Acknowledgments.This report was compiled by a team of Human Development Network staff and consultants led by Alfred Watkins, the World Bank's science and technology program coordinator, and Anubha Verma, a science, technology, and innovation (STI STI systolic time intervals. ) specialist at the Bank. The individual Needs Assessment and Action Plans (NAAPs) were prepared by the following expert teams:
* Food-processing: David Poston, Dominique Nkunda, and Jean Claude Nkuri
* Value-added exports: David Poston and Ignace Habimana
* Development and diffusion of appropriate technologies: Gerard Hendriksen, Rebecca Ruzibuka, and Theogene Rutagambwa
* Delivery of clean drinking water: Philippe Lothe and Jean Claude Nkuri
* Geosciences and geothermal energy: Steve Hirsch, Anis Abdallah, and Jean de la Paix Ngizimana
* Client-focused agricultural research and outreach: Clessensio Tizikara, David Wilcock, and Pierre Celestin
Frans Doorman worked with the editors to prepare the summaries of the NAAPs that appear in this report. Along the way, he also contributed many useful observations on all facets of this report and the underlying technical assistance program. Yaw Ansu, director of the Human Development Department in the World Bank's Africa Region, initially requested that this work be undertaken; he provided support at every step of the process. Jee-Peng Tan, adviser in the Human Development Department of the World Bank's Africa Region, helped guide the overall work program and provided funding from the Norwegian Post-Primary Education Trust Fund. Ruth Kagia, director of the Education Department in Human Development Network, provided support and expert guidance for the work in Rwanda as well as for the overall science, technology, and innovation program.
World Bank colleagues in the Rwanda Country Department, led by the country director, Pedro Alba, provided strong support for the overall program. Colleagues in the agricultural and rural development, education, energy, and water sectors provided support and offered detailed guidance and assistance on the design of individual studies. This study also benefited from the intellectual support, guidance, comments, and assistance from colleagues at the Department for International Development (DFID DFID Department For International Development (UK) ), the Japan International Cooperation Agency The Japan International Cooperation Agency (独立行政法人国際協力機構 dokuritsu gyōseihōjin kokusai kyōryoku kikō (JICA JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency
JICA Jimmy Carter National Historic Site (US National Park Service)
JICA Joint Intelligence Collecting Agency ), Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ GTZ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit GmbH (German society for technical cooperation)
GTZ Agence Allemande de Coopération Technique (French)
GTZ Gt Zagato ), the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), specialized agency of the United Nations. Headquartered in Vienna, it was organized in 1966 and made a specialized UN agency in 1985. UNIDO's mission is to promote industrial progress in developing nations. (UNIDO). A wide range of government ministers, public officials, university rectors, and private entrepreneurs--who met with the project team on numerous occasions and were generous with their time, advice, comments, and support--also wholeheartedly supported this work.
Last, but by no means least, a deep debt of gratitude is owed to Professor Romain Murenzi, minister in the President's Office of Science, Technology and Scientific Research, and Michael Hughes, adviser to Minister Murenzi, for their hands-on support, guidance, and friendship.