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A-Z OF CHILD HEALTH; Degrees of danger.

Fever is a temperature of 37 degrees C (100 deg F) or over and is usually the symptom of an illness.

You can lower the high temperature by sponging your child all over with tepid water - never use cold water as this causes blood vessels Blood vessels

Tubular channels for blood transport, of which there are three principal types: arteries, capillaries, and veins. Only the larger arteries and veins in the body bear distinct names.
 to contract, preventing heat loss and driving the temperature up.

Fever can be a symptom of less serious illnesses such as flu, tonsillitis tonsillitis

Inflammatory infection of the tonsils, usually with hemolytic streptococci (see streptococcus) or viruses. The symptoms are sore throat, trouble in swallowing, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes on the neck.
, and chickenpox chickenpox
 or varicella

Contagious viral disease producing itchy blisters. It usually occurs in epidemics among young children, causes a low fever, and runs a mild course, leaving patients immune. The blisters can scar if scratched.
. But it can also be a sign of meningitis so always check for other signs.

Consult your doctor immediately if the child is under six months old or if you are worried about any of the accompanying symptoms.

Food Poisoning food poisoning, acute illness following the eating of foods contaminated by bacteria, bacterial toxins, natural poisons, or harmful chemical substances. It was once customary to classify all such illnesses as "ptomaine poisoning," but it was later discovered that  is a serious condition in a baby because the symptoms of vomiting vomiting, ejection of food and other matter from the stomach through the mouth, often preceded by nausea. The process is initiated by stimulation of the vomiting center of the brain by nerve impulses from the gastrointestinal tract or other part of the body.  and diarrhoea can rapidly lead to dehydration. If it continues for more than six hours, consult your doctor.

For older children, stop all foods but ensure they drink plenty of fluids, preferably unsweetened fruit juices, but avoid milk.

Cooled, boiled water with added sugar (two level teaspoons per 7 fluid ounces) is particularly beneficial as a rehydrating solution.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1997 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:Features
Publication:The Mirror (London, England)
Date:Feb 11, 1997
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