A survey of collection development practices in technical institutes in Ghaziabad, Utter Pradesh, India.
This study is a survey of technical institute libraries in Ghaziabad Ghaziabad (gä`zēäbäd'), city (1991 pop. 511,719), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. Ghaziabad is an industrial city, with manufactures in railway coaches, diesel engines, electroplating, bicycles, tapestries, glassware, pottery, , Utter To publish or offer; to send into circulation.
The term utter is frequently used in reference to Commercial Paper. To utter and publish an instrument is to declare, either directly or indirectly through words or action, that it is good. Pradesh Pradesh (Hindī: प्रदेश, Urdū: پردیش) refers to a province or state in Hindi and Urdu.
Some states of the Republic of India bear the word pradesh , India India, officially Republic of India, republic (2005 est pop. 1,080,264,000), 1,261,810 sq mi (3,268,090 sq km), S Asia. The second most populous country in the world, it is also sometimes called Bharat, its ancient name. India's land frontier (c. . A list of the libraries in the population is found in Appendix 1. The survey sought to determine the nature of the collection, tools that are used to access it, funds allocated, and the characteristics of the user population. Technical institutes generally offer courses and degrees in engineering, technology, management, and related fields.
Library and information science (LIS LIS - Langage Implementation Systeme.
A predecessor of Ada developed by Ichbiah in 1973. It was influenced by Pascal's data structures and Sue's control structures. A type declaration can have a low-level implementation specification. ) has no rigorous definition of "collection," which represents many different entities that are often seen from a library management perspective. Since collections have been associated with the physical library, it is uncertain how the concept of a collection means in the virtual world. The purpose of this study is to explore what constitutes a collection in the current environment, where information is increasingly made available digitally.
Collection development includes activities such as assessing user needs, evaluating the present collection, determining selection policies, coordinating selection, re-evaluating and storing parts of the collection, and planning for resource sharing. Thus, collection development is not a single activity but a group of activities. Acquisitions is usually distinguished from collection development, and refers do the process of verifying, ordering, and making payments for materials. There has been a general belief that there is a positive correlation Noun 1. positive correlation - a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with large values of the other and small with small; the correlation coefficient is between 0 and +1
direct correlation between the collection size and its performance in terms of patron satisfaction. If a library ceased adding fresh material to its collection, it would soon have a negative effect on the library's services. A collection development policy is essential for a balanced and robust collection. It specifies the scope of the collection, authority for selection, criteria for allocation The apportionment or designation of an item for a specific purpose or to a particular place.
In the law of trusts, the allocation of cash dividends earned by a stock that makes up the principal of a trust for a beneficiary usually means that the dividends will be treated as of funds and for selection of various types of materials, priorities in selection, and criteria for weeding weed 1
a. A plant considered undesirable, unattractive, or troublesome, especially one growing where it is not wanted, as in a garden.
b. Rank growth of such plants.
Objectives of the Study:
* To determine the purposes for which the collection is used by the library professional/staff of technical institutes in Ghaziabad District Ghaziabad District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The town of Ghaziabad is the administrative headquarters of the district.
Ghaziabad district is bounded on the northwest by Baghpat District, on the north by Meerut District, on the east by Jyotiba .
* To identify the availability of collections in technical institute libraries
* To reveal the present status of print, non-print, and e-resources in the libraries under study.
* To discover the strength and weakness of the collection of the libraries under study.
* To examine and evaluate collection development policies of the technical institute libraries, looking at fund allocation
* To examine user satisfaction with the collection and services of technical institute libraries.
* To discover the availability of staff training facilities in technical institute libraries.
* To identify usable USable is a special idea contest to transfer US American ideas into practice in Germany. USable is initiated by the German Körber-Stiftung (foundation Körber). It is doted with 150,000 Euro and awarded every two years. software and ways of using it.
* To identify library software packages that can handle collection building.
* To identify hardware is used for collection building.
* To discover cataloging methods used in technical institute libraries.
Data were gathered using a survey and then organized and tabulated. Twenty questionnaires were distributed and fifteen were returned.
The literature of collection development is vast. General treatments of academic library collection development include Gessesse (2000), Nisonger (1999), Rowley Rowley may refer to geographical places:
In Orissa and Southern West Bengal, Sinha is also a shortened version of the surname Singhamahapatra. This is a Brahmin surname. and Tucker (2005). Digital collections are of particular interest. Authors who discuss this topic include Arlitch and Johnson (2005), Cole and Shreeves (2004), Kiondo (2004), Leung (2005), Nikolaidou et al. (2005), and Ashoor (2005). Tools such as metadata systems and software are pertinent PERTINENT, evidence. Those facts which tend to prove the allegations of the party offering them, are called pertinent; those which have no such tendency are called impertinent, 8 Toull. n. 22. By pertinent is also meant that which belongs. Willes, 319. to collection development. Works on those topics include Bekaert This article or section needs sources or references that appear in reliable, third-party publications. Alone, primary sources and sources affiliated with the subject of this article are not sufficient for an accurate encyclopedia article. , et al. (2002), Calanag, Tabata, and Suginoto (2004), and Mutula and Makondo (2003).
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Collections were classified into three categories. Table 1 shows that the 15 (100%) respondents In the context of marketing research, a representative sample drawn from a larger population of people from whom information is collected and used to develop or confirm marketing strategy. use both type Indian and Foreign collections.
Table 2 shows that the majority of institutes under study (93.33%) have collections mainly in English 1. English - (Obsolete) The source code for a program, which may be in any language, as opposed to the linkable or executable binary produced from it by a compiler. The idea behind the term is that to a real hacker, a program written in his favourite programming language is , followed by Hindi Hindi (hĭn`dē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. The official language of India, Hindi is the written or literary variant of Hindustani that is used by Hindus. (16.67%). Other languages represent a very small percentage (6.66%), and Urdu/Sanskrit are not represented at all.
Taken together, the institutes in the study have 373,532 books, nearly 6,000 Thesis/Dissertation, about 1,000 periodicals, 1,410 bound volumes, and 6,702 non-book items. S.R.M. has the largest collection, followed by R.K.G.I.E.T., and K.I.E.T.
Table-4 focuses that the library users and faculty members. The total number of faculty members are 1,593. A.K.G.I.E.T. has the most faculty, with 507 (31.82%), followed by K.I.E.T. at 150 (9.41%).
Table 5 shows that R.K.G.I.E.T. has the largest budget, followed by V.I.E.T. Some technical substitutes have no particular budget for library materials.
Table 6 shows that, at the post-graduate (P.G.) level, 12 institutes (80%) offer the MCA, 9 (60%) the MBA. It is clear that the MCA and B. Tech are the most popular courses offered.
Table 7 depicts the use of information technology, including those libraries who have computerized, and those who plan to do so.
Respondents are using a variety of software with no clear majority.
Table 9 indicates nearly all respondents are using Pentium Pentium
Family of microprocessors developed by Intel Corp. Introduced in 1993 as the successor to Intel's 80486 microprocessor, the Pentium contained two processors on a single chip and about 3.3 million transistors. hardware.
Table 10 shows that while many of the institutions have a substantial periodical periodical, a publication that is issued regularly. It is distinguished from the newspaper in format in that its pages are smaller and are usually bound, and it is published at weekly, monthly, quarterly, or other intervals, rather than daily. budget, a number have no fixed allocation.
Table 11 show that nearly all the institutions (14-93.33%) use agency procurement The fancy word for "purchasing." The procurement department within an organization manages all the major purchases. , while 10 (66.66%) also procure To cause something to happen; to find and obtain something or someone.
Procure refers to commencing a proceeding; bringing about a result; persuading, inducing, or causing a person to do a particular act; obtaining possession or control over an item; or making a person directly.
Table 12 shows that most coverage is at the national level.
Table 13 shows that 12 institutions (80%) use AACR II as a cataloging code, while 14 (93.33%) of the respondents use Dewey Decimal Meaning 10. The numbering system used by humans, which is based on 10 digits. In contrast, computers use binary numbers because it is easier to design electronic systems that can maintain two states rather than 10. (DDC See VESA DDC. ) for classificaiton and one institute (6.66%) uses Colon Classification Colon classification (CC) is a system of library classification developed by S. R. Ranganathan. It was the first ever faceted (or analytico-synthetic) classification. It is especially used in libraries in India. (CC)
DELNET is the most popular and extensively-used link among analyzed an·a·lyze
tr.v. an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing, an·a·lyz·es
1. To examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations.
2. Chemistry To make a chemical analysis of.
A majority of the professionals work at R.K.G.I.E.T., while a majority of non-professionals are at K.I.E.T., A.B.E.S. and I.M.S.
Table 16 shows that a majority of library professional have software training at V.I.E.T.
The results show that 14 institutions (93.33%) provide reprography re·prog·ra·phy
The process of reproducing, reprinting, or copying graphic material especially by mechanical, photographic, or electronic means.
[repro(duction) + -graphy. service.
Findings and Conclusion
The collections of respondents' libraries include both Indian and foreign literature. The vast majority of collections are English language English language, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Spoken by about 470 million people throughout the world, English is the official language of about 45 nations. material (93.33%), followed by Hindi (16.67%). Most of the institutions in the population do not have substantial library collections in any format, although selected institutions do have adequate collections of books, theses and dissertations, and periodicals. The libraries of the technical institutes in the population serve faculty, research scholars, graduate students, and undergraduates. The majority of the institutes have no research scholars, while all have users in all the other categories. The budget for library materials is variable in the population. Some have no special library allocation. Most of the institutions devote their budget to the purchase of science and engineering material. Two-thirds of the institutions in the population offer the B. Tech. degree to undergraduates, while 80 percent offer the MCA at the graduate level. Eighty percent of respondents stated that their institutions were fully computerized. More than half the institutions are part of Delnet.
Technical institutes represent a growing sector of the higher education market. This is demonstrated by the array of institutions found in Ghaziabad alone. Regular budget allocations, continued computerization, and move toward digital collections would strengthen the information resources (1) The data and information assets of an organization, department or unit. See data administration.
(2) Another name for the Information Systems (IS) or Information Technology (IT) department. See IT. provided for the clientele of these institutions.
Appendix 1. List of Technical Institutes and Abbreviations:
Abbreviation Name Dr. K.N. Modi Dr KN Modi Institute of Engineering & Technology K.I.E.T. Krishna Institute Of Engineering And Technology, Ghaziabad A.K.G.I.E.T. Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College U.IM.T. Unique Institute of Management & Technology Ghaziabad B.B.I.T. Babu Banarsi Das Institute of Technology, Ghaziabad IT, B.TECH ... I.P.E.M. Institute of Professional Excellence & Management Ghaziabad V.I.E.T. Vishveshwarya Institute of Engineering and Technology I.N.M.A.N.T.C. INMANTEC: Integrated Academy of Management and Technology A.B.E.S. ABES Engineering College : Academy of Business and Engineering Sciences K.N.G.D. KNGD Modi Engineering College S.R.M. SRM INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT & TECHNOLOGY H.R.I.T. Harish Chandra Ram Kali Institute of Technology I.M.R. Institute of Management and Research R.K.G.I.E.T. Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology I.N.S. Institute of Management Studies
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Bekaert, Jeroen Jeroen (IPA: ˈjeru:n) is a common Dutch given name originating from the Greek Hieronymus, and is equivalent to the English name Jerome.
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Central Library, Ch. Charan Singh University
Meerut, Utter Pradesh, India
Akhtar Hussain Akhtar Hussain may refer to:
Research Scholar, Department of Library & Information Science
A.M.U., Aligarh-202002, Utter Pradesh, India
Former Student of Department of Library & Information Science
Central Library, Ch. Charan Singh University
Meerut, Utter Pradesh, India
Table 1: Collections Number Collection of Respondents Percentage Foreign Nil Indian Nil Both 15 100% Table 2. Language of the Collection Number of Language Respondents Percentages Hindi 9 16.67% English 14 93.33% Urdu/Sanskrit x Nil Others 1 7% Table 3: Document Collection (See Appendix 1 for Institute names and abbreviations) Name of the Book Thesis/ Institute Dissertation Dr. K.N. Modi 24,500(6.55%) x K.I.E.T. 31,000(8.29%) x A.K.G.I.E.T. 18088(4.84%) 817(13.85%) U.I.M.T. 8,336(2.23%) 1000(16.96%) B.B.I.T. 13,600(3.64%) 50(0.84%) I.P.E.M. 15,000(4.81%) 2500(42.40%) V.I.E.T. 15850(4.24%) 518(8.78%) I.N.M.A.N.T.C. 15,000(4.01%) 450(7.63%) A.B.E.S. 22,000 (5.88%) 305(5.17%) K.N.G.D. 8,000(2.14%) x S.R.M. 12,500(33.46%) 100(1.69%) H.R.I.T. 9000(2.40%) x I.M.R. 9000(2.40%) 100(1.69%) R.K.G.I.E.T. 39,158(10.48%) x I.M.S. 20,000(5.35%) 56(0.94%) Total 373532 5896 Name of the Institute Indian Foreign Dr. K.N. Modi 42 (5.22%) 12 (1.12%) K.I.E.T. 130(16.16%) 85(79.43%) A.K.G.I.E.T. 47(5.84%) 20(1.86%) U.I.M.T. 50(6.21%) XNil B.B.I.T. 95(11.81%) 35(3.27%) I.P.E.M. 25(3.10%) 30(2.80%) V.I.E.T. 47(5. 84%) 18(1.68%) I.N.M.A.N.T.C. 103(12.81%) 12(1.12%) A.B.E.S. 52(6.46%) 12(1.12%) K.N.G.D. 10(1.24%) 2(0.18%) S.R.M. 57(7.08%) 9(0.84%) H.R.I.T. 36(4.47%) 30(2.80%) I.M.R. 58(7.21%) 17(1.58%) R.K.G.I.E.T. 10(1.24%) X Nil I.M.S. 42(5.22%) 23(2.14%) Total 84 1070 Name of the Bound Audio visual Institute Volumes aids Dr. K.N. Modi 94(6.66%) x K.I.E.T. 750(53.11%) 150(2.23%) A.K.G.I.E.T. 176(12.48%) 507(7.56%) U.I.M.T. x 130(1.99%) B.B.I.T. x 250(3.73%) I.P.E.M. x 2500(37.30%) V.I.E.T. 155(10.99%) 180(2.68%) I.N.M.A.N.T.C. 6(0.42%) 536(7.99%) A.B.E.S. 20(1.48%) 148(2.20%) K.N.G.D. x x S.R.M. 13.8(9.78%) 1050(15.66%) H.R.I.T. x x I.M.R. x 850(4.14%) R.K.G.I.E.T. 50(3.54%) 278(4.14%) I.M.S. 21(1.48%) 123(1.83) Total 1410 6702 Table 4: Library Users and Faculty Members Number Number of of the Number Number Name of the faculty Research of P.G. of U.G. Institute Member Scholar Student Student Dr. K.N. Modi 90(5.64%) X 220(6.17%) 1200(8.67%) K.I.E.T. 150(9.41%) X 400(11.23%) 1600(11.56%) A.K.G.I.E.T. 507(31.82%) X 128(3.59%) 1532(11.07%) U.I.M.T. 10(0.62%) X 62(1.74%) 200(1.44%) B.B.I.T. 80(5.02%) X 100(2.80%) 1020(7.37%) I.P.E.M. 40(2.51%) 04(13.33%) 800(22.46%) 700(5.06%) V.I.E.T. 75(4.70%) 05(16.60%) 150(4.21%) 1000(7.22%) I.N.M.A.N.T.C. 49(3.07%) X 250(7.02%) 300(2.16%) A.B.E.S. 145(9.10%) 05(16.60%) 240(6.73%) 1700(12.29%) K.N.G.D. 21(1.31%) X X 240(1.73%) S.R.M. 40(2.51%) X 100(2.80%) 300(2.16%) H.R.I.T. 35(2.19%) X X 240(1.73%) I.M.R. 30(1.88%) X 600(16.84%) 600(4.33%) R.K.G.I.E.T. 100(6.27%) 10(33.33%) 251(7.04%) 1600(11.56%) I.M.S. 121(7.59%) 6(20%) 260(7.30%) 1600(11.56%) Total 1593 30 3561 13832 Table 5: Budget Name of the Applied Engineering Pure Institute science Science Dr. K.N. Modi x 8 Lac (16.60%) x K.I.E.T. x x x A.K.G.I.E.T. 2 Lac (50%) 11 Lac 2 Lac(50%) (22.83%) U.I.M.T. x x x B.B.I.T. x x x I.P.E.M. x x x V.I.E.T. x 11 Lac x (22.83%) I.N.M.A.N.T.C. x x x A.B.E.S. 1 Lac(25%) 6 Lac (12.45%) x K.N.G.D. x x x S.R.M. x 6 Lac (12.45%) 2 Lac(50%) H.R.I.T. x x x I.M.R. x x x R.K.G.I.E.T. x 116,428 x (2.41%) I.M.S. 1 Lac 5 Lac (10.38%) x (25%) Total 4 Lac 4,816,420 4Lac Name of the Others Total Budget Institute Dr. K.N. Modi x 8 Lac K.I.E.T. x No fixed budget A.K.G.I.E.T. 1 Lac(6.45%) 16 Lac (16.08%) U.I.M.T. x 2 Lac (2.01%) B.B.I.T. x No response No collection I.P.E.M. x budget V.I.E.T. 6 Lac(38.70%) 17 Lac(17.08%) I.N.M.A.N.T.C. x x A.B.E.S. 3 Lac(19.35%) 10 Lac (10.05%) K.N.G.D. x 10 Lac (10.05%) S.R.M. 2 Lac(12.90%) Four Lac (4.02%) H.R.I.T. x No response I.M.R. x 5,00,000 R.K.G.I.E.T. 18 Lac (18.09%) I.M.S. 3.5 9.5 Lac (9.54%) Lac(22.58%) Total 15.5 Lac 99.5 Lac Table 6. Courses Offered No. of Class Courses Response Percentage A. P.G. Level MBA 9 60% MCA 12 80% M.Tech 1 6.67% Others x Nil B. U.G. Level B.Tech 10 66.67% B.Ed. 2 13.33% Others 6 40% Table 7: Information Technology Number of IT IT Response Percentage A. Conventional method 4 26.66% B. Computerized method 10 66.66% C. Printed database 9 60% D. New electronic database 7 47% E. Computerization completed 12 80% F. Plans for computerization 2 13.33% Table 8. Software Used Number of Lib. Software response Percentage Alice for window 2 13.33% Lib Guru 1 6.67% CDS/ISIS/WINSIS 1 7% Home made x x Libsys x x Soul x x Virtua x x Others 8 53.33% NR = 1-1 2 13.33% Table 9. Hardware Used No. of Hardware response Percentage A. Pentium 3 2 13.33% B. Pentium 4 12 1 C. Others 1 6.67% Table 10. Journals Name of the Year Total cost Pure Applied institute Science Science K.N. Modi 2001-02 1,02,861 2003-04 228695 2004-05 382934 K.I.E.T. 2003-04 Not fixed 2005-06 Not fixed 2005-06 Not fixed A.K.G.I.E.T. 2001-02 4,12,000 2003-04 5,15,000 2005-06 7 Lakh U.I.M.T. 2001-02 14,000 8 2003-04 14,000 8 2005-06 23,000 40 B.B.I.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 2,00,000 8 35 I.P.E.M. 2001-02 20,000 2003-04 40,000 8 25 2005-06 1,50,000 V.I.E.T. 2001-02 3,00,000 2003-04 4,00,000 2005-06 9,00,000 INMANTIC 2001-02 33,000 2003-04 96,000 2005-06 1,33,000 A.B.E.S. 2001-02 50,000 5 2003-04 1,500,000 7 2005-06 3,50,000 13 K.N.G.D. 2001-02 2003-4 2005-06 12,000 4 S.R.M. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 3,00,000 H.R.I.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 45,100 I.M.R. 2001-02 7.2 Lac 2003-04 7.5 Lac 2005-06 7.5 Lac R.K.G.I.E.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 3,38,000 28 I.M.S. 2001-02 45,000 5 15 2003-04 75,000 7 25 2005-06 2,50,000 13 41 Name of the Year Engineering Others institute K.N. Modi 2001-02 15 2003-04 28 2004-05 64 K.I.E.T. 2003-04 2005-06 2005-06 A.K.G.I.E.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 U.I.M.T. 2001-02 4 2003-04 4 2005-06 4 B.B.I.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 77 10 I.P.E.M. 2001-02 2003-04 70 2005-06 V.I.E.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 INMANTIC 2001-02 33 2003-04 96 2005-06 133 A.B.E.S. 2001-02 15 2003-04 25 2005-06 41 K.N.G.D. 2001-02 2003-4 2005-06 8 S.R.M. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 H.R.I.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 66 I.M.R. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 R.K.G.I.E.T. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 I.M.S. 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 Table 11. Sources of Procurement Direct Agency 10 14 66.66% 93.33% Table 12. Institutional Coverage No. of respondents Percentage International Level 3% 20% National level 9% 16.67% Organization on level 8% 53% Table 13. Technical Processing No. of Technical Process response Percentage Cataloguing Scheme (i)AACR -I (ii)AACR-II 12 80% (iii) CCC Classification Scheme DDC 14 93.33% UDC CC 1 6.66% Table 14. Library Networking No. of Network response Percentage DELNET 8 53.33% INFLIBNET EARNET Others 3 20% Table 15. Human Resources Name of the Non- Institute Professional professional Total Dr. K.N. Modi 6 (9.09%) 4 (11.76%) 10 K.I.E.T. 6 (9.09%) 4 (11.76%) 10 A.K.G.I.E.T. 4 (6.06%) 3 (8.82%) 7 U.IM.T. x x 0 B.B.I.T. 4 (6.06%) 2 (5.88%) 6 I.P.E.M. 3 (4.54%) 2 (5.88%) 5 V.I.E.T. 3 (4.54%) 2 (5.88%) 5 I.N.M.A.N.T.C. 7 (10.60%) 3 (8.82%) 10 A.B.E.S. 5 (7.57%) 4 (11.76%) 9 K.N.G.D. 4 (6.06%) X 4 S.R.M. 2 (3.03%) 2 (5.88%) 4 H.R.I.T. 5 (7.57%) X 5 I.M.R. 3 (4.54%) 2 (5.88%) 5 R.K.G.I.E.T. 8 (12.12%) 2(5.88%) 10 I.N.S. 6 (9.09%) 4 (11.76%) 10 Total 66 34 100 Table 16. Staff Training Library Computer Software Name of the Institutes programme Packages Dr. K.N. Modi x x K.I.E.T. 5 (9.43%) x A.K.G.I.E.T. 4 (7.54%) x U.IM.T. 3 (5.66%) x B.B.I.T. 4 (7.54%) x I.P.E.M. 3 (5.66%) x V.I.E.T. 6 (11.32%) x I.N.M.A.N.T.C. 4 (7.54%) x A.B.E.S. 4 (7.54%) K.N.G.D. X x S.R.M. 1 (1.88%) x H.R.I.T. 4 (7.54%) x I.M.R. 5 (9.43%) x R.K.G.I.E.T. 5 (9.43%) x I.M.S. 5 (9.43%) x Total 53 Table 17. Library Services No. of Response Percentage Reprography 14 93.33% Microfilming 1 6.66% Microfiche CAS SDI Others 9 16.67% LANGUAGE OF THE COLLECTION Hindi 16.67% English 93.33% Others 6.66% Note: Table made from bar graph.