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A little green computing machine that made Intel see red

An interesting package arrived in my household the other day: a small bright green-and-white laptop with a built-in carrying handle. It looks as if it has been designed by Fisher-Price, an impression reinforced by two little 'ears' which, when unclipped, double as wi-fi antennae. The 7.5in screen rotates and folds back on itself to form a kind of tablet, rather like those pricey Toshiba laptops only Microsoft salespeople can afford.

The keyboard is rubberised, so that it can survive spillages. The machine has no moving parts Moving parts are the components of a device that undergo continuous or frequent motion, most commonly rotation. "Parts" only include the mechanical components which does not include fuel, or any other gas or liquid. , and can (so I'm told) be dropped from five feet without significant damage.

When switched on, it immediately senses sibling machines in the immediate vicinity and establishes a wireless connection with them. It also sniffs out conventional wi-fi networks and allows you to connect to them if their owners permit it.

It has no fan, so is totally silent, weighs 3.2lbs, has three USB ports plus sockets for microphone and headphones Head-mounted speakers. Headphones have a strap that rests on top of the head, positioning a pair of speakers over both ears. For listening to music or monitoring live performances and audio tracks, both left and right channels are required.  and a slot for a Secure Digital card See SD Card.  of the kind used in digital cameras. It has an onboard camera. One battery charge gives about six hours of normal usage or 24 hours of passive reading.

It's the celebrated '$100 laptop', the brainchild of the One Laptop Per Child See OLPC.  (OLPC (One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. ) project ( Its designers have christened it the XO. I paid $200 for it. Actually, I laid out $399, which got me two machines, on condition that one was donated to a child in a poor country where OLPC has an established programme in place. It's what they call the 'Buy two, get one' initiative (

Technically, the XO is deliciously innovative. The screen, for instance, is quite remarkable; it is the only laptop I've ever used which is readable in direct sunlight. The power-management is clever, switching off anything that's not needed at any particular moment to conserve energy. The user interface is unlike anything seen before on a mainstream project: instead of a melee of windows, task-bars and folders, there are three buttons. One shows your network neighbourhood - who and what are within wireless range; a second shows an icon representing you surrounded by whatever applications you happen to have running; a third brings up the currently chosen program.

This unconventional interface may explain the critical reviews it has received - including a rather snooty piece in the Economist, which is normally very perceptive about technology. Critics need to remember that this is targeted at users who have never seen a computer.

The XO comes with a word processor, web browser The program that serves as your front end to the Web on the Internet. In order to view a site, you type its address (URL) into the browser's Location field; for example,, and the home page of that site is downloaded to you. , calculator, PDF (Portable Document Format) The de facto standard for document publishing from Adobe. On the Web, there are countless brochures, data sheets, white papers and technical manuals in the PDF format.  reader, a few games, three music programs, a painting application and a chat program. It also has several programming environments of varying complexity, allowing users to access - and change - the underlying code of many of the applications. This is made possible by the fact that the XO runs the Linux operating system operating system (OS)

Software that controls the operation of a computer, directs the input and output of data, keeps track of files, and controls the processing of computer programs.

This last fact engendered initial hostility from Microsoft, though that has apparently abated. What proved more problematic was the hostility of Intel, the chip manufacturer, which may have stemmed from the fact that the XO's processor comes from AMD (Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, A major manufacturer of semiconductor devices including x86-compatible CPUs, embedded processors, flash memories, programmable logic devices and networking chips. , an Intel competitor, and possibly also the fear that a successful OLPC would prejudice the chances of selling billions of Intel-powered machines to the world's poor.

Intel launched a competing machine, the $300 'Classmate', which looked awfully like an OLPC 'spoiler'. The PR blowback blow¬∑back ¬†
1. The backpressure in an internal-combustion engine or a boiler.

2. Powder residue that is released upon automatic ejection of a spent cartridge or shell from a firearm.

 was so severe that, in the end, the chip giant sued for peace and joined the OLPC board.

It was a strange marriage. The first big contract signed by OLPC was with the government of Peru The government of Peru, as established by the 1993 Constitution, is a presidential representative democratic republic. Legislative branch

Main article: Congress of Peru
Executive branch

, which bought 300,000 XOs. Its vice-minister for education was then visited by an Intel salesperson, who is said to have comprehensively disparaged the little green machine. The politician apparently took notes of the exchange, which he then shared with Nicholas Negroponte Nicholas Negroponte (born 1943) is an architect and computer scientist best known as the founder and Chairman Emeritus of Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Lab. He is the younger brother of John Negroponte, current United States Deputy Secretary of State. , co-founder of the OLPC project, who shared them with Fortune magazine. 'It was unbelievable,' according to Negroponte. '"The XO doesn't work, and you have no idea the mistake you've made. You'll get into big trouble", that kind of stuff. We kept the sale, but when one of your partners does that, what do you do?'

I'd have kicked Intel out, but the company jumped before it was pushed, saying things had reached a 'philosophical impasse'. Nice euphemism. Like the philosophical impasse separating the World Food Organisation and McDonald's.
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Date:Jan 13, 2008
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