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AQMD TO GIVE CREDIT FOR SCRAPPING DIRTY, OLD VEHICLES

 DIAMOND BAR, Calif., Jan. 8 /PRNewswire/ -- Southland companies can now purchase and destroy pre-1982 model year cars to reduce pollution in lieu of making emission reductions at their own factories and businesses.
 Under Rule 1610, passed today by the South Coast Air Quality Management District Governing Board, pre-1982 cars and pickup trucks -- which pollute more than newer models because of less effective emission controls and normal wear and tear -- can be scrapped for emission reduction credits.
 "The auto accounts for more than half of our smog problem," said AQMD Executive Officer James M. Lents.
 "Allowing companies to scrap old cars is a cost-effective way to meet pollution reduction targets," he said. "Everyone benefits. Taking dirty cars off the road means we all breathe healthier air."
 Industries -- such as electric utilities, furniture makers and glass factories -- must be authorized to participate in the program by AQMD before receiving auto scrap credits. Public agencies with stationary equipment that pollutes also will be eligible.
 However, only auto dismantlers licensed by the California Department of Motor Vehicles will be able to dismantle and crush the old cars for those seeking credits.
 Each scrapped car must have been registered and operated in the South Coast Air District for at least two continuous years prior to scrapping and insured for a year or have a pink slip dated prior to Jan. 1, 1991, with an address located in the district.
 Annual emission reduction credits for reactive organic compounds (ROC) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) -- the two primary ingredients of smog -- with be granted at the following rate for three consecutive years:
 -- Each pre-1972 vehicle will be worth 91 pounds of ROC and 17 pounds of NOX;
 -- Each 1972-1974 vehicle 72 pounds of ROC and 19 pounds of NOX; and
 -- Each 1975-1981 vehicle 26 pounds of ROC and 16 pounds of NOX.
 To ensure that each scrapped car represents a real reduction in emissions, credits are discounted by 20 percent before they are issued.
 If 10,000 vehicles were scrapped, the rule could reduce annual emissions over three years by up to 1,370 tons of ROC and 290 tons of NOX, depending on the model year of the vehicles. Carbon monoxide emissions also would be reduced substantially.
 Older vehicles account for a disproportionate share of the South Coast Basin's pollution. In the Southland, pre-1982 cars represent more than 25 percent of the 7.3 million passenger vehicles on the road yet account for well over half of the automotive pollution.
 Statewide, pre-1972 model year vehicles account for 10 percent of the total ROC emissions from cars and 4 percent of the NOX. Models built between 1975-1981 account for 40 percent of ROC and 45 percent of NOX, while 1982-1990 model years account for 40 percent and 46 percent, respectively.
 AQMD's SCRAP program is similar to Unocal's 1990 program in which 8,376 pre-1971 vehicles were purchased and crushed. Unocal paid $700 for each vehicle. AQMD will not purchase vehicles, but facilities will be allowed to do so to comply with pollution reduction requirements.
 Companies that come under AQMD's Regional Clean Air Incentives Market program (RECLAIM) may be among the first to take advantage of the new scrap rule.
 Under RECLAIM, which is expected to be adopted by July, companies will be required to make annual reductions of pollution rather than adhere to traditional command-and-control rules on specific pieces of equipment.
 If they cannot make reductions, they will have to purchase credits from another facility or, under the new rule, earn credits by scrapping old vehicles.
 AQMD is the air pollution control agency for Los Angeles, Orange and Riverside counties and the non-desert portion of San Bernardino County.
 -0- 1/8/93
 /CONTACT: Claudia Keith of Bill Kelly of South Coast Air Quality Management District, 909-396-3456/


CO: South Coast Air Quality Management District ST: California IN: AUT SU:

JB-LS -- LA019 -- 3236 01/08/93 18:35 EST
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Date:Jan 8, 1993
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