A number of bibliographic studies have been done in the visual communication area. Probably the most current and extended effort is one by S. E. Moriarty and K. Kenney, "Visual Communication: A Taxonomy and Bibliography," Journal of Visual Literacy Visual literacy is the ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image. Visual literacy is based on the idea that pictures can be “read” and that meaning can be communicated through a process of reading. , Vol. 15 (1995), No. 2, pp. 7-156. Another, somewhat more recent, is that by Roberts A Braden, appended to his article, "Visual Literacy," in the Journal of Visual Literacy, Vol. 16 (1996), No. 2, pp. 9-83.
The following selected list supplements the references to our review articles, above.
Abrams, J. 1995. "Little Photoshop of Horror: The Ethics of Manipulating Journalistic Imagery." Print. Vol. 49, No. 6, pp. 24-47.
Alexander, M. W., and B. Judd, Jr. 1986. "Differences in Attitudes Toward Nudity in Advertising." Psychology: A Quarterly Journal of Human Behavior. Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 27-29.
Barbatsis, Gretchen S. 1996. "'Look, and I Will Show You Something You Will Want to See': Pictorial Engagement in Negative Political Campaign Commercials." (Visual Argument-Part 2). Argumentation and Advocacy. Vol. 33, no. 2 (Autumn). pp. 69-80.
Blair. J. Anthony. 1996. "The Possibility and Actuality of Visual Argument" (Visual Argument--Part 1). Argumentation and Advocacy. Vol. 33, no. 1 (Summer), pp. 23-39.
Boddewyn, J.J. 1991. "Controlling Sex and Decency in Advertising Around the World." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 25-35.
Botta, R. A. 1999. "Television Images and Adolescent Girls' Body Image Disturbance." Journal of Communication, Vol. 49, pp. 22-41.
Caplan, Ralph. 1999. "Sign and Sign(r)age." (Psychological effects of visual arts). Print. Vol. 53, i. 1 (Jan-Feb), p. 38 (3 pages).
Couch, R.A., E.J. Caropreso, and H. B. Miller. 1994. "Making Meaning from Visuals: Creative Thinking and Interpretation of Visual Information." In, Visual Literacy: A Spectrum of Visual Learning, edited by D. M. Moore and F. M. Dwyer. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology, pp. 277-292.
Courtney, Alice, and Thomas Whipple. 1983. Sex Stereotyping in Advertising. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath and Company.
Courtney, Alice E., and Sarah W. Lockeretz. 1971. "A Woman's Place: An Analysis of the Roles Portrayed by Women in Magazine Advertisement." Journal and Marketing Research. Vol. 8, pp. 92-95.
Demertrulias, Diana M., and Nina R. Rosenthal. 1985. "Discrimination Against Females and Minorities in Microcomputer Advertising." Computers and the Social Sciences. Vol. 1, pp. 91-95.
Dondis, D. A. 1973. A Primer of Visual Literacy. Cambridge, MA: MIT MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.
Easton, Geoff, and Catherine Toner. 1983. "Women in Industrial. Advertisements." Industrial Marketing Management. Vol. 12, pp. 145-149.
Elting, Linda S., Charles G. Martin, Scott B. Cantor, and Edward B. Rubenstein, 1999. "Influence of Data Display Formats on Physician Investigators' Decisions to Stop Clinical Trials: Prospective Trial with Repeated Measures." British Medical Journal The British Medical Journal, or BMJ, is one of the most popular and widely-read peer-reviewed general medical journals in the world. It is published by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (owned by the British Medical Association), whose other . Vol. 3 t 8, i. 7197 (June 5), p. 1527.
England, Paula, and Teresa Gardner. 1983. "Sex Differentiation in Magazine Advertisements: A Content Analysis Using Log-linear Modeling." In, J. H. Leigh and C. R. Martin, Jr. eds. Current Issues and Research of Advertising. Ann Arbor Ann Arbor, city (1990 pop. 109,592), seat of Washtenaw co., S Mich., on the Huron River; inc. 1851. It is a research and educational center, with a large number of government and industrial research and development firms, many in high-technology fields such as : Graduate School of Business, University of Michigan (body, education) University of Michigan - A large cosmopolitan university in the Midwest USA. Over 50000 students are enrolled at the University of Michigan's three campuses. The students come from 50 states and over 100 foreign countries. , pp. 253-268.
England, Paula, Alice Kuhn, and Teresa Gardner. 1981. "The Ages of Men and Women in Magazine Advertisements." Journalism Quarterly. Vol. 58, pp. 468-471.
Englis, Basil, Michael Solomon Michael Solomon (born September 29, 1954 on Trinidad) is a retired athlete from Trinidad and Tobago who specialized in the 400 metres and 4 x 400 metres relay.
He attended University of New Mexico, New Mexico, USA. , and Richard Ashmore. 1994. "Beauty Before the Eyes of Beholders: The Cultural Encoding Cultural Encoding is a process in which a website or related node is "encoded" with the language, symbols, or representative styles of particular culture or subculture. "Encoding" refers to the digital processes that make the representative culture of the site self evident. of Beauty Types in Magazine Advertising and Music Television." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 23, pp. 49-64.
Fejes, Fred. 1989. "Images of Men in Media Research." Critical Studies in Mass Communications. Vol. 6, pp. 215-221.
Ferguson, Jill Hicks, Peggy J. Kreshel, and Spencer F. Tinkham. 1990. "In the Pages of Ms: Sex Role Portrayal of Women in Advertising." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 40-51.
Forceville, Charles. 1994. "Pictorial Metaphor in Advertising." Doctoral Dissertation, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Ford, B. J. 1992. Images of Science: A History of Scientific Illustration. London: British Library British Library, national library of Great Britain, located in London. Long a part of the British Museum, the library collection originated in 1753 when the government purchased the Harleian Library, the library of Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, and groups of manuscripts. .
Ford, J.B., M.S. LaTour, E.D. Honeycutt, Jr., and M. Joseph. 1994. "Female Role Portrayals in International Advertising: Should Advertisers Standardize in the Pacific Rim Pacific Rim, term used to describe the nations bordering the Pacific Ocean and the island countries situated in it. In the post–World War II era, the Pacific Rim has become an increasingly important and interconnected economic region. ." American Business Review. Vol. 12. No. 2, pp. 1-10.
Forsyth, Donelson R. 1980. "A Taxonomy of Ethical Ideologies." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (often referred to as JPSP) is a monthly psychology journal of the American Psychological Association. It is considered one of the top journals in the fields of social and personality psychology. . Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 175-184.
Friedhoff, R.M., and W. Benzon. 1991. Visualization: The Second Computer Revolution. New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of : Freeman.
Gardner, H. 1982. Art, Mind, and Brain: A Cognitive Approach to Creativity. New York: Basic Books.
Gershon, N.S., G. Eick, and S. Card. 1998. "Information Visualization Representing data in 3D images in order to navigate through it more quickly and access it in a more natural manner. Although the term was coined at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, which has developed very advanced techniques, multidimensional cubes, or pivot tables, are a simpler form ." Interactions. Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 9-15.
Gilly, M. C. 1988. "Sex Roles in Advertising: A Comparison of Television Advertisements in Australia, Mexico, and the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. ." Journal of Marketing. Vol. 52, pp. 75-85.
Goffman, Erving Goffman, Erving, 1922–82, American sociologist, b. Manville, Alta. His field research in the Shetland Islands resulted in The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life . 1979. Gender Advertisement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press The Harvard University Press is a publishing house, a division of Harvard University, that is highly respected in academic publishing. It was established on January 13, 1913. In 2005, it published 220 new titles. .
Gombrich, Ernst H. 1960. Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Princeton University, at Princeton, N.J.; coeducational; chartered 1746, opened 1747, rechartered 1748, called the College of New Jersey until 1896. Schools and Research Facilities
Grabe, Maria Elizabeth, Matthew Lombard, Robert D. Reich, Cheryl Campanella Bracken, and Theresa Bolmarcich Ditton. 1999. "The Role of Screen Size in Viewer Experiences of Media Content." (Visual Communication Quarterly). News Photographer. Vol. 54, i. 4 (April), p. S4 (6 pages).
Graber, D. 1987. "Kind Pictures and Harsh Words: How Television Presents the Candidates." In, K. L. Schlozman (ed.). Elections in America. Boston: Unwin Hyman, pp. 115-141.
Graber, D. 1990. "Seeing is Remembering: How Visuals Contribute to Learning from Television News." Journal of Communication. Vol. 40, pp. 134-155. Gunter, B. 1980. "Remembering Television News: Effects of Picture Content." Journal of General Psychology. Vol. 102, pp. 127-133.
Hagen, Margaret (ed.). 1980. The Perception of Pictures. New York: Academic Press.
Hampson, Peter, David Marks, and John Richardson The name John Richardson can refer to:
Henthorne, T.L., M. S. LaTour, and R. Nataranjan. 1993. "Fear Appeals in Print Advertising: An Analysis of Arousal and Ad Response." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 59-69.
Hochberg, Julian. 1983. "Problems of Picture Perception." Visual Arts Research. Vol. 9 (Spring), pp. 7-24.
Holbrook, Morris B. 1987. "Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, What's Unfair in Reflections of Advertising?" Journal of Marketing. Vol. 51 (July), pp. 95-103.
Jackman, Mike. 1996. "Visual Distortions and Ethical Responsibilities." Business Communication Quarterly. Vol. 59, no. I (March), p. 99 (4 pages).
Jenks, Chris. 1995. Visual Culture. London/New York: Routledge.
Kaplan, Stuart J. 1992. "A Conceptual Analysis of Form and Content in Visual Metaphor." Communication, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 197-200.
Katz, E., H. Adoni, and P. Parness. 1977. "Remembering the News: What the Picture Adds to Recall." Journalism Quarterly. Vol.-54, pp. 231-239.
Kennedy, John M, Christopher D. Green, and John Vervaeke. 1993. "Metaphoric Thought and Devices in Pictures." Metaphor and Symbolic Activity. Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 243-255.
Klassen, Michael L., Cynthia R. Jasper, and Anne M. Schwartz. 1993. "Men and Women: Images of their Relationships in Magazine Advertisements." Journal of Advertising Research. Vol. 33, pp. 30-39.
Kobre, Ken. 1999. "Editing for Intimacy." (Visual Communication Quarterly). News Photographer. Vol. 54, i. 4 (April), p. S 18 (3 pages).
LaTour, M.S., and T.L. Henthorne. 1994. "Ethical Judgments of Sexual Appeals in Print Advertising." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 81-95.
LaTour, M.S., R.E. Pitts, and D. C. Snook-Luther. 1990. "Female Nudity, Arousal, and Ad Response: An Experimental Investigation." Journal of Advertising. Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 51-62.
Leppard, Wanda, Shirley M. Ogletree, and Emily Wallen. 1993. "Gender Stereotyping in Medical Advertising: Much Ado About Something?" Sex Roles. Vol. 29, pp. 829-838.
Lewis, Charles, and John Neville John Neville is the name of a number of people, including:
Lowrey, Wilson. 1999. "Routine News: The Power of the Organization in Visual Journalism." (Visual Communication Quarterly). News Photographer, Vol. 54, i. 4 (April), p. S10 (6 pages).
Lysonski, Steven. 1983. "Female and Male Portrayals in Magazine Advertisements: A Re-examination." Akron Business and Economic Review. Vol. 14, pp. 45-50.
Mansell, Darrel. 1999. "Language in an Image." Criticism, Vol. 41, i. 2 (Spring), p. 187.
Marantz, S., and J. H. Dowaliby, 1973. Individual Differences in Learning from Pictorial and Verbal Instruction. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press The University of Massachusetts Press is a university press that is part of the University of Massachusetts. External link
McArthur, Leslie Z., and Beth G. Resko. 1975. "The Portrayal of Men and Women in American Television Commercials." Journal of Social Psychology. Vol. 97, pp. 209-220.
McKim, R. H. 1980. Thinking Visually: A Strategy Manual for Problem Solving problem solving
Process involved in finding a solution to a problem. Many animals routinely solve problems of locomotion, food finding, and shelter through trial and error. . Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Meiselas, S. 1989. "Some Thoughts on Appropriation and the Use of Documentary Photographs." Exposure. Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 10-15.
Meltzer, B. 1995-1996. "Digital Photography--a Question of Ethics." Learning and Leading with Technology. Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 18-21.
Messaris, Paul. 1992. "Visual 'Manipulation': Visual Means of Affecting Responses to Images." Communication. Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 181-195.
Messaris, Paul. 1994. Visual Literacy: Image, Mind, and Reality. Boulder/San Francisco/Oxford: Westview Press.
Metallinos, N. 1996. Television Aesthetics: Perceptual, Cognitive, and Compositional Bases. Mahwah. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Mick, David Glen, and Claus Buhl. 1992. "A Meaning-based Model of Advertising Experiences." Journal of Consumer Research. Vol. 19 (December), pp. 317-338.
Moriarty, S. E. 1997. "A Conceptual Map of Visual Communication." Journal of Visual Literacy. Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 9-24.
Moriarty, S.E., and K. Kenney. 1995. "Visual Communication: A Taxonomy and Bibliography." Journal of Visual Literacy. Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 7-156.
Novitz, David. 1977. Pictures and Their Use in Communication: A Philosophical Essay. Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Phillips, Barbara J. 1996. "The Role of Trade Characters in Forming Product Perceptions." In, Gary B. Wilcox (ed.), Proceedings of the 1996 Conference of the American Academy of Advertising. Austin: The University of Texas at Austin “University of Texas” redirects here. For other system schools, see University of Texas System.
The University of Texas at Austin (often referred to as The University of Texas, UT Austin, UT, or Texas , pp, 171-178.
Poe, Alison. 1976. "Active Women in Ads." Journal of Communication. Vol. 26, pp. 185-192.
Polanyi, Michael. 1966. The Tacit Dimension. Garden City. NY: Anchor Books.
Pollay, R. W., and B. Mittal. 1993. "Here's the Beef: Factors, Determinants, and Segments in Consumer Criticism of Advertising." Journal of Marketing. Vol. 57, pp. 99-114,
Reese, Nancy A., Thomas W. Whipple, and Alice Courtney. 1987. "is Industrial Advertising Sexist?" Industrial Marketing Management. Vol. 16, pp. 231-240.
Reid, Leonard N., Karen Whitehill King, and Heather L. Wyant. 1994. "Gender Portrayals in Modern Cigarette and Alcohol Advertising." In, P. J. Gordon and B. J. Kellerman, (eds.), Enhancing Knowledge Development in Marketing. Vol. 5. Chicago: American Marketing Association, pp. 48-56.
Robins, Kevin. 1996. Into the Image: Culture and Politics in the Field of Vision. London/New York: Routledge.
Rogenbaum, S., and J. Bugental. 1998. "Measuring the Success of Visual Communication in User Interfaces." Technical Communication. Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 517-528.
Rogenberg, J. 1989. "Computers, Photographs and Ethics." Editor and Publisher. Vol. 122, No. 12, pp. 46-47,
Rosler, M. 1989. "Image Simulation/Computer Manipulations: Some Considerations." Afterimage afterimage /af·ter·im·age/ (af´ter-im?aj) a retinal impression remaining after cessation of the stimulus causing it.
n. . Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 7-11.
Rudman, William J., and Akiko F. Hagiwara. 1992. "Sexual Exploitation in Advertising Health and Wellness Products." Women and Health. Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 77-89.
Rudman, William J., and Patty Verdi. 1993. "Exploitation: Comparing Sexual and Violent Imagery of Females and Males in Advertising." Women & Health. Vol. 20, No. 4, pp, 1-14.
Saint-Martin, Fernande, 1990. Semiotics of Visual Language. Bloomington/Indianapolis: Indiana University Press Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is a publishing house at Indiana University that engages in academic publishing, specializing in the humanities and social sciences. It was founded in 1950. Its headquarters are located in Bloomington, Indiana. .
Schmitt, Kelly L. 1999. "Form and Content: Looking at Visual Features of Television." Developmental Psychology. Vol. 35, No. 4 (July), p. 1156 (1 page).
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v. i. 1. To squint.
n. 1. A squint. , Gerald U., and William J. Lundstrom. 1981. "Male Sex Roles in Magazine Advertising, 1959-1979." Journal of Communication. Vol. 31, pp. 52-57.
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