Printer Friendly

ADHD and chamomile.

Niederhofer H. 2008. Observational study: Matricaria chamomilla may improve some symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
A condition in which a person (usually a child) has an unusually high activity level and a short attention span. People with the disorder may act impulsively and may have learning and behavioral problems.
. Phytomed article in press.

At present the most common treatment method for children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), formerly called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, a chronic, neurologically based syndrome characterized by any or all of three types of behavior: hyperactivity, distractibility, and impulsivity.  (ADHD Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Definition

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviors, and the inability to remain focused on tasks or
) is stimulant drugs such as D-amphetamine and methylphenidate. Despite their success rate, these still fail in 25% of cases, and may have many unwanted side effects (such as tics), forcing a search for second line agents such as drugs that affect the noradrenalin nor·a·dren·a·lin
See norepinephrine.
 and serotonin systems, noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor desipramine desipramine /de·sip·ra·mine/ (des-ip´rah-men) a tricyclic antidepressant of the dibenzazepine class; used as the hydrochloride salt.


a tricyclic antidepressant.
 and others.

While best known as a primary herb for the gastrointestinal tract, Matricaria chamomilla (chamomile) has shown itself in studies to be a serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor, useful in the treatment of depression. Thus Italian scientists set out to conduct an observational study to determine if it may also have application in the treatment of ADHD.

After a 7 day wash out period, two 14-16 year old boys without concomitant disorders were administered the herb. Each boy was a long term sufferer of ADHD, diagnosed for over 6 years. One patient was given oral tablets of M. chamomilla three times daily (containing 100 mg Levomenol (extract 1:4.0 with ethanol 96%) and essential oil 0.19 g each) for four weeks and then switched to placebo. The other patient was first given placebo and then the active tablet.

Treatment produced a drop in the ADHD rating scale overall and in each of its three scores: the inattention score (drop from 14 to 9), the hyperactive/ impulsive score (drop from 13 to 7) and the total score (drop from 27 to 16). In contrast placebo produced scores similar to those recorded before the study began. A clinician unaware of the herbal intervention recorded scores of 2 (much improved) for the boys on the Clinical Global Impression of improvement score (compares current symptom severity to baseline severity).

No serious side effect or changes in laboratory test results were recorded over the verum period. There was a mild sedation noted by the clinician, but this soon abated.

Overall the results of this first study indicate that M. chamomillia produced an improvement in ADHD, albeit not as significant as the 50-60% improvement noted in trials for stimulant medications. This suggests the possibility of augmenting stimulant treatment with the herb, in order to give lower doses of pharmaceuticals. Treatment with M. chamomillia may also provide protection against tics, a common side effect of other medications. Further high standard, randomised, large sample clinical trials are necessary in order to fully investigate the efficacy of this intervention.

Tessa Finney-Brown MNHAA
COPYRIGHT 2009 National Herbalists Association of Australia
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

 Reader Opinion




Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Finney-Brown, Tessa
Publication:Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 22, 2009
Previous Article:Gingko biloba and memory.
Next Article:Wild strawberries.

Related Articles
Many parents use alternative therapies for ADHD. (Few Tell Their Physicians).
Girls with ADHD deserve attention.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among adolescents.
Adults with ADHD need to know treatment options.
Recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in individuals with intellectual disability.
ADHD and executive functions: lessons learned from research.
ADHD: not just a childhood disorder: a discussion of evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment: in this 10-part series, EP explores Attention Deficit...
Holistic treatment approaches to ADHD: nutrition, sleep,and exercise: in this 10-part series, EP explores attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder...
Chamomile for anxiety.

Terms of use | Copyright © 2014 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters