebar), which was developed through a partnership between that company and Owens Coming, and is said to be stronger, lighter, and more corrosion-resistant than steel rebar. The C-BAR core is composed of unidirectional Owens Coming E-glass fibers embedded in recycled PET resin material. The outer skin is a Reichhold urethane-modified vinyl ester with excellent resistance to moisture and chemicals.

Advantex EB8 texturized glass fiber yarn is another new product. Manufactured from Advantex glass fiber, EB8 yam is sized with chemicals that cannot be removed by conventional glass finishing techniques. It combines the traditional mechanical properties of E-glass with improved corrosion performance and optimum heat resistance because of a higher melting point (916 [degrees] C). This product will replace its predecessor, EB6 yarn. Advantex EB8 yarn reportedly offers enhanced weaving processability and productivity levels, improved aesthetics, high dimensional stability, noncombustibility and fire resistance, as well as stronger reinforcement. Possible applications include wall coverings, thermal insulation, and decorative and industrial fabrics.

Another new product manufactured from Advantex glass fiber, ZTY yarn, is also said to combine the excellent mechanical properties of traditional E-glass with improved corrosion performance and heat resistance. In addition, its smoother surface enhances the visual appearance of laminates and other applications. ZTY yam consists of continuous and parallel glass strands bonded by sizing to increase tensile strength and meet specific application requirements. Unlike traditional glass fiber yams, the strands are wound into a square-edged package and are not twisted, resulting in a flatter and thinner product. In addition, the yarn's sizing protects the glass filaments from abrasion during processing. Starch oil sizing can be removed or coated with a resin-compatible finish after processing. ZTY is designed for a variety of construction and industrial applications, including facade cladding, wallboard tape, roofing yam, concrete boards, and thermal insulation.

Owens Corning has also announced the formation of a joint venture that will acquire the company's yams and specialty materials business. The joint venture partner is Groupe Porcher Industries, Badinieres, France. The closing of the transaction occurred on September 30, 1998. Further business developments include a plan to add 1500 metric tons of capacity to the company's glass fiber continuous filament mat (CFM) lines in Huntingdon, Pa. This expansion, scheduled for completion in the fourth quarter of this year, follows a similar increase of 1000 metric tons in the CFM line at the company's facility in Battice, Belgium, earlier in 1998. In anticipation of continued growth, detailed engineering plans are being made for an additional CFM line to be operational in 2000. As of press time, the location for this line had not been announced. Owens Coming, One Owens Corning Pkwy, Toledo, OH 43659; (419) 2486190; website: owenscoming.com

PACER

The company has announced that it now processes dry ground mica from 40 mesh to 325 mesh for use as functional fillers/reinforcers in plastics production. Mined from Pacer's 5 million ton reserve in the Black Hills of South Dakota, this gray-colored mica can be custom-milled for individual needs. Pacer Corp. Box 912, Custer, SD 57730; (800) 568-2492 or (605) 6734419; fax (605) 6734459; e-mail: pacer@rapidnet.com website: www.ceramics.com/pacer

PATCO POLYMER ADDITIVES

Patco Polymer Additives Division of American Ingredients Co. has added several new items to its product line. Pationic 1001, a glycerol ester, is a self-emulsifiable additive said to be suitable as an antifog agent in PVC, polyolefins, and styrenics. Semisolid at room temperature, it incorporates a surfactant for the easy preparation of stable, aqueous emulsions. Pationic 1004 is suitable for applications requiring an antifog that is liquid at room temperature. A glycerol ester, this self-emulsifiable additive, too, is suitable for PVC, polyolefins, and styrenics. A surfactant is also incorporated into this product for the preparation of aqueous emulsions. A semisolid glycerol ester, Pationic 1033 functions as a lubricant and dispersing agent in PVC, polyolefins, and styrenics. In PVC, it is also used as an antifog. Pationic 1501 is a complex ester in a clear liquid form. Resistant to separation, it remains fluid and pumpable at lower temperatures where many lubricants solidify. It is said to function as an excellent external lubricant for rigid and flexible PVC. Pationic 1530 is also a complex ester in a clear liquid form that is resistant to settling. It functions primarily as an antifog for flexible PVC or polyolefin films. Pationic 1590 offers the physical handling properties of a solid with the clarity and solubility of a semisolid mono-oleate product. Recommended for PVC applications, it is a highly internal lubricant. Patco Polymer Additives Division, American Ingredients Co., 3947 Broadway, Kansas City, MO 64111; (800) 669-2250 or (816) 561-9050; fax (816) 561-7778; e-mail: info@wpationic.com website: www.pationic.com

PENN COLOR

Penn Color, Inc., has announced that in September 1997 its administrative and manufacturing headquarters in Doylestown, Pa., achieved ISO 9002 certification. During 1998, the rest of the company's facilities received certification. Penn Color Inc., 400 Old Dublin Pike, Doylestown, PA 18901; (215) 345-6550; fax (215) 345-0270.

PHOENIX

Phoenix Color & Compounding has introduced a line of chemical blowing agents that are said to reduce product density, provide smoother surfaces, shorten mold cycle times, and lower production costs for plastic products or parts. Reportedly offering higher activity levels than other blowing agents, those made by Phoenix are available in endothermic (organic) or exothermic (inorganic) form, or as a hybrid of both forms. The endothermic formulations are available with blowing agent loads of up to 90%, while the exothermic can be produced with loads of up to 60%. Because of the high activity levels of the Phoenix blowing agents, less product is needed to provide a higher level of gas production, resulting in reduced product costs. The Phoenix blowing agents, which can be designed for compatibility with most resins, are available in 100%-active dry form, or as pelletized "Color Gems" in activity levels from 5% to 90%. They are also available in both low-temperature (280 [degrees] F to 320 [degrees] F) and high-temperature (360 [degrees] F to 400 [degrees] F) activation formulas. Phoenix Color & Compounding, Inc., 2520 Campbell St., Bldg. R, Sandusky, OH 44870; (419) 626-1150; fax (419) 626-1827.

PLASTICS COLOR CORP.

In order to meet the growing need for liquid colorants in the injection molding, blow molding, and extrusion processes, Plastics Color Corp. (PCC) has entered into a new liquid color venture at its Calumet City, Ill., plant site. PCC anticipates its annual liquid colorant capacity to be approximately 7 million lbs. Advanced pigment technology will allow the company to design colorants that are free of heavy metals and meet FDA and CONEG requirements. PCC says that it will tailor-make liquid colors for all types of thermoplastic and engineered resin end-uses and that it can customize small batch orders from 5 gallons in size to large batch orders up to 6000 gallons. Plastics Color Corp., 371 Campus Dr., Somerset, NJ 08875; (732) 469-5600 or (800) 526-3938; fax (732) 469-4850.

POLAR MINERALS

Polar Minerals and Possehi S.A. de C.V. of Mexico have announced a joint venture to market and process under license Polar Minerals' talc, barite, mica, and calcium product lines in Mexico. Possehi Mexico, a supplier of industrial minerals, is a subsidiary of Possehl Inc., Park Ridge, N.J., and L. Possehl & Co., Luebeck, Germany. Polar Minerals, 5060 N. Royal Atlanta Dr., Suite 22, Tucker, GA 30084; (770) 934-4411; fax (770) 934-4376.

PPG

PPG Industries' Fiber Glass unit has introduced Hybon 2026 direct draw roving for reinforcing composites made by pultrusion and filament winding. The product, currently available in yields of 56, 62,113, and 250 yards/lb, is a continuous filament, single-end roving compatible with polyester, epoxy, and vinyl ester resin systems. According to the manufacturer, the roving raises molding productivity and composite quality. Wet-out and wet-through of the new roving are said to be rapid, complete, and consistent, helping ensure uniform glass distribution and high mechanical properties of the finished part. Strands are opened easily to minimize "working," and a low rate of abrasion over creel transfer points minimizes fuzz and fly. The product is reported to exceed performance requirements of MIL-R-60346C for Type I, all classes for filaments other than "G" Pultrusion applications include structural shapes, ladder rails, and cable trays; filament winding applications include pipe and storage tanks.

Introduced at the same time, Hybon 2022 direct draw roving has been designed for weaving/knitting and filament winding and is currently available in yields of 218, 330, 450, 675, 900, 1200, and 1800 yards/lb. This product is also said to improve processing efficiency and product quality because of its rapid, complete, and consistent wet-out, and extremely high resistance to abrasion, which significantly reduces fuzz and fly. According to PPG, laminates reinforced with roll goods woven or knitted of Hybon 2022 roving are clearer than previous-generation products. Also, its zero catenary eliminates snagging and related interruptions to the production process, in addition to the small loops of strands than can blemish the surfaces of finished laminates. Hybon 2022 roving is intended to replace Hybon 2001 and 2002 rovings as inventories are depleted, and like these predecessors, is compatible with polyester, vinyl ester, and epoxy resin systems. PPG Industries, Fiber Glass, One PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15272-0001;(412) 4343062; fax (412) 434-2197; website: www.ppg.com

PREMIUM COMPOUNDED PRODUCTS

A new product from this company is ASF-2051 antistatic additive for polyolefin films, profiles, and molded items. Reportedly a cost-effective methods of reducing surface static charge, the product has achieved, the manufacturer says, static decay times of less than 0.1 sec under standard test methods. ASF-2051 contains 20% glycerol monostearate (GMS) in a proprietary polymer matrix. The GMS loading is said to be up to four times higher than most other commercial products, and will disperse easily and result in reduced additive levels. Premium Compounded Products, 1208 E. 12th St., Wilmington, DE 19802; (302) 7774760; fax (302) 777-4780.

PROGRESSIVE FILLERS

Progressive Fillers International has increased its marketing efforts directed toward the plastics industry. The company offers a line of special effect pigmented, conductive, and ultra-light-weight additives. Micaclad F.C. (Food Contact), the flagship product, is a reinforced pigmented muscovite mica. Processed in a diverse range of particle sizes and custom colors, it reportedly creates various granite, marbling, and other dramatic effects for use in such items as toys and furniture. The mica is bound in a fashion that is chemically stable to withstand high heat applications with nondispersing qualifies. All ingredients used in the manufacture of Micaclad F.C. are FDA approved.

A new product is Colorlite, a pigmented hollow glass microsphere with a true density of 0.70 to 0.75, created with a binding system similar to that of Micaclad. This product has extremely lightweight properties, which create reinforcing decorative effects in flooring and cements with half the weight required of other products. The Conductive Silver Micaclad, also new, is made by an ionic exchange of pure silver onto muscovite mica, which produces a very conductive particle with a resistivity of 0.003 ohm. This product can be used in EMI shielding and conductive flooring. Purging Prill compound is a blend of prilled calcium carbonate and LLDPE resin, which creates a nonabrasive scrubbing action within the barrels of all types of injection molding machines. Progressive Fillers International Inc., P.O. Box 2339, Chattanooga, TN 37409; (423) 629-0007; fax (423) 629-0444;e-mail: pfillers@vol.com website: www.pfillers.com

RADIANT COLOR

Radiant Color reports that its Microsphere Fluorescent Pigment (MP), a highly crosslinked, spherical microparticle, does not soften upon incorporation into plastics and eliminates "hang up"in the extruder or molding machine. Thus, MP virtually eliminates staining of equipment during processing and substantially cuts cleanup time and equipment turnaround time during color changeover Reduced equipment plateout with MP means a lower incidence of surface imperfections in the molded parts. MP's combination of inertness and minimal surface area of the spherical particles are said to allow for high pigment loadings without negatively affecting resin properties. This eliminates the "puffy" strands often associated with fluorescent concentrates. The particles also allow for stable dispersions that do not build viscosity over time. According to the manufacturer, MP's nonmigrating and bleed-resistant properties make it an excellent colorant for both plasticized PVC and vinyl plastisol screen inks. It is also reported to be suitable for all major resins, including low and high-density polyethylene, polypropylene, general-purpose and high-impact polystyrene, and it can be used in all major plastics processing applications. The pigments show consistent color development from one run to the next, and the increased opacity of the highly crosslinked MP particles yields great color strength and hiding power for a given pigment concentration, especially in mass tones. MP is available as a free flowing powder in a spectrum of 11 colors.

Radiant K2000 is a series of fluorescent plastic colorants designed primarily to prepare high-load concentrates, in addition to dry and liquid colors. Allowing loadings greater than 40% without sacrificing equipment performance or slowing down processing speeds, these colorants reportedly exhibit excellent heat stability with minimal color shift at longer dwell times and at temperatures up to 550 [degrees] F. According to the manufacturer, lightfastness is equal or superior to other currently available fluorescent colorants. Dispersing rapidly with strong color development and excellent tinting strength in all major resins, K2000 colorants are said to meet performance requirements in extrusion, injection molding, rotational molding, and blow molding. Available in coarse and fine grind versions, the series is offered in 11 colors. Radiant Color, 2800 Radiant Ave., P.O. Box 4019, Richmond, CA 94804-0019; (510) 233-9119 or (800)-RADIANT; fax (510) 233-9138.

REBASE PRODUCTS

The company reports that it is in the process of negotiations to establish a Kentucky facility that will process 10 tons/hr of carbide lime as a resin filler ReBase is also targetting 20 million tons of deposits in Poland, The Czech Republic, and Slovakia for processing and transporting throughout Europe and North America. ReBase Products Inc., 3rd Floor, 70 Collier St., Barrie, Ontario, Canada IAM 4Z2; (705) 734-0400; fax (705) 734-3403; e-mail: rebase@eneode.com

REHEIS

Reheis Inc., manufacturer of the L-55R line of polymer additives, has announced its acquisition by the General Chemical Group, Parsippany, N.J. Reheis Inc. 235 Snyder Ave., Berkeley Heights, NJ 07922; (908) 464-1500; fax (908) 464-7726.

RHONE-POULENC

On January 1, 1998, Rhone-Poulenc merged its Chemicals and Fibers & Polymers operations to form a new specialty chemicals company, known as Bhodia. Rhodia Inc., CN 7500 Prospect Plains Rd., Cranbury, NJ 08512-7500; (609) 860-4423; fax (609) 860-4990.

ROHM AND HAAS

Two new impact modifiers have been introduced by Rohm and Haas. BTA-751L is an MBS impact modifier said to provide maximum toughness in lower molecular weight/high flow PVC formulations. This product finds applications in a range of durable goods, such as equipment housings, where thin parts require a high degree of toughness but must flow through narrow gates during the molding process.

KM-350 is an all-acrylic impact modifier for PVC extrusion, which reportedly provides improved processability. Processability for KM-350 is defined in terms of its balance between faster fusion behavior and lower processing temperatures, which is particularly desirable in PVC pellet production. This fusion behavior can also result in improved rates in powder blend extrusion while delivering good mechanical properties. According to the manufacturer, this product is well suited for PVC building and construction applications.

The company has announced plans to increase by 55,000 MT/yr its worldwide capacity for acrylic and MBS (methyl meth-acrylate butadiene styrene) impact modifiers and acrylic processing aides. Projects under way include expansions at plants in Louisville, Ky; Grangemouth, Scotland (owned jointly with Kureha Chemicals); and Lauterbourg, France. Rohm and Haas, Plastics Additives Dept., 100 Independence Mall West, 7th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19106; (215) 592-33516; fax (215) 592-3407; website: www.rohmhaas.com

SANGI AMERICA

The company has announced that its antimicrobial agent, Apacider, has received U.S. EPA approval. Reported benefits of the product include stability at high processing temperatures, lack of vapors and flammability, safe long-term storage, long-term effectiveness, color stability, and nonmutagenicity. Apacider is available in powder and masterbatch form. Apacider-AK is suggested for use in fibers as the particle size is 1/10th that of Apacider-AW.

Sangi America has recently joined forces with Techmer PM (q.v.) of Los Angeles to promote the development of customized masterbatch pellets containing Apacider Sangi America, Inc., 516 N. Pennsfield PI, Suite 109, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360; (805) 379-8590; fax (805) 379-8595; e-mail:Sangi_ America@msn.com

SANYO

Terraju, a halogen-free, intumescent flame retardant, has been introduced to the U.S. market by Sanyo Corp. of America. Made by Chisso Corp. of Tokyo, the product is a surface-coated ammonium polyphosphate said to offer low toxicity in addition to excellent water resistance and heat stability. It is available in a fine particle size. Sanyo Corp. of America, 529 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10017; (212) 808-4860; fax (212) 8084878 or (212) 808-0275.

SLIDE PRODUCTS

The company reports that its Econo-Spray line, which consists of five mold releases, a mold cleaner, and a rest preventive, has been reformulated and now contains no methylene chloride. Slides Mold Cleaner Plus Degreaser III also contains no methylene chloride and has no chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and no 1,1,1 trichloroethane. According to the manufacturer, the product removes silicones, grease, oil, and wax buildup on mold surfaces. Said to be ideal for cold molds, it evaporates quickly; is nonflammable, nonconductive, and nonabrasive; and meets EPA and OSHA regulations. Quick Mold Cleaner also contains no methylene chlorine or CFCs. Evaporating almost immediately, it minimizes the time that the mold is out of production.

A new formulation of Tap-It tapping fluid, developed for reaming and dressing abrasive wheels, along with other purposes, is chlorine-free and silicone-free and biodegradable. Tools and taps treated with this product reportedly make better holes, threads, fits, and finishes.

Slide also offers returnable cylinders that allow bulk purchase and refill of the same container. Each cylinder holds the equivalent of approximately four dozen 16-oz. aerosols. Slide Products, Inc., P.O. Box 156, 430 S. Wheeling Rd., Wheeling, IL 60090, (800) 323-6433; fax (800) 756-7986; website thomasregister.com/slide

SPECTRA POLYMER

Three products have been introduced recently. The first is a package designed to function as a clarifier, brightener, and heat and UV stabilizer for polypropylene fiber and film. The goal is to make PP suitable as a visual replacement for polyester fiber and film.

The second product is a line of luminescent concentrates for use in polycarbonate, high-density polyethylene, acrylic, and polystyrene. The concentrates are reported to have the same color when glowing in the dark as they do in the light. The product line also includes a black that glows green in the dark.

The third product is a line of high-performance concentrates for engineering and specialty plastics called Spectra II. According to the manufacturer, the high loading and excellent dispersion of these concentrates allow let-down ratios ranging from 100:1 to as high as 300:1, The carrier alloy, which is compatible with engineering, specialty, and commodity polymers, has a broad processing range of 250 [degrees] F to 750 [degrees] E does not absorb moisture or require drying, and is compliant with FDA regulations for food contact.

Other news from Spectra Polymer is its acquisition of Datacolor of Southbury, Conn. Operating as a division of Spectra, Datacolor will relocate its office to Leominster, Mass., but will continue to use warehousing in South Brunswick, N.J. Spectra Polymer Co., Inc., 50 Francis St., Leominster, MA 01453; (978) 466-6100; fax (978) 466-6123.

STRUKTOL

Struktol Co. of America has expanded its line of plastics compounding and processing aids to include several new products and modifications of existing products. USP grade zinc stearate is a dispersion and process aid available in dust-free prill or pellet form for use in pharmaceutical products. TR041 FDA grade is a nonionic wetting agent that aids in the incorporation and dispersion of polar fillers and pigments. This material is said to be especially effective for highly loaded flame retardant compounds. TR251/255 is a blend of anionic and nonionic surfactants now available as a U.S. FDA-sanctioned material. This additive shows improved dispersion and processability in ABS, rigid PVC, color concentrates, and highly filled applications.

TR044 is a heat stable process aid providing improved flow and release in many polymer systems. Said to be an excellent choice for polar or filled engineering resins currently using PETs, this product is also highly effective in improving the processability and physical properties of recycled PET. TR060/065 resinous additives are reed as blending and dispersion aids for many polymer systems. TR060, used in lower-temperature polymers, has been found to improve end properties of recyclate-containing compounds while also improving dispersion and reducing splay in colored and filled olefins. TR065 is targeted at higher-temperature polymers (up to 370 [degrees] C) and, according to the manufacturer, has excellent blending properties. This additive has improved end-use properties and processing characteristics in PC/ABS alloys. TR354 is a carbon black pigment made by the channel process. This natural gas process produces a material that is cleaner than standard carbon black, resulting in U.S. FDA approval without concentration restriction. Struktol Co. of America, 201 E. Steels Corners Rd., EO. Box 1649, Stow, OH 44224; (800) 327-8649 or (330) 928-5188; fax (330) 928-8726; website: www.struktol.com

SUN CHEMICAL

The Colors Group of Sun Chemical Corp. has acquired KVK USA, Inc. Sun purchased the remaining 40% of the company, in which it has held a 60% share since 1993. KVK USA, which operates a manufacturing facility in New Brunswick, N.J., produces Predisol dispersions, primarily for the packaging ink market. It also supplies dispersions to the plastics, paints, and coatings industries. Headquarters for Sun's Colors Group are in Cincinnati. Sun Chemical Corp., 222 Bridge Plaza South, Fort Lee, NJ 07024; (201) 224-4600; fax (201) 224-4392. webs]re: www.sunchemical.com

TECHMER PM

In June 1998, Techmer PM, LLC, a joint venture of M.A. Hanna Co. (q.v.) and Techmer PM, announced the opening of a new facility in Gainesville, Ga. The new 38,000 [ft.sup.2] plant will produce high-quality custom color and additive concentrates for the fiber industry.

See a/so Sangi America. Techmer PM, 1 Quality Circle, Clinton, TN 37716; (423) 457-6700; fax (423) 457-3012.

TEKNOR COLOR

Teknor Color has added 18 products to its line of standard dry colors for rotational molding and has increased the efficiency of these colors to enable molders to reduce use levels. According to the manufacturer, this is an important development because high color loadings can have a deleterious effect on key physical properties, particularly impact strength. Typical use levels are in the 0.125% to 0.25% range. Among the new colors are a number of greens, grays, and beiges, in addition to two heavy-metal-free "safety" colors - yellow and orange - for use in traffic pylons, road barriers, and related outdoor products.

The company has also developed color concentrates for use with Teknor Apex`s FireGuard LSNH flame retardant compounds in fiber -optic riser cables. According to Teknor Color, nonhalogenated flame retardant compounds are typically more difficult to color than halogenated ones. But the new concentrates are so efficient that they can impart intense coloration without requiring the high addition levels needed with conventional concentrates. Supplied as pellets, the concentrates are available in ten standard colors and custom-match formulations.

The company's newest product is TEKlite Color Spheres. These color concentrate microspheres have a 1/32-inch diameter, which reportedly allows them to melt and mix much more quickly than conventional 1/8-inch beads or pellets, even under processing conditions where beads have presented color-dispersion problems. Because of their minuteness and high surface-to-volume ratio, the microspheres become incorporated with the resin almost instantly, while beads require several seconds. According to Teknor, conventional concentrates are typically used at resin-to-concentrate ratios of 25:1, whereas Color Spheres can sometimes be used at 300:1 letdowns. High pigment loadings - 75% in the case of most Color Spheres - contribute to their coloring efficiency The excellent dispersibility of Teknor's new concentrates are also said to help processors avoid color variations that sometime occur in parts with long, flat surfaces. In addition, Color Spheres can be used to improve dispersion in old or worn molding presses or extruders. The colors-white, black, red, blue, green, and yellow-are supplied in two series for use in polyolefins and styrenics, respectively Formulations with U.S. FDA-sanctioned ingredients are available.

A kit has also been developed to help customers make more informed decisions about the match between Teknor Color concentrates and their own color standards. Called Your Custom Color Match, the kit is a pocket folder containing individual match chip holders produced in Munseil gray with cutouts to view the samples; three fixed viewing ports, also printed in the same neutral gray; a portable color viewing port; and standardized data sheets.

Two new brochures are also available from Teknor Color One, entitled Instex, explains how the use of Instex cryogenically ground PVC color concentrates in place Of conventional raw pigments enables dryblend compounders to improve color dispersion, enhance product quality, and reduce dusting during handling and blending. The other brochure, Color Crystals, explains how plastics processors can use Color Crystal concentrates to reduce coloring and inventory costs, save time and space, and meet special end-use requirements.

Other news from Teknor Color is the opening of a sales office in Scarborough, Ontario, Canada. Teknor Color Co., 505 Central Ave., Pawtucket, RI 02861-0290; (401) 725-8000; fax: (402) 724-8520; website: www.teknorcolor.com

TICONA

In October 1997, Ticona introduced Ceramer polyphenylene sulfone PPS[O.sub.2], a new additive that reportedly improves the wear properties and creep resistance of fluoropolymers with little or no effect on chemical stability. The additive is a very fine powder with particle size averaging about 20 [[micro]meter]. Maximum particle size is less than 70 [[micro]meter]. The particles are almost spherical with a rough cracked surface that facilitates a good mechanical bond with PTFE and other polymers. As a wear enhancer, it is suitable for use in bearings and seals where high-temperature resistance and strength are required. In protective tubing for common push-pull gear cables, the addition of Ceramer to PTFE paste extrusion powders is said to increase life significantly. According to the manufacturer, Ceramer greatly improves the metallizability of PTFE and other plastics, expanding their use in circuit boards and other electronic applications. A 10% blend of Ceramer reportedly improves by a factor of six the adhesion of copper to fluoropolymers. Electrical properties of the base resin show only negligible change. Ticona, Hoechst Celanese Corp., 90 Morris Ave., Summit, NJ 07901-3914; (908) 598-4000; fax (908) 598-4165.

TIOXIDE AMERICAS

In July 1997, ICI announced that it had reached an agreement with DuPont (q.v.) for the sale of Tioxide (excluding the North America operations). Subsequently, DuPont agreed to sell to NL Industries, Houston, the Tioxide manufacturing facility at Grimsby, U.K. This transaction will occur immediately after completion of the agreement between ICI and DuPont. NL Industries is the parent company of Kronos Inc., a producer of Ti[O.sub.2].

ICI has signed an agreement in principle with NL Industries under which the latter will acquire Tioxide's businesses in the Americas. The operations to be acquired include Tioxide's 50% interest in Louisiana Pigment Co., a manufacturing joint venture of NL and Tioxide that operates a chloride-process Ti[O.sub.2] plant in Louisiana with a capacity of approximately 120,000 metric tons per annum (mtpa); Tioxide's 52,000-mtpa finishing plant in Tracy, Quebec; and Tioxide's North American marketing and distribution business.

(As of press time, these transactions were still subject to regulatory approval.) Tioxide Americas Inc., Esplanade at Locust Point, 2001 Butterfield Rd., Suite 601, Downers Grove, IL 60515; (630) 663-4900; fax (630) 663-4901.

UNIROYAL

Uniroyal reports that although Celogen 754A began its product life cycle as a chemical foaming agent developed for use in rubber, it is entering a new phase of growth in the plastic industry. A preactivated azodicarbonamide, the product features a gas release temperature of 338 [degrees] F that is said to be ideal for many flexible PVC formulations, especially molded shoe soling. In addition, processors of TPOs, TPEs, and TPUs have found this product to be an excellent choice for both molded and extruded foam applications. The Celogen 754-A activation system offers a gas release rate and behavior said to be more compatible with many polymers processed in the 338 [degrees] F to 401 [degrees] F range than those offered by standard ZnO-based or zinc stearate-based activation systems. Typical use levels for this powder vary from 0.2 to 1.0 wt% in molding and extrusion. As with most azo-based chemical foaming agents, Celogen 754-A is also an efficient source of gas, generating up to 180 to 200 cc per gram of product. Uniroyal Chemical Co. Inc., Middlebury, CT 06749, (203) 573-2000; fax (203) 573-2489.

U.S. BORAX

See Borax.

VELSICOL

Velsicol Chemical Corp. has announced a manufacturing venture with AP Chemical Lt&, Manchester, England, in which AP will produce a proprietary line of Benzoflex plasticizers for Velsicol. Velsicol Chemical Corp., 10400 W. Higgins Rd, Rosemont, IL 60018; (847) 298-9000; fax (847) 298-3642.

VETROTEX CERTAINTEED

Over the past year; Vetrotex CertainTeed has introduced several new products. SMC Roving 23C is said to provide excellent choppability and fiber distribution, exhibit fast wet-through and wet-out, and generate low fuzz and fly. While particularly well suited for automotive compression molding applications, including hoods, doors, fenders, decklids, spoilers, and cross-vehicle beams, it can be used in other compression and injection molding applications as well.

Also recently introduced, SMC Continuous Strand Roving 24A is intended for both structural and semistructural applications. Formulated for maximum compatibility with polyester and vinylester resin systems, the product reportedly offers excellent pigmentability, chopped glass dispersion, and mold flowability, and also minimal static, low fuzz and fly, and reduced fiber prominence. Applications include structural and under-the-hood components for automobiles and heavy trucks, off-road tractor body panels, door skins, showers, sinks, appliance housings and components, satellite dishes, hand tools, and various types of military/aerospace hardware.

Chopped Strand Mat M12A is a high-performance reinforcement for polyester, vinylester, bisphenol A, and isopolyester resin systems. Made from cut fibers laid in a random pattern and bonded with a powdered, highly soluble resin binder, this fine strand reinforcement has been designed for hand lay-up contact molding and other low-pressure processes. M12A is said to provide excellent fiber distribution and mat weight uniformity and exceptional dry handling and tensile properties. The fine strand input of M12A means low fiber prominence at the surface of the finished laminates. Applications include corrosion-resistant hoods and scrubber units, chemical storage tanks, large diameter pipes, boat hulls and decks, swimming pools, appliance housings, shrouds, and trays.

Chopped Strand Mat M17A is a new product designed for the same resin systems and end-uses as M12A. Many similar properties are reported - excellent fiber distribution, mat weight uniformity, and dry handling and tensile characteristics. In addition, the greater porosity of the standard strand in M17A permits rapid wet-through and wet-out with minimum air entrapment, thus enabling easy rollout. Vetrotex CertainTeed Corp., Fiber Glass Reinforcements, 750 E. Swedesford Rd, P.O. Box 860, Valley Forge, PA 19482; (610) 341-7000; fax (610) 341-7470.
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Title Annotation:plastics additives
Author:Johnson, Dava
Publication:Plastics Engineering
Article Type:Cover Story
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Nov 1, 1998
Words:24183
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